The depleted leader: The influence of leaders' diminished psychological resources on leadership behaviors

Published on Apr 1, 2014in Leadership Quarterly5.63
· DOI :10.1016/j.leaqua.2013.09.003
Alyson Byrne3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UWO: University of Western Ontario),
Angela M. Dionisi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Queen's University)
+ 5 AuthorsKathryne E. Dupré13
Estimated H-index: 13
(MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland)
Abstract While much is understood about the outcomes of different leadership styles, less is known about the antecedents of leadership, particularly with regards to how leaders' own psychological well-being impacts leadership behaviors. Using conservation of resources theory as a framework, we investigated the relationship between leaders' depleted resources and their leadership behaviors. Conceptualizing depressive symptoms, anxiety, and workplace alcohol consumption as resource depletion, we predicted that depletion would be associated with lower levels of transformational leadership, and higher levels of abusive supervision, and when taken together, would further exacerbate these effects on leadership behaviors. In a study of 172 leader–subordinate pairs, leaders' depressive symptoms, anxiety, and workplace alcohol consumption separately predicted lower transformational leadership, and higher abusive supervision. Furthermore, partial support was found for an exacerbating effect on transformational leadership and abusive supervision.
  • References (116)
  • Citations (66)
Published on Jan 1, 1993
Wilmar B. Schaufeli103
Estimated H-index: 103
Historical and Conceptual Development of Burnout, C. Maslach and W.B. Schaufeii. Part 1 Interpersonal approaches: burnout - a multidimensional perspective, C. Maslach burnout - an existential perspective, A.M. Pines burnout - a perspective from social comparison theory, B.P. Buunk and W.B. Schaufeli. Part 2 Individual approaches: in search of theory - some ruminations on the nature and etiology of burnout, M. Burisch burning out - a framework, L. Halisten conservation of resources - a general st...
Published on Feb 1, 2013in Leadership Quarterly5.63
Shu-Cheng Steve Chi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(NTU: National Taiwan University),
Shin-Guang Liang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NDU: National Defense University)
Abstract Drawing upon conservation of resources theory, this research examines the linkage between abusive supervision and work withdrawal from a stress perspective, focusing on the moderating role of subordinates' emotion-regulation strategies and the mediating role of emotional exhaustion. Survey data included 254 ranked officers in 55 workgroups of the Taiwan Ministry of National Defense. The HLM results suggest that subordinates' emotional exhaustion mediated the relationship between abusive...
Published on Nov 15, 2012
Michael R. Frone43
Estimated H-index: 43
(SUNY: State University of New York System)
Employee substance use is an issue ofinterest to managers, unions, and policy­ makers because it may lead to costs being incurred by employers due to potential negative effects involving employee health, attendance, productiv­ ity, and safety. Moreover, workplace substance use by some employees may negatively affect the larger group of employees who do not use alcohol or illicit drugs at work. Occupational health psychologists, however, have devoted little attention to the issue of employee subs...
Published on Oct 1, 2012in Leadership Quarterly5.63
Dawn S. Carlson38
Estimated H-index: 38
(Baylor University),
Merideth Ferguson14
Estimated H-index: 14
(USU: Utah State University)
+ 1 AuthorsDwayne Whitten23
Estimated H-index: 23
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
Abstract Building on the theoretical foundations of conservation of resources theory, this research provides insights into the relationship of abusive supervision with work–family conflict (work-to-family and family-to-work). Further, it is the first attempt to incorporate the emotional labor to burnout link as the mediating process between abuse and conflict. Using a sample of 328 individuals working fulltime we examined both the direct relationship of abuse with conflict as well as the indirec...
Published on Oct 1, 2012in Leadership Quarterly5.63
Christian Kiewitz18
Estimated H-index: 18
(UD: University of Dayton),
Simon Lloyd D. Restubog29
Estimated H-index: 29
(ANU: Australian National University)
+ 3 AuthorsRobert L. Tang14
Estimated H-index: 14
(De La Salle–College of Saint Benilde)
Abstract Drawing upon social learning theory, the intergenerational transmission of violence hypothesis, and research on self-control, we develop a model of the relationships among previous experiences of family undermining, self-control, and abusive supervision. We tested the model with data obtained from supervisor–employee matched pairs in Study 1 and matched triads in Study 2. Results revealed that: 1) supervisors who experienced higher levels of family undermining (whether reported by the i...
Published on Oct 1, 2012in Journal of Consumer Psychology2.47
William Hedgcock7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UI: University of Iowa),
Kathleen D. Vohs65
Estimated H-index: 65
(UMN: University of Minnesota),
Akshay R. Rao22
Estimated H-index: 22
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
Research suggests self-control relies on a limited set of resources that can be diminished by use. Recent theories posit that there are two stages of self-control: recognizing the need for control and implementing controlled responses. We conducted a functional magnetic resonance imaging experiment and an intervention experiment to investigate whether one or both stages were affected by the prior exercise of self-control. Results from both experiments indicated that only the implementation stage...
Published on Feb 1, 2012in Journal of Organizational Behavior5.00
Thomas W. H. Ng40
Estimated H-index: 40
(HKU: University of Hong Kong),
Daniel C. Feldman37
Estimated H-index: 37
(Terry College of Business)
Summary Although voice (i.e. expressing change-oriented ideas and suggestions) has frequently been investigated as a way for workers to reciprocate to their employers for the positive treatment they receive, much less is known about how workers use voice to deal with stress. This study takes a conservation of resources perspective to examine the relationships among workplace stress, voice behavior, and job performance. We first examined the strength of relationships of three major groups of work...
