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Using lifestyle and coping to reduce job stress and improve health in ‘at risk’ office workers

Published on Jul 1, 1999in Stress Medicine
· DOI :10.1002/(SICI)1099-1700(199907)15:3<143::AID-SMI808>3.0.CO;2-4
Thalina L. Lindquist1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Cary L. Cooper96
Estimated H-index: 96
(University of Manchester)
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Abstract
This study assessed the effectiveness of an intervention programme which employed previously identified lifestyle and coping strategies to reduce the subjective experience and effects of work-related stress. Employees (104) working in a government tax office with identified stress-related symptoms were randomized to enter an intervention group (52) or a control group (52). Pre- and post-programme questionnaire assessments of work-related stress, coping strategies, physical health and lifestyle as well as physiological assessments (blood pressure and body mass index) were used to evaluate changes following an 8-week programme implementation phase. The programme comprised four weekly workshops on stress and lifestyle education as well as stress-coping skills training, followed by individual counselling sessions and a personalized action plan. Control group members were offered the same programme after post-programme assessment. There were no statistically significant differences between the intervention and control groups for stress and health indicators at post-programme. A 12-week post-intervention follow-up showed reductions in perceived workplace (p<0.01) and home/work (p=0.05) stress. The data suggest that relatively short interventions with individual follow-up can reduce perceptions of stress even where workplace stressors have not changed. Copyright © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • References (42)
  • Citations (31)
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References42
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 1997in Hypertension7.02
Thalina L. Lindquist1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UWA: University of Western Australia),
Lawrence J. Beilin85
Estimated H-index: 85
(UWA: University of Western Australia),
Matthew Knuiman58
Estimated H-index: 58
(UWA: University of Western Australia)
We designed this study to clarify the role of work stress on long-term blood pressure control and in particular to investigate whether perceived work stress directly affected resting blood pressure levels or whether there were indirect effects mediated by coping mechanisms and lifestyle. Men (n=337) and women (n=317) working in a government tax office completed questionnaires for assessment of work-related stress, coping strategies, and lifestyle. Seven resting blood pressure measurements were r...
Published on Nov 1, 1996in American Journal of Health Promotion2.64
Lawrence R. Murphy2
Estimated H-index: 2
Abstract Purpose. To review critically the research literature on the health effects of worksite stress-management interventions. Search Methods. Stress-management interventions were defined as techniques that are designed to help employees modify their appraisal of stressful situations or deal more effectively with the symptoms of stress. Stress-management studies that were worksite based, assessed a health outcome, and were published in the peer-reviewed literature were included in this review...
Published on Jan 1, 1995in Health Psychology3.53
David N. Lombard8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Tamara Neubauer Lombard3
Estimated H-index: 3
(VT: Virginia Tech),
Richard A. Winett42
Estimated H-index: 42
(VT: Virginia Tech)
Published on Oct 1, 1992in Psychology & Health2.40
Grønningæter Hilde1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Hytten Karsten1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Oslo)
+ 2 AuthorsUrsin Holger1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Bergen)
Abstract The effects of two types of stress-reduction interventions on physically inactive employees in an insurance company have been studied. After balancing for sex. level of job stress, and anxiety, subjects were allocated at random to: (a) aerobic physical exercise, (b) stress management training, or (c) a control group (no treatment). A total of 76 subjects (96%) were tested after ten weeks of training and 72 (91%) were examined at six month follow up. Aerobic exercise resulted in signific...
Published on Sep 1, 1992in American Journal of Health Promotion2.64
James Campbell Quick34
Estimated H-index: 34
(UTA: University of Texas at Arlington),
J. Barab1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UTA: University of Texas at Arlington)
+ 7 AuthorsS. Weiss1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UTA: University of Texas at Arlington)
Purpose of the Review.Psychological disorders are one of the 10 leading work-related diseases and injuries in the United States according to the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health. This article addresses occupational mental health and preventive stress management in the workplace. The individual and organizational costs are briefly considered with concern for reducing the burden of suffering associated with these problems.Search Method.As an American Psychological Association ...
Published on Aug 15, 1992in American Journal of Epidemiology4.47
Jan A. Staessen115
Estimated H-index: 115
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven),
E O'Brien24
Estimated H-index: 24
+ 6 AuthorsAmery A51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
Published on Aug 1, 1992in Journal of Advanced Nursing2.38
Rosanne H. Pruitt6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Clemson University)
The effect of a stress management programme as a component of an overall fitness programme was evaluated Psychological, physiological and economic parameters were examined in relation to stress management activities in an experimental study Subjects were stratified by life stressors and then randomly assigned to groups Stress-related physical symptoms decreased significantly (P < 0 05) in the treatment group Those who practised the relaxation techniques regularly had significantly lower systolic...
Published on Jan 1, 1992in Health Promotion International1.91
Minagawa K5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Niigata University),
Nobuki Nishioka4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Niigata University)
+ 10 AuthorsKoichi Iwai4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Osaka University)
Published on Apr 1, 1991in American Journal of Cardiology2.84
Jan A. Staessen115
Estimated H-index: 115
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven),
Robert Fagard104
Estimated H-index: 104
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
+ 3 AuthorsAmery A51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
Abstract To perform a meta-analysis of published reports in an attempt to determine the mean and range of normal ambulatory blood pressure (BP), 23 studies including a total of 3,476 normal subjects were reviewed. Most studies were compatible with a mean 24-hour BP in the range of 115 to 120 70 to 75 mm Hg, a mean daytime BP of 120 to 125 75 to 80 mm Hg, and a mean nighttime BP of 105 to 110 60 to 65 mm Hg. With weighting for the number of subjects included in the individual studies, the 24-hour...
