Match!

Effects of extruded and pelleted diets with differing protein levels on growth and nutrient retention of tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus × O. aureus

Published on Dec 1, 2015in Aquaculture International1.455
· DOI :10.1007/s10499-015-9888-5
Fei Ma1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Shanghai Ocean University),
Xiaoqin Li4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Shanghai Ocean University)
+ 1 AuthorsXiangjun Leng2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Shanghai Ocean University)
Abstract
The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of extruded diets and pelleted diets with varying protein levels on growth performance and nutrient utilization of tilapia. Six diets, containing three levels of crude protein (CP) of 250, 280 and 310 g kg−1, were prepared by pelleting (sinking) or extruding (floating) and were fed to tilapia juveniles (body weight of 8.0 ± 0.1 g). After 8-week feeding, the weight gain (WG) and feed conversion ratio (FCR) of the six groups (pelleted diets with protein of 250, 280, 310 g kg−1 and extruded diets with protein of 250, 280, 310 g kg−1) were 561.8, 609.4, 686.5, 593.6, 663.7, 683.0 and 1.49, 1.38, 1.22, 1.42, 1.25, 1.23 %, respectively. The WG, protein retention (PRE), lipid retention and energy retention (ERE) of fish fed pelleted diets increased, while FCR decreased as dietary protein increased. In extruded diets, the fish fed 280 g kg−1 CP had a higher WG, PRE, ERE and a lower FCR than fish fed 250 g kg−1 CP and had the similar growth as the fish fed 310 g kg−1 CP. The fish fed 280 g kg−1 CP had the highest apparent digestibility coefficient of dry matter and CP in both pelleted diets and extruded diets. The fish fed extruded diets had better growth and better nutrient utilization than fish fed pelleted diets when dietary protein level was 250 or 280 g kg−1, but when dietary protein level was 310 g kg−1, the fish fed extruded diet showed similar growth as the fish fed pelleted diet. In both extruded and pelleted diets, the tilapia fed 280 or 310 g kg−1 CP had lower activity of aspartate aminotransferase than fish fed 250 g kg−1 CP, and the high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels of groups of 250 and 280 g kg−1 CP were lower than that of 310 g kg−1 CP group. The above results demonstrate that tilapia fed an extruded diet have a better growth than the fish fed a pelleted diet at a low dietary CP level but not at a high dietary CP level. The dietary protein requirement of tilapia could be 310 g kg−1 for a pelleted diet or 280 g kg−1 for an extruded diet.
  • References (44)
  • Citations (9)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
4 Citations
19993.02Aquaculture
5 Authors (Miguel Jover, ..., Luz Pérez)
81 Citations
2014
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References44
Newest
#1Christian Minjarez-Osorio (Universidad de Sonora)H-Index: 4
#2Mayra L. González-Félix (Universidad de Sonora)H-Index: 15
Last. Martin Perez-Velazquez (Universidad de Sonora)H-Index: 15
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Totoaba macdonaldi is a carnivorous endemic fish from the Gulf of California currently being evaluated as an aquaculture candidate. Due to the lack of specific formulations for totoaba, it is usually fed with diets for other species that may or may not satisfy its protein requirement, affecting in turn its growth performance and the profitability of its culture. The aim of this study was to evaluate three dietary protein levels for totoaba juveniles cultured in a Recirculation Aquacultu...
16 CitationsSource
#1Brett Glencross (O&A: CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research)H-Index: 33
#2David Blyth (O&A: CSIRO Marine and Atmospheric Research)H-Index: 9
Last. Richard P. SmullenH-Index: 9
view all 8 authors...
This study examined the digestibilities of whole diets and ingredients of a range of starch/cereal grains when fed to barramundi (Lates calcarifer). The ingredients included wheat, oats, sorghum, triticale, barley, among others. Twelve diets were prepared using a twin-screw extruder to mimic modern aquafeed-manufacturing processes. The diets were then fed to juvenile barramundi and the faeces collected using stripping methods. Significant variability in the digestible energy and starch value was...
40 CitationsSource
#1Filipe Coutinho (University of Porto)H-Index: 7
#2Helena Peres (University of Porto)H-Index: 27
Last. Aires Oliva-Teles (University of Porto)H-Index: 39
view all 5 authors...
Abstract A trial was undertaken to estimate the protein requirement of sharpsnout sea bream ( Diplodus puntazzo ) and the protein sparing of dietary lipids. Ten diets were formulated to contain 5 protein levels (ranging from 15 to 55%) and two lipid levels (12 and 18%). Each diet was assigned to duplicate groups of 15 fish with a mean individual body weight of 49.3 g. A quadratic model was used to adjust weight gain and N retention (g kg ABW − 1 day − 1 ) to dietary protein levels. Based on that...
28 CitationsSource
#1Yong-Jun Chen (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 9
#2Li-Xia Tian (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 25
Last. Gui-Ying Liang (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 14
view all 7 authors...