Published on Jan 1, 2012in Journal of Applied Psychology5.07
Russell E. Johnson34
Estimated H-index: 34
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Merlijn Venus4
Estimated H-index: 4
(EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)
+ 2 AuthorsChu Hsiang Chang20
Estimated H-index: 20
(MSU: Michigan State University)
Drawing from identity-based theories of leadership, we examined relations of leader identity with leader behavior and perceived effectiveness. To do so, we employed multiwave methodology to examine the differential impact of leaders' chronic collective, relational, and individual identities on the frequency and consistency of their subsequent transformational, consideration, and abusive behaviors over a 3-week period. We also examined the relative importance of these leadership behaviors for pre...
Published on Jan 1, 2012in Work & Stress2.68
E. Kevin Kelloway48
Estimated H-index: 48
Nick Turner25
Estimated H-index: 25
(UM: University of Manitoba)
+ 1 AuthorsCatherine Loughlin7
Estimated H-index: 7
The relationship between employees’ perceptions of their managers’ transformational leadership style and employees’ psychological well-being was examined in two studies. In Study 1, trust in the leader fully mediated the positive relationship between perceptions of managers’ transformational leadership and employee psychological well-being in a cross-sectional sample (n=436). Study 2 (n=269) (1) replicated the mediated effect found in Study 1; (2) extended the model by showing that active manage...
Published on Jan 1, 2012in Journal of Personnel Psychology1.05
Karianne Kalshoven9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UU: Utrecht University),
Corine Boon12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UvA: University of Amsterdam)
In this multi-source study, we examined the link between ethical leadership, human resource management (HRM), employee well-being, and helping. Based on the Conservation of Resources Theory, we proposed a mediated moderation model linking ethical leadership to helping, which includes well-being as an intermediary variable and HRM as a contextual moderator. Results from 221 leader-employee dyads revealed that the relationship between ethical leadership and helping occurs through well-being only w...
Cited By66
Published on Sep 1, 2019
Sarah Lange1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Technical University of Dortmund),
Jens Rowold20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Technical University of Dortmund)
In times of tremendous organizational changes in the light of “Industry & Work 4.0” it is crucial to support leaders in regard to stress management and leadership effectiveness. Based on previous findings of mindfulness-based stress reduction and trait mindfulness affecting leadership quality, we developed a specific mindfulness-based leader intervention, which has been evaluated in regard to leaders’ stress and mindfulness as well as their leadership behaviors (Transformational & Destructive Le...
Frederick Doe1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Professional Studies),
Bill Buenar Puplampu (University of Professional Studies)
Purpose The purpose of this study is to provide a link that will close the gap in the field in respect of the methods used to measure the causes of coercive management behaviour (CMB) in universities and analogous institutions. Second, cultural and geographical differences and absence of studies of the phenomenon in the African university context have instigated researchers’ decision to design new scales to identify and measure the causes of CMB in the workplace. Design/methodology/approach A to...
Published on Feb 5, 2019in Asian Business & Management1.23
Youngsam Cho1
Estimated H-index: 1
(College of Business Administration),
Mannsoo Shin4
Estimated H-index: 4
(KU: Korea University)
+ 1 AuthorsRabi S. Bhagat24
Estimated H-index: 24
(U of M: University of Memphis)
This study compared the relationship between leadership style and affective organizational commitment (AOC) for Korean and U.S. employees, based on path-goal leadership theory and culturally endorsed implicit leadership theory. The results showed that the positive relationship between transformational leadership and AOC was stronger for U.S. employees than their Korean counterparts, whereas transactional leadership was positively related to AOC only for Korean employees. Also, we tested Bass’s (...
Fazeelat Duran (University of Leicester), Darren Bishopp2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Birmingham),
Jessica Woodhams17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Birmingham)
Purpose Negative emotions resulting from the broken promises by the organisation or employers, as perceived by an employee are called psychological contract (PC) violation. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationships between perceived feelings of violation, work-related stress, anxiety and depression. Fairness and self-efficacy are used as mediators to understand the underlying mechanism of associations. Design/methodology/approach In total, 97 firefighters completed an online-surv...
Published on May 20, 2019in Work & Stress2.68
Antonia J. Kaluza (Goethe University Frankfurt), Diana Boer12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Koblenz and Landau)
+ 1 AuthorsRolf van Dick46
Estimated H-index: 46
(Goethe University Frankfurt)
ABSTRACTWhile the link between leadership and follower well-being is well established, less is known about the relation between leaders’ leadership behaviour and their own well-being. Particularly, a systematic integration of existing studies is missing. Based on an integrated framework summarising major theories on the leader well-being–leadership link, we quantitatively synthesised findings on the relations between different leadership behaviours and leader well-being indicators. The meta-anal...
Susan E Simon2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of the Sunshine Coast),
Mark T Gibson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Nottingham Malaysia Campus)
Purpose: High-stakes accountability and continuous multi-faceted pressures of the principalship require leaders to develop a broad range of personal qualities including resilience and personal vitality. Scant research exists on what happens to school principals when careers abruptly and involuntarily end, and the study featured here sought to hear principals’ accounts of their experiences and to identify whether these personal qualities assist recovery and career re-identification. Design/method...
Published on Apr 3, 2019in Work & Stress2.68
Susanne Tafvelin7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Umeå University),
Karina Nielsen28
Estimated H-index: 28
(University of Sheffield)
+ 1 AuthorsAndreas Stenling11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Umeå University)
ABSTRACTAlthough studies suggest that transformational leaders play an important role in employee health and well-being, the relationship between transformational leadership and employee burnout remains unclear. One reason may be that moderators may play an important role. Building on conservation of resources theory, we examined if leaders’ perceptions of internal and external resources in terms of vigour and peer support augmented the relationship between transformational leadership and employ...
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