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A Dynamic Perspective on Next-Generation Offshoring: The Global Sourcing of Science and Engineering Talent
Abstract
The seemingly unlimited availability of science and engineering (S&E) talent in emerging economies and the increasing difficulties of finding such talent in advanced economies have given rise to a new trend: the global sourcing of S&E talent. This paper examines the antecedents and dynamics of this trend. In particular, it examines the coevolution of macroeconomic forces, domestic and offshore national policies, industry dynamics, and firm-level offshoring capabilities driving today's offshoring decisions. The analysis exploits findings from the Offshoring Research Network (ORN) project. By taking a dynamic and multilevel perspective on next-generation offshoring, this paper may inform both firm-level strategies and national policy-making.
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  • Cited By (333)
William Butz12
Estimated H-index: 12
(RAND Corporation),
Gabrielle Bloom2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Mihal Gross2
Estimated H-index: 2
... more
RAND issue papers explore topics of interest to the policymaking community. Although issue papers are formally reviewed, authors have substantial latitude to express provocative views without doing full justice to other perspectives. The views and conclusions expressed in issue papers are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of RAND or its research sponsors. © Copyright RAND 2003. Issue Paper
Ref 3Cited 31 Source
Kenneth Lieberthal13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Geoffrey Lieberthal2
Estimated H-index: 2
With China now in the World Trade Organization, opportunities for multinational corporations are multiplying and evolving fast - and so are the accompanying underlying perils.
Cited 145
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N. Board1
Estimated H-index: 1
Cited 2229
Ove Granstrand20
Estimated H-index: 20
,
Lars Håkanson7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Sören Sjölander7
Estimated H-index: 7
List of contributors preface list of abbreviations. Part 1: Introduction and overview. Part 2: Multinational enterprises and the globalization of innovatory capacity. Part 3: Large firms in the production of the world's technology - an important case of "non-globalization". Part 4: The internationalization of technological activity and its implications for competitiveness. Part 5: Locational determinants of foreign R&D in Swedish multinationals. Part 6: Business culture and international technol...
Cited 64
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Stacey L Knobler12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Siobhán O'Connor6
Estimated H-index: 6
,
Stanley M. Lemon29
Estimated H-index: 29
... more
Cited 50 Source
Arie Y. Lewin38
Estimated H-index: 38
(Duke University),
Carine Peeters12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Duke University)
This paper reports the findings from the Offshoring Research Network (ORN), which studies the offshoring of administrative and technical work to low-cost countries. Initial data suggest that offshoring is still at an early stage but growing rapidly. However, as the practice of offshoring becomes more widely adopted it is likely to fundamentally change the way companies in the industrialised high-cost economies organise to compete globally. The picture that emerges is that adoption of offshoring ...
Ref 27Cited 238
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Ulf Holm21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Uppsala University),
Torben Pedersen44
Estimated H-index: 44
(Copenhagen Business School)
INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW PART 1: THE CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE PROJECT The Centres of Excellence Project: Methods and Some Empirical Findings PART 2: DETERMINANTS AND BASIC FEATURES OF CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE Development of MNC Centres of Excellence Subsidiary Influence and Corporate Learning: Centres of Excellence in Danish Foreign-Owned Firms The Impact from Business Networks on MNC Competence Development: A Case Study PART 3: DEVELOPMENT OF SUBSIDIARY COMPETENCE Industrial Clusters and Foreign Com...
Cited 164
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John Cantwell36
Estimated H-index: 36
This paper reexamines two hypotheses associated with earlier versions of the product cycle model. The first hypothesis, that innovations are almost always located in the home country of the parent company, is rejected on the basis of evidence drawn from one hundred years of U.S. Patent Office data. The second hypothesis, that the international dispersion of activity is led by technology leaders, is historically valid. However, over the last twenty years, technology leaders have been ahead instea...
Ref 2Cited 710
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  • References (83)
  • Cited By (333)
Carine Peeters12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Sébastien Point8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Patricia Garcia-Prieto4
Estimated H-index: 4
Ref 132
Alessia Amighini12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Eastern Piedmont),
Claudio Cozza8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Elisa Giuliani16
Estimated H-index: 16
... more
In the past century we have witnessed worldwide a growing flow of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI), which have attracted the attention of economists, international business and development scholars. In this scenario, two trends have recently gained momentum: the increasing relevance of Technology-driven FDI (TFDI) and the upsurge of Emerging Economies’ Multinational Enterprises (EMNEs) investing in advanced countries. In this paper, we present a survey of the relevant literature on TFDI, with a f...
Ref 228Cited 5
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Jacek Kopeć1
Estimated H-index: 1
Ref 17Cited 4
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Mei Li , Zhuolun Li , Shan Ling Pan35
Estimated H-index: 35
(University of New South Wales)
Recent years, offshore outsourcing has received large amount of attention from both industry and academia because of its attractive advantages such as cost reduction, talent access. As an alternative way to implement information systems in operation management, offshore insourcing has been greatly overlooked. Though organizations shun from the contractual obligations in offshore insourcing, they are still encountered with plenty of thorny decisions and communications because of the do-it-yoursel...
Ref 67
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Dmitrij Slepniov6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Aalborg University),
Brian Vejrum Wæhrens8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Aalborg University),
Mohamed Niang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Aalborg University)
While some firms have successfully turned their global operations into a formidable source of competitive advantage, others have failed to do so. A lot depends on which activities are globally distributed and how they are configured and coordinated. Emerging body of literature and practice suggest that not only standardized manufacturing tasks, but also knowledge-intensive and proprietary activities, including research and development (R&D), are increasingly subject to global dispersion. The pur...
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Peter D. Ørberg Jensen11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Copenhagen Business School),
Torben Pedersen44
Estimated H-index: 44
(Copenhagen Business School),
Bent Petersen26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Copenhagen Business School)
The risk associated with offshoring is a recurrent theme in research. However, previous research has mainly given a static picture of offshoring risks even though the strategies of offshoring firms, including their views on risks, may change as they gain experience in the field. In this chapter we investigate the influence of organizational learning on firms’ perceptions of the risks in offshoring. We use survey data from firms in Scandinavia and compare the risk assessments of firms without off...
Ref 43Cited 1
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Petra Edoff1
Estimated H-index: 1
Offshoring is a hot topic in the industrial and academic community over the last few years, evolving from a focus on manufacturing to product development and R&D. Offshoring refers to the proce ...
Ref 108
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Klaus-Dieter Gronwald1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Mahindra Satyam)
The common understanding of global sourcing as a procurement centric task of companies to resolve shortage of talents in the context of established offshoring and outsourcing models will be reviewed for product sourcing and service sourcing separately. Understanding offshoring as a location-specific delivery model and outsourcing, on the other hand, having significant impact on the governance, delivery system and the companies’ organisation (onsite or offshore), global sourcing is seen as a comb...
Ref 6Cited 1
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The study examines the level of design and development in three multinational subsidiaries working on fluid power industry in Brazil. Some authors say that decentralization of R&D activities by MNCs is an important source of innovation for BRICS countries. Using a case study method this paper has found that the type of design and development activities performed by these companies are more related with redesign than original and innovative activities, which would demand more complex system appro...
Ref 8
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Ingela Lindahl2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Linköping University)
This paper aims to explore the sourcing strategies of companies when contracting external design resources, i.e. how and why companies select and manage their portfolio of external design resources ...
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