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Oxic facies and the Late Devonian mass extinction, Canning Basin, Australia

Published on Apr 1, 2014in Geology5.01
· DOI :10.1130/G35249.1
Annette D. George16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UWA: University of Western Australia),
Nancy Chow10
Estimated H-index: 10
(UM: University of Manitoba),
Kate Trinajstic16
Estimated H-index: 16
(UWA: University of Western Australia)
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Abstract
The close association of anoxic or dysoxic sedimentary rocks and the major Late Devonian (Frasnian–Famennian) mass extinction has focused considerable attention on anoxia as the major cause or as a major factor in a multicausal scenario. The record of the Late Devonian biotic crisis in the well-known reef complexes of northwestern Australia (Canning Basin), in contrast to many localities elsewhere, does not display sedimentological evidence of anoxia through the Frasnian–Famennian boundary interval. Analysis of continuous drill core through this interval has yielded three positive δ 13 C isotopic excursions, only one of which coincides with total organic carbon (TOC) maxima in our data. Multi-element geochemical proxies suggest that TOC maxima preceding positive shifts in δ 13 C most likely resulted from higher productivity caused by nutrient influx from continental weathering, given the close association between TOC maxima and regional relative sea-level falls. Our interpretation supports the view that anoxia was not a fundamental driver of mass extinction and stresses the importance of integrated data sets and understanding regional controls on environmental changes and/or stresses.
  • References (31)
  • Citations (21)
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References31
Newest
Published on Mar 1, 2013in Palaeontology2.63
Raimund Feist18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Montpellier),
Kenneth J. McNamara23
Estimated H-index: 23
(University of Cambridge)
In the early Late Devonian, terminal Frasnian proetid trilobites have previously only been known from Europe and North Africa. For the first time, a rich fauna of late Frasnian proetids is described from the Virgin Hills Formation, Canning Basin, Western Australia. Seventeen species in six genera are described, of which three are new: Rudybole gen. nov., Palpebralina gen. nov. and Canningbole gen. nov. A new subgenus, Chlupaciparia (Australoparia) subgen. nov. is also described. Fourteen of the ...
Published on Aug 1, 2010in Chemical Geology3.62
Eleanor H. John3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Leeds),
Paul B. Wignall58
Estimated H-index: 58
(University of Leeds)
+ 1 AuthorsSimon H. Bottrell41
Estimated H-index: 41
(University of Leeds)
Abstract Many proposed extinction mechanisms for the Late Devonian (Frasnian–Famennian boundary — FFB) mass extinction event include the spread of anoxia in bottom waters during the two Kellwasser anoxic events, which have in turn been linked to changes in continental weathering, volcanic/hydrothermal fluxes, sea-level and climate change. Although there is strong evidence for bottom water anoxia in epicontinental seas at tropical/equatorial palaeolatitudes, the global extent of these changes is ...
Published on Jan 1, 2009in Geological Magazine2.49
Raimund Feist18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Montpellier),
Kenneth J. McNamara23
Estimated H-index: 23
(University of Cambridge)
+ 1 AuthorsRudy Lerosey-Aubril12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Cambridge)
A diverse fauna of phacopid trilobites is described from the Late Devonian (middle Frasnian to early Famennian) of the northern Canning Basin, Western Australia. One new genus and four species in two genera are described from zones 11, 13a and 13b of the middle and late Frasnian: Trimerocephaloides sinevisus gen. nov. and sp. nov., T. ? linguiformis sp. nov., Acuticryphops acuticeps (Kayser, 1889) and A. klapperi sp. nov. Late Frasnian phacopines are either blind, as shown for the first time in ...
Published on Jan 1, 2009in Palaeontology2.63
Kenneth J. McNamara23
Estimated H-index: 23
(University of Cambridge),
Raimund Feist18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Montpellier),
Malte C. Ebach21
Estimated H-index: 21
(ASU: Arizona State University)
Late Devonian (Frasnian) harpetid trilobites have hitherto only been described from the western side of the Protethys Ocean, in what is now Europe and North Africa, as well as from Gondwana-derived northwestern Kazakhstan (Mugodjar). However, late Frasnian strata in the Canning Basin, Western Australia, that were deposited on the eastern side of this ocean, contain a rich harpetid fauna. Described herein are two new harpetids: Eskoharpes gen. nov. and Globoharpes gen. nov., within which are plac...
