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Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Research Methods in Engineering Education
Abstract
The purpose of this research review is to open dialog about quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research methods in engineering education research. Our position is that no particular method is privileged over any other. Rather, the choice must be driven by the research questions. For each approach we offer a definition, aims, appropriate research questions, evaluation criteria, and examples from the Journal of Engineering Education. Then, we present empirical results from a prestigious international conference on engineering education research. Participants expressed disappointment in the low representation of qualitative studies; nonetheless, there appeared to be a strong preference for quantitative methods, particularly classroom-based experiments. Given the wide variety of issues still to be explored within engineering education, we expect that quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches will be essential in the future. We encourage readers to further investigate alternate research methods by accessing some of our sources and collaborating across education/social science and engineering disciplinary boundaries.
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  • References (114)
  • Cited By (287)
  • References (114)
  • Cited By (287)
2002
者:Sharan B. Merriam1
Estimated H-index: 1
Preface. The Editor. The Contributors. Part One: The Nature of Qualitative Inquiry. 1. Introduction to Qualitative Research (Sharan B. Merriam).2. Assessing and Evaluating Qualitative Research (Sharan B. Merriam).Part Two: Examples of Qualitative Research for Discussion and Analysis. BASIC INTERPRETIVE QUALITATIVE RESEARCH. 3. How Cultural Values Shape Learning in Older Adulthood: The Case of Malaysia (Sharan B. Merriam, Mazanah Muhamad).Do All These People Have To Be Here? Reflections on Collec...
2,124 Citations Download PDF
2005
John Heywood1
Estimated H-index: 1
A synthesis of nearly 2,000 articles to help make engineers better educators; While a significant body of knowledge has evolved in the field of engineering education over the years, much of the published information has been restricted to scholarly journals and has not found a broad audience. This publication rectifies that situation by reviewing the findings of nearly 2,000 scholarly articles to help engineers become better educators, devise more effective curricula, and be more effective leade...
102 Citations Source
1994
Matthew B. Miles14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
A. Michael Huberman9
Estimated H-index: 9
Matthew B. Miles, Qualitative Data Analysis A Methods Sourcebook, Third Edition. The Third Edition of Miles & Huberman's classic research methods text is updated and streamlined by Johnny Saldana, author of The Coding Manual for Qualitative Researchers. Several of the data display strategies from previous editions are now presented in re-envisioned and reorganized formats to enhance reader accessibility and comprehension. The Third Edition's presentation of the fundamentals of research design an...
21.9k Citations Source
2002
Michael Quinn Patton30
Estimated H-index: 30
This book explains clearly conceptual issues and themes on qualitative research and evaluaton methods including: qualitative data, triangulated inquiry, qualitative inquiry, constructivism, constructionism, Complexity (chaos) theory, qualitative designs and data collection, fieldwork strategies, interviewing, tape-recording, ethical issues, analysis, interpretation and reporting, observations vs. perceived impacts and utilisation-focused evaluation reporting.
7,679 Citations Source
2000
Allan Feldman20
Estimated H-index: 20
,
Jim Minstrell1
Estimated H-index: 1
Increasingly, action research has become a part of funded educational research and curricular development projects. There have been two main arguments for this. The first is that it reduces the time lag between the generation of new knowledge and its application in the classroom. If teachers are the researchers, the time lag may be reduced to zero. The second is that teachers represent a highly educated population who, with proper training, could act as classroom researchers. This offers are at ...
41 Citations Source Cite
1997
B. Michael Thorne1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
J. Martin Giesen1
Estimated H-index: 1
Preface 1. The Language of Statistics PART I. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS 2. Definitions and Scaling 3. The Frequency Distribution 4. Graphing Data 5. Measures of Central Tendency 6. Measures of Dispersion and Standard Scores Review of Descriptive Statistics PART II. INFERENTIAL STATISTICS 7. Probability 8. The Normal Distribution 9. Confidence Intervals and Hypothesis Testing 10. Significance of the Difference Between Two Sample Means 11. One-Way Analysis of Variance With Post Hoc Comparisons 12. Tw...
