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Eight weeks of resistance training can significantly alter body composition in children who are overweight or obese

Published on Jan 1, 2009in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 3.02
· DOI :10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181876a56
Michael R. McGuigan39
Estimated H-index: 39
,
Melissa Tatasciore1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsSimone Pettigrew23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UWA: University of Western Australia)
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Abstract
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of an 8-week resistance training program on children who were overweight or obese. Forty-eight children (n = 26 girls and 22 boys; mean age = 9.7 years) participated in an 8-week undulating periodized resistance training program for 3 d·wk-1. Measures of body composition via dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, anthropometry, strength, and power were made before and after the training intervention. There was a significant decrease in absolute percent body fat of 2.6% (p = 0.003) and a significant increase in lean body mass of 5.3% (p = 0.07). There were no significant changes in height, weight, body mass index, total fat mass, or bone mineral content. There were significant increases in 1-repetition maximum squat (74%), number of push-ups (85%), countermovement jump height (8%), static jump height (4%), and power (16%). These results demonstrate that the resistance training program implemented produces significant changes in body composition and strength and power measures, as well as being well tolerated by the participants. An undulating periodized program provides variation and significantly increases lean body mass, decreases percent body fat, and increases strength and power in children who are overweight and obese.
  • References (17)
  • Citations (73)
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References17
Newest
Published on May 7, 2007in The Medical Journal of Australia 5.33
Alison Venn43
Estimated H-index: 43
(Menzies Research Institute),
Russell Thomson27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Menzies Research Institute)
+ 4 AuthorsTerence Dwyer61
Estimated H-index: 61
Objective: To examine overweight and obesity in Australian children followed through to adulthood. Design and participants: A cohort study of 8498 children aged 7–15 years who participated in the 1985 Australian Schools Health and Fitness Survey; of these,2208 men and 2363 women completed a follow-up questionnaire at age 24–34 years in 2001–2005. Main outcome measures: Height and weight were measured in 1985, and self-reported at follow-up. The accuracy of self-reported data was checked in 1185 ...
175 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 29, 2007in British Journal of Sports Medicine 11.64
Juliette Hussey19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Trinity College, Dublin),
Christopher Bell7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Trinity College, Dublin)
+ 2 AuthorsJohn Gormley18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Trinity College, Dublin)
Objective: To investigate the relationships between the time spent in specific intensities of activity and inactivity, cardiorespiratory fitness and body composition in children. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in a random sample of schools. Height, weight and waist circumference were measured in 224 children aged 7–10 years. Cardiorespiratory fitness was estimated by the 20 m multistage running test, and physical activity was measured over 4 days by the RT3 (a triaxial accelerome...
117 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2006in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 4.48
Daniel A. Galvão31
Estimated H-index: 31
(ECU: Edith Cowan University),
Kazunori Nosaka56
Estimated H-index: 56
(ECU: Edith Cowan University)
+ 6 AuthorsRobert U. Newton91
Estimated H-index: 91
(ECU: Edith Cowan University)
Purpose: To examine the effect of progressive resistance training on muscle function, functional performance, balance, body composition, and muscle thickness in men receiving androgen deprivation for prostate cancer. Methods: Ten men aged 59-82 yr on androgen deprivation for localized prostate cancer undertook progressive resistance training for 20 wk at 6- to 12-repetition maximum (RM) for 12 upper- and lower-body exercises in a university exercise rehabilitation clinic. Outcome measures includ...
196 Citations Source Cite
David S. Freedman62
Estimated H-index: 62
,
Cynthia L. Ogden55
Estimated H-index: 55
+ 1 AuthorsMary Horlick23
Estimated H-index: 23
Purpose of reviewThe prevalence of overweight, as assessed by a high body mass index (kg/m2), has greatly increased among children and adolescents over the last three decades. Because body mass index is a measure of excess weight rather than excess body fatness, it is important to understand the abi
95 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2005in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 3.02
Clare C.W. Yu7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Rita Y.T. Sung17
Estimated H-index: 17
+ 4 AuthorsEdith M Lau1
Estimated H-index: 1
The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that strength training benefits diet-controlled obese children with respect to lean mass and bone mineral acquisition. Eighty-two Hong Kong school children (aged 10.4 ± 1.0 years, 70 in Tanner stage 1, 12 in stage 2) who were obese/overweight were randomly assigned to receive either a balanced low-energy (900�1200 cal) diet plus strength training (n = 41) (training group) or the diet alone (n = 41) (control group). The training group attended ...
