Match!

Requirements for innovation policy in emerging high-tech industries

Published on Dec 1, 2013in European Journal of Futures Research
· DOI :10.1007/s40309-013-0008-3
Matti Pihlajamaa5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Aalto University),
Anne Patana2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Aalto University)
+ 1 AuthorsLaura Kanto2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Aalto University)
Abstract
Innovation policy can never be fully technology-neutral and policies often align to support incumbent technological regimes obstructing the development of new industries. In this paper, two fields are analyzed: the life sciences industry and the solar energy industry to evaluate the Finnish innovation policy’s capabilities to promote emerging industries. Qualitative research methods are used for this exploratory study. The data consists of 29 semi-structured interviews and two workshops. The interviewees were chosen with snowball sampling. The data is analyzed using a scheme of functional technological innovation system analysis to identify blocking and inducement mechanisms within the industries. The performance of key processes (functions) of the life sciences and solar energy innovation systems are evaluated. Functional analysis is used to identify underlying mechanisms which induce and hinder system performances. Many similar mechanisms are found to affect both of the industries. Limited commercial experience, scarce venture capital, weak local and global networks, and poor legitimation hinder their development. High-level research and education, good infrastructure, and public R&D support are identified as promoting mechanisms. According to the results, Finnish innovation policy performs insufficiently in facilitating the growth of new industries. We suggest that in addition to the general innovation policy measures, technology-specific measures should be designed to create growth trajectories for emerging technologies. New communication and knowledge exchange channels are needed to support these trajectories.
  • References (50)
  • Citations (2)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
2014
1 Author (Hu Y)
2016
4 Authors (Lisa Nabitz, ..., Matthias Reuter)
2006
1 Author (Vida Rozite)
2 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References50
Newest
#1Sophia FantechiH-Index: 1
#2Iain WeirH-Index: 1
Last. Bertrand FillonH-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
1 CitationsSource
#1Jacco Farla (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 18
#2Jochen Markard (Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology)H-Index: 27
Last. Lars Coenen (Lund University)H-Index: 31
view all 4 authors...
Attention is drawn to the dynamic interaction between what different kinds of actors do and what can be observed at the system level. It aims to provide a closer look at how strategies, resources and capabilities of individuals, firms and other organizations impact the overall system and trigger transformation processes, and how these changes at the system level feed-back into the observed strategies at the actor level. This is important, not in the least because the particularity of sustainabil...
220 CitationsSource
#1Lars Coenen (Lund University)H-Index: 31
#2Paul Stephen Benneworth (UT: University of Twente)H-Index: 26
Last. Bernhard Truffer (Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology)H-Index: 43
view all 3 authors...
In the past decade, the literature on transitions toward sustainable socio-technical systems has made a considerable contribution in understanding the complex and multi-dimensional shifts considered necessary to adapt societies and economies to sustainable modes of production and consumption. However, transition analyses have often neglected where transitions take place, and the spatial configurations and dynamics of the networks within which transitions evolve. A more explicit spatial perspecti...
460 CitationsSource
#1Bernhard Truffer (Eawag: Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology)H-Index: 43
#2Lars Coenen (Lund University)H-Index: 31
Truffer B. and Coenen L. Environmental innovation and sustainability transitions in regional studies, Regional Studies. Sustainable development and environmental innovations have received increasing attention in regional studies and the related literature. In how far sustainability concerns might also lead to fundamental transformations in technologies, industries and lifestyles (so-called sustainability transitions) has, however, found much less resonance. Sustainability transitions have been i...
248 CitationsSource
#1Ville KaitilaH-Index: 1
#2Pekka Ylä-AnttilaH-Index: 1
The report looks at investment activity in Finland by industries and types of investment, and makes international comparisons. Investment rate (fixed investment in relation to GDP) fell in Finland in the early 1990s from an internationally high level to the average West European rate. Among key factors behind the structural change were opening up of the economy and an increase in competition. The economy transformed itself from investment-driven economy to a more innovation-driven one. The use o...
2 Citations
18 CitationsSource
#1Johanna KohlH-Index: 2
#2Torsti LoikkanenH-Index: 4
Last. Lassi SimiläH-Index: 2
view all 9 authors...
2 Citations
#1Staffan Jacobsson (Chalmers University of Technology)H-Index: 35
#2Anna Bergek (Linköping University)H-Index: 26
This paper argues (1) that technology-specific policies are necessary if we are to meet the climate challenge and (2) that a main contribution of innovation system (IS) analysis to the study of sustainability transitions is that it allows policy makers to identify the processes and components in a system where intervention is likely to matter most. We demonstrate that an IS framework can identify a diverse set of system weaknesses in the field of environmental innovation and identify five venues...
253 CitationsSource
The national system of innovation approach has attracted both academics and policy makers. There has been different emphasis laid by those who both originated the concept and developed it further for policy learning applications. From the firm level to the global innovation networks, the varieties and differences in system of innovation functions, activities and factors continue to attract debate amongst the leading scholars. The main challenge is to translate the system of innovation from a con...
863 CitationsSource
Recent estimates and forecasts of the oil, gas, and coal resources and their reserve/production ratio, nuclear and renewable energy potential, and energy uses are surveyed. A brief discussion of the status and prospects of fossil, nuclear and renewable energy use, and of power generation (including hydrogen, fuel cells, micropower systems, and the futuristic concept of generating power in space for terrestrial use) is given. Ways to resolve the problem of the availability, cost, and sustainabili...
41 CitationsSource
Cited By2
Newest
#1Abdul Md Hai (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 2
Abstract Although most studies present willingness to adopt as a pre-adoption facet, very few studies can be found that include pre- and post-adoption willingness factors/conditions in adopting solar energy. This study was carried out to explore public willingness to adopt solar energy in residential areas through the lens of different states (stages) of willingness to adopt, and consequent patterns of social acceptance. This qualitative study found the existence of four states of willingness to...
3 CitationsSource
#1Md. Abdul Hai (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 3
#2Md. Munjur E. Moula (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 5
Last. Ullamaija Seppälä (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 3
view all 3 authors...
Abstract With a purpose to comprehend intention-behaviour gap about acceptance of solar energy and solar community concept (houses and/or block of flats under specific solar power plant) among Finnish respondents, this qualitative study found respondents’ positive responses towards solar energy and their rationality and honesty in admitting their real behaviour. It focuses on the qualitative interpretation of individual’s intention that corresponds to specific behaviour. In terms of their ‘impre...
8 CitationsSource