Correlation between the nannofossil and macrofossil biostratigraphies and the lithostratigraphy of the Upper Cretaceous of NE England

Published on Nov 1, 1999
· DOI :10.1144/pygs.52.4.371
Jackie A. Burnett1
Estimated H-index: 1
Felix Whitham1
Estimated H-index: 1
SUMMARY To supplement the recent documentation of the stratigraphy of the Ferriby, Welton, Burnham and Flamborough Chalk formations by Whitham, a study of the nannofloras of this region was undertaken, allowing correlation between the lithostratigraphical units, the macrofossil zones and the recently revised standard nannofossil zonation scheme for the Upper Cretaceous. Attention is draw to the sequence of integrated nannofossil and macrofossil events around the stage boundaries, and some preliminary comparisons of the nannofossil events are made with those of southern England and northern Germany. It is suggested that further biostratigraphical work needs to be carried out through the Cenomanian/Turonian boundary interval, in order to determine the precise relationship between the nannofossil events and the boundary event. The view that the nannofossil Marthasterites furcatus is a suitable marker for the Turonian/Coniacian boundary is reiterated as being erroneous. Documentation of the nannofloras of NE England have proved them to have been influenced by a northern high-latitude (boreal) palaeobiogeographical setting during the Late Cretaceous.
  • References (16)
  • Citations (12)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
234 Citations
1 Author (Paul R. Bown)
571 Citations
58 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
Organic carbon-rich sediments are globally developed in pelagic sedimentary sequences of Aptian-Albian and Cenomanian-Turonian age. They formed in a variety of paleo-bathymetric settings including oceanic plateaus and basins, continental margins and shelf seas. The widespread nature of these deposits suggests that they were not strictly controlled by local basin geometry but were a product of ″Oceanic Anoxic Events″ . Interpretation of these events as the result of the interplay of two major geo...
1,068 Citations
#1David WrayH-Index: 31
#2Christopher J. WoodH-Index: 13
SUMMARY The acid insoluble 2 O/A1 2 O 3 ratio (mean 0.12), low Zr/Al 2 O 3 ratio (mean 0.002) and variable TiO 2 /Al 2 O 3 ratio (mean 0.07); shale normalized rare-earth element (REE) data displays a negative Ce anomaly and a variable, gradual depletion in heavy REE. By analogy with clays in the German Chalk, these beds are considered to be detrital. Six beds (Barton 1, Melton Ross, Deepdale Lower, North Ormsby, Ulceby and Little Weighton 2) are characterized by a variable K 2 O/A1 2 O 3 ratio (...
34 CitationsSource
#1Paul R. BownH-Index: 39
List of Contributors. Preface. Technical note and abbreviations. 1. Introduction p P.R. Bown, J.R. Young. 2. Techniques P.R. Bown, J.R. Young. 3. Triassic P.R. Bown. 4. Jurassic P.R. Bown, M.K.E. Cooper. 5. Lower Cretaceous P.R. Bown, D.C. Rutledge, J.A. Crux, L.T. Gallagher. 6. Upper Cretaceous J.A. Burnett. 7. Palaeogene O. Varol. 8. Neogene J.R. Young. 9. Quaternary N. Hine, P.P.E. Weaver. References. Taxonomic Index. Subject Index.
571 CitationsSource
#1Marcos A. LamoldaH-Index: 17
#2Amalia GorostidiH-Index: 1
Last. Danuta Peryt (PAN: Polish Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 19
view all 5 authors...
An Upper Cenomanian to Lower Turonian section has been sampled in the vicinity of Ganuza, northern Spain. Ammonoids, inoceramids and microfossils including foraminifera and calcareous nannofossils have been studied. We recognize three planktonic foraminiferal biozones: theRotalipora cushmani,Whiteinella archaeocretaceaandHelvetoglobotruncana helveticaZones. We also characterize theEiffellithus turriseiffeliiandQuadrum gartneriZones, based on nannofossil biostratigraphy. Macrofaunal occurrences a...
37 CitationsSource
#1Paul DodsworthH-Index: 1
SUMMARY The lowermost part of the Welton Chalk Formation in eastern England conforms to a succession of eight beds, lettered here A to H in ascending order. Beds A and B are equated with the Plenus Marls ( Metoicoceras geslinianum Zone) of southern England. The Black Band (beds C to E) has yielded palynological assemblages containing the dinoflagellate cysts Adnatosphaeridium tutulosum and Carpodinium obliquicostatum. Their presence, along with the absence of Litosphaeridium siphonophorum, indic...
