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Time perspective, personality and psychopathology: Zimbardo’s time perspective inventory in psychiatry

Published on Nov 1, 2011in Time & Society1.727
· DOI :10.1177/0961463X10373960
Wessel van Beek2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Han Berghuis1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsAmy Beekman82
Estimated H-index: 82
Sources
Abstract
Time perspective theory assumes that behaviour is influenced by how individuals link their behaviour to their past, present, and future. This paper explores the concept of time perspective (Zimbardo and Boyd, 1999) within a psychiatric context. We compared 76 individuals, in treatment (n = 32) or not in treatment (n = 44). The participants completed the time perspective questionnaire ZTPI, the NEO-PI-R (personality traits), an instrument to measure personality problems SIPP-118, and the BDI-II (depression). We found correlations between measures of psychopathology and Past Positive, Past Negative and Present Fatalistic time perspectives. Particularly Past Negative appeared to be indicative for psychiatric problems.
  • References (17)
  • Citations (62)
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References17
Newest
#1E. Alison Holman (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 20
#2Philip G. Zimbardo (Stanford University)H-Index: 47
Time perspective (TP) is a pivotal cognitive process through which people perceive, interpret, and negotiate their physical and social worlds. This study identifies unique patterns in the quality of social relationships that were associated with different TP dimensions. Low support and high conflict with family characterized past-negative TP. Large networks and high support from family distinguished past positive TP. Large networks with more support and companionship from friends/acquaintances t...
51 CitationsSource
#1Fiorenzo LaghiH-Index: 23
#2Roberto BaioccoH-Index: 27
Last. G. GurrieriH-Index: 1
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Abstract Objective Many studies have enlightened the relevance of deepening our knowledge of suicidal ideation among adolescents. However, research has given insufficient attention to the impact of time perspective on suicidal ideation: the present study confirms this relationship in a large sample of adolescents. Method A survey was conducted on a sample of 3700 Italian adolescents. We obtained data using a structured questionnaire addressing suicidal ideation, mental health status, self-esteem...
60 CitationsSource
#1R. VerheulH-Index: 35
#2Helene AndreaH-Index: 12
Last. Peter Fonagy (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 91
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This article describes a series of studies involving 2,730 participants on the development and validity testing of the Severity Indices of Personality Problems (SIPP), a self-report questionnaire covering important core components of (mal)adaptive personality functioning. Results show that the 16 facets constituted homogeneous item clusters (i.e., unidimensional and internally consistent parcels) that fit well into 5 clinically interpretable, higher order domains: self-control, identity integrat...
161 CitationsSource
#1Daniel J. Kruger (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 23
#2Thomas M. Reischl (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 23
Last. Marc A. Zimmerman (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 65
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Evolutionary Life History Theory (LHT) is a powerful framework that can be used for understanding behavioral strategies as functional adaptations to environmental conditions. Some evolutionary theorists have described how developmental environments can shape behavioral strategies. Theorists and previous research suggest that individuals developing in relatively less certain environments will exhibit riskier, present oriented, behavioral strategies because of the low probability of reproductive s...
89 CitationsSource
#2Nicolas FieulaineH-Index: 11
Last. Géraldine RollandH-Index: 1
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This study explores the relationship between time perspective (TP), cannabis use and risk perceptions associated to this substance. A sample of French students (n=198) were provided with a valid French version of the ZTPI scale. Risk perceptions linked to cannabis consumption were evaluated from a list of 22 items referring to different risks. Respondents were asked to declare how frequently they consumed this substance. Data analysis was based on firstly, ZTPI scores, secondly, declared consump...
67 CitationsSource
#1Anna Lavender ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 10
#2Edward R. Watkins ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 49
Objectives. Future thinking is an important domain of cognitive functioning, with reduced ability to imagine positive future events associated with hopelessness in depression and parasuicide. Rumination has been shown to exacerbate negative cognitive biases in depression, and to reduce likelihood estimations for positive future events. We examine the hypothesis that, in depressed patients, rumination would reduce the ability to imagine positive future events, whilst increasing the ability to ima...
119 CitationsSource
#1Dov Shmotkin (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 27
#2Nitza Eyal (TAU: Tel Aviv University)H-Index: 11
I am a clock hand gone astray. --Yehuda Amichai, The Time, 1977, p. 28 In this article, we seek to describe the changes that take place in psychological time throughout adult development and particularly in later life. We suggest that counselors, therapists, and professional caretakers may gain knowledge of psychological developmental processes through an understanding of psychological time, and this may, in turn, contribute to more insight into their interventions with individuals and families....
