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Work Design and Management - The Older Worker

Published on Sep 1, 1999in Experimental Aging Research 1.21
· DOI :10.1080/036107399243887
Amanda Griffiths27
Estimated H-index: 27
It will soon be important to retain older workers in the workforce for longer and to ensure they are both healthy and productive. This paper argues, on theoretical and empirical grounds, that in doing so it is important to consider the role of work design and management. This is an under-researched area of work and organizational psychology. Based on a review of the available evidence and on a consideration of the methodological challenges involved, it is proposed that a future research agenda should (1) establish life span models of work design and management as opposed to ''age-free'' models; (2) place more emphasis on contextual research, and less emphasis on broad-brush, epidemiological models; and (3) embark on more evaluated workplace interventions, and less on cross-sectional studies.
  • References (12)
  • Citations (41)
Published on Aug 1, 1999in Journal of Marketing Research 4.20
Norbert Schwarz93
Estimated H-index: 93
Denise C. Park69
Estimated H-index: 69
+ 1 AuthorsSeymour Sudman40
Estimated H-index: 40
Aging, Cognition, and Self-reports: Editors' Introduction, Norbert Schwarz, Denise Park, Barbel Knauper, and Seymour Sudman. Part A: Cognition and Survey Measurement. Self-reports of Behaviors and Opinions: Cognitive and Communicative Processes, Norbert Schwarz. Part B: Age-related Changes in Cognitive Functioning. Changes in Cognitive Resources, Denise Park. Memory, Aging and Survey Measurement, Fergus I.M. Craik. Aging, Circadian Arousal Patterns, and Cognition, Carolyn Yoon, Cynthia P. May, a...
140 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1998in Work & Stress 2.68
Amanda Griffiths27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Nottingham)
Abstract This article considers some of the information that is available on the health of the working population in Great Britain. It considers ill-health retirements, incapacity benefit, injuries sustained at work and, in particular, data from a newly published report on self-reported work-related illness and sickness absence. This survey reveals that people consider their main work-related illness to be musculoskeletal disorders, followed by stress, anxiety and depression. These problem are k...
11 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 1997in Work & Stress 2.68
Amanda Griffiths27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Nottingham)
Abstract The economic implications of Europe's ageing population are considerable. Without an increase in the size of the working population, reducing the possible fiscal deficits will be difficult. This paper reviews this area of increasing concern for basic, applied and strategic researchers, namely how to increase the age at which people typically stop working, without damaging health or productivity. Chronological age per se may not be a good predictor of health and job performance; rather w...
77 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 1997in Fiscal Studies 1.16
David Miles53
Estimated H-index: 53
(Lond: University of London)
This paper considers some of the economic impacts that demographic change may have in developed economies over the next fifty years. I focus on the role that financial markets might play in economies where the pressure on government-run unfunded pension systems is likely to rise. The role of unfunded schemes is considered in a world where financial markets are incomplete and important types of risk cannot easily be offset by trading. How demographic shifts might affect labour productivity, asset...
11 Citations Source Cite
Andrew E. Clark44
Estimated H-index: 44
(Delta Air Lines),
Andrew J. Oswald62
Estimated H-index: 62
(Centre for Economic Performance),
Peter Warr50
Estimated H-index: 50
(University of Sheffield)
It is generally believed that job satisfaction increases linearly with age. However, there are persuasive arguments, and some empirical evidence, that the relationship is Ushaped, declining from a moderate level in the early years of employment and then increasing steadily up to retirement. This paper investigates that relationship, using survey responses from a large sample of British employees. For overall job satisfaction, satisfaction with pay, and satisfaction with the work itself, a strong...
676 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1996in Journal of Occupational Health Psychology 5.13
Tage S. Kristensen46
Estimated H-index: 46
(STAMI: National Institute of Occupational Health)
225 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1991in Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health 3.49
J. Ilmarinen10
Estimated H-index: 10
Kaija Tuomi18
Estimated H-index: 18
+ 3 AuthorsMatti Klockars17
Estimated H-index: 17
ILMARINEN J, TUOMI K, ESKELINEN L, NYGARD C-H, HUUHTANEN P, KLOCKARS M. Summary and recommendations of a project involving cross-sectional and follow-up studies on the aging worker in Finnish municipal occupations (1981-1985). Scand J Work Environ Health 1991 ;17(suppl): 13541. This report is a summary of the main findings of 15 studies comprising a multidisciplinary research project. Recommendations are also made on the basis of the findings, and they emphasize the following points: (i) work de...
81 Citations
Published on Apr 12, 1992
Robert Karasek37
Estimated H-index: 37
(UCPH: University of Copenhagen),
Töres Theorell76
Estimated H-index: 76
Suggests a strategy for redesigning jobs to reduce unnecessary stress and improve productivity and job satisfaction.
5,685 Citations
Cited By41
Published on Jan 1, 2019in International Journal of Industrial Ergonomics 1.57
Jonathan Dropkin6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Hofstra University),
Paul M. Power2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 2 AuthorsHyun Kim11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
Abstract Emergency medical service (EMS) personnel are highly skilled health care professionals who often provide lifesaving clinical care to patients. Paradoxically, they may be repeatedly exposed to a unique set of occupational hazards that could endanger their own health. This cross-sectional study sought to examine the relation between resiliency and musculoskeletal injuries (MSIs) and between resiliency and lost workdays due to MSIs, and explore whether age modifies these associations. Mult...