19 CitationsSource
#1Joachim SchönfeldH-Index: 1
#2M.-G. SchulzH-Index: 1
Last. David WrayH-Index: 31
view all 9 authors...
30 Citations
#1I. C. Starmer (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 1
SUMMARY Four deformation phases (D1–4) can be recognized in the Upper Cretaceous Chalk of Selwicks Bay. D1 ENE–WSW compression formed gentle NNW–SSE buckles in Selwicks Bay, with localized overturned folds and minor thrusts to the south. Regionally, D1 is correlated with Laramide sinistral slip on the Dowsing Fault, inversion of the Sole Pit Basin, and N–S to NNE–SSW folding in the Cleveland Basin. Subsequent D2 extensional fracturing developed during general post-Laramide tension, with a domina...
28 CitationsSource
#1Simon F. Mitchell (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 23
SUMMARY A revision of the distribution of the biostratigraphically important macrofossil taxa (the crinoids Uintacrinus socialis and Marsupites testudinarius , the echinoid Hagenowia anterior and the belemnite Gonioteuthis ) in the coastal section of the Flamborough Chalk Formation (Santonian, Upper Cretaceous) between South Landing and Danes Dyke (North Yorkshire) is presented. U. socialis first appears 4.3m below West Nook Marl 1, while M. testudinarius appears 0.7m below Maidlands Upper Marl ...
16 CitationsSource
#1Marcos A. Lamolda (UPV/EHU: University of the Basque Country)H-Index: 17
#2A. Gorostidi (UPV/EHU: University of the Basque Country)H-Index: 3
Last. C.R.C. Paul (UPV/EHU: University of the Basque Country)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
Quantitative data on absolute abundance and diversity of nannofossils, insoluble residues, δ13C and δ18O from the top Abbots Cliff Chalk, through the Plenus Marls and into the Melbourn Rock at Dover, England suggest, contrary to most previous interpretations, that: (1) The Cenomanian-Turonian Boundary Event was initiated by a sharp fall in sea level which produced the sub-plenus erosion surface, followed by a gradual recovery over 100 000 years to a higher level in the latest Cenomanian, as show...
89 CitationsSource
#1F. WhithamH-Index: 1
SUMMARY The considerable thickness (approximately 215m) of the Flamborough Chalk Formation exposed on land about equals the combined total for the underlying Ferriby, Welton and Burnham chalk formations. The sequence is described here, with detailed lithological logs and ranges of all the main macrofaunal elements. The macrofauna is closely related to that of north Germany. The stratotype section is a coastal exposure from High Stacks to Sewerby. There broad lithological changes in the chalk suc...
28 CitationsSource
Cited By12
#2Christopher R. Scotese (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 9
Last. Mário Cachão (University of Lisbon)H-Index: 22
view all 3 authors...
Abstract The Late Cretaceous paleobiogeography of the coccolithophore Braarudosphaera bigelowii is reconstructed based on 331 stratigraphic occurrences and complemented by 307 neighboring absences. During the Cenomanian B. bigelowii was found throughout the European seaways, at the base of the North America Interior Seaway, at the paleo-Atlantic margin of South America, in the Neuquen Basin, on the southern tip of the Indian plate, and on the Kerguelen Plateau. During the Late Cretaceous, its ra...
#1Mahmoud Faris (Tanta University)H-Index: 9
#2Rawand B. N. JaffH-Index: 1
Last. Sherif Farouk (EPRI: Egyptian Petroleum Research Institute)H-Index: 10
view all 3 authors...
The calcareous nannofossil biostratigraphy and bio-events of the Coniacian–lower Campanian succession are examined from the Dokan section, northeastern Iraq, along the southern Tethyan margin. In the Dokan section, calcareous nannofossils are affected by dissolution and silicification. The vertical stratigraphic distribution of calcareous nannoplankton allows identifying eight nannofossil zones (CC13/UC9 to CC20/UC15b). These calcareous nannofossil zones are correlated with planktonic foraminife...