Six practical extruded diets were formulated to investigate the effect of graded levels of starch (17, 22, and 26%) associated with either 30 or 34% protein level on growth, feed utilization, body composition, and hepatic transaminases of juvenile grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella. Over an 8-wk growth trial, survival rates (99–100%) were not significantly affected (P > 0.05) by dietary treatments. Independent of dietary starch level, weight gain (WG, %), specific growth rate (SGR, %/d), and fe...
13 CitationsSource
#1Zhiqiang Guo (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 1
#2Xiaoming Zhu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 18
Last. Shouqi Xie (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 20
view all 7 authors...
An 8-week growth trial was conducted to estimate the optimal dietary protein level for juvenile hybrid sturgeon. Acipenser baerii female xA. gueldenstaedtii male (initial body weight, 25.1 +/- 0.12 g). Effects of protein levels on nitrogen and energy budget of the fish were studied. Seven isoenergetic diets were formulated to contain seven levels of crude protein (250, 300, 350, 400, 450, 500 and 550 g kg(-1)) and each diet was fed to triplicate groups of fifty fish at 21.4 +/- 0.6 degrees C in ...
35 CitationsSource
#1Vegard Denstadli (NMBU: Norwegian University of Life Sciences)H-Index: 12
#2Marie HillestadH-Index: 13
Last. Margareth Øverland (NMBU: Norwegian University of Life Sciences)H-Index: 23
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Carnivorous fish have limited ability to utilise fibrous structures as a source of energy. Treatment with exogenous enzymes targeted at degradation of non starch polysaccharides (NSP) could help to improve the nutritive value of these components. Two experiments were conducted. In the first in vitro experiment, three defatted oilseeds; soybean meal (SBM), rapeseed meal (RSM) and sunflower cake (SFC) as well as green field peas were incubated individually at semi-moist conditions (45% wa...
10 CitationsSource
#1Biao Yun (Ocean University of China)H-Index: 3
#2Kangsen Mai (Ocean University of China)H-Index: 39
Last. Wei Xu (Ocean University of China)H-Index: 33
view all 4 authors...
Abstract A 9-week growth trial was conducted to investigate the effects of dietary cholesterol supplementation on growth performance, feed intake and cholesterol metabolism of juvenile turbot ( Scophthalmus maximus L.) fed high plant protein diets. A fish meal diet (diet FM) with 58% FM was formulated, and this diet was used as control. The other four diets were formulated to contain 14.5% FM, 42.0% soybean meal (SBM), and 18.5% wheat gluten meal. The four diets were supplemented with 0.0%, 0.5%...
53 CitationsSource
#1W. Gao (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 7
#2Y.-J. Liu (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 16
Last. W.-J. Luo (SYSU: Sun Yat-sen University)H-Index: 2
view all 8 authors...
Two, 8-week feeding trials were conducted to compare protein-sparing capability of dietary lipid in herbivorous grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) and omnivorous tilapia (Oreochomis niloticus × O. aureus). Utilizing a 2 × 3 factorial design, experimental diets containing two levels of crude protein (380 and 250 g kg−1) and three levels of lipid (0, 40 and 100 g kg−1) were formulated for use in both feeding trials. Growth performances showed better response of both fish fed 380 g kg−1 protein d...
34 CitationsSource
Effect of isolipidic (62.7 ± 5.0 g kg−1) diets with protein levels of 204.6 (T20), 302.3 (T30), 424.6 (T40) or 511.0 g kg−1 (T50) on growth and survival in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus Linnaeus 1758) fry cultured for 70 days at one of four salinities (0, 15, 20 and 25 g L−1) was evaluated. A bifactorial (4 × 4) design was used with 16 treatments run in triplicate and 20 fry (0.25 ± 0.04 g) per replicate under semi-controlled conditions. Four independent, recirculating systems (one per sal...
9 CitationsSource
#1Yongchao Yuan (HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)H-Index: 10
#2Shiyuan Gong (HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)H-Index: 11
Last. Z.J. Chu (HAU: Huazhong Agricultural University)H-Index: 2
view all 6 authors...
A growth experiment was conducted to investigate effect of dietary protein to energy ratios on growth and body composition of juvenile Myxocyprinus asiaticus (initial mean weight: 10.04 ± 0.53 g, mean ± SD). Nine practical diets were formulated to contain three protein levels (340, 390 and 440 g kg−1), each with three lipid levels (60, 100 and 140 g kg−1), in order to produce a range of P/E ratios (from 22.4 to 32.8 mg protein kJ−1). Each diet was randomly assigned to triplicate groups of 20 fis...
21 CitationsSource
Cited By9
Newest
#1Andrews Apraku (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 2
#2Xuxiong Huang (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 1
Last. Christian Larbi Ayisi (University for Development Studies)
view all 3 authors...
Source
#1Bartholomew W. Green (USDA: United States Department of Agriculture)H-Index: 5
#2Steven D. Rawles (USDA: United States Department of Agriculture)H-Index: 20
Last. Matthew E. McEntire (USDA: United States Department of Agriculture)H-Index: 4
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Given tilapia grown in the biofloc technology production system can consume the biofloc, it should be possible to optimize formulated diet protein content to account for nutrition derived from consuming biofloc. The present study, conducted in an outdoor biofloc technology production system, evaluated impacts on fish production indices, common microbial off-flavors, and water quality dynamics for hybrid tilapia (Oreochromis aureus × O. niloticus) fed diets formulated to contain 22.5%, 2...