Source Cite
Published on Jun 30, 2017in Frontiers in Psychology 2.13
Hannes Zacher30
Estimated H-index: 30
(QUT: Queensland University of Technology),
Bodil T. Dirkers1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UG: University of Groningen)
+ 1 AuthorsBrenda Hughes1
Estimated H-index: 1
(QUT: Queensland University of Technology)
Based on an integration of job design and lifespan developmental theories, Truxillo, Cadiz, Rineer, Zaniboni, and Fraccaroli (2012) proposed that job characteristics interact with employee age in predicting important work outcomes. Using an experimental policy-capturing design, we investigated age-differential effects of four core job characteristics (i.e., job autonomy, task variety, task significance, and feedback from the job) on job attraction (i.e., individuals’ rating of job attractiveness...
3 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Australian Health Review 1.23
Leila Karimi13
Estimated H-index: 13
(ISU: Ilia State University),
Sandra G. Leggat23
Estimated H-index: 23
(La Trobe University)
+ 3 AuthorsJodi Oakman9
Estimated H-index: 9
Objective The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of work organisation on the emotional labour withdrawal behaviour of Australian community nurses. Methods Using a paper-based survey, a sample of 312 Australian community nurses reported on their emotional dissonance, withdrawal behaviours (i.e. job neglect, job dissatisfaction, stress-related presenteeism) and work organisation. A model to determine the partial mediation effect of work organisation was developed based on a li...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 22, 2016in Frontiers in Psychology 2.13
Hannes Zacher30
Estimated H-index: 30
(QUT: Queensland University of Technology),
Antje Schmitt12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Kassel)
Based on a lifespan perspective on work design, person-environment interaction and fit theories, models of successful aging at work, and role theory, we review research on the role of worker age in relationships between work characteristics and occupational well-being. We first focus on interaction effects of work characteristics and age on occupational well-being. Research has found that age can moderate associations between work characteristics and occupational well-being indicators, and that ...
17 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2016
Hannes Zacher30
Estimated H-index: 30
(QUT: Queensland University of Technology),
Winfried Hacker12
Estimated H-index: 12
(TUD: Dresden University of Technology),
Michael Frese69
Estimated H-index: 69
(NUS: National University of Singapore)
The goals of this article are to integrate action regulation theory (ART) with the lifespan developmental perspective and to outline tenets of a new metatheory of work and aging. The action regulation across the adult lifespan (ARAL) theory explains how workers influence, and are influenced by, their environment across different time spans. First, the basic concepts of ART are described, including the sequential and hierarchical structure of actions, complete tasks and actions, foci of action re...
5 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 10, 2015
Donald M. Truxillo29
Estimated H-index: 29
(PSU: Portland State University),
David Cadiz8
Estimated H-index: 8
Leslie B. Hammer35
Estimated H-index: 35
(PSU: Portland State University)
The workforce in most industrialized countries is aging and becoming more age-diverse, and this trend is expected to continue throughout the twenty-first century. Although there has been an increased interest in research on age differences at work, few studies have examined actual interventions designed to support workers at different points across the life span. In this article, we review the literature related to aging at work, including physical, cognitive, personality, and motivational chang...
66 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2015in British Journal of Management 2.75
Edward Shiu21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Bangor University),
Louise M. Hassan20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Bangor University),
Sara Parry8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Bangor University)
This research explores how national age stereotypes impact older workers' job-related perceptions by examining probability based samples across 26 countries taken from the European Social Survey. Multilevel data analysis was undertaken. Results show that, at the individual level, both extrinsic rewards and intrinsic rewards directly impact older workers' job satisfaction. At the country level, significant variations are found in the relationships between job satisfaction and related rewards for ...
15 Citations Source Cite
Bernadeta Goštautaitė2
Estimated H-index: 2
(ISM University of Management and Economics),
Ilona Bučiūnienė7
Estimated H-index: 7
(ISM University of Management and Economics)
This paper showcases the contextual development of age diversity in one post-Soviet country – Lithuania – and explores the theoretical grounding and empirical evidence of the role of work characteristics (work-scheduling autonomy (WSA), decision-making autonomy and social support) in the age–individual performance linkage. The individual performance was conceptualized in terms of task, adaptive and proactive performance. Based on empirical findings from multisource data (non-managerial employees...
5 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2012in Psychologica Belgica 1.52
Marie Barbier5
Estimated H-index: 5
Christian Monseur12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Liège)
+ 1 AuthorsIsabelle Hansez11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Liège)
This article reports on the structural validation of the Positive and Negative Occupational States Inventory, which measures positive and negative states at work. The first aim was to check for the impact of item wording. The second aim was to check for interactions between items and gender or age. More than 31,000 data collected in 63 Belgian and French companies were used. Results of structural equation show that meaning better represents the tool structure than wording, at least for the negat...
1 Citations Source Cite