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Alleviating soil sickness caused by aerobic monocropping: Responses of aerobic rice to various nitrogen sources

Published on Feb 1, 2009in Soil Science and Plant Nutrition1.415
· DOI :10.1111/j.1747-0765.2008.00338.x
Lixiao Nie24
Estimated H-index: 24
(HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University),
Shaobing Peng48
Estimated H-index: 48
(IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)
+ 4 AuthorsJing Xiang6
Estimated H-index: 6
(HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)
Abstract
Abstract Yield decline resulting from continuous cropping of aerobic rice is a constraint to the widespread adoption of aerobic rice technology. Shifts in water management from flooded to aerobic conditions are known to influence the availability and form of N present in the soil and might require a different approach to N management in aerobic rice. The present study was conducted to determine the effects of different N sources on the plant growth and grain yield of aerobic rice. Four pot experiments were conducted in which rice was aerobically grown in soil that was taken from fields where aerobic rice has been cultivated for 11 consecutive seasons and an adjacent field where flooded rice has been grown continuously. Nitrogen was applied as ammonium sulfate, urea, ammonium chloride, ammonium nitrate and potassium nitrate at four N rates of 0.3, 0.6, 0.9 and 1.2 g N pot−1. Two unfertilized controls consisting of soil that was either untreated or oven heated at 120°C for 12 h were also included. Plants we...
  • References (22)
  • Citations (24)
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References22
Newest
#1Lixiao Nie (HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)H-Index: 24
#2Shaobing Peng (IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)H-Index: 48
Last. Jing Xiang (HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)H-Index: 6
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Yield decline is a major constraint in the adoption of monocropping of aerobic rice. The causes of the yield decline in the continuous aerobic rice system are still unknown. The objective of this study was to determine if nutrient application can mitigate the yield decline caused by continuous cropping of aerobic rice. Micro-plot experiment was conducted in 2005 dry season (DS) in a field where aerobic rice has been grown continuously for eight seasons from 2001 DS at the International Rice Rese...
26 CitationsSource
#1Lixiao Nie (HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)H-Index: 24
#2Shaobing Peng (IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)H-Index: 48
Last. Hong-Kyu Park (RDA: Rural Development Administration)H-Index: 6
view all 7 authors...
“Aerobic rice” system is the cultivation of nutrient-responsive cultivars in nonflooded and nonsaturated soil under supplemental irrigation. It is intended for lowland areas with water shortage and for favorable upland areas with access to supplementary irrigation. Yield decline caused by soil sickness has been reported with continuous monocropping of aerobic rice grown under nonflooded conditions. The objective of this study was to determine the growth response of rice plant to oven heating of ...
21 CitationsSource
#1Bas A. M. Bouman (IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)H-Index: 43
#2Elizabeth Humphreys (CSIRO: Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)H-Index: 22
Last. Randolph Barker (IWMI: International Water Management Institute)H-Index: 15
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The Comprehensive Assessment of Water Management in Agriculture (CA) seeks answers to the question of how freshwater resources can be developed and managed to feed the world's population and reduce poverty, while at the same time promoting environmental security. The CA pays particular attention to rice as this crop is the most common staple food of the largest number of people on Earth (about 3 billion people) while receiving an estimated 24–30% of the world's developed freshwater resources. Ri...
315 CitationsSource
#1Shaobing Peng (IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)H-Index: 9
#2Bas A. M. Bouman (IRRI: International Rice Research Institute)H-Index: 43
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Yield penalty and yield stability of aerobic rice have to be considered before promoting this water-saving technology in the tropics. The objectives of this study were (1) to compare crop performance between aerobic and flooded rice continuously over several seasons, and (2) to identify yield attributes responsible for the yield gap between aerobic and flooded rice. Field experiments were conducted at the International Rice Research Institute farm in dry and wet seasons. Grain yield and its comp...
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#1Shan Lin (CAU: China Agricultural University)H-Index: 22
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ABSTRACT Decreasing fresh water availability has intensified the search for alternative rice cultivation systems with reduced water input, but most evidence suggests negative effects on growth of lowland (LL) rice cultivars. Yield in such production systems may be improved by selection of adapted aerobic ‘Han Dao’ (HD) rice cultivars. Lowland and HD rice were compared under sole nitrate or ammonium supply as well as under mixed supply of both nitrogen (N) forms during the seedling and tillering ...
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#1P. J. A. van Asten (Africa Rice Center)H-Index: 1
#2P.M. van BodegomH-Index: 42
Last. Martin J. Kropff (WUR: Wageningen University and Research Centre)H-Index: 35
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Like elsewhere in the Sahel, actual rice yields (3–5 t ha−1) are far below yield potential (±8 t ha−1) in an irrigation scheme in central southern Mauritania. Earlier studies showed that yields are especially low on alkaline soils due to N and P deficiency. We investigated the potential of rice straw application as a mean to improve yields and fertilizer efficiency on an alkaline soil (pH 8.2) and a pH-neutral soil (pH 6.2). Application of 5 t straw ha−1 increased yields by 1.1 t ha−1 on average...
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#1Yang Xiaoguang (CAU: China Agricultural University)H-Index: 7
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Abstract Since the late 1990s, aerobic rice varieties have been released to farmers in the North China Plain to grow rice as a supplementary-irrigated upland crop to cope with water scarcity. Little is known about their yield potential, water use, water productivity (WP), and flood tolerance. In 2001–2002, experiments with aerobic rice varieties HD502 and HD297 and lowland rice variety JD305 were conducted under aerobic and flooded conditions. Under aerobic conditions, five irrigation treatments...
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Irrigated ‘aerobic rice’ is a new system being developed for lowland areas with water shortage and for favorable upland areas with access to supplementary irrigation. It entails the cultivation of nutrient-responsive cultivars in nonsaturated soil with sufficient external inputs to reach yields of 70–80% of high-input flooded rice. To obtain insights into crop performance, water use, and N use of aerobic rice, a field experiment was conducted in the dry seasons of 2002 and 2003 in the Philippine...
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Abstract As an alternative production strategy, the cultivation of rice under upland condition is increasing in the areas where fresh water resource is limited during growing season. The main form of nitrogen (N) taken up by rice roots is shifted from ammonium (NH4) in flooded paddy soil to nitrate ( ) in upland soil. A pot experiment was conducted in order to study the influence of to ratio on the yield and uptake of N by rice (Oryza sativa L.) grown under upland conditions. The sandy-loam soil...
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Rice production in Asia needs to increase to feed a growing population. Though a complete assessment of the level of water scarcity in Asian rice production is still lacking, there are signs that declining quality of water and declining availability of water resources are threatening the sustainability of the irrigated rice-based production system. Drought is one of the main constraints for high yield in rain-fed rice. Exploring ways to produce more rice with less water is essential for food sec...
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A thesis presented to the Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, College of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana, in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the award of the degree of Doctor of Philosophy in Soil Science, 2014