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A Dynamic Perspective on Next-Generation Offshoring: The Global Sourcing of Science and Engineering Talent

PUBLISHED | 2016 in Academy of Management Perspectives [IF: 4.94]
DOI | 10.5465/AMP.2008.34587994
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Abstract
The seemingly unlimited availability of science and engineering (S&E) talent in emerging economies and the increasing difficulties of finding such talent in advanced economies have given rise to a new trend: the global sourcing of S&E talent. This paper examines the antecedents and dynamics of this trend. In particular, it examines the coevolution of macroeconomic forces, domestic and offshore national policies, industry dynamics, and firm-level offshoring capabilities driving today's offshoring decisions. The analysis exploits findings from the Offshoring Research Network (ORN) project. By taking a dynamic and multilevel perspective on next-generation offshoring, this paper may inform both firm-level strategies and national policy-making.
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References83
William Butz5
Estimated H-index: 5
(RAND Corporation),
Gabrielle Bloom2
Estimated H-index: 2
(RAND Corporation),
Mihal Gross2
Estimated H-index: 2
... (3 others)
RAND issue papers explore topics of interest to the policymaking community. Although issue papers are formally reviewed, authors have substantial latitude to express provocative views without doing full justice to other perspectives. The views and conclusions expressed in issue papers are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent those of RAND or its research sponsors. © Copyright RAND...
Ref 3Cited 32 Source
2016 in Harvard Business Review [IF: 3.23]
Kenneth Lieberthal14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Michigan),
Geoffrey Lieberthal2
Estimated H-index: 2
With China now in the World Trade Organization, opportunities for multinational corporations are multiplying and evolving fast - and so are the accompanying underlying perils.
Cited 144 Source
James Brian Quinn21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Dartmouth College)
Cited 572 Source
Ove Granstrand20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Chalmers University of Technology),
Lars Håkanson21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Stockholm School of Economics),
Sören Sjölander7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Chalmers University of Technology)
List of contributors preface list of abbreviations. Part 1: Introduction and overview. Part 2: Multinational enterprises and the globalization of innovatory capacity. Part 3: Large firms in the production of the world's technology - an important case of "non-globalization". Part 4: The internationalization of technological activity and its implications for competitiveness. Part 5: Locational deter...
Cited 64 Source
Stacey L Knobler11
Estimated H-index: 11
,
Siobhán O'Connor6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Centers for Disease Control and Prevention),
Stanley M Lemon ... (1 others)
Cited 50 Source
Rowland Atkinson27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Tasmania)
Cited 408 Source
2016 in Long Range Planning [IF: 3.55]
Arie Y. Lewin38
Estimated H-index: 38
(Duke University),
Carine Peeters12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Duke University)
This paper reports the findings from the Offshoring Research Network (ORN), which studies the offshoring of administrative and technical work to low-cost countries. Initial data suggest that offshoring is still at an early stage but growing rapidly. However, as the practice of offshoring becomes more widely adopted it is likely to fundamentally change the way companies in the industrialised high-c...
Ref 27Cited 232 Source Cite this paper
Ulf Holm22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Uppsala University),
Torben Pedersen44
Estimated H-index: 44
(Copenhagen Business School)
INTRODUCTION AND OVERVIEW PART 1: THE CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE PROJECT The Centres of Excellence Project: Methods and Some Empirical Findings PART 2: DETERMINANTS AND BASIC FEATURES OF CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE Development of MNC Centres of Excellence Subsidiary Influence and Corporate Learning: Centres of Excellence in Danish Foreign-Owned Firms The Impact from Business Networks on MNC Competence Develo...
Cited 162 Source
John Cantwell37
Estimated H-index: 37
(University of Reading)
This paper reexamines two hypotheses associated with earlier versions of the product cycle model. The first hypothesis, that innovations are almost always located in the home country of the parent company, is rejected on the basis of evidence drawn from one hundred years of U.S. Patent Office data. The second hypothesis, that the international dispersion of activity is led by technology leaders, i...
Ref 2Cited 703 Source
Cited by324
Diane E. Bailey15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Texas at Austin),
Paul M. Leonardi28
Estimated H-index: 28
("University of California, Santa Barbara")
Ref 9Cited 1 Source
Bram Timmermans6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Aalborg University)
In this paper, we investigate, by merging the Danish linked employer-employee database with a Danish offshoring survey, the difference in employment between offshoring and non-offshoring firms that are active in manufacturing industries and business services in Denmark. We measure the mean difference on a set of employment characteristics, i.e. employment growth, growth in high skilled employees, ...
Ref 33 Download Pdf
Laurens Klerkx24
Estimated H-index: 24
(Wageningen University and Research Centre),
José Guimón6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Autonomous University of Madrid)
International centres of excellence (ICE) in which foreign research organizations are attracted to developing and emerging countries via dedicated funding schemes to support technological catching-up and strengthening of innovation systems, can have benefits for both host countries and their international research partners through knowledge spill-overs and business opportunities. As analysis of th...
Ref 38Cited 3 Source Cite this paper
Andrea Martínez-Noya4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Oviedo),
Esteban García-Canal18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Oviedo)
Resumen es: Si bien las actividades de I+D han sido realizadas tradicionalmente intramuros, la subcontratacion de ciertos servicios del proceso de I+D a proveedores ...
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Mohamed Branine11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Abertay University),
Alex Avramenko3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Abertay University)
The aim of this paper is to provide a comparative analysis of higher education and the graduate labour markets in selected European countries (France, Germany, Spain and United Kingdom) in the context of the expectations of graduates and prospective employers, and respective recruitment and selection practices. Expectations of graduating students from a number of European collaborating universitie...
Ref 41Cited 3 Source Cite this paper
Björn Ambos20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Vienna University of Economics and Business),
Tina C. Ambos15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Johannes Kepler University of Linz)
This paper, through a systematic survey of 83 international R&D engagements of 36 German MNCs, seeks to extend previous research on the location decisions of international R&D engagements and inform managers about the critical factors that may be considered when taking this important decision. Covering engagements in 21 countries, we show that the knowledge intensity of the industry as well as var...
Ref 54Cited 36 Source Cite this paper
L. Hafström , Mats Magnusson19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Royal Institute of Technology),
Anna Max (Chalmers University of Technology)
A trend among manufacturing companies is offshoring of R&D. The aim of this study is to investigate Swedish companies' offshoring of R&D activities to China, utilizing both a survey and explorative case studies. The survey results show that 9% of the companies have offshored R&D to China, that performance in China is satisfactory, primarily in terms of costs, and that there is a need for strong in...
Ref 13 Source Cite this paper
Brian Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Maya Kumar1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Mary Ann Von Glinow1
Estimated H-index: 1
Classic theories of firm globalization, including the Uppsala Internationalization Model (Johanson and Vahlne, 1977) and the Eclectic Paradigm (Dunning, 1973), were developed using data from firms originating in relatively prosperous and advanced Western economies, expanding into foreign markets. Despite the current growth of emerging economy firms in China, India and Brazil and attempts to expand...
Ref 49Cited 1 Download Pdf Cite this paper
Hans Solli-Sæther12
Estimated H-index: 12
(BI Norwegian Business School),
Jan Terje Karlsen13
Estimated H-index: 13
(BI Norwegian Business School)
Many firms increase their flexibility and raise their information systems development (ISD) capacity by exploiting qualified personnel in low cost countries. Since ISD is a knowledge-intensive activity, knowledge sharing is particularly critical in an offshore outsourcing context. The purpose of this study is to investigate effects of enablers and barriers to knowledge sharing in offshore ISD proj...
Ref 38Cited 4 Source Cite this paper