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Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Research Methods in Engineering Education

PUBLISHED | 2016 in Journal of Engineering Education [IF: 3.05]
DOI | 10.1002/j.2168-9830.2009.tb01005.x
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Abstract
The purpose of this research review is to open dialog about quantitative, qualitative, and mixed research methods in engineering education research. Our position is that no particular method is privileged over any other. Rather, the choice must be driven by the research questions. For each approach we offer a definition, aims, appropriate research questions, evaluation criteria, and examples from the Journal of Engineering Education. Then, we present empirical results from a prestigious international conference on engineering education research. Participants expressed disappointment in the low representation of qualitative studies; nonetheless, there appeared to be a strong preference for quantitative methods, particularly classroom-based experiments. Given the wide variety of issues still to be explored within engineering education, we expect that quantitative, qualitative, and mixed approaches will be essential in the future. We encourage readers to further investigate alternate research methods by accessing some of our sources and collaborating across education/social science and engineering disciplinary boundaries.
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References113
者:Sharan B. Merriam1
Estimated H-index: 1
Preface. The Editor. The Contributors. Part One: The Nature of Qualitative Inquiry. 1. Introduction to Qualitative Research (Sharan B. Merriam).2. Assessing and Evaluating Qualitative Research (Sharan B. Merriam).Part Two: Examples of Qualitative Research for Discussion and Analysis. BASIC INTERPRETIVE QUALITATIVE RESEARCH. 3. How Cultural Values Shape Learning in Older Adulthood: The Case of Mala...
Cited 2089 Download Pdf
John Heywood1
Estimated H-index: 1
A synthesis of nearly 2,000 articles to help make engineers better educators; While a significant body of knowledge has evolved in the field of engineering education over the years, much of the published information has been restricted to scholarly journals and has not found a broad audience. This publication rectifies that situation by reviewing the findings of nearly 2,000 scholarly articles to ...
Cited 102 Source
Matthew B. Miles13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Akron),
A. Michael Huberman8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Geneva)
Matthew B. Miles, Qualitative Data Analysis A Methods Sourcebook, Third Edition. The Third Edition of Miles & Huberman's classic research methods text is updated and streamlined by Johnny Saldana, author of The Coding Manual for Qualitative Researchers. Several of the data display strategies from previous editions are now presented in re-envisioned and reorganized formats to enhance reader accessi...
Cited 21509 Source
Michael Quinn Patton31
Estimated H-index: 31
(University of Minnesota)
This book explains clearly conceptual issues and themes on qualitative research and evaluaton methods including: qualitative data, triangulated inquiry, qualitative inquiry, constructivism, constructionism, Complexity (chaos) theory, qualitative designs and data collection, fieldwork strategies, interviewing, tape-recording, ethical issues, analysis, interpretation and reporting, observations vs. ...
Cited 7525 Source
Allan Feldman20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Massachusetts Amherst),
Jim Minstrell1
Estimated H-index: 1
Increasingly, action research has become a part of funded educational research and curricular development projects. There have been two main arguments for this. The first is that it reduces the time lag between the generation of new knowledge and its application in the classroom. If teachers are the researchers, the time lag may be reduced to zero. The second is that teachers represent a highly ed...
Ref 33Cited 42 Source Cite this paper
B. Michael Thorne1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
J. Martin Giesen1
Estimated H-index: 1
Preface 1. The Language of Statistics PART I. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS 2. Definitions and Scaling 3. The Frequency Distribution 4. Graphing Data 5. Measures of Central Tendency 6. Measures of Dispersion and Standard Scores Review of Descriptive Statistics PART II. INFERENTIAL STATISTICS 7. Probability 8. The Normal Distribution 9. Confidence Intervals and Hypothesis Testing 10. Significance of the D...