Published on Dec 23, 2008in Journal of Geophysical Research3.23
Bing Xu9
Estimated H-index: 9
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences),
Zhaoyan Gu18
Estimated H-index: 18
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 1 AuthorsWANGChengyuan3
Estimated H-index: 3
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
National Natural Science Foundation[40672118]; National Key Project for basic research[G2000077708]
Published on Jun 1, 2008in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
David P.G. Bond24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Leeds),
Paul B. Wignall58
Estimated H-index: 58
(University of Leeds)
Johnson et al. (Johnson, J.G., Klapper, G., Sandberg, C.A., 1985. Devonian eustatic fluctuations in Euramerica. Geological Society of America Bulletin 96, 567–587) proposed one of the first explicit links between marine anoxia, transgression and mass extinction for the Frasnian–Famennian (F–F, Late Devonian) mass extinction. This cause-and-effect nexus has been accepted by many but others prefer sea-level fall and cooling as an extinction mechanism. New facies analysis of sections in the USA and...
Published on Jan 1, 2008in Geology5.01
Vincent Balter16
Estimated H-index: 16
(École normale supérieure de Lyon),
Sabrina Renaud28
Estimated H-index: 28
(University of Lyon)
+ 1 AuthorsMichael M. Joachimski42
Estimated H-index: 42
(FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
The Lower and Upper Kellwasser horizons represent two anoxic events that mark the mass extinction at the Frasnian-Famennian (F-F) boundary. Among other groups, conodont animals were severely affected, but the genus Palmatolepis survived with a complete turnover at the F-F boundary. Here the fine morphological variations of the genus Palmatolepis and the sea-surface temperature evolution are quantified in two F-F boundary sections using morphometrics and oxygen isotopic composition of apatite, re...
Published on May 1, 2007in Journal of Paleontology1.58
Gilbert Klapper23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UI: University of Iowa)
Abstract The Horse Spring conodont succession in the Canning Basin replicates zones 6 through 13 of the thirteen-fold Frasnian zonation. Horse Spring, together with other Canning Basin sections, demonstrates the widespread application of the zonation. Furthermore, the recently formalized three-fold subdivision of Zone 13, which has been recognized in the Montagne Noire, Moroccan Meseta, and northern Ontario, is developed at Horse Spring and other Canning Basin sections. The Canning Basin Frasnia...
Cited By21
Newest
Published on Nov 1, 2019in Global and Planetary Change4.10
Zhang Xinsong (China University of Geosciences), Michael M. Joachimski42
Estimated H-index: 42
(FAU: University of Erlangen-Nuremberg)
+ 3 AuthorsGong Yiming6
Estimated H-index: 6
(China University of Geosciences)
Abstract We present a new biostratigraphically constrained carbon isotope record from the Lali section (South China) to document perturbations in the Late Devonian carbon cycle. Positive carbon isotope excursions (CIEs) are most important components of the Late Devonian long-term carbon isotope cycle: Frasnes (+2‰), Middlesex (+1‰), Lower Kellwasser (+3‰), Upper Kellwasser (+3‰) and Upper annulata (+1‰) events, as well as a small positive CIE (+1‰) in the Famennian expansa-aculeatus zones were r...
Published on May 1, 2018in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
Benjamin Thornton Iglar Uveges1
Estimated H-index: 1
(SU: Syracuse University),
Christopher K. Junium11
Estimated H-index: 11
(SU: Syracuse University)
+ 2 AuthorsJames E. Day6
Estimated H-index: 6
(ISU: Illinois State University)
Abstract The Frasnian-Famennian biotic crisis is marked by two distinct intervals known as the Lower and Upper Kellwasser Events (KWEs) that in many locations are associated with deposition of organic-rich shales. Sedimentary nitrogen and carbon isotopes offer insight into the biogeochemical processing of nutrients, production of organic matter, and palaeoceanographic conditions during the KWEs. Here we present new bulk nitrogen (δ 15 N bulk ) and organic carbon (δ 13 C org ) isotope data from t...
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Global and Planetary Change4.10
Sarah K. Carmichael7
Estimated H-index: 7
(ASU: Appalachian State University),
Johnny A. Waters14
Estimated H-index: 14
(ASU: Appalachian State University)
+ 2 AuthorsErika Kido6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Graz)
Abstract The Late Devonian (383-359 Ma) was a time of prolonged climate instability with catastrophic perturbation of global marine ecosystems at the Frasnian-Famennian (F-F) and the Devonian-Carboniferous (D-C) boundaries. The causes and mechanisms of anoxia and extinction at the F-F interval are not clearly delineated, and alternative explanations for virtually every aspect of this interval are still intensely debated. In many (but not all) locations, the F-F interval is characterized by two d...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Earth and Planetary Science Letters4.64
David A. White1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UNM: University of New Mexico),
Maya Elrick19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UNM: University of New Mexico)
+ 1 AuthorsFeifei Zhang6
Estimated H-index: 6
(ASU: Arizona State University)
Abstract The Late Devonian extinction ranks as one of the ‘big five’ Phanerozoic extinctions affecting up to 80% of marine species and is characterized by two major extinction events that are separated by δ 238 U) across a ∼7 My interval of well-dated Upper Devonian marine limestones from the Devil's Gate Formation in Nevada, USA. The measured δ 238 U curve shows no co-variation with local sediment-derived redox trends, water-depth dependent facies changes, redox-sensitive metals, TOC, or diagno...