56 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 1, 2005in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 4.48
Robert Robertson41
Estimated H-index: 41
,
Fredric L. Goss32
Estimated H-index: 32
+ 7 AuthorsBrooke M. Snee2
Estimated H-index: 2
ROBERTSON, R. J., F. L. GOSS, J. L. ANDREACCI, J. J. DUBE´, J. J. RUTKOWSKI, K. M. FRAZEE, D. J. AARON, K. F. METZ, R. A. KOWALLIS, and B. M. SNEE. Validation of the Children’s OMNI-Resistance Exercise Scale of Perceived Exertion. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 37, No. 5, pp. 819–826, 2005. Purpose: This investigation examined concurrent validity of the Children’s OMNI-Resistance Exercise Scale (OMNI-RES) of perceived exertion for 10- to 14-yr-old females (N 25) and males (N 25) performing unilat...
58 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2005in Sports Medicine 7.58
Katie Watts11
Estimated H-index: 11
(UWA: University of Western Australia),
Timothy W. Jones48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Telethon Institute for Child Health Research)
+ 1 AuthorsDaniel J. Green64
Estimated H-index: 64
(UWA: University of Western Australia)
Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions worldwide and is associated with increased cardiovascular mortality and morbidity in adult life. The increase in fat mass in children and adolescents has occurred concomitantly with a decline in reported time for exercise. Evidence suggests that non-physically active children are more likely to become non-physically active adults and that encouraging the development of physical activity habits in children helps establish patterns that continue i...
182 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2003in Pediatric endocrinology reviews 0.82
Bareket Falk29
Estimated H-index: 29
,
Alon Eliakim33
Estimated H-index: 33
36 Citations
Jeff S. Volek69
Estimated H-index: 69
,
Ana L. Gómez38
Estimated H-index: 38
+ 6 AuthorsWilliam J. Kraemer97
Estimated H-index: 97
Abstract This study examined the effects of increasing milk on bone and body composition responses to resistance training in adolescents. Twenty-eight boys (13 to 17 years of age) were randomly assigned to consume, in addition to their habitual diet, 3 servings/day of 1% fluid milk (n=14) or juice not fortified with calcium (n=14) while engaged in a 12-week resistance-training program. For all subjects combined, there were significant ( P ≤.05) changes in height (+0.5%), Σseven skin folds (−7.7%...
44 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2003in JAMA Pediatrics 12.00
Manu V. Chakravarthy9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Frank W. Booth58
Estimated H-index: 58
14 Citations Source Cite
Cited By73
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Published on Oct 1, 2018in BMJ open sport and exercise medicine
Karani Magutah1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UoN: University of Nairobi),
Nilesh B. Patel12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UoN: University of Nairobi),
Kihumbu Thairu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UoN: University of Nairobi)
Background Sedentary lifestyles and related morbidities are rising among adults despite existing exercise recommendations. Appealing exercise regimes yielding similar/better body composition should be sought. Objective We investigated the effect of moderate-intensity exercise bouts of Methods This unblinded study enrolled 53 healthy sedentary volunteers aged ≥50 years, randomised into one of two gender-balanced exercise interventions: (1) male and (2) female short-duration bouts (M S , n=14; F S...
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Published on Feb 28, 2018in American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
Kirsten Legerlotz2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Humboldt University of Berlin)
Many parents still hesitate to encourage their children to participate in resistance training programs. This is unfortunate since recent research shows that resistance training can positively affect children’s health. This narrative review aims to present an overview of the health-associated effects resistance training can provide particularly in children and adolescents with disabilities by describing its effects on muscle strength, physical function, mental health, self-concept, obesity, and i...
