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Aerobic Capacity Reference Data in 3816 Healthy Men and Women 20–90 Years

Published on May 15, 2013in PLOS ONE2.776
· DOI :10.1371/journal.pone.0064319
Henrik Loe5
Estimated H-index: 5
(NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology),
Øivind Rognmo21
Estimated H-index: 21
(NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)
+ 1 AuthorsUlrik Wisløff70
Estimated H-index: 70
(NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)
Sources
Abstract
© 2013 Loe et al. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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References49
Newest
Introduction: Many studies suggest that cardiorespiratory fitness, measured as peak oxygen uptake (V?O2peak), may be the single best predictor of cardiovascular morbidity and premature cardiovascular mortality. However, current reference values are either estimates of oxygen uptake or come from small studies, mainly of men. Therefore, the aims of this study were to directly measure V?O2peak in healthy adult men and women and to assess the association with cardiovascular risk factor levels. Metho...
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#1Duck-chul Lee (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 33
#2Xuemei Sui (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 49
Last. Steven N. Blair (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 143
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Objective To examine the combined associations and relative contributions of leisure-time physical activity (PA) and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) with all-cause mortality. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Aerobics centre longitudinal study. Participants 31 818 men and 10 555 women who received a medical examination during 1978–2002. Assessment of risk factors Leisure-time PA assessed by self-reported questionnaire; CRF assessed by maximal treadmill test. Main outcome measures All-caus...
236 CitationsSource
Background: The reference values for cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) available in Brazil were derived from a cycle ergometer in a sedentary and relatively small population. Objective: Provide reference values for CPET in Brazilians of both sexes, either sedentary or active. Methods: From 2006 to 2008, 3,992 CEPT of healthy individuals were selected from our laboratory. Athletes, smokers, patients with any known pathology, users of continuous medication and obese patients were excluded. P...
39 CitationsSource
FUNDAMENTO: Os valores de referencia de teste cardiopulmonar (TCP) disponiveis no Brasil foram derivados de cicloergometro, em populacao sedentaria e relativamente pequena. OBJETIVO: Fornecer valores de referencia para o TCP em brasileiros de ambos os sexos, sedentarios e ativos. METODOS: ENtre 2006 e 2008, 3.992 TCP de individuos saudaveis foram selecionados de nosso laboratorio. Atletas, fumantes, portadores de qualquer patologia conhecida, usuarios de medicacao continua e obesos foram excluid...
25 CitationsSource
The purpose of the present study was to correlate the rating of perceived exertion (RPE) with cardiorespiratory and neuromuscular variables during the execution of stationary running in water at different cadences. The sample consisted of 12 apparently healthy women (age: 22.33 ± 0.57 years). During the assessment session, the subjects performed the stationary running exercise in water at 3 different cadences: 60, 80, and 100 bpm. The heart rate (HR), oxygen uptake ([latin capital V with dot abo...
26 CitationsSource
#1Mireille N. M. van Poppel (VUmc: VU University Medical Center)H-Index: 39
#2Mai J. M. Chinapaw (VUmc: VU University Medical Center)H-Index: 37
Last. Caroline B. Terwee (VUmc: VU University Medical Center)H-Index: 62
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Many questionnaires have been developed to measure physical activity (PA), but an overview of the measurement properties of PA questionnaires is lacking. A summary of this information is useful for choosing the best questionnaire available. Therefore, the objective of this study was to evaluate and compare measurement properties of self-administered questionnaires assessing PA in adults. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE and SportDiscus®, using ‘exercise’, ‘physical activity’, ‘motor activity’ and ‘qu...
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#1Chia-Yih WangH-Index: 4
#2William L. HaskellH-Index: 108
Last. Vicki L. BurtH-Index: 28
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Data from the 1999―2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used to describe the distribution of cardiorespiratory fitness and its association with obesity and leisure-time physical activity (LTPA) for adults 20-49 years of age without physical limitations or indications of cardiovascular disease. A sample of 7,437 adults aged 20-49 years were examined at a mobile examination center. Of 4,860 eligible for a submaximal treadmill test, 3,250 completed the test and were included i...
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Purpose: To report on the normative cardiorespiratory response to a graded exercise test in a group of healthy males, 30-69 yr of age (n = 816), and to test the effect of health and fitness counseling on cardiorespiratory fitness in a subset of healthy subjects (n = 87, mean follow-up = 7.3 yr) who returned for at least five subsequent visits. Methods: As part of a preventive medicine service, each subject performed an incremental exercise test to exhaustion on a treadmill. Peak oxygen consumpti...
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#1Andrew S. JacksonH-Index: 36
#2Xuemei SuiH-Index: 49
Last. Steven N. BlairH-Index: 143
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Background Cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) in adults decreases with age and is influenced by lifestyle. Low CRF is associated with risk of diseases and the ability of older persons to function independently. We defined the longitudinal rate of CRF decline with aging and the association of aging and lifestyle with CRF. Methods We studied a cohort of 3429 women and 16 889 men, aged 20 to 96 years, from the Aerobics Center Longitudinal Study who completed 2 to 33 health examinations from 1974 to 20...
