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Youth Initiated Mentoring: Investigating a New Approach to Working with Vulnerable Adolescents

Published on Sep 1, 2013in American Journal of Community Psychology1.777
· DOI :10.1007/s10464-013-9585-3
Sarah E. O. Schwartz11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Massachusetts Boston),
Jean E. Rhodes50
Estimated H-index: 50
(University of Massachusetts Boston)
+ 1 AuthorsJean Baldwin Grossman23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Princeton University)
Abstract
This study examines youth initiated mentoring (YIM), a new approach to mentoring in which youth nominate mentors from among the non-parental adults within their existing social networks (e.g., teachers, family friends, extended family members). YIM is currently being implemented through the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program (NGYCP), an intensive residential intervention program for youth ages 16–18 who have dropped out or been expelled from high school. This study employed a mixed methods explanatory design, drawing on quantitative data from a national longitudinal evaluation of NGYCP (N = 1,173) and qualitative data from a subsample of participants (N = 30) in the evaluation. Results indicated that more enduring mentoring relationships were associated with increased retention of educational, vocational, and behavioral outcomes 3 years following entry into the study. Qualitative data suggested that, when relationships endured, mentors contributed to improvements in participants’ educational and occupational success, quality of relationships with parents, peers, and others, and self-concept by providing social-emotional support, instrumental support, and guidance. Results also revealed that relationships were more likely to endure when youth chose their mentors on their own (rather than receiving help from parents or program staff) and when mentors were of the same race as youth. Implications for research and practice are discussed.
  • References (43)
  • Citations (67)
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#1Megan Millenky (MDRC)H-Index: 7
#2Sarah E. O. Schwartz (University of Massachusetts Boston)H-Index: 11
Last. Jean E. Rhodes (University of Massachusetts Boston)H-Index: 50
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Using a multi-year, random assignment design, this study evaluated the effects of the National Guard Youth Challenge Program (NGYCP), an intensive residential intervention program for youth ages 16–18 who have dropped out of high school. The sample included 1,173 youth (predominantly male) of diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds from ten NGYCP sites across the country. Positive impacts on educational and employment outcomes were sustained 3 years after entering the program, with older participa...
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High school dropouts face an uphill battle in a labor market that increasingly rewards skills and postsecondary credentials: they are more likely than their peers to need public assistance, be arrested or incarcerated, and less likely to marry. This report presents results from a rigorous evaluation of the National Guard Youth ChalleNGe Program, an intensive residential program that aims to “reclaim the lives of at-risk youth” who have dropped out. More than 100,000 young people have completed t...
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#1Jean Baldwin Grossman (Princeton University)H-Index: 23
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The influence of match length and re-matching on the effectiveness of school-based mentoring was studied in the context of a national, randomized study of 1,139 youth in Big Brothers Big Sisters programs. The sample included youth in grades four through nine from diverse racial and ethnic backgrounds. At the end of the year, youth in intact relationships showed significant academic improvement, while youth in matches that terminated prematurely showed no impact. Those who were re-matched after t...
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#2Nelson Portillo (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 7
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The current popularity of mentoring programs notwithstanding, questions remain about their typical effectiveness as well as the conditions required for them to achieve optimal positive outcomes for participating youth. In this report, we use the technique of meta-analysis (i.e., aggregating findings across multiple studies) to address these questions. As backdrop for our analysis, we begin with an overview of recent trends in youth mentoring practice, findings from prior research, and a developm...
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Uithuisplaatsing wordt bij voorkeur voorkomen, omdat het een traumatische ervaring is die weinig effectief is en samenwerking met het sociale netwerk bemoeilijkt, terwijl er in het sociale netwerk volwassenen zijn die jongeren als ondersteunend ervaren: natuurlijke mentoren.
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