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Facial attractiveness predicts longevity

Published on Sep 1, 2003in Evolution and Human Behavior2.96
· DOI :10.1016/S1090-5138(03)00036-9
Joshua J.A. Henderson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UW: University of Waterloo),
Jeremy M. Anglin9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UW: University of Waterloo)
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Abstract
Abstract In the current investigation, 20 undergraduate students rated 50 high school yearbook photographs from the 1920s on two measures, attractiveness and perceived health. These measures were then correlated with each other and with the photographed subjects' longevity. Facial attractiveness was found to predict future longevity, but perceived health did not. The results are discussed in terms of sexual selection theory.
  • References (10)
  • Citations (106)
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References10
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2001in Journal of Comparative Psychology1.56
Bernhard Fink36
Estimated H-index: 36
,
Karl Grammer40
Estimated H-index: 40
,
Randy Thornhill65
Estimated H-index: 65
(UNM: University of New Mexico)
The notion that surface texture may provide important information about the geometry of visible surfaces has attracted considerable attention for a long time. The present study shows that skin texture plays a significant role in the judgment of female facial beauty. Following research in clinical dermatology, the authors developed a computer program that implemented an algorithm based on co-occurrence matrices for the analysis of facial skin texture. Homogeneity and contrast features as well as ...
Published on Jan 1, 2000in Advances in Experimental Social Psychology6.93
Diane S. Berry26
Estimated H-index: 26
Publisher Summary This chapter reviews recent empirical advances that in turn explain origin of attractiveness preferences. It discusses several evolutionary models of human social behavior and their predictions regarding the function of attractiveness. It also evaluates the ability of these models to account for recent findings in the attractiveness literature. Further, the chapter examines a number of questions and implications of the applications from an evolutionary perspective. The chapter ...
Published on Mar 1, 1999in Evolution and Human Behavior2.96
Randy Thornhill65
Estimated H-index: 65
(UNM: University of New Mexico),
Karl Grammer40
Estimated H-index: 40
Abstract Evidence has accumulated in recent years supporting the hypothesis that both facial and bodily physical attractiveness in humans are certifications of developmental and hormonal health. Such evidence indicates that physical attractiveness is an honest or Zahavian signal of phenotypic and genetic quality. The hypothesis that physical beauty connotes health was first proposed by Westermarck and was discussed later by Ellis and Symons. It has been suggested that facial attractiveness in wo...
Published on Jan 1, 1999in Evolution and Human Behavior2.96
Todd K. Shackelford11
Estimated H-index: 11
(FAU: Florida Atlantic University),
Randy J. Larsen40
Estimated H-index: 40
(WashU: Washington University in St. Louis)
Abstract Previous research has documented that more facially attractive people are perceived by others to be physically healthier. Using self-reports, observer ratings, daily diary methodology, and psychophysiological assessments, this study provides limited empirical evidence that more facially attractive people ( N = 100) may be physically healthier than unattractive people. Discussion suggests the value of an evolutionary psychological perspective for understanding the relationship between fa...
Published on Jan 1, 1998in Psychological Science4.90
S. Michael Kalick7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Massachusetts Boston),
Leslie A. Zebrowitz33
Estimated H-index: 33
(Brandeis University)
+ 1 AuthorsRobert M. Johnson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Massachusetts Boston)
Inspired by the evolutionary conjecture that sexually selected traits function as indicators of pathogen resistance in animals and humans, we examined the notion that human facial attractiveness provides evidence of health. Using photos of 164 males and 169 females in late adolescence and health data on these individuals in adolescence, middle adulthood, and later adulthood, we found that adolescent facial attractiveness was unrelated to adolescent health for either males or females, and was not...
Published on Jan 1, 1994in Advances in Experimental Social Psychology6.93
Douglas T. Kenrick51
Estimated H-index: 51
Publisher Summary The main chapter argues that a consideration of the evolutionary literature is not only a potentially useful tool in generating hypotheses about social psychological phenomena but that it is also an essential framework for a full understanding of the phenomena. The other goal is to show that social psychological methods and findings can help provide essential pieces of the puzzle connecting evolutionary psychology and cognitive science. The chapter summarizes the general princi...
Published on Jan 1, 1994in Journal of Comparative Psychology1.56
Karl Grammer40
Estimated H-index: 40
,
Randy Thornhill65
Estimated H-index: 65
(UNM: University of New Mexico)
We hypothesized from the parasite theory of sexual selection that men (Homo sapiens) would prefer averageness and symmetry in women's faces, that women would prefer averageness and symmetry in men's faces, and that women would prefer largeness (not averageness) of the secondary sexual traits of men's faces. We generated computer images of men's and women's faces and of composites of the faces of each sex, and then had men and women rate opposite-sex faces for 4 variables (attractive, dominant, s...
Published on Sep 1, 1993in Human Nature
Steven W. Gangestad50
Estimated H-index: 50
(UNM: University of New Mexico)
Sexual selection processes have received much attention in recent years, attention reflected in interest in human mate preferences. Among these mate preferences are preferences for physical attractiveness. Preferences in and of themselves, however, do not fully explain the nature of the relationships that individuals attain. A tacit negotiation process underlies relationship formation and maintenance. The notion that preferences for physical attractiveness evolved under parasite-driven “good gen...
