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The depleted leader: The influence of leaders' diminished psychological resources on leadership behaviors

Published on Apr 1, 2014in Leadership Quarterly5.631
· DOI :10.1016/j.leaqua.2013.09.003
Alyson Byrne2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UWO: University of Western Ontario),
Angela M. Dionisi3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Queen's University)
+ 5 AuthorsKathryne E. Dupré13
Estimated H-index: 13
(MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract While much is understood about the outcomes of different leadership styles, less is known about the antecedents of leadership, particularly with regards to how leaders' own psychological well-being impacts leadership behaviors. Using conservation of resources theory as a framework, we investigated the relationship between leaders' depleted resources and their leadership behaviors. Conceptualizing depressive symptoms, anxiety, and workplace alcohol consumption as resource depletion, we predicted that depletion would be associated with lower levels of transformational leadership, and higher levels of abusive supervision, and when taken together, would further exacerbate these effects on leadership behaviors. In a study of 172 leader–subordinate pairs, leaders' depressive symptoms, anxiety, and workplace alcohol consumption separately predicted lower transformational leadership, and higher abusive supervision. Furthermore, partial support was found for an exacerbating effect on transformational leadership and abusive supervision.
  • References (115)
  • Citations (73)
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References115
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Historical and Conceptual Development of Burnout, C. Maslach and W.B. Schaufeii. Part 1 Interpersonal approaches: burnout - a multidimensional perspective, C. Maslach burnout - an existential perspective, A.M. Pines burnout - a perspective from social comparison theory, B.P. Buunk and W.B. Schaufeli. Part 2 Individual approaches: in search of theory - some ruminations on the nature and etiology of burnout, M. Burisch burning out - a framework, L. Halisten conservation of resources - a general st...
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#1Shu-Cheng Steve Chi (NTU: National Taiwan University)H-Index: 7
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Abstract Drawing upon conservation of resources theory, this research examines the linkage between abusive supervision and work withdrawal from a stress perspective, focusing on the moderating role of subordinates' emotion-regulation strategies and the mediating role of emotional exhaustion. Survey data included 254 ranked officers in 55 workgroups of the Taiwan Ministry of National Defense. The HLM results suggest that subordinates' emotional exhaustion mediated the relationship between abusive...
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#1Russell E. Johnson (MSU: Michigan State University)H-Index: 36
#2Merlijn Venus (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)H-Index: 4
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Drawing from identity-based theories of leadership, we examined relations of leader identity with leader behavior and perceived effectiveness. To do so, we employed multiwave methodology to examine the differential impact of leaders' chronic collective, relational, and individual identities on the frequency and consistency of their subsequent transformational, consideration, and abusive behaviors over a 3-week period. We also examined the relative importance of these leadership behaviors for pre...
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#1Michael R. Frone (SUNY: State University of New York System)H-Index: 45
Employee substance use is an issue ofinterest to managers, unions, and policy­ makers because it may lead to costs being incurred by employers due to potential negative effects involving employee health, attendance, productiv­ ity, and safety. Moreover, workplace substance use by some employees may negatively affect the larger group of employees who do not use alcohol or illicit drugs at work. Occupational health psychologists, however, have devoted little attention to the issue of employee subs...
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Abstract Building on the theoretical foundations of conservation of resources theory, this research provides insights into the relationship of abusive supervision with work–family conflict (work-to-family and family-to-work). Further, it is the first attempt to incorporate the emotional labor to burnout link as the mediating process between abuse and conflict. Using a sample of 328 individuals working fulltime we examined both the direct relationship of abuse with conflict as well as the indirec...
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Abstract Drawing upon social learning theory, the intergenerational transmission of violence hypothesis, and research on self-control, we develop a model of the relationships among previous experiences of family undermining, self-control, and abusive supervision. We tested the model with data obtained from supervisor–employee matched pairs in Study 1 and matched triads in Study 2. Results revealed that: 1) supervisors who experienced higher levels of family undermining (whether reported by the i...
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#1Karianne Kalshoven (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 9
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#1Thomas W. H. Ng (HKU: University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 41
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The relationship between employees’ perceptions of their managers’ transformational leadership style and employees’ psychological well-being was examined in two studies. In Study 1, trust in the leader fully mediated the positive relationship between perceptions of managers’ transformational leadership and employee psychological well-being in a cross-sectional sample (n=436). Study 2 (n=269) (1) replicated the mediated effect found in Study 1; (2) extended the model by showing that active manage...
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While authentic leadership is highly valued in today’s business world, managers do not necessarily have the resources to attain it. Building on conservation of resources theory, we propose a conceptual model to address how personal and contextual resources predict authentic leadership. Study 1 analyzes the day-to-day variability in managers’ positive psychological capacities as personal resources in relation to changes in authentic leadership. In addition, it tests ethical organizational climate...
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Abstract We sought to better understand the impact of leader emotional stability on follower burnout. Drawing on conservation of resources theory, we examined the emotional exhaustion consequences of supervisor-subordinate emotional stability congruence. Study 1 consisted of 299 light construction and maintenance workers and their supervisors. Study 2 was comprised of 294 workers at a city permits office and their supervisors. As hypothesized, both samples revealed that the highest levels of sub...
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