Published on May 1, 1990in Preventive Medicine3.45
Maurizio Trevisan76
Estimated H-index: 76
(UB: University at Buffalo),
V. Krogh77
Estimated H-index: 77
+ 7 AuthorsGiorgio Ricci34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Sapienza University of Rome)
Abstract The relationship between consumption of foods high in saturated fats and cholesterol and a number of coronary heart disease risk factors (blood pressure, serum glucose, serum cholesterol, and triglycerides) was analyzed in a large sample (4,917) of Italian men and women, ages 20–59 years. The dietary habits of the participants were ascertained with a food frequency questionnaire. Intake of atherogenic foods (foods high in cholesterol and saturated fats) was evaluated for each participan...
Cited By31
Newest
Purpose Having a child with type 1 diabetes as a stressor causes the use of coping strategies in mothers. The aim of this study was to investigate the coping strategies in mothers of children with type 1 diabetes and their relationship with stress management.
M Karanika-Murray10
Estimated H-index: 10
(NTU: Nottingham Trent University),
Dimitra Gkiontsi (NTU: Nottingham Trent University), Thom Baguley16
Estimated H-index: 16
(NTU: Nottingham Trent University)
Purpose Although visible leader support is an essential ingredient for successful organizational health interventions, knowledge on how leaders at different hierarchical levels engage with interventions is underdeveloped. The purpose of this paper is to explore leader engagement by drawing from the experiences of the intervention team. Design/methodology/approach Data from semi-structured interviews with the team responsible for implementing an organizational health intervention in two large UK ...
Erdem Haluk (Turkish Military Academy), Turen Ufuk (Turkish Military Academy)+ 1 AuthorsTuz Oguz
High level stress in work place is known to be associated with negative organizational behaviors and bad organizational performance. There are individual and organizational factors influencing stress coping behavior of employees. In this study we explore the impact of employees’ perceptions of organizational support on their stress coping capabilities (problem-focused stress coping and emotion-focused stress coping) and whether their psychological capital (PsyCap) plays a mediating role in this ...
Published on May 1, 2016
Purpose – Recent research has explored employee resilience as a personal resource capable of development for both individual and organisational outcome benefits. Reviews examining programmes to build employee resilience have identified only a small number of empirical studies. Whilst one to one modes of resilience programme delivery have been identified as being potentially more effective than other modes, review authors conclude the current literature to lack coherence and call for further work...
Published on Jan 29, 2014
Czeslaw Czabala2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Katarzyna Charzynska2
Estimated H-index: 2
Mental health promotion in the workplace is recommended as a means of improving work efficiency and increasing job satisfaction as well as enhancing relationships at work. It is also expected to contribute to personal and professional development. This chapter includes reports from evaluation studies on workplace mental health promotion interventions. Seventy-nine studies whose design included control condition are reviewed. The aims of this overview were to identify and document evidence-based ...
Published on Dec 1, 2013in Stress and Health1.88
Sofia von Humboldt7
Estimated H-index: 7
(International Sleep Products Association),
Isabel Leal19
Estimated H-index: 19
(International Sleep Products Association)
+ 1 AuthorsPatrícia Tavares1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Technical University of Lisbon)
To date, little research has yet focused in broad assessment for management consultancy professionals. This investigation aims to analyse management consultants' self-perceptions of occupational stress (SPoOS), sources of stress (SoS) and stress management strategies (SMS) and to find latent constructs that can work as major determinants in consultants' conceptualization of SPoOS, SoS and SMS. Measures were completed, including demographics and interviews. Complete data were available for 39 man...
Karina Nielsen28
Estimated H-index: 28
,
Raymond Randall18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Leicester)
Organizational-level occupational health interventions are often recommended when improvements in working conditions, employee health, and well-being are sought within organizations. Research has revealed that these interventions result in inconsistent effects despite being based on theoretical frameworks. This inconsistency indicates that intervention studies need to be designed to examine directly how and why such interventions bring about change and why they sometimes fail. We argue that inte...
Published on Jul 1, 2013in Work & Stress2.68
Karina Nielsen28
Estimated H-index: 28
(UEA: University of East Anglia),
Johan Simonsen Abildgaard7
Estimated H-index: 7
(UCPH: University of Copenhagen)
Abstract Organizational interventions are often recommended when organizations want to improve employee psychological health and well-being. Research, however, has revealed inconsistent results and reviewers have called for research on why interventions either bring about desired change or fail to do so. Answering the “how” and “why” of intervention outcomes requires a close examination of the elements that hinder or facilitate desired outcomes, thus moving beyond evaluation of only the overall ...
Published on Feb 1, 2013
Jan Illing16
Estimated H-index: 16
,
Madeline Carter5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 5 AuthorsBryan Burford14
Estimated H-index: 14
Background Workplace bullying is a persistent problem in the NHS with negative implications for individuals, teams, and organisations. Bullying is a complex phenomenon and there is a lack of evidence on the best approaches to manage the problem. Aims Research questions What is known about the occurrence, causes, consequences and management of bullying and inappropriate behaviour in the workplace? Objectives Summarise the reported prevalence of workplace bullying and inappropriate behaviour. Summ...
Published on Jan 1, 2013
Marc Corbière21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Université de Sherbrooke),
Alessia Negrini7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Institut de recherche Robert-Sauvé en santé et en sécurité du travail),
Carolyn S. Dewa30
Estimated H-index: 30
(U of T: University of Toronto)
In Canada and other countries, the costs related to health care and loss of work productivity due to mental disorders exceed several billion dollars annually. The main purpose of this chapter is to help readers to better understand the relationship between mental health and work conditions. First, the authors present the economic burden of mental disorders in the workplace with particular attention to presenteeism, work absences, and long-term disability. Second, the individual, organizational, ...