20 CitationsSource
The hypothesis that pathological gambling is associated with shortened time horizons was investigated by administering the Zimbardo Time Perspective Inventory (ZTPI) and the Future Time Perspective Inventory (FPTI) to a group of pathological gamblers and two comparison groups, psychiatric day patien
59 CitationsSource
#1Andrew Macleod (RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)H-Index: 35
#2Philip Tata (St Mary's Hospital)H-Index: 19
Last. Jose Catalan (Imperial College London)H-Index: 22
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OBJECTIVES: The research examined: (i) whether high risk parasuicide patients showed a deficit in positive future thinking but no increase in negative future thinking; and (ii) whether such a deficit could be remedied by a brief, manual-assisted psychological intervention (manual assisted cognitive-behaviour therapy; MACT). DESIGN: A cross-sectional, mixed model design was used to assess differences between a sample of high risk parasuicide patients and matched controls on future thinking. A lon...
53 CitationsSource
#1Holman Ea (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 2
#2Roxane Cohen Silver (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 36
Author(s): Holman, EA; Silver, RC | Abstract: The relations between temporal orientation and long-term psychological distress were studied cross-sectionally and longitudinally in 3 samples of traumatized individuals: adult victims of childhood incest, Vietnam War veterans, and residents of 2 southern California communities devastated by fire. Results indicated that a past temporal orientation - focusing attention on prior life experiences - was associated with elevated levels of distress long af...
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Cited By62
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#1Ayşe Altan-Atalay (Koç University)H-Index: 2
#2Irmak Ozarslan (University of Geneva)
Last. Bikem Biriz (Koç University)
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Time perspective, which refers to a mechanism of automatically assigning experiences into temporal categories (as past, present, and future), is argued to be a fundamental dimension in the construction of psychological time in addition to acting as a vulnerability factor for psychological disorders. Negative urgency is another vulnerability factor for psychological disorders that are characterized by engaging in impulsive actions when one is under the influence of negative emotions. The current ...
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#1Edward Griffin (DMU: De Montfort University)H-Index: 2
#2D. J. Wildbur (DMU: De Montfort University)H-Index: 3
Abstract This two-phase mixed-methods study examined the effects of Time Perspective (TP) and Balanced Time Perspective (BTP) on the subjective well-being (SWB), and psychological health of first year undergraduates. Phase 1 used repeated measures to assess the effects of TP on SWB and psychological distress. Excessive or insufficient use of certain TP orientations was related to, and could predict SWB and resilience. Psychological problems were associated with a Past-Negative and Present-Fatali...
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#1Aneta Przepiorka (KUL: John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin)H-Index: 14
#2Nicolson Yat-fan Siu (Hong Kong Shue Yan University)H-Index: 3
Last. Mónica Pino MuñozH-Index: 1
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The objective of the present study was to examine the relationships between personality characteristics, time perspective (TP), and positive orientation (PO) across three countries representing different cultures: Chile, Hong Kong, and Poland. The participants were university students; they completed the Zimbardo time perspective inventory, the ten-item personality inventory, and the positive orientation scale. We investigated whether PO could be predicted by personality traits and TP. The study...
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#1Giovanna Mioni (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 10
#2Marc WittmannH-Index: 1
Last. Franca Stablum (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 13
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1 CitationsSource
This study seeks to explore the mediating effects of future time perspective (FTP) between personality variables and career decision-making self-efficacy and career indecision with respect to managing sustainable careers. We used an online survey to collect data from 250 undergraduates for Study 1, in which we explored the mediating role of FTP which focused on the emotional and cognitive personality traits of emotional intelligence, ego resilience, and self-control; and from 249 undergraduate s...
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#1Elisabeth Åström (Umeå University)H-Index: 5
#2Michael Rönnlund (Umeå University)H-Index: 22
Last. Maria Grazia Carelli (Umeå University)H-Index: 8
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AbstractObjectives: To examine the extent to which time perspective, an individual’s habitual way of relating to the past, the present, and the future time frames, accounts for variations in self-r...
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#1Arezoo ShahnazH-Index: 1
#2Boaz Y. SafferH-Index: 7
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#1Tianna Loose (University of Nantes)H-Index: 2
Last. Ghassan El-Baalbaki (Université du Québec)H-Index: 7
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Background and aimsPersonality traits are considered distal determinants of various behaviors including alcohol consumption meaning that the association between traits and behaviors is mediated by other intervening variables. Time perspectives are thought to be both stable dispositions and dependent on situational variables. They are related to personality traits but cannot be reduced to such which may suggest that they explain the relationship between traits and various behaviors. This study ai...
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#1Cindia Ching-Chi Lam (Institute for Tourism Studies, Macao)
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Adolescent boys are characterised by increased risk-taking behavior, including a relatively high propensity to develop problem gambling habits. The association between gambling and sensitivity to immediately available rewards is well-established, suggesting that gamblers are less influenced by potential future consequences than non-gamblers. Nevertheless, existing studies have considered present- and future-orientation as two ends of the same continuum, and have not investigated the possibility ...
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