26 Citations Source
2002
Richard J. Shavelson52
Estimated H-index: 52
,
Lisa Towne7
Estimated H-index: 7
Researchers, historians, and philosophers of science have debated the nature of scientific research in education for more than 100 years. Recent enthusiasm for "evidence-based" policy and practice in educationa "now codified in the federal law that authorizes the bulk of elementary and secondary education programsa "have brought a new sense of urgency to understanding the ways in which the basic tenets of science manifest in the study of teaching, learning, and schooling. Scientific Research in ...
1,101 Citations Source
1994
John W. Creswell38
Estimated H-index: 38
(University of Nebraska–Lincoln)
Preface Purpose Audience Format Outline of Chapters 1. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS Ch 1. A Framework for Design Three Elements of Inquiry Alternative Knowledge Claims Strategies of Inquiry Research Methods Three Approaches to Research Criteria for Selecting an Approach Personal Experiences Audience Summary Writing Exercises Additional Readings Ch 2. Review of the Literature Identifying a Topic A Researchable Topic Purpose of the Literature Review Literature Reviews in Qualitative, Quantitative, a...
32.3k Citations Download PDF
2006
John W. Creswell38
Estimated H-index: 38
(University of Nebraska–Lincoln),
Vicki L. Plano Clark22
Estimated H-index: 22
(University of Nebraska–Lincoln)
List of Tables List of Figures Preface Purpose of This Book Audience for the Book Book Features Acknowledgments Chapter 1: Understanding Mixed Methods Research Purpose and Organization Clarifying Terms What Is Mixed Methods Research? The Importance of Mixed Methods Research Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 2: Examining Preliminary Considerations Consider Worldview Stances The Basics of Quantitative and Qualitative Research Research Problems Addressed by Mixed Methods Su...
6,760 Citations Source
Cheryl Moller-Wong2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Iowa State University),
Arvid R. Eide1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Iowa State University)
National engineering enrollment peaked in the early 1980's and, with rare exception, has declined or remained flat for the past fifteen years. Historically, engineering enrollment has focused on new student recruitment, but recently much more attention has been directed toward the issue of student retention. Our efforts at Iowa State University to examine retention issues were divided into two parts. Phase I of the study, which is presented in this paper, was targeted to accomplish several objec...
89 Citations Source Cite
  • References (114)
  • Cited By (287)
2015
William James Hamersly (Walden University)
Business Governance Best Practices of Virtual Project Teams by William J. Hamersly MBA, Northcentral University, 2006 BS, American Intercontinental University, 2005 Doctoral Study Submitted in Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Doctor of Business Administration Walden University March 2015 Abstract The steady increase in project failure rates is leaving businesses searching for better integration techniques to virtualize their project environments. Through virtualization, ...
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2013
1.10.2013 Bachelor of International Business Author Hoang Ngo Group or year of entry GloBBA 2010 Title of thesis Challenges for electronic invoicing systems: A quantitative study of Vietnamese SMEs Number of report pages and attachment pages 64+8 Thesis advisor(s) Heli Kortesalmi, Mika Mustikainen, Jutta Heikkila Alongside the traditional paper invoice, there is another type of invoice that has been around for over a decade but is less popular and less known to firms – the electronic invoice. To...
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2014
Prem P. Timsina (University of Vermont)
This qualitative study focuses on the faculty engaged in the preparation of secondary teachers at North East University (NEU). It seeks to discover how they see themselves as professionals and assess their work preparing future teachers in “Best Practices” of teaching so that they can effectively teach all students, particularly low achievers. To achieve the goal of this study, I conducted semi-structured individual interviews with those faculty who are engaged in preparing teachers at the secon...
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2013
Tarek Zarook2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Mohammad Mafizur Rahman11
Estimated H-index: 11
,
Rasheda Khanam9
Estimated H-index: 9
This paper aims to examine the effects of management skills of small and medium size enterprises (SMEs) on access to financing in Libya. We have used a quantitative research method based on 557 responses of 600 distributed questionnaires on SMEs in various regions in Libya. The findings of this study confirm that management experiences and education levels have significant positive effects on access to finance; in contrast, business planning, and political connection have no significant effect i...
3 Citations Download PDF
2010
Sven Damm1
Estimated H-index: 1
2 Citations Download PDF
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