Published on Sep 1, 2018in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
Cheng Huang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(China University of Geosciences),
Junjun Song1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
+ 1 AuthorsYiming Gong10
Estimated H-index: 10
(China University of Geosciences)
Abstract The Late Devonian Frasnian–Famennian (F–F) event, consisting of the Lower and Upper Kellwasser events, had a severe impact on shallow-water ecosystems, while the effect on deep-water ecosystems is ambiguous. In order to recognize the Kellwasser events and to evaluate their influences on the deep-water ecosystems, a newly refined conodont biostratigraphic framework spanning the Lower Palmatolepis rhenana Zone to the Pa. delicatula platys Zone has been established in the Nandong section (...
Published on Jun 1, 2018in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
Xun Wang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(China University of Geosciences),
Sheng-Ao Liu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(China University of Geosciences)
+ 2 AuthorsLiyu Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Abstract The Frasnian-Famennian (F-F) mass extinction is one of the “Big Five” biotic crises during the Phanerozoic, whereas the cause of this catastrophic event still remains debated. Here we present for the first time high-resolution Zn and Sr isotope data obtained by a sequential leaching procedure for carbonate rocks across the F-F boundary from the Fuhe section in South China. Both δ 66 Zn and 87 Sr/ 86 Sr values rapidly increase in the Lower and Upper Kellwasser Horizons and Palmatolepis d...
Published on Jan 1, 2018in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
Emily E. Haddad3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UCR: University of California, Riverside),
Diana L. Boyer2
Estimated H-index: 2
(WU: Winthrop University)
+ 3 AuthorsD LoveGordon28
Estimated H-index: 28
(UCR: University of California, Riverside)
Abstract Organic-rich strata coeval with bioevents of varying magnitudes characterize global Devonian sedimentary successions. The Upper Kellwasser (UKw) black shale depositional event is coincident with the largest pulse of diversity loss within the marine Late Devonian mass extinction and has been shown to be an ecologically critical turnover for shallow-water species. Marine anoxia/euxinia is widely thought to be an important and ubiquitous driver of this biotic crisis, though the duration, i...
Published on Oct 1, 2017in Geology5.01
Huyue Song13
Estimated H-index: 13
(China University of Geosciences),
Haijun Song19
Estimated H-index: 19
(China University of Geosciences)
+ 6 AuthorsAriel D. Anbar56
Estimated H-index: 56
(ASU: Arizona State University)
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Palaeobiodiversity and Palaeoenvironments1.07
Peter Königshof10
Estimated H-index: 10
(AMNH: American Museum of Natural History),
Katarzyna Narkiewicz1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 2 AuthorsJohnny A. Waters14
Estimated H-index: 14
(ASU: Appalachian State University)
Recent study of Middle to Upper Devonian deposits in the Dong Van area, northeast Vietnam, has revealed new, more detailed information of both the stratigraphic record of the Si Phai section and global Devonian bioevents. Four possible equivalents of well-known Devonian events of different magnitude were found in Vietnam, an area which is underrepresented in that respect: the (?) Kacak Event, the (?)pumilio Events, the late Middle Givetian Taghanic Event and the Frasnian/Famennian Kellwasser Eve...
Published on May 1, 2017in Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology2.62
Gary G. Lash11
Estimated H-index: 11
(SUNY: State University of New York System)
Abstract The Late Devonian Frasnian-Famennian transition is well exposed along Walnut Creek in the western New York State region of the Appalachian Basin. The studied stratigraphic interval encompasses approximately 29 m of section from the organic-rich Pipe Creek Formation, the equivalent of the Lower Kellwasser carbonaceous horizon of Europe, to a thin black shale layer at the top of the overlying Hanover Formation that correlates with the Upper Kellwasser horizon. The Walnut Creek section com...
View next paperAnoxic events in the late Frasnian—Causes of the Frasnian-Famennian faunal crisis?