Adolphe Quetelet (1796–1874)—the average man and indices of obesity

Published on Aug 17, 2007in Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation4.198
· DOI :10.1093/ndt/gfm517
Garabed Eknoyan50
Estimated H-index: 50
(BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)
The quest for a practical index of relative body weight that began shortly after actuaries reported the increased mortality of their overweight policyholders culminated after World War II, when the relationship between weight and cardiovascular disease became the subject of epidemiological studies. It became evident then that the best index was the ratio of the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters, or the Quetelet Index described in 1832. Adolphe Quetelet (1796-1874) was a Belgian mathematician, astronomer and statistician, who developed a passionate interest in probability calculus that he applied to study human physical characteristics and social aptitudes. His pioneering cross-sectional studies of human growth led him to conclude that other than the spurts of growth after birth and during puberty, 'the weight increases as the square of the height', known as the Quetelet Index until it was termed the Body Mass Index in 1972 by Ancel Keys (1904-2004). For his application of comparative statistics to social conditions and moral issues, Quetelet is considered a founder of the social sciences. His principal work, 'A Treatise of Man and the development of his faculties' published in 1835 is considered 'one of the greatest books of the 19th century'. A tireless promoter of statistical data collection based on standard methods and definitions, Quetelet organized in 1853 the first International Statistical Congress, which launched the development of 'a uniform nomenclature of the causes of death applicable to all countries', progenitor of the current International Classification of Diseases.
Figures & Tables
  • References (23)
  • Citations (339)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
1,343 Citations
200459.10The Lancet
1 Author (Chizuru Nishida)
5,256 Citations
6,568 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Garabed Eknoyan (BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)H-Index: 50
Chronic food shortage and malnutrition have been the scourge of humankind from the dawn of history. The current worldwide epidemic of obesity, now recognized as a public health crisis, is barely a few decades old. Only after the technological advances of the eighteenth century did a gradual increase in food supply became available. The initial effect of these advances in improved public health and amount, quality, and variety of food was increased longevity and body size. These early favorable o...
59 CitationsSource
#1Garabed Eknoyan (BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)H-Index: 50
Throughout most of history, medical knowledge was descriptive in nature and derived from the work of individual investigators of independent mind pursuing careful but often chance observations. Using deductive reasoning, these findings were then generalized, authoritatively presented, and dogmatically promulgated. This, coupled with firmly grounded principles of divine determinism, precluded any serious consideration of randomness, even when variations from recorded, but erroneous, statements we...
9 CitationsSource
#1David LoaderH-Index: 1
This chapter discusses various risks of financial markets. Understanding the risks in financial markets involves examining the case studies of when, how, and why a risk manifests itself.. Currently, supervisors and the banking industry have recognized the importance of operational risk in shaping the risk profiles of financial institutions. Developments such as the use of more highly automated technology, the growth of e-commerce, and large-scale mergers and acquisitions that test the viability ...
154 CitationsSource
12 CitationsSource
#1Norman L. JohnsonH-Index: 38
#2Samuel KotzH-Index: 54
Forerunners. Statistical Inference. Statistical Theory. Probability Theory. Government and Economic Statistics. Applications in Medicine and Agriculture. Applications in Science and Engineering. Appendix. Indexes. List of Series Titles.
62 CitationsSource
#1David Sullivan (Metropolitan State University of Denver)H-Index: 1
VOLUME E: THE NINETEENTH CENTURY WILLIAM WORDSWORTH (1770-1850) Lines Written a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey Nutting from Preface to Lyrical Ballads Composed Upon Westminster Bridge My heart leaps up Ode: Intimations of Immortality from Recollections of Early Childhood To the Cuckoo Mark the concen'tred hazels that enclose from The Prelude from Book Fifth: Books (The Dream of the Arab) from Book Sixth: Cambridge and the Alps (Crossing the Alps) from Book Eleventh: France from Book Fourteenth: C...
1 CitationsSource
#1Peter L. BernsteinH-Index: 1
TO 1200: BEGINNINGS. The Winds of the Greeks and the Role of the Dice. As Easy As I, II, III. 1200-1700: A THOUSAND OUTSTANDING FACTS. The Renaissance Gambler. The French Connection. The Remarkable Notions of the Remarkable Notions Man. 1700-1900: MEASUREMENT UNLIMITED. Considering the Nature of Man. The Search for Moral Certainty. The Supreme Law of Unreason. The Man with the Sprained Brain. Peapods and Perils. The Fabric of Felicity. 1900-1960: CLOUDS OF VAGUENESS AND THE DEMAND FOR PRECISION....
1,216 Citations
4 CitationsSource
#1Stephen M. StiglerH-Index: 32
Introduction PART 1: The Development of Mathematical Statistics in Astronomy and Geodesy before 1827 1. Least Squares and the Combination of Observations Legendre in 1805 Cotes's Rule Tobias Mayer and the Libration of the Moon Saturn, Jupiter, and Enter Laplace's Rescue of the Solar System Roger Boscovich and the Figure of the Earth Laplace and the Method of Situation Legendre and the Invention of Least Squares 2. Probabilists and the Measurement of Uncertainty Jacob Bernoulli De Moivre and the ...
