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Life cycle assessment of bio-based products: a disposable diaper case study

Published on Jun 1, 2013in International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 4.87
· DOI :10.1007/s11367-013-0556-6
Nadia Mirabella6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Milan),
Valentina Castellani13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Milan),
Serenella Sala24
Estimated H-index: 24
(University of Milan)
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Abstract
Purpose In this study, a life cycle assessment of a bioplastic based diaper was performed. The product has several innovative elements, due to the implementation of eco-design principles, such as: (1) introduction of biopolymers (namely polylactic acid (PLA) and Mater-bi®), (2) relevant reduction of petrochemical plastics, and (3) minimization of energy consumptions and use of renewable energy in manufacturing. The aim of the study is to evaluate the environmental benefits gained through eco-innovation, while identifying further areas of improvement.
  • References (22)
  • Citations (22)
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References22
Newest
Published on Mar 1, 2014in International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 4.87
Manfred Klinglmair1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Serenella Sala24
Estimated H-index: 24
,
Miguel Brandão19
Estimated H-index: 19
(UPF: Pompeu Fabra University)
Purpose Political interest in the future availability of natural resources has spiked recently, with new documents from the European Union, United Nations Environment Programme and the US National Research Council assessing the supply situation of key raw materials. As resource efficiency is considered a key element for sustainable development, suitable methods to address sustainability of resource use are increasingly needed. Life cycle thinking and assessment may play a principal role here. No...
97 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2013in International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 4.87
M Zwickyhauschild55
Estimated H-index: 55
(DTU: Technical University of Denmark),
Mark Goedkoop11
Estimated H-index: 11
+ 9 AuthorsAlexis Laurent16
Estimated H-index: 16
(DTU: Technical University of Denmark)
Purpose Life cycle impact assessment (LCIA) is a field of active development. The last decade has seen prolific publication of new impact assessment methods covering many different impact categories and providing characterization factors that often deviate from each other for the same substance and impact. The LCA standard ISO 14044 is rather general and unspecific in its requirements and offers little help to the LCA practitioner who needs to make a choice. With the aim to identify the best amo...
329 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 11, 2012in Chemical Reviews 54.30
Guo-Qiang Chen58
Estimated H-index: 58
,
Martin Kumar Patel44
Estimated H-index: 44
In the time period 2010 2015, the worldwide annual production of plastics is very likely to surpass 300 million tons,1,2 requiring multiple amounts of petroleum and leading to hundreds of millions of tons ofCO2 in addition to health risks for the public due to the release of other types of emissions.1,3 A large amount of plastics (at least 40% of the total consumption) is used in short-term applications, and the resulting waste can quickly lead to additional environmental damage unless adequate ...
394 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2012in International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 4.87
Anne V. Weisbrod10
Estimated H-index: 10
(P&G: Procter & Gamble),
Gert Van Hoof9
Estimated H-index: 9
(P&G: Procter & Gamble)
Purpose The aim of this study was to investigate the factors that influence the sustainability of disposable baby diapers (nappies) using life cycle assessments (LCAs). Size 4 Pampers® Cruisers (North American name) and ActiveFit (European name) from 2007 are compared to new versions made in 2010 to determine if the design and materials changes intended to improve performance also lead to reductions in the most relevant environmental indicators.
19 Citations Source Cite
David Tilman138
Estimated H-index: 138
,
Christian Balzer3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UCSB: University of California, Santa Barbara)
+ 1 AuthorsBelinda L. Befort1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
Abstract Global food demand is increasing rapidly, as are the environmental impacts of agricultural expansion. Here, we project global demand for crop production in 2050 and evaluate the environmental impacts of alternative ways that this demand might be met. We find that per capita demand for crops, when measured as caloric or protein content of all crops combined, has been a similarly increasing function of per capita real income since 1960. This relationship forecasts a 100–110% increase in g...
2,008 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2011in International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 4.87
Serenella Sala24
Estimated H-index: 24
,
Dimitar T. Marinov2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
David Pennington26
Estimated H-index: 26
Purpose Spatial differentiation is a topic of increasing interest within life cycle assessment (LCA). For chemical-related impacts, in this paper, we evaluate the relative influence of substance properties and of environmental characteristics on the variability in the environmental fate of chemicals using an advanced, spatially resolved model. The goal of this study is to explore spatial distribution and spatial variability of organic chemicals, assessing the variability of the removal rate from...
