The Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire : a tool for the assessment and improvement of the psychosocial work environment

Published on Dec 1, 2005in Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health3.491
· DOI :10.5271/sjweh.948
Tage S. Kristensen47
Estimated H-index: 47
Harald Hannerz24
Estimated H-index: 24
+ 1 AuthorsVilhelm Borg24
Estimated H-index: 24
Objectives The aim of this article is to present the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), a questionnaire developed in three different lengths for assessing psychosocial factors at work, stress, and the well-being of employees and some personality factors. The purpose of the COPSOQ concept is to improve and facilitate research, as well as practical interventions at the workplaces. Methods The development of the questionnaire was based on a survey of a representative sample of 1858 Danish employees aged 20–59 years. The response rate was 62%; 49% were women. Altogether 145 questions from some international and Danish questionnaires and 20 self-developed questions were tested with factor analyses, analyses of internal reliability, and analyses of response patterns. Results The analyses resulted in a long research version of the questionnaire with 141 questions and 30 dimensions, a medium-length version for work environment professionals with 95 questions and 26 dimensions, and a short version for workplaces with 44 questions and 8 dimensions. Most of the scales have good reliability, and there seems to be very little overlap between the scales. A novel feature of the COPSOQ is the development of five different scales on demands at work. Conclusions The COPSOQ concept is a valid and reliable tool for workplace surveys, analytic research, interventions, and international comparisons. The questionnaire seems to be comprehensive and to include most of the relevant dimensions according to several important theories on psychosocial factors at work. The three versions facilitate communication between researchers, work environment professionals, and workplaces.
  • References (18)
  • Citations (706)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
3,051 Citations
2,863 Citations
3,570 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Tage S. Kristensen (STAMI: National Institute of Occupational Health)H-Index: 47
#2Jakob B. Bjorner (STAMI: National Institute of Occupational Health)H-Index: 54
Last. Vilhelm Borg (STAMI: National Institute of Occupational Health)H-Index: 24
view all 4 authors...
During recent years many researchers have criticized the widely used scales on psychological job demands. For instance, they comment that in most cases different types of demand seem to be mixed in one measure. In this paper we analyse the scale on quantitative job demands in the recently developed Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), with special emphasis on Differential Item Functioning (DIF). DIF refers to basic differences between groups of respondents, which may affect how they r...
97 CitationsSource
#1Johannes Siegrist (HHU: University of Düsseldorf)H-Index: 71
#2Dagmar Starke (HHU: University of Düsseldorf)H-Index: 8
Last. Richard Peter (University of Ulm)H-Index: 29
view all 7 authors...
1,275 CitationsSource
Objectives The aims of this study were (i) to describe the trends in the work environment in 1990-2000 among employees in Denmark and (ii) to establish whether these trends were attributable to labor-force changes. Methods The split-panel design of the Danish Work Environment Cohort Study includes interviews with three cross-sections of 6067, 5454, and 5404 employees aged 18-59 years, each representative of the total Danish labor force in 1990, 1995 and 2000. In the cross-sections, the participa...
134 CitationsSource
#1John E. WareH-Index: 111
The SF-36 is a generic health status measure which has gained popularity as a measure of outcome in a wide variety of patient groups and social. The 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and its shorter version, the SF-12, are the measures SF-36 Health Survey manual and interpretation guide. Health Services Research Unit, University of Oxford, Headington. Postal survey using a questionnaire booklet, containing the SF-36-II and questions. The SMFA, the health survey short form (SF-36) along wi...
8,566 Citations
PART 1: INTRODUCTION: Work and Health Psychology: A Description of the Field and its Future The Theoretical Background Health Well-Being and Occupation, an Epidemiological Overview PART II: BASIC THEORETICAL ISSUES: Job Control and Health Pressure or Threat, Steering or Stress Individual Differences, Work Stress and Health Social Support and Organizational Culture PART III: DIAGNOSIS: The Measurement of Stress in Organizations Measurement of Coping in a Work Context Work Satisfaction PART IV: PR...
464 Citations
Objective: The aim of this study was to analyse the associations between socioeconomic status (SES) and a number of psychosocial work environment factors with a potential impact on inequality in health. Methods: A representative sample of 1,684 adult Danish employees fi lled in a standardized questionnaire or were interviewed by telephone. The response rate was 62%. The population was divided into four levels of SES (I to IV). The psychosocial work environment was described with 19 scales. Resul...
138 CitationsSource
Background For more than 200 years, it has been known that exposure incurred during worklife can lead to increased cancer risk. In Switzerland, only mortality risks by occupation have been studied systematically so far. Five of the eight Swiss regional cancer registries, covering approximately 40% of the Swiss population, record the occupation for cancer patients systematically. Based on these incidence data, the current study presents an overview of cancer risk patterns by socioeconomic status ...
