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Demographic effects of extreme weather events: snow storms, breeding success, and population growth rate in a long‐lived Antarctic seabird

Published on Jan 1, 2015in Ecology and Evolution2.42
· DOI :10.1002/ece3.1357
Sebastian Descamps1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NPI: Norwegian Polar Institute),
Arnaud Tarroux11
Estimated H-index: 11
(NPI: Norwegian Polar Institute)
+ 3 AuthorsSvein-Håkon Lorentsen15
Estimated H-index: 15
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Abstract
Weather extremes are one important element of ongoing climate change, but their impacts are poorly understood because they are, by definition, rare events. If the frequency and severity of extreme weather events increase, there is an urgent need to understand and predict the ecological consequences of such events. In this study, we aimed to quantify the effects of snow storms on nest survival in Antarctic petrels and assess whether snow storms are an important driver of annual breeding success and population growth rate. We used detailed data on daily individual nest survival in a year with frequent and heavy snow storms, and long term data on petrel productivity (i.e., number of chicks produced) at the colony level. Our results indicated that snow storms are an important determinant of nest survival and overall productivity. Snow storm events explained 30% of the daily nest survival within the 2011/2012 season and nearly 30% of the interannual variation in colony productivity in period 1985–2014. Snow storms are a key driver of Antarctic petrel breeding success, and potentially population dynamics. We also found state-dependent effects of snow storms and chicks in poor condition were more likely to die during a snow storm than chicks in good condition. This stresses the importance of considering interactions between individual heterogeneity and extreme weather events to understand both individual and population responses to climate change.
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  • References (68)
  • Citations (18)
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References68
Newest
Published on Feb 1, 2014in Environmental and Experimental Botany3.71
Shuli Niu31
Estimated H-index: 31
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Yiqi Luo81
Estimated H-index: 81
(OU: University of Oklahoma)
+ 4 AuthorsMelinda D. Smith45
Estimated H-index: 45
(CSU: Colorado State University)
Ongoing climate change has caused extreme climatic events to happen more frequently, which can fundamentally threaten plant growth and survivorship. In this review paper, we found that extreme climatic events, such as heat waves, frost, drought and flooding, usually reduces plant production and induces mortality. The magnitude of impacts on production and mortality are exceedingly variable, which likely result from different severities of the climate extremes, sensitivities of various processes,...
Published on Sep 1, 2013in Nature Climate Change21.72
So Kawaguchi27
Estimated H-index: 27
,
Akio Ishida2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 6 AuthorsAtsushi Ishimatsu32
Estimated H-index: 32
Little is known about the sensitivity of Antarctic krill, a key part of the food chain, to ocean acidification. A circumpolar risk map of krill hatching success is presented for projected ocean acidification levels. Important krill recruitment habitats are likely to become high-risk this century, with the possibility of collapse of the krill population by 2300 without mitigation of CO2 emissions.
Published on Aug 1, 2013in Nature43.07
Chris Huntingford54
Estimated H-index: 54
,
Philip D Jones123
Estimated H-index: 123
+ 2 AuthorsPeter M. Cox70
Estimated H-index: 70
Although fluctuations in annual temperature have shown substantial geographical variation over the past few decades, which may be more difficult for society to adapt to than altered mean conditions, the time-evolving standard deviation of globally averaged temperature anomalies reveals that there has been little change.
Published on Jun 1, 2013in Ecology Letters8.70
Ross M. Thompson28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Monash University, Clayton campus),
John Beardall52
Estimated H-index: 52
(Monash University, Clayton campus)
+ 2 AuthorsPaula Sardiña6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Monash University, Clayton campus)
Experimental studies assessing climatic effects on ecological communities have typically applied static warming treatments. Although these studies have been informative, they have usually failed to incorporate either current or predicted future, patterns of variability. Future climates are likely to include extreme events which have greater impacts on ecological systems than changes in means alone. Here, we review the studies which have used experiments to assess impacts of temperature on marine...
Andrew Rhines7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Harvard University),
Peter John Huybers35
Estimated H-index: 35
(Harvard University)
Hansen et al. (1) demonstrated that the probability of extremely hot summers has markedly increased because the mean of the distribution of seasonally averaged temperatures has increased. However, the authors also implied that the variance of the distribution has increased, a result that differs from regional studies that show changes in the extremes are consistent with a simple shift in the mean (2, 3). Here we extend the spatially aggregated distribution analysis of Hansen et al. to show that ...
Published on Jan 1, 2013in Ecology4.29
Deborah Pardo8
Estimated H-index: 8
(CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique),
Christophe Barbraud43
Estimated H-index: 43
(CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
+ 1 AuthorsHenri Weimerskirch41
Estimated H-index: 41
(CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)
Theoretical and empirical studies have highlighted the effects of age on several life-history traits in wild populations. There is also increasing evidence for environmental effects on their demographic traits. However, quantifying how individuals differentially respond to environmental variations according to their age remains a challenge in ecology. In a population of Black-browed Albatrosses monitored during 43 years, we analyzed how life-history traits varied according to age, and whether in...
Published on May 21, 2012in Marine Ecology Progress Series2.36
Paul A. Smith18
Estimated H-index: 18
,
Anthony J. Gaston43
Estimated H-index: 43
Conditions in arctic marine environments are changing rapidly, and understanding the link between environmental and demographic parameters could help to predict the conse- quences of future change for arctic seabirds. Over 20 yr (1988 to 2007), we studied colony atten- dance, adult survival and reproductive success of thick-billed murres, as well as the departure masses and diets of their chicks at Coats Island, Nunavut, Canada (62.95° N, 82.00° W). We eval- uated how each parameter responded to...