10 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2011in The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics 2.29
James T. Hughes5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis),
Alexandra Navrotsky69
Estimated H-index: 69
(UC Davis: University of California, Davis)
Abstract The enthalpy of formation of zinc acetate dihydrate (Zn(CH 3 COO) 2 · 2H 2 O) was measured with respect to crystalline zinc oxide (ZnO), glacial acetic acid (CH 3 COOH) and liquid water by room temperature solution calorimetry. The enthalpy of formation was verified by utilizing two independent thermodynamic cycles, using enthalpy of solution measurements in 5 mol · L −1 sodium hydroxide (NaOH) and in 5 mol · L −1 hydrochloric acid (HCl) solutions. The enthalpy of the reaction ZnO (cr) ...
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2011in Food Policy 3.79
Mark Harvey16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Essex),
Sarah Pilgrim10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Essex)
The paper addresses the new competition for land arising from growing and changing demand for food when combined with increasing global demand for transport energy, under conditions of declining petro-chemical resources and the urgent need to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The paper starts from the premise of a ‘food, energy and environment trilemma’ (Tilman et al., 2009), where all demands to expand the area of cultivated land present high risks of increasing the carbon footprint of agricultu...
222 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2010in International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 4.87
Wim Groot35
Estimated H-index: 35
,
Tobias Borén1
Estimated H-index: 1
(AkzoNobel)
Background l-lactide is the monomer for the polymer poly-l-lactic acid (PLLA). PLLA can be made from renewable resources, and is used in an increasing amount of applications. The biopolymer PLLA is one type of polymer of the family of polylactic acids (PLAs). Purac produces l-lactide and d-lactide, and supports partners with know-how to produce their own PLA from lactide. This life cycle assessment (LCA) study supporting market development presents the eco-profile of lactides and PLA biopolymers...
93 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2010in Industrial Biotechnology
Erwin T.H. Vink7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Steve Davies2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Jeffrey J. Kolstad3
Estimated H-index: 3
Abstract Ingeo® polylactides are biopolymers with varied applications made entirely from annually renewable resources and produced since 2001 by NatureWorks LLC at a 140 000 tonne/yr facility in Blair, Nebraska, USA. NatureWorks’ objectives include eliminating nonrenewable energy use and the emissions of greenhouse gases, as well as minimizing nonvaluable co-products and reducing water use. These objectives are being accomplished through continual improvement of the Ingeo production technology. ...
98 Citations Source Cite
Cited By22
Newest
Published on May 1, 2019in Resources Conservation and Recycling 7.04
Siri Willskytt (Chalmers University of Technology), Anne-Marie Tillman27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Chalmers University of Technology)
Circular economy is presented as a sustainable alternative to the take-make-waste society. The discourse on circular economy emphasizes the role of durable products, while consumable products are less in focus, although resources efficiency is needed for all types of products. This paper aims to contribute knowledge on resource efficient measures that are possible to implement for consumables and to evaluate their resource efficiency potential by means of a case study on incontinence products us...
