Critical realism in case study research

Published on Jan 1, 2010in Industrial Marketing Management4.78
· DOI :10.1016/j.indmarman.2008.06.004
Geoff Easton17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Lancaster University)
Abstract Case study research is the most popular research method for researchers in industrial marketing. However despite a number of attempts the problem of satisfactorily justifying the use of case research remains. This paper proposes critical realism as a coherent, rigorous and novel philosophical position that not only substantiates case research as a research method but also provides helpful implications for both theoretical development and research process. The article describes the critical realist approach due to Sayer and develops a general application of a critical realist approach to case research. An example of its use in practice is presented using a case study of the development of a buyer–seller relationship after the installation of a new MIS system.
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Published on Oct 17, 2006in Georgetown Law Journal3.47
Jon D. Hanson11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Harvard University),
David G. Yosifon4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Santa Clara University)
This Article is dedicated to retiring the now-dominant "rational actor" model of human agency, together with its numerous "dispositionist" cohorts, and replacing them with a new conception of human agency that the authors call the "situational character." This is a key installment of a larger project recently introduced in an article titled The Situation: An Introduction to the Situational Character, Critical Realism, Power Economics, and Deep Capture, 152 U. Pa. L. Rev. 129 (2003). That introdu...
Published on Dec 1, 2005in Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing1.96
Arch G. Woodside51
Estimated H-index: 51
(BC: Boston College),
Hugh M. Pattinson7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UTS: University of Technology, Sydney),
Kenneth E. Miller9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UTS: University of Technology, Sydney)
Purpose – The principal objective here is to describe conceptual and research tools for achieving deeper sense‐making of what happened and why it happened –including how participants interpret outcomes of what happened and the dynamics of emic (executive) and etic (researcher) sense‐making.Design/methodology/approach – This article uses a mixed research design including decision systems analysis, cognitive mapping, computer software‐based text analysis, and the long interview method for mapping ...
Published on Feb 1, 2005in Journal of Documentation1.57
Marianne Wikgren15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Åbo Akademi University)
Purpose – The philosophical position known as critical realism is briefly introduced, and some of its central features are used to connect the philosophy and the realist social theory to some current library and information science (LIS) models of information behaviour.Design/methodology/approach – The paper uses a literature‐based analysis of the critical realism concepts of a stratified social reality, the importance of contextualisation, and the relation between structure and agency. These fe...
Published on Jan 1, 2005in Ecology and Society4.14
Ronald L. Trosper13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UBC: University of British Columbia)
The effort to combine analysis of ecosystems and social systems requires a firm theoretical basis. When humans are present in an ecosystem, their actions affect emergent structures; this paper examines forms of emergence that account for the presence of humans. Humans monitor and regulate ecosystems based on their cultural systems. Cultural systems consist of concepts linked in complicated ways that can form consistent world views, can contain inconsistencies, and may or may not accurately model...
Published on Sep 1, 2004in Media, Culture & Society1.89
Raymond W. K. Lau9
Estimated H-index: 9
Critical realism provides a fresh viewpoint concerning news production. The prevailing typology in the sociology of news production is critiqued and supplemented by a distinction between extraneous factors constraining journalists and internal factors deriving from journalists themselves. While approaches focusing on extraneous factors are implicitly realist, the philosophical underpinnings of approaches focusing on internal factors are varied, with the result that anti-realist interpretations o...
Published on May 1, 2004in American Political Science Review3.90
John Gerring30
Estimated H-index: 30
(BU: Boston University)
This paper aims to clarify the meaning, and explain the utility, of the case study method, a method often practiced but little understood. A “case study,” I argue, is best defined as an intensive study of a single unit with an aim to generalize across a larger set of units. Case studies rely on the same sort of covariational evidence utilized in non-case study research. Thus, the case study method is correctly understood as a particular way of defining cases, not a way of analyzing cases or a wa...