149 CitationsSource
#1Satoru Kodama (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 1
#2Kazumi Saito (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 1
Last. Sone HirohitoH-Index: 55
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Context Epidemiological studies have indicated an inverse association between cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and coronary heart disease (CHD) or all-cause mortality in healthy participants. Objective To define quantitative relationships between CRF and CHD events, cardiovascular disease (CVD) events, or all-cause mortality in healthy men and women. Data Sources and Study Selection A systematic literature search was conducted for observational cohort studies using MEDLINE (1966 to December 31, 2...
1,328 CitationsSource
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#2Malcolm A. West (University of Southampton)H-Index: 15
Last. Denny Z. H. Levett (University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust)H-Index: 23
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The use of preoperative cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) to evaluate the risk of adverse perioperative outcomes is increasingly prevalent. CPET-derived information enables personalised perioperative care and enhances shared decision-making. Sex-related differences in physical fitness are reported in non-perioperative literature. However, little attention has been paid to sex-related differences in the context of perioperative CPET. We explored differences in the physical fitness variables...
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#1Baruch Vainshelboim (Stanford University)H-Index: 10
#2Ross Arena (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 61
Last. Jonathan Myers (Stanford University)H-Index: 76
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Abstract Background Established reference standards for the ventilatory threshold (VT) are lacking. The aim of this study was to develop reference standards for the VT derived from cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) using treadmill and cycle ergometry. Methods Seven laboratories experienced in CPX administration with established quality control procedures contributed to the “Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise: A National Database” (FRIEND) from April 2014 through February 2019. ...
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#1Md. Mobashir Hasan Shandhi (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 4
#1Mobashir Md Hasan Shandhi (Georgia Institute of Technology)
Last. Omer T. Inan (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 23
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Abstract Objective To estimate oxygen uptake (VO2) from cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) using simultaneously recorded seismocardiogram (SCG) and electrocardiogram (ECG) signals captured with a small wearable patch. Background CPX is an important risk stratification tool for patients with heart failure (HF) due to the prognostic value of the features derived from the gas exchange variables such as VO2. However, CPX requires specialized equipment, as well as trained professionals to conduct...
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#1Marie Anne Richard (Université de Sherbrooke)H-Index: 4
#2Hannah Pallubinsky (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 6
Last. Denis P. Blondin (Université de Sherbrooke)H-Index: 14
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Brown adipose tissue (BAT) has long been described according to its histological features as a multilocular, lipid-containing tissue, light brown in color, that is also responsive to the cold and found especially in hibernating mammals and human infants. Its presence in both hibernators and human infants, combined with its function as a heat-generating organ, raised many questions about its role in humans. Early characterizations of the tissue in humans focused on its progressive atrophy with ag...
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#1Kari Krizak Halle (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Øyvind Bakke (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 7
Last. Mette Langaas (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 19
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#1Ross Arena (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 61
#2Jonathan Myers (VA Palo Alto Healthcare System)H-Index: 76
Last. Leonard A. Kaminsky (BSU: Ball State University)H-Index: 30
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Abstract Introduction Cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPX) is the gold-standard approach to assessing cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). The current study puts forth reference standards for peak oxygen (O2) pulse from the “Fitness Registry and the Importance of Exercise: A National Data Base” (FRIEND) Registry. Methods The current analysis included 13,318 tests from CPX laboratories in the United States, Canada and Europe. Inclusion criteria included CPX data on apparently healthy men and women:...
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#1Jon Magne Letnes (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 1
#2Bjarne M. Nes (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 14
Last. Håvard Dalen (NTNU: Norwegian University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 22
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Background Left atrial (LA) size and cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) are predictors of future cardiovascular events in high‐risk populations. LA dilatation is a diagnostic criterion for left ventri...
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#1James E Peterman (BSU: Ball State University)
#1James E. Peterman (BSU: Ball State University)H-Index: 5
Last. Leonard A. Kaminsky (BSU: Ball State University)H-Index: 30
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Abstract Objective To begin the process of developing global reference standards for adults from directly measured cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF). Methods Percentiles of maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max) for men and women were determined for each decade from 20 through 79 years of age using International data from the Fitness Registry and Importance of Exercise: A National Database (FRIEND-I) along with previously published data from seven studies. FRIEND-I data from January 1, 2014, through ...
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#1Daniel VäisänenH-Index: 1
#2Örjan EkblomH-Index: 23
Last. Maria Ekblom (KI: Karolinska Institutet)H-Index: 8
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Purpose The aim of this study was to validate the submaximal Ekblom-Bak test (EB-test) and the Astrand test (A-test) for an elderly population.
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Objectives We compared the ability of physical activity and sitting time questionnaires (PAQ) for ranking individuals versus continuous volume calculations (physical activity level (PAL), metabolic equivalents of task (MET), sitting hours) against accelerometry measured physical activity as our criterion. Methods Participants in a cohort from the Tromso Study completed three questionnaires; (1) The Saltin-Grimby Physical Activity Level Scale (SGPALS) (n=4040); (2) The Physical Activity Frequency...
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