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Published on Jan 1, 2018in Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 3.02
Brandon John McKinlay2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Phillip J. Wallace2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 4 AuthorsBareket Falk29
Estimated H-index: 29
McKinlay, BJ, Wallace, P, Dotan, R, Long, D, Tokuno, C, Gabriel, D, and Falk, B. Effects of plyometric and resistance training on muscle strength, explosiveness, and neuromuscular function in young adolescent soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 32(11): 3039-3050, 2018-This study examined the effect of 8 weeks of free-weight resistance training (RT) and plyometric (PLYO) training on maximal strength, explosiveness, and jump performance compared with no added training (CON), in young male soccer p...
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Published on Jan 1, 2018
Exercise and physical activity are openly advocated by the medical and healthcare community, as well as public bodies, as an effective weight loss tool and an important component of a healthy lifestyle. However, there remains uncertainty regarding the most effective exercise prescription for achieving or maintaining weight loss. A common question encountered within clinical settings is how much exercise is needed to lose weight and keep the weight off and what type of exercise will achieve this ...
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Published on Jan 1, 2018in Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism 2.31
Elodie Chaplais4
Estimated H-index: 4
(ACU: Australian Catholic University),
Geraldine Naughton31
Estimated H-index: 31
(ACU: Australian Catholic University)
+ 4 AuthorsDaniel Courteix33
Estimated H-index: 33
Given the rise in pediatric obesity, clarifications on the relationship between obesity and bone health and on the impact of structured intervention on this relationship are needed. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the effect of obesity on bone health and assessed the effect of structured intervention in children and adolescents with obesity. Medline complete, OVID, CINAHL, EMBASE and PubMed databases were searched for studies on obesity and bone health variables up to Septe...
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 22, 2017in Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 7.75
Emma Mead7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Teesside University),
Tamara Brown22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Teesside University)
+ 13 AuthorsClaire O'Malley9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Durham University)
Background: Child and adolescent overweight and obesity has increased globally, and can be associated with significant short- and longterm health consequences. This is an update of a Cochrane Review published first in 2003, and updated previously in 2009. However, the update has now been split into six reviews addressing different childhood obesity treatments at different ages. Objectives: To assess the effects of diet, physical activity and behavioural interventions (behaviour-changing interven...
40 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2016in Pediatric Exercise Science 1.71
Kirsten Legerlotz2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Robert Marzilger5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 1 AuthorsAdamantios Arampatzis39
Estimated H-index: 39
Purpose:To understand the mechanisms for the effects of resistance training on functional parameters, and to assess the injury risk of the involved tissues, it is necessary to examine the underlying morphological and structural changes of the respective tissues.Methods:The presented information on physiological adaptations have been deduced from cross-sectional studies comparing youth athletes with controls and children with adults as well as from longitudinal studies examining the effects of re...
15 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 2, 2016in European Journal of Sport Science 2.38
Joaquin Sanchis-Moysi14
Estimated H-index: 14
(ULPGC: University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria),
Cecilia Dorado25
Estimated H-index: 25
(ULPGC: University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria)
+ 3 AuthorsJose A. L. Calbet54
Estimated H-index: 54
(ULPGC: University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria)
AbstractIt is generally accepted that preadolescents have a limited capacity to develop muscle hypertrophy in response to exercise compared with older populations; however, studies are scarce and conflicting. The main aim of the present study was to assess if playing tennis is associated with the hypertrophy of dominant pectoralis muscles (PM) in professional (PRO) and in prepubescent tennis players (PRE). A secondary aim was to assess if the degree of asymmetry of PM is greater in PRO than PRE....
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 2016in Revista Portuguesa De Pneumologia 2.10
Guillermo Peña1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
J.R. Heredia2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 2 AuthorsM.E. Da Silva-Grigoletto7
Estimated H-index: 7
Resumen El entrenamiento de fuerza en edades prepuberes y puberes esta ampliamente recomendado por las organizaciones cientificas encargadas de velar por el entrenamiento saludable de estas poblaciones. En este contexto, el presente articulo tiene por objetivo elaborar una revision sobre el entrenamiento de la fuerza en edades tempranas. Para ello se revisaron trabajos publicados en ingles desde 1995 hasta 2014 en revistas indexadas, considerando aquellos cronologicamente mas recientes en primer...
3 Citations Source Cite