Published on Jan 1, 2004
Steve Fleetwood9
Estimated H-index: 9
Stephen Ackroyd21
Estimated H-index: 21
Part 1: Meta-Theory: Critique and Development 1. An Ontology for Organisation and Management Studies 2. Brands, Boundaries and Bandwagons: A Critical Reflection on Critical Management Studies 3. Idealism and Ideology: The Caterpillar Controversy in Critical Accounting Research 4. The Ontology Of Work: Social Relations and Doing in the Sphere of Necessity 5. Human Resource Management and Realism: A Morphogenetic Approach Part 2: Methodology: Critique and development 6. Methodology for Management ...
Published on Dec 1, 2003in Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing1.96
Woodside Arch1
Estimated H-index: 1
(BC: Boston College),
Wilson Elizabeth1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Suffolk University)
This article provides a new definition for case study research. Achieving deep understanding of processes and other concept variables (e.g. actors’ perceptions of their own thinking processes, intentions and contextual influences) is identified as the principal objective of case study research. Using multiple methods to “triangulate” (i.e. confirm and deepen understanding by using multiple sources all focusing on the same process/event) within the same case is described. The article outlines the...
Published on Jun 1, 2003in Interdisciplinary Science Reviews0.14
Peter Dickens1
Estimated H-index: 1
AbstractA number of contemporary issues demand transdisciplinarity, a fusion between insights from different disciplines within some overarching framework. Yet too often in such cases the disciplines continue to talk past each other. This paper focuses on critical realism as a way of coordinating the disciplines. Critical realism provides a view of reality as stratified, with real causal mechanisms operating at the physical, biological, and social levels, and combining with each other to generat...
Cited By505
Published on Jan 1, 2020
James R. Jones7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UNO: University of Nebraska Omaha),
Annabelle Telinhos (UNO: University of Nebraska Omaha)+ 1 AuthorsShamit Y. Patel
Published on Feb 26, 2019in BMC Public Health2.57
Ingrid Tyler (Fraser Health), Bernie Pauly9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UVic: University of Victoria)
+ 3 AuthorsHeather Manson9
Estimated H-index: 9
Background Equity-focused health impact assessment (EFHIA) can function as a framework and tool that supports users to collate data, information, and evidence related to health equity in order to identify and mitigate the impact of a current or proposed initiative on health inequities. Despite education efforts in both the clinical and public health settings, practitioners have found implementation and the use of evidence in completing equity focussed assessment tools to be challenging.
Published on Dec 1, 2019in BMC Health Services Research1.93
V. Abrahamson6
Estimated H-index: 6
(UKC: University of Kent),
Patricia Wilson15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UKC: University of Kent)
Background Stroke is the fourth largest cause of death in the UK and a leading cause of death and disability worldwide. Policy recommends reviewing patients at six-months post-stroke to identify unmet needs but lacks evidence of effectiveness. This study explored needs identified by patients, how they were addressed by the six-month review (6MR) and whether or not policy aspirations for the review were substantiated by the data.
Published on Sep 21, 2019
Arturo Realyvásquez-Vargas2
Estimated H-index: 2
Francisco Javier Flor-Moltalvo + 3 AuthorsJorge Luis García-Alcaraz12
Estimated H-index: 12
This paper reports a case study using a standardization process for increasing efficiency and a better optimization of resources in a printing company with 150 operators having manual and mechanical tasks in the box assembly department along with four production lines. The current capacity is 350 boxes per day, while the demand is 650 units, where the company is expected to pay large sums for overtime. Using work standardization, studying worker movements, timing, and workstations redesign, the ...
Published on Nov 29, 2018in International Journal of Production Research3.20
Gian Luca Gregori5
Estimated H-index: 5
Maria Rosaria Marcone1
Estimated H-index: 1
The authors structure the field of over-design, over-specification, and over-requirement (OOO) drawing from extant knowledge related to innovative managerial procedures in manufacturing systems, project portfolio management, and performance management. More specifically, we propose allowing the dominant perspectives of OOO and paving the way towards a coherent recognition foundation of innovative strategies in manufacturing systems. This lends itself to an analysis of innovative phenomena in des...
Sustainable development is a worldwide recognized social and political goal, discussed in both academic and political discourse and with much research on the topic related to sustainable development in higher education. Since mental models are formed more effectively at school age, we propose a new way of thinking that will help achieve this goal. This paper was written in the context of Russia, where the topic of sustainable development in education is poorly developed. The authors used the cla...
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