Published on Jun 1, 2011in Current Zoology2.07
Juan Moreno47
Estimated H-index: 47
(CSIC: Spanish National Research Council),
Anders Pape Møller120
Estimated H-index: 120
(University of Paris-Sud)
Extreme weather conditions occur at an increasing rate as evidenced by higher frequency of hurricanes and more ex- treme precipitation and temperature anomalies. Such extreme environmental conditions will have important implications for all living organisms through greater frequency of reproductive failure and reduced adult survival. We review examples of reproduc- tive failure and reduced survival related to extreme weather conditions. Phenotypic plasticity may not be sufficient to allow adap- ...
Cited By18
Newest
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Continental Shelf Research2.13
Isabel García-Barón1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
M. Begoña Santos18
Estimated H-index: 18
+ 10 AuthorsFrancisco E. Alonso Mier
Abstract The marine environment faces an increasing number of threats, mainly driven by anthropogenic activities, that are causing growing impacts on marine species and processes. In Europe, the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive (MSFD) aims to achieve or maintain Good Environmental Status (GES) of the European waters by 2020. The Directive specifically refers to biodiversity with the first of the eleven qualitative descriptors (proposed to help describe what GES should look like) being Biod...
Published on Jul 17, 2019in Frontiers in Marine Science
Nicholas J. Bax29
Estimated H-index: 29
,
Patricia Miloslavich15
Estimated H-index: 15
+ 16 AuthorsDaniel P. Costa70
Estimated H-index: 70
Published on Mar 5, 2019in Journal of Wildlife Management1.88
Dana K. Kellett7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Ray T. Alisauskas29
Estimated H-index: 29
B. Louise Chilvers22
Estimated H-index: 22
,
Johanna A. Hiscock1
Estimated H-index: 1
Worldwide, most crested penguin species (Eudyptes spp.) are in decline. New Zealand's subantarctic Antipodes Islands are of international significance for erect‐crested (Eudyptes sclateri) and rockhopper (Eudyptes filholi) penguins. Between 1995 and 2011, a 23% decline was recorded in the two penguin species on the Antipodes Islands. In October 2014, nest abundance counts on Antipodes Island were undertaken to determine if this decline was continuing, particularly in light of a significant storm...
Published on Mar 18, 2019in Frontiers in Marine Science
Airam Rodríguez18
Estimated H-index: 18
(CSIC: Spanish National Research Council),
José Manuel Arcos13
Estimated H-index: 13
+ 35 AuthorsBeneharo Rodríguez13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Barcelona)
Shearwaters and petrels (hereafter petrels) are highly adapted seabirds that occur across all the world’s oceans. Petrels are a threatened seabird group comprising 120 species. They have bet-hedging life histories typified by extended chick rearing periods, low fecundity, high adult survival, strong philopatry, monogamy and long-term mate fidelity and are thus vulnerable to change. Anthropogenic alterations on land and at sea have led to a poor conservation status of many petrels with 49 (41%) t...
Published on Sep 1, 2018in Journal of Avian Biology2.23
Helen E. Chmura8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Jesse S. Krause13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
+ 8 AuthorsRichard McElreath35
Estimated H-index: 35
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Oecologia2.92
Frankie Jean‐Gagnon1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Carleton University),
Pierre Legagneux18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Université du Québec à Rimouski)
+ 3 AuthorsJoël Bêty32
Estimated H-index: 32
(Université du Québec à Rimouski)
Determining how environmental conditions interact with individual intrinsic properties is important for unravelling the underlying mechanisms that drive variation in reproductive decisions among migratory species. We investigated the influence of sea ice conditions and body condition at arrival on the breeding propensity, i.e. the decision to reproduce or not within a single breeding season, and timing of laying in migrating common eiders (Somateria mollissima) breeding in the Arctic. Using Rada...
Deborah Pardo1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NERC: Natural Environment Research Council),
Jaume Forcada24
Estimated H-index: 24
(NERC: Natural Environment Research Council)
+ 5 AuthorsRichard A. Phillips47
Estimated H-index: 47
(NERC: Natural Environment Research Council)
Abstract Environmental and anthropogenic factors often drive population declines in top predators, but how their influences may combine remains unclear. Albatrosses are particularly threatened. They breed in fast-changing environments, and their extensive foraging ranges expose them to incidental mortality (bycatch) in multiple fisheries. The albatross community at South Georgia includes globally important populations of three species that have declined by 40–60% over the last 35 years. We used ...
Published on Nov 1, 2017in Environmental Pollution5.71
Alice Carravieri9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of La Rochelle),
Jérôme Fort18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of La Rochelle)
+ 6 AuthorsSébastien Descamps17
Estimated H-index: 17
(NPI: Norwegian Polar Institute)
Abstract Mercury (Hg) is a pervasive contaminant reaching Antarctic environments through atmospheric transport and deposition. Seabirds as meso to top predators can accumulate high quantities of Hg through diet. Reproduction is one of the most sensitive endpoints of Hg toxicity in marine birds. Yet, few studies have explored Hg exposure and effects in Antarctic seabirds, where increasing environmental perturbations challenge animal populations. This study focuses on the Antarctic petrel Thalasso...
View next paperLarge‐scale oceanographic fluctuations drive Antarctic petrel survival and reproduction