This study describes the detailed palynology of the Eagle Ford Group at Lozier Canyon, its principal outcrop reference section in west Texas. Prominent marine phytoplankton assemblages are consistent with a proposed depositional setting for Lozier Canyon on a submarine platform within the Cretaceous Western Interior Seaway (KWIS) of the USA. The Lower Eagle Ford Formation (middle to upper Cenomanian) was deposited under restricted marine conditions with oxygen-deficient, probably anoxic bottom w...
8 CitationsSource
#1Anastasios Perdiou (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 1
#2Nicolas Thibault (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 18
Last. Christian J. Bjerrum (UCPH: University of Copenhagen)H-Index: 19
view all 6 authors...
A new record of carbon isotopes, nannofossil biostratigraphy, gamma-ray and Fe content variations is presented for the upper Campanian of the Adda-3 core, Danish Central Graben, North Sea. The studied interval provides a revision of previously assigned late Coniacian to early Santonian ages. New biostratigraphic data indicate a late Campanian age for the 60 m thick studied interval. The Late Campanian Event (LCE) is well recorded by a 1.5‰ negative excursion in the bulk δ 13 C, along with two st...
12 CitationsSource
#1Jiří ŽíttH-Index: 4
#2Radek VodrážkaH-Index: 7
Last. Lilian ŠvábenickáH-Index: 6
view all 6 authors...
Abstract Dark grey strata belonging to the basal horizons of the Bila Hora Formation (lower Turonian) were exposed during quarrying at the locality of Plaňany (Bohemian Cretaceous Basin). Based mainly on quarry maps, the early Turonian rocky bottom was reconstructed in the area of about 14,800 m 2 . Two sedimentologic and palaeoecological settings were recognized in the area. Dark grey deposits form part of the first setting, representing a fill of large and deep depressions on the northern foot...
7 CitationsSource
Abstract The first occurrence (FO) of Marthasterites furcatus was correlated with the FOs of other nannofossils, inoceramid bivalves and foraminifers in the Bohemian Cretaceous Basin and Outer Flysch Carpathians. The correlation showed that the FO of M. furcatus was diachronous, becoming younger from east to west. In the Silesian Unit it appears in the lower Turonian in association with Eprolithus moratus (UC6b nannofossil Zone). In the Pavlovske vrchy klippes it appears in the upper middle Turo...
2 CitationsSource
12 CitationsSource
#1Stacie A. Blair (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 4
#2David K. Watkins (NU: University of Nebraska–Lincoln)H-Index: 19
The Ten Mile Creek area (Dallas, Texas) is a proposed Global Stratotype Section and Point (GSSP) candidate for the Coniacian/Santonian Stage boundary. The Santonian Working Group has designated the first appearance of Inoceramus (Cladoceramus) undulatoplicatus as the diagnostic macrofossil bioevent for the base of the Santonian Stage. Calcareous nannofossils were examined from sediments of the Bruceville Marl at the proposed GSSP site and from well-preserved sediments of the coeval Smoky Hill Me...
13 CitationsSource
#1A. G. Olfer’ev (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 2
#2V. N. Beniamovski (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 8
Last. E. A. Shcherbinina (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 9
view all 11 authors...
Problems of geochronological correlation are considered for the formations established in the study region with due account for data on the Mezino-Lapshinovka, Lokh and Teplovka sections studied earlier on the northwest of the Saratov region. New paleontological data are used to define more precisely stratigraphic ranges of some stratigraphic subdivisions, to consider correlation between standard and local zones established for different groups of fossils, and to suggest how the Upper Cretaceous...
10 CitationsSource
#1Andrew S. Gale (University of Portsmouth)H-Index: 42
#2Jake M. HancockH-Index: 16
Last. David Wray (University of Greenwich)H-Index: 31
view all 7 authors...
The spillway of Lake Waxahachie, Ellis County (Texas), exposes a > 17 m section of the Hutchins Member of the Austin Chalk Group, un-conformably overlain by Taylor Clay. The Austin sequence was regarded as a potential Global Stratotype Section for the base of the Campanian Stage at the 1995 Brussels meeting on Cretaceous Stage boundaries, with the last occurrence of the crinoid Marsupites testudinarius (von Schlotheim, 1820) as the potential boundary marker. An integrated study of the geochemist...
60 CitationsSource