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Published on Mar 1, 2008in Logica Universalis
Luis Estrada-González1
Estimated H-index: 1
(National Autonomous University of Mexico)
In this paper we present a proposal that (i) could validate more relations in the square than those allowed by classical logic (ii) without a modification of canonical notation neither of current symbolization of categorical statements though (iii) with a different but reliable semantics.
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 1993in Journal of Research in Science Teaching 3.21
Anton E. Lawson41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Arizona State University)
The present study tested the alternative hypotheses that the poor performance of the intuitive and transitional students on the concept acquisition tasks employed in the Lawson et al. (1991) study was due either to their failure (a) to use deductive reasoning to test potentially relevant task features, as suggested by Lawson et al. (1991); (b) to identify potentially relevant features; or (c) to derive and test a successful problem-solving strategy. To test these hypotheses a training session, w...
39 Citations Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 1990in Journal of Research in Science Teaching 3.21
Anton E. Lawson41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Arizona State University)
The primary purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that an important intellectual acquisition during adolescence is the ability to generate arguments that involve reasoning to contradiction. Students in grades 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, and college were individually administered a four-card selection task that required them to, among other things, reason to a contradiction to falsify a hypothesis. Virtually none of the students spontaneously utilized this reasoning pattern on the initial task. Mi...
7 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 1987in Journal of Research in Science Teaching 3.21
Anton E. Lawson41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Arizona State University)
To test the hypothesis that adolescents classified as formal operational, based upon use of proportional reasoning on the “Pouring Water Task” (Lawson, Karplus, & Adi, 1978) have acquired the mental structures necessary to comprehend hypothetico-deductive arguments of a pattern referred to as “reasoning to a contradiction,” while adolescents classified as concrete operational, based upon use of additive reasoning on the same task have not, a sample of 100 high school students were administered t...
18 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 1982in Journal of Research in Science Teaching 3.21
Anton E. Lawson41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Arizona State University)
Although the development of reasoning is recognized as an important goal of science instruction, its nature remains somewhat of a mystery. This article discusses two key questions: Does formal thought constitute a structured whole? And what role does propositional logic play in advanced reasoning? Aspects of a model of advanced reasoning are presented in which hypothesis generation and testing are viewed as central processes in intellectual development. It is argued that a number of important ad...
69 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 1971in Australasian Journal of Philosophy
Thomas J. Richards9
Estimated H-index: 9
(La Trobe University)
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1970in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 5.73
Erwin P. Bettinghaus9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Michigan State University),
Gerald R. Miller28
Estimated H-index: 28
,
Thomas M. Steinfatt5
Estimated H-index: 5
23 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1967in Thomist
Dennis C. Kane1
Estimated H-index: 1
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 1954in The Journal of Psychology 1.52
Omar Khayyam Moore5
Estimated H-index: 5
(United States Naval Research Laboratory),
Scarvia B. Anderson3
Estimated H-index: 3
(United States Naval Research Laboratory)
14 Citations Source Cite