Published on Sep 1, 1993in Human Nature
Doug Jones1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UM: University of Michigan),
Kim Hill55
Estimated H-index: 55
(UNM: University of New Mexico)
The theory of sexual selection suggests several possible explanations for the development of standards of physical attractiveness in humans. Asymmetry and departures from average proportions may be markers of the breakdown of developmental stability. Supernormal traits may present age- and sex-typical features in exaggerated form. Evidence from social psychology suggests that both average proportions and (in females) “neotenous” facial traits are indeed more attractive. Using facial photographs ...
Published on Sep 1, 1993in Human Nature
Randy Thornhill65
Estimated H-index: 65
(UNM: University of New Mexico),
Steven W. Gangestad50
Estimated H-index: 50
(UNM: University of New Mexico)
It is hypothesized that human faces judged to be attractive by people possess two features—averageness and symmetry—that promoted adaptive mate selection in human evolutionary history by way of production of offspring with parasite resistance. Facial composites made by combining individual faces are judged to be attractive, and more attractive than the majority of individual faces. The composites possess both symmetry and averageness of features. Facial averageness may reflect high individual pr...
Cited By106
Newest
Published on Dec 21, 2018in Frontiers in Psychology2.13
Stefan de Jager1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Pretoria),
Nicoleen Coetzee4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Pretoria),
Vinet Coetzee15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Pretoria)
The relationship between facial cues and perceptions of health and attractiveness in others plays an influential role in our social interactions and mating behaviors. Several facial cues have historically been investigated in this regard, with facial adiposity being the newest addition. Evidence is mounting that a robust link exists between facial adiposity and attractiveness, as well as perceived health. Facial adiposity has also been linked to various health outcomes such as cardiovascular dis...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Personality and Individual Differences2.00
Jieun Shin10
Estimated H-index: 10
(SNU: Seoul National University),
Eunkook M. Suh29
Estimated H-index: 29
(Yonsei University),
Dayk Jang2
Estimated H-index: 2
(SNU: Seoul National University)
Abstract Can people make valid inferences about the person's mate value by a glance of his/her face? Eighty-seven independent coders rated how attractive neutral facial pictures of 297 (152 males) undergraduate students were, after viewing each image for 3 s. The facial attractiveness rating significantly correlated with important sex-specific mate qualities. In case of female targets, facial attractiveness predicted their body shape (waist-to-hip ratio; WHR), whereas among males, it correlated ...
Published on Oct 1, 2018in Evolutionary Psychology1.82
Shu Zhang (SDNU: Shandong Normal University), Hailing Wang (SDNU: Shandong Normal University), Qingke Guo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SDNU: Shandong Normal University)
Facial attractiveness plays important roles in social interaction. Electrophysiological and neuroimaging studies found several brain areas to be differentially responsive to attractive relative to ...
Published on Jun 8, 2018in Frontiers in Psychology2.13
Yuanyan Hu (SWU: Southwest University), Najam ul Hasan Abbasi1
Estimated H-index: 1
(IIUI: International Islamic University, Islamabad)
+ 1 AuthorsHong Chen1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SWU: Southwest University)
Facial sexual dimorphism has widely demonstrated as having an influence on the facial attractiveness and social interactions. However, earlier studies show inconsistent results on the effect of sexual dimorphism on facial attractiveness judgments. Previous studies suggest that the level of attractiveness might work as a moderating variable among the relationship between sexual dimorphism and facial preference and have often focused on the effect of sexual dimorphism on general attractiveness rat...
Published on Apr 1, 2018in Journal of Business and Psychology2.58
Satoshi Kanazawa32
Estimated H-index: 32
(LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science),
Mary C. Still6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)
Purpose Economists have widely documented the “beauty premium” and “ugliness penalty” on earnings. Explanations based on employer and client discrimination would predict a monotonic association between physical attractiveness and earnings; explanations based on occupational self-selection would explain the beauty premium as a function of workers’ occupations; and explanations based on individual differences would predict that the beauty premium would disappear once appropriate individual differe...
Published on May 1, 2017in Royal Society Open Science2.52
Tina Sundelin6
Estimated H-index: 6
(KI: Karolinska Institutet),
Mats Lekander31
Estimated H-index: 31
(KI: Karolinska Institutet)
+ 1 AuthorsJohn Axelsson29
Estimated H-index: 29
(KI: Karolinska Institutet)
The importance of assessing evolutionarily relevant social cues suggests that humans should be sensitive to others9 sleep history, as this may indicate something about their health as well as their capacity for social interaction. Recent findings show that acute sleep deprivation and looking tired are related to decreased attractiveness and health, as perceived by others. This suggests that one might also avoid contact with sleep-deprived, or sleepy-looking, individuals, as a strategy to reduce ...
Published on Jan 1, 2017
Social perception (i.e., the formation of impressions based on perceivable cues) of both faces and bodies is an integral part of social interaction and can influence and can be influenced by many variables, such as motivational salience (i.e., the amount of effort an individual will expend to continue viewing faces and bodies) and hormone levels of the perceiver. The first empirical chapter (i.e., Chapter 2) investigated social perception of faces and bodies using multiple trait ratings. First, ...
Published on Dec 1, 2016in Scientific Reports4.01
Hui Shen3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Desmond K. P. Chau1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 5 AuthorsDewen Hu32
Estimated H-index: 32
Brain responses to facial attractiveness induced by facial proportions: evidence from an fMRI study