1 CitationsSource
#1Xiaoqin Li (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 6
#2Huaibing Xu (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 4
Last. Xiangjun Leng (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 5
view all 6 authors...
Abstract The present study was conducted to investigate the effects of extruded and pelleted feeds at various feeding rates on growth and nutrient utilization of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idellus). Two fish meal-free feeds with the same formula were prepared as pelleted feed and extruded feed, and fed to eight treatments of fish (37.0 ± 0.2 g) with feeding rates of 100%, 90%, 80% and 70% satiation. During the feeding period, the fish of 100% satiation group were fed to apparent satiation, and...
2 CitationsSource
#1André Fernando Nascimento Gonçalves (UNESP: Sao Paulo State University)H-Index: 3
#2Natalia Ha (UNESP: Sao Paulo State University)H-Index: 1
Last. Leonardo Susumu Takahashi (UNESP: Sao Paulo State University)H-Index: 11
view all 6 authors...
This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary carbohydrates (CHO) and protein on growth performance, nutrient retention, blood metabolites, tissue energy reserves (hepatic glycogen and lipids, mesenteric fat index, and hepatosomatic index), and key metabolic enzyme activities (hexokinase, glucokinase, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and aspartate aminotransferase) of surubim cachara (Pseudoplatystoma reticulatum). Six experimental diets containing one of two CHO levels (170 or 3...
2 CitationsSource
#1Wentong Sun (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 4
#2Xiaoqin Li (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 6
Last. Xiangjun Leng (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 5
view all 6 authors...
The aim of this study was to investigate effects of dietary geniposide (GP) on growth performance, flesh quality, and lipid metabolism of grass carp, Ctenopharyngodon idella (95.2 ± 0.6 g), fed seven different diets, including a control diet; Eucommia ulmoides (EU)–supplemented diet (20 g/kg); and GP-supplemented diets containing 100, 200, 400, 600, and 800 mg/kg GP, respectively. Weight gain rate was significantly improved (P < 0.05) and feed conversation ratio was significantly decreased (P < ...
5 CitationsSource
#1Wentong Sun (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 4
#2Xiaoqin Li (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 4
Last. Xiangjun LengH-Index: 5
view all 6 authors...
The study was to investigate effects of dietary chlorogenic acid (CGA) on growth performance, flesh quality and serum biochemical indices of grass carp (95.1 ± 0.3 g) (Ctenopharyngodon idella) fed seven different diets, including control diet, Eucommia ulmoides (EU)-supplemented diet (20 g kg–1) and CGA-supplemented diets containing 100, 200, 400, 600 and 800 mg/kg CGA. Contents of collagen and alkaline-insoluble collagen in muscle and skin were significantly increased by dietary CGA and EU (p <...
10 CitationsSource
#1Andrews Apraku (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 2
#2Liping Liu (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 6
Last. Christian Larbi Ayisi (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 4
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Five isolipidic experimental diets (32% crude protein) were formulated to contain 3% fish oil (FO) and virgin coconut oil (3VCO) as sole lipids or blends of FO + VCO in ratios of 75:25% (0.75VCO), 50:50% (1.5VCO) and 25:75% (2.25VCO). Triplicate groups of O. niloticus were fed one of five diets to apparent satiation, twice daily for 8 weeks. It was observed that fish fed diet 3VCO exhibited the best performance with respect to feed intake (492.1 g), final weight (214.60 g) and weight ga...
3 CitationsSource
#1Huaibing Xu (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 4
#2Xiaoqin Li (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 6
Last. Xiangjun LengH-Index: 5
view all 7 authors...
Extruded and pelleted feeds were fed with different amounts (100, 90, 80, and 70% of satiation) to channel catfish (42 g initial weight) and the effects on growth, nutrient retention, and serum biochemistry were examined. The two feeds were designed with the same formula (containing 308 g kg−1 crude protein and 53 g kg−1 crude lipid), and were fed to eight treatments of fish (pelleted feed with a satiation of 100, 90, 80, 70% and extruded feed with a satiation of 100, 90, 80, 70%) with triplicat...
4 CitationsSource
#1Ze Shi (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 1
#2Xiaoqin Li (Shanghai Ocean University)H-Index: 6
Last. Xiang-Jun LengH-Index: 2
view all 5 authors...
Abstract The present study was conducted to evaluate the effects of exogenous protease supplementation in low fish meal pelleted and extruded diets on growth, nutrient retention and digestibility, and serum biochemical indices of gibel carp, Carassius auratus gibelio. A high-fish meal (HF) diet containing 90 g/kg fish meal and a low-fish meal (LF) diet containing 30 g/kg fish meal (60 g/kg fish meal was isonitrogenously replaced by soybean meal) were designed as the positive and negative control...
16 CitationsSource