934 Citations
#1Marion DiamondH-Index: 2
#2Mervyn StoneH-Index: 10
16 CitationsSource
Cited By339
#1Ruth Bartelli Grigolon (UNIFESP: Federal University of São Paulo)H-Index: 2
#2Elisa Brietzke (UNIFESP: Federal University of São Paulo)H-Index: 8
Last. Rodrigo B. Mansur (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 24
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Physical activity (PA) has been proposed as a determinant of cognitive function and is one component of energy balance (EB). EB is the difference between energy intake (EI) and the total daily energy expenditure (TDEE). TDEE is a combination of resting metabolic rate (RMR), thermic effect of food and PA. The potential role of each of these components on cognitive function has not yet been systemically investigated. We aim to evaluate the association between each component of EB on cogni...
#1Claudio O. Stöckle (WSU: Washington State University)H-Index: 38
#2Armen Ricardo Kemanian (PSU: Pennsylvania State University)H-Index: 16
Increasing food demand under climate change constraints may challenge and strain agricultural systems. The use of crop models to assess genotypes performance across diverse target environments and management practices, i.e. the genetic x environment x management interaction (GEMI), can help understand genotype and agronomic practices suitability and possibly accelerate turnaround in plant breeding programs. However, the readiness of models to support these tasks can be debated. In this article w...
BACKGROUND: Child's growth has been considered an important indicator to evaluate health trends in a population and to devise strategies accordingly. The purpose of the present study was to determine most commonly occurring weight abnormalities among school-going girls from Punjab and to compare with international growth references devised by World Health Organization (WHO) and Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). METHODS: In this cross-sectional study a sample of 10,050 child and ad...
Psoriasis (PsO) has been associated with lipoprotein abnormalities, visceral adiposity, atherosclerosis, and coronary artery disease (CAD) in several studies; however, data concerning the risk of psoriasis relevant to these parameters is not well established. We aimed to evaluate the relation between PsO and small dense low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (sd-LDL-C), serum lipid profile (SLP), blood pressures, anthropometric measurements, intima media thickness of the common carotid artery (CIMT...
Resumen Introduccion Nuestro trabajo tiene como objetivo aumentar la eficiencia del cribado de aneuploidias del primer trimestre de la gestacion mediante la creacion de modelos predictivos que sirvan para identificar gestantes en riesgo de desarrollar sobrepeso u obesidad en el tercer trimestre e instaurar medidas preventivas de obesidad a partir de ellos. Metodos Estudio observacional de tipo ambispectivo realizado en atencion primaria, en el que se han recogido un total de 380 registros corres...
#1Rona Carter (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 7
#2Eleanor K. Seaton (ASU: Arizona State University)H-Index: 7
Last. Janelle L. Blazek (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
Research on pubertal development among Black boys is limited. Addressing this gap, we examined associations between three pubertal domains (e.g., voice change, hair growth, and perceived relative timing), depressive symptoms, self-esteem, and self-efficacy, among a nationally representative sample of 395 African American and 164 Caribbean Black boys (Mage = 15 years). Moderation by ethnic-racial identity (e.g., racial centrality, racial regard) was also explored. Results indicated that for both ...
#1Nitin KapoorH-Index: 4
#1Nitin Kapoor (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 4
Last. Robyn J. TappH-Index: 28
view all 8 authors...
Obesity indicators are known to predict the presence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM); however, evidence for which indicator best identifies undiagnosed T2DM in the Indian population is still very limited. In the present study we examined the utility of different obesity indicators to identify the presence of undiagnosed T2DM and determined their appropriate cut point for each obesity measure. Individuals were recruited from the large-scale population-based Kerala Diabetes Prevention Program. ...
#1Hyuk In Yang (Yonsei University)H-Index: 6
#2Wonhee Cho (Yonsei University)H-Index: 1
Last. John C. Spence (U of A: University of Alberta)H-Index: 40
view all 11 authors...
OBJECTIVE: To propose a new anthropometric index that can be employed to better predict percent body fat (PBF) among young adults and to compare with current anthropometric indices. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: All measurements were taken in a controlled laboratory setting in Seoul (South Korea), between 1 December 2015 and 30 June 2016. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-seven young adults (18-35 years) who underwent dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) were used for analysis. Multiple regression anal...
#2Zacharie T Dimbuene (UNIKIN: University of Kinshasa)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
This study examined the socio-demographic factors associated with normal linear growth among pre-school children living in better-off households, using survey data from Ghana, Kenya, Nigeria, Mozambique and Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The primary outcome variable was child height-for-age z-scores (HAZ), categorised into HAZ>/=-2SD (normal growth/not stunted) and HAZ<-2 (stunted). Using logistic regression, we estimated adjusted odds ratios (aORs) of the factors associated with normal gro...
#1Carolyn S. KaufmanH-Index: 1
#2Eric D. VidoniH-Index: 23
Last. Sandra A. BillingerH-Index: 19
view all 5 authors...
Cerebral blood flow (CBF) decreases across the lifespan, and chronic conditions such as dementia and stroke accelerate this decline. Impaired CBF results in reduced delivery of oxygen and nutrients, which can damage the brain over time. Thus, there is a need to identify lifestyle interventions, including diet and exercise, to maintain CBF with aging and in the presence of chronic disease. In the present study, we used transcranial Doppler ultrasound to record middle cerebral artery velocity (MCA...