107 CitationsSource
#1Michiel A. J. Kompier (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 41
81 CitationsSource
#1Tom CoxH-Index: 40
295 Citations
#1A. SchmatbergerH-Index: 1
#2M. HeselmansH-Index: 1
Last. G. KnaveH-Index: 1
view all 18 authors...
During the period 1998-1999 data collection was carried out in the EU Member States in order to collect and publish up-to-date information on future occupational safety and health research needs and priorities to improve collaboration and to guide occupational safety and health research over the next decade. National reports included the viewpoints of social partners and of all relevant research institutions. Psychosocial issues (stress at work), ergonomics (manual handling/work postures) and ch...
9 Citations
Cited By706
#2Kjell TorénH-Index: 54
Last. Mia SöderbergH-Index: 5
view all 4 authors...
Aims: In order to add to the existing knowledge about factors associated with retirement timing, in the car industry, it is useful to consider the psychosocial working conditions prior to retirement. This case-control study aimed to investigate relationships between psychosocial job factors and extended work after the age of 62 years among workers in the car industry in Sweden. Methods: A study invitation with a survey was sent to workers in one of Sweden’s largest car manufacturing company, who...
#1P. Nuss (University of Paris)H-Index: 7
#2Cedric TessierH-Index: 11
Last. D. Gourion (HEC Paris)H-Index: 1
view all 7 authors...
Burnout rates are estimated to be twice as high among healthcare professionals as in the general working population, and studies indicate rising incidence. The present study aimed to identify the contextual factors associated with self-reported burnout rates among French psychiatrists. A total of 860 French or French-speaking psychiatrists completed an online questionnaire when they registered for a major psychiatric conference. The Copenhagen Burnout Inventory, a validated scale that independen...
#1Hanne Berthelsen (Malmö University)H-Index: 7
#2Hugo Westerlund (Stockholm University)H-Index: 45
Last. Hermann BurrH-Index: 43
view all 4 authors...
This study presents the Swedish standard version of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire, COPSOQ III, and investigates its reliability and validity at individual and workplace levels with the aim of establishing benchmarks for the psychosocial work environment. Cross-sectional data from (1) a random sample of employees in Sweden aged 25–65 years (N = 2847) and (2) a convenience sample of non-managerial employees at 51 workplaces (N = 1818) were analysed. Internal consistency reliability was...
#1Roxana AgrigoroaieH-Index: 1
Last. Adriana TapusH-Index: 24
view all 3 authors...
Research related to regulatory focus theory has shown that the way in which a message is conveyed can increase the effectiveness of the message. While different research fields have used this theory, in human-robot interaction (HRI), no real attention has been given to this theory. In this paper, we investigate it in an in the wild scenario. More specifically, we are interested on how individuals react when a robot suddenly appears at their office doors. Will they interact with it or will they i...
#1Kauko Heikkilae (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 52
#2Jaana Pentti (UH: University of Helsinki)H-Index: 57
Last. Hermann Burr (Federal Institute for Occupational Safety and Health)H-Index: 43
view all 30 authors...
Background Job strain is implicated in many atherosclerotic diseases, but its role in peripheral artery disease (PAD) is unclear. We investigated the association of job strain with hospital records of PAD, using individual-level data from 11 prospective cohort studies from Finland, Sweden, Denmark, and the United Kingdom. Methods and Results Job strain (high demands and low control at work) was self-reported at baseline (1985-2008). PAD records were ascertained from national hospitalization data...
1 CitationsSource
#1Ronja Schaber (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)
#2Marlene Karl (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)
Last. Susan Garthus-Niegel (TUD: Dresden University of Technology)H-Index: 16
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Background Many mothers combine two sides of their life: They are both educated employees and family organizers. The aim of this study is to investigate risk and protective factors of depressive symptoms during the postpartum period (PPD symptoms) on both those sides of mothers’ life, including education, job-, and housework-related factors. Methods Data (n = 689) were drawn from the prospective-longitudinal cohort study “Dresden Study on Parenting, Work, and Mental Health” (DREAM). Edu...
#1Samuel Yaw Lissah (UM: Maastricht University)
#2Martin Amogre Ayanore (University of Health and Allied Sciences)H-Index: 4
Last. Robert A. C. Ruiter (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 34
view all 4 authors...
Domestic waste collectors play key roles in the collection and disposal of solid waste in Ghana. The work environment and conditions under which domestic waste collectors operate influence their job satisfaction ratings and health outcomes. This study investigated psychosocial risk factors, work-related stress and job satisfaction needs among municipal solid waste collectors in the Ho Municipality of Ghana. A phenomenological design was applied to collect data among 64 domestic waste collectors,...
Although evidence reveals severe effects of sexual harassment on care workers’ mental health, there is a scarcity of studies that investigate care workers’ experiences of sexually inappropriate behavior from patients or clients. One reason for this lack of research is that validated measures that assess different types of sexual harassment experienced by employees working with patients or clients are lacking. In this study, we seek to establish a conceptual framework for investigating extraorgan...