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An Overview of CMIP5 and the Experiment Design

Published on Apr 1, 2012in Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society8.166
· DOI :10.1175/BAMS-D-11-00094.1
Karl E. Taylor57
Estimated H-index: 57
,
Ronald J. Stouffer72
Estimated H-index: 72
,
Gerald A. Meehl94
Estimated H-index: 94
Sources
Abstract
The fifth phase of the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project (CMIP5) will produce a state-of-the- art multimodel dataset designed to advance our knowledge of climate variability and climate change. Researchers worldwide are analyzing the model output and will produce results likely to underlie the forthcoming Fifth Assessment Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Unprecedented in scale and attracting interest from all major climate modeling groups, CMIP5 includes “long term” simulations of twentieth-century climate and projections for the twenty-first century and beyond. Conventional atmosphere–ocean global climate models and Earth system models of intermediate complexity are for the first time being joined by more recently developed Earth system models under an experiment design that allows both types of models to be compared to observations on an equal footing. Besides the longterm experiments, CMIP5 calls for an entirely new suite of “near term” simulations focusing on recent decades...
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