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Fat and Heart Disease: Yes We Can Make a Change - The Case of North Karelia (Finland)

Published on Jan 1, 2009in Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 3.05
· DOI :10.1159/000220825
Pekka Puska23
Estimated H-index: 23
(National Institute for Health and Welfare)
Background/Methods: The exceptionally high mortality from cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the Finnish population in the 1970s ensued the initiation of preventive health intervention
  • References (7)
  • Citations (43)
Published on Jan 1, 2009
Pekka Puska3
Estimated H-index: 3
Erkki Vartiainen86
Estimated H-index: 86
+ 2 AuthorsMeri Paavola9
Estimated H-index: 9
41 Citations
Published on Nov 1, 2005in The Lancet 53.25
Longde Wang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Chinese Ministry of Health),
Lingzhi Kong2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Chinese Ministry of Health)
+ 2 AuthorsRobert Charles Burton17
Estimated H-index: 17
(World Health Organization)
Chronic diseases now account for an estimated 80% of deaths and 70% of disability-adjusted life-years lost in China. Cardiovascular diseases and cancer are the leading causes of both death and the burden of disease, and exposure to risk factors is high: more than 300 million men smoke cigarettes and 160 million adults are hypertensive, most of whom are not being treated. An obesity epidemic is imminent, with more than 20% of children aged 7-17 years in big cities now overweight or obese. The gov...
407 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2004in Food & Nutrition Research 2.09
Gösta Samuelson29
Estimated H-index: 29
AbstractAn expert report aiming to design strategies in promoting healthy diets and physical activity behaviours was published a year ago by the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and the World Health Organization (WHO) (WHO Technical Report Series No. 916, 2003). The global strategy aims to combat constructively the increasing problem of chronic diseases, on all levels in countries around the world. Overweight, obesity, type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, including hig...
1,740 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2004in Food and Nutrition Bulletin 1.88
Amalia Waxman7
Estimated H-index: 7
(World Health Organization)
208 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1995
Pekka Puska60
Estimated H-index: 60
Jaakko Tuomilehto148
Estimated H-index: 148
+ 1 AuthorsErkki Vartiainen86
Estimated H-index: 86
158 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 1994
Kleemola P4
Estimated H-index: 4
Mikko J. Virtanen39
Estimated H-index: 39
Pirjo Pietinen79
Estimated H-index: 79
54 Citations
Cited By43
Published on Jul 1, 2018in American Journal of Health Promotion 1.96
David L. Katz41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Yale University),
Elizabeth Pegg Frates9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Spaulding Rehabilitation Hospital)
+ 3 AuthorsRichard H. Carmona13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Arizona)
The power of lifestyle as medicine was perceived thousands of years ago. There is now consistent and compelling science to support the important influence of lifestyle on health. Approximately 80% of chronic disease and premature death could be prevented by not smoking, being physically active, and adhering to a healthful dietary pattern. Cardiovascular disease, diabetes, stroke, dementia, and cancer are all influenced by lifestyle choices. Despite the ample evidence about what behaviors promote...
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2018in Journal of Public Health 1.67
Simon Capewell67
Estimated H-index: 67
(University of Liverpool),
Ann Capewell3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Liverpool)
10 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 3, 2018in Annals of Human Biology 1.53
Richard Taylor60
Estimated H-index: 60
(University of New South Wales),
Sophia Lin6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of New South Wales)
+ 1 AuthorsStephen Morrell31
Estimated H-index: 31
(University of New South Wales)
AbstractContext: Fiji has undergone an epidemiological transition, characterised by declining infectious disease and childhood mortality, that has been offset by rising cardiovascular disease mortality. Other Pacific Island states are in a comparable situation.Objective: With a focus on Fiji, this study reviews and contextualises research performed by the authors and others that examines cardiovascular disease (CVD) and type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and their risk factors in Pacific Island states.Metho...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2017in The Lancet 53.25
Mahshid Dehghan22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Population Health Research Institute),
Andrew Mente30
Estimated H-index: 30
(McMaster University)
+ 352 AuthorsAnders H. Rosengren84
Estimated H-index: 84
(University of Gothenburg)
Summary Background The relationship between macronutrients and cardiovascular disease and mortality is controversial. Most available data are from European and North American populations where nutrition excess is more likely, so their applicability to other populations is unclear. Methods The Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study is a large, epidemiological cohort study of individuals aged 35–70 years (enrolled between Jan 1, 2003, and March 31, 2013) in 18 countries with a median fo...
168 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2017
Abstract The association between dairy food consumption and cardiovascular risk is being reevaluated. Despite their high saturated fatty acid content, fermented dairy products appear to have a neutral effect, based on several large prospective cohort studies. Further, the consumption of yogurt, fermented milk, and cheese has been shown to associate inversely with cardiovascular events in a significant number of cohort studies. The carotid intima-media thickness appears less with yogurt consumpti...
Source Cite
Published on Jul 3, 2016in Journal of The American College of Nutrition 2.17
William B. Grant62
Estimated H-index: 62
Rates of Alzheimer's disease (AD) are rising worldwide. The most important risk factors seem to be linked to diet. For example, when Japan made the nutrition transition from the traditional Japanese diet to the Western diet, AD rates rose from 1% in 1985 to 7% in 2008. Foods protective against AD include fruits, vegetables, grains, low-fat dairy products, legumes, and fish, whereas risk factors include meat, sweets, and high-fat dairy products. The evidence comes from ecological and observationa...
12 Citations Source Cite
Ashok R. Patel27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Ghent University),
Jean-Michel Lecerf15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Pasteur Institute)
+ 1 AuthorsKoen Dewettinck32
Estimated H-index: 32
(Ghent University)
The study of dietary fat consumption and its resultant effects on human health has been one of the most investigated topics in the field of human nutrition. Based on the results obtained from such studies, specific dietary recommendations on fat intake (both in terms of quantity and quality) have been established by health organizations around the globe. Among the various food industry sectors, the margarine manufacturers have also responded to these guidelines and now offer improved formulation...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2016
Anil Batta1
Estimated H-index: 1
A diet high in saturated fat content, heredity, and various metabolic conditions such as type II diabetes, influences an individual’s level of cholesterol. It’s a serious condition that increases the risk for heart disease. Most cholesterol in the body is made by the liver from a wide variety of foods, but especially from saturated fats, such as those found in animal products. It has been classified to LDL & HDL cholesterol. Ideally one should aim for total cholesterol of under 200 mg/dL and LDL...
1 Citations