Cited 26 Source
Richard J. Shavelson51
Estimated H-index: 51
(Stanford University),
Lisa Towne7
Estimated H-index: 7
(National Research Council)
Researchers, historians, and philosophers of science have debated the nature of scientific research in education for more than 100 years. Recent enthusiasm for "evidence-based" policy and practice in educationa "now codified in the federal law that authorizes the bulk of elementary and secondary education programsa "have brought a new sense of urgency to understanding the ways in which the basic t...
Ref 189Cited 1093 Source
John W. Creswell38
Estimated H-index: 38
(University of Nebraska–Lincoln)
Preface Purpose Audience Format Outline of Chapters 1. PRELIMINARY CONSIDERATIONS Ch 1. A Framework for Design Three Elements of Inquiry Alternative Knowledge Claims Strategies of Inquiry Research Methods Three Approaches to Research Criteria for Selecting an Approach Personal Experiences Audience Summary Writing Exercises Additional Readings Ch 2. Review of the Literature Identifying a Topic A Re...
Cited 31497 Download Pdf
John W. Creswell38
Estimated H-index: 38
(University of Nebraska–Lincoln),
Vicki L. Plano Clark20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Nebraska–Lincoln)
List of Tables List of Figures Preface Purpose of This Book Audience for the Book Book Features Acknowledgments Chapter 1: Understanding Mixed Methods Research Purpose and Organization Clarifying Terms What Is Mixed Methods Research? The Importance of Mixed Methods Research Summary Activities Additional Resources to Examine Chapter 2: Examining Preliminary Considerations Consider Worldview Stances...
Cited 6519 Source
Cheryl Moller-Wong2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Iowa State University),
Arvid R. Eide1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Iowa State University)
National engineering enrollment peaked in the early 1980's and, with rare exception, has declined or remained flat for the past fifteen years. Historically, engineering enrollment has focused on new student recruitment, but recently much more attention has been directed toward the issue of student retention. Our efforts at Iowa State University to examine retention issues were divided into two par...
Ref 4Cited 88 Source Cite this paper
Cited by276
Background: As part of a three-year review cycle, a series of post-graduate program review initiatives were conducted in 2013 by the Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology (FEIT) at the University of Technology, Sydney (UTS), Australia. This was conducted through an Industry Engagement Project utilising multiple research methods to gather information from various stakeholders. Purpose: ...
Ref 11 Download Pdf
2016 in Engineering Studies [IF: 0.23]
Justin L. Hess4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Indiana University – Purdue University Indianapolis),
Johannes Strobel12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Missouri),
Rui Pan4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Toyota)
ABSTRACTThis study extends previous work on two related phenomena, empathy and care, within engineering. In two phases, we collected and thematically analyzed semi-structured interviews with 25 practicing engineers in order to understand how they conceptualized empathy and care (Phase 1) and in what ways they perceived empathy and care to exist within or be important to engineering practice (Phase...
Ref 43Cited 6 Source Cite this paper
Joachim Walther11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Georgia),
Nicola W. Sochacka6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Georgia),
Nadia Kellam9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Georgia)
Background The emerging discipline of engineering education research is increasingly embracing a diverse range of interpretive research methods, whose adoption is characterized by a lack of coherent ways to conceptualize, communicate, and judge the quality of interpretive inquiries. Yet fields that have traditionally employed these methods do not offer a consensus about research quality. Purpose T...
Ref 71Cited 41 Source Cite this paper
Vernice J. Moody1
Estimated H-index: 1
The current quantitative correlational research sought to determine if specific relationships exist between leadership styles and employee engagement. Participants represented different organizations and industries in the public and private sectors in the Washington, DC Metropolitan Division area. Participants completed the MLQ-Form 5X Short for Raters instrument for leadership styles and the E3® ...
Ref 86Cited 2 Download Pdf
In this paper various components of research are briefly discussed. The topics cover a part of the research methodology paper of Doctor of Philosophy (Ph.D.) course. The manuscript is intended for students and research scholars. Various stages of research are discussed in detail and restricted up to various stages of research. Special care has been taken to motivate the young researchers to take u...
Ref 5 Source