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On the Hypothetico-Deductive Nature of Science--Darwin's Finches.

Published on Jan 1, 2009in Science Education2.897
· DOI :10.1007/s11191-008-9151-9
Anton E. Lawson43
Estimated H-index: 43
(ASU: Arizona State University)
Abstract
Allchin (2006) has misinterpreted a classic case of hypothetico-deductive (HD) science in terms of his preferred ‘let’s-gather-some-data-and-see-what-emerges’ view. The misrepresentation concerns the research program of Peter and Rosemary Grant on Darwin’s finches. The present essay argues that the Grants’ research is HD in nature and includes a statement by Peter Grant to that effect.
  • References (16)
  • Citations (4)
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References16
Newest
#1Anton E. Lawson (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 43
4 CitationsSource
#1Douglas Allchin (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 17
Lawson’s (Lawson, A.: 2004, Science & Education, 13, 155–177) analysis of the meteorite hypothesis of dinosaur extinction exhibits flaws similar to his earlier (2002) analysis of Galileo’s discovery of Jupiter’s moons (Allchin, D.: 2003, Science & Education, 12, 315–329).
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#1Anton E. Lawson (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 43
1 CitationsSource
#1Alexander J. Werth (Hampden–Sydney College)H-Index: 12
2 CitationsSource
#1Julie F. Westerlund (Texas State University)H-Index: 5
#2Daniel J. Fairbanks (BYU: Brigham Young University)H-Index: 25
,entitled“ScientificMyth-Conceptions”(Allchin,2003), the author aptly criticized “popular histories of science that romanticize scien-tists, inflate the drama of their discoveries and cast scientists and the process of sci-ence in monumental proportion” (p. 329). The first example cited of such romanticism isGregor Mendel. However, there is also tendency among some historians, such as Monaghanand Corcos (1990) and Di Trocchio (1991), to disparage Mendel’s contributions withclaims that contradict hi...
11 CitationsSource
#1Anton E. Lawson (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 43
6 CitationsSource
#1Anton E. Lawson (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 43
Working from the 1970s to the early 1990s, Walter Alvarez and his research teamsought the cause of the mass extinction that claimed the dinosaurs 65 million years ago. The present paper discusses thatresearch in terms of eight puzzling observations, eight episodes of hypothetico-predictive reasoning, enumerative induction,and Jung's interrogative theory of scientific discovery. The Alvarez case history paints scientific discovery as a process in whichcausal questions are raised and answered thro...
21 CitationsSource
#1Anton E. Lawson (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 43
Allchin's critique of my analysis of Galileo's discovery of Jupiter's moons, and of my characterization of science as hypothetico-deductive, contains several factual and conceptual errors. Thus, contrary to his attempt to paint scientific discovery in terms of blind search and limited induction, a careful analysis of the way humans spontaneously process information and reason supports a general hypothetico-deductive theory of human information processing, reasoning, and scientific discovery.
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RESUMEDans un contexte polemique sur la definition de ce que devrait etre l'enseignement de la Nature des Sciences, je discute la position et les propositions pedagogiques de Hodson et Wong (2017). Je plaide pour une approche complementaire : macro fondee sur la vision consensuelle de la NOS et micro de la recherche en train de se faire en particulier sur des controverses socioscientifiques, autrement dit sur des Questions Socialement Vives.
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The research articles published in the Journal of Research in Science Teaching in 1965, 1975, 1985, 1995, and in 2005 were surveyed to discover the extent to which they were theory driven. Carey and Smith's theory of the development of science epistemologies was used to frame the study. Specifically their theory posits that science epistemologies develop through three developmental levels. Persons at Level 1 view science as an inductive and descriptive enterprise. Persons at Level 2 view science...
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#1Anton E. Lawson (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 43
Helping students better understand how scientists reason and argue to draw scientific conclusions has long been viewed as a critical component of scientific literacy, thus remains a central goal of science instruction. However, differences of opinion persist regarding the nature of scientific reasoning, argumentation, and discovery. Accordingly, the primary goal of this paper is to employ the inferences of abduction, retroduction, deduction, and induction to introduce a pattern of scientific rea...
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