Activation of phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C by HDL-associated lysosphingolipid. Involvement in mitogenesis but not in cholesterol efflux.

Published on Dec 1, 2000in Biochemistry2.952
· DOI :10.1021/bi001162a
Estimated H-index: 2
Manfred Fobker34
Estimated H-index: 34
+ 9 AuthorsMichael Walter26
Estimated H-index: 26
Our earlier studies demonstrated that high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) stimulate multiple signaling pathways, including activation of phosphatidylcholine-specific phospholipases C and D (PC-PLs) and phosphatidylinositol-specific phospholipase C (PI-PLC). However, only activation of PC-PLs was linked to the HDL-induced cholesterol efflux. In the study presented here, the role of HDL-induced PI-PLC activation was studied. In human skin fibroblasts, HDL potently induced PI-PLC as inferred from enhanced phosphatidylinositol bisphosphate (PtdInsP2) turnover and Ca2+ mobilization. The major protein component of HDL, apo A-I, did not induce PtdInsP2 turnover or Ca2+ mobilization in these cells. Both HDL and apo A-I promoted cellular cholesterol efflux, whereas only HDL induced fibroblast proliferation. Inhibition of PI-PLC with U73122 or blocking intracellular Ca2+ elevation with Ni2+ or EGTA markedly reduced the extent of HDL-induced cell proliferation but had no effect on cholesterol efflux. In fibroblasts fro...
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