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Published on Mar 1, 2019in Journal of Polymers and The Environment 2.77
Thiago S. Gomes1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro),
Leila L. Y. Visconte17
Estimated H-index: 17
(UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro),
Elen Beatriz Acordi Vasques Pacheco8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UFRJ: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro)
Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a common technique to evaluate the environmental impact of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) packaging. A review is needed to gain a clear view of the accumulated knowledge, scientific trends and what remains to be done. The main purpose of this paper is to present an overview of LCA of PET, mainly for packaging. LCA studies of PET consist largely of two segments: final destination of post-consumer PET, comparing recycling with other options (incineration, landfil...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2019in Journal of Cleaner Production 6.39
Joan Manuel F. Mendoza4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Manchester),
Simona Andreea Popa1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 2 AuthorsAdisa Azapagic44
Estimated H-index: 44
Abstract The annual market demand for disposable baby diapers exceeds 20 billion units (690 kt) in the European Union (EU). Almost 40,000 disposable diapers are used every minute, producing 1.3 t/min (dry weight) of waste. Based on the estimates in this work, this requires 90.3 PJ of primary energy and emits 2.7 Mt CO 2 eq. annually. In an attempt to reduce resource, waste and environmental impacts associated with diapers, this paper focuses on novel design and manufacture of disposable baby dia...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2019in Journal of Cleaner Production 6.39
Joan Manuel F. Mendoza4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Manchester),
Francesco D'Aponte1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsAdisa Azapagic44
Estimated H-index: 44
Abstract The literature on baby diapers has so far focused on environmental implications of using cloth instead of disposable products, utilising bio-materials or enabling recycling and composting. However, no study to date has examined the life cycle costs and eco-efficiency implications of cleaner production of disposable diapers. Therefore, this paper sets out to evaluate the economic and environmental savings that could be achieved by eco-design and cleaner production of disposable baby diap...
3 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2019
Xiaojing Jia (CUFE: Central University of Finance and Economics), Meng Wang (CUFE: Central University of Finance and Economics)
This study attempts to contribute to the growing research on green supply chain management (GSCM) strategies by relying on Potter’s theory of competitive advantage theory. Specifically, it investigates the relationship among GSCM practices, competitive advantages, and firm performance, using multiple linear regression analysis to analyze data from a survey of Chinese manufacturers. The results show that GSCM practices are positively correlated to competitive advantages and non-finance performanc...
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Published on Oct 1, 2018in Chemical Engineering Journal
Sara González-García31
Estimated H-index: 31
(University of Santiago de Compostela),
Lucía Argiz (University of Santiago de Compostela)+ 1 AuthorsBeatriz Gullón14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Santiago de Compostela)
Abstract Fermentation-derived bio-succinic acid (BioSA) is a valuable intermediate; it is used as a chemical building block, and has multiple industrial applications as an alternative to petroleum counterparts. The aim of this study was to develop a full-scale plant to produce BioSA from apple pomace, a low-cost solid waste from the cider- and juice-making industry, based on a biorefinery concept, and to determine its environmental profile using a cradle-to-factory-gate, scaled-up LCA approach. ...
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Published on Mar 11, 2018in Sustainability 2.59
Kyung-Shin Kim1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Kyoung Jin Kim1
Estimated H-index: 1
This study was designed to analyze the feasibility of economic aspects assuming that the policy of diaper recycling is necessary. With respect to economic feasibility, the collection and transportation of the diaper waste, which accounts for much of the cost, need to be optimized. Starting with the results of a collection trial in Scotland (2012), the method used in a collection trial in Korea (2014) was analyzed to identify problems incurring additional costs. This paper targeted daycare center...
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Published on Jan 1, 2018
Cengiz Kahraman56
Estimated H-index: 56
(ITU: Istanbul Technical University),
Sezi Çevik Onar12
Estimated H-index: 12
(ITU: Istanbul Technical University)
+ 1 AuthorsAli Karaşan3
Estimated H-index: 3
(YTU: Yıldız Technical University)
Operational planning is the process of planning and organizing the resources to achieve organization’s strategic plan. Planning the supply chain, maintenance, marketing, and production operations are the main parts of operational planning. The operational planning for energy investments is crucial since these investments are costly and the efficiency of the investments necessitates an ample planning process. Also, the type of energy source changes the operational planning need. Understanding the...
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Published on Dec 1, 2017in International Journal of Life Cycle Assessment 4.87
Valentina Prado5
Estimated H-index: 5
(LEI: Leiden University),
Ben A. Wender1
Estimated H-index: 1
(National Academies),
Thomas P. Seager16
Estimated H-index: 16
(ASU: Arizona State University)
Purpose Identification of environmentally preferable alternatives in a comparative life cycle assessment (LCA) can be challenging in the presence of multiple incommensurate indicators. To make the problem more manageable, some LCA practitioners apply external normalization to find those indicators that contribute the most to their respective environmental impact categories. However, in some cases, these results can be entirely driven by the normalization reference, rather than the comparative pe...
10 Citations Source Cite