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Research as a Part of Public Health Emergency Response

Published on Mar 28, 2013in The New England Journal of Medicine70.67
· DOI :10.1056/NEJMsb1209510
Nicole Lurie52
Estimated H-index: 52
,
Teri A. Manolio101
Estimated H-index: 101
+ 2 AuthorsThomas R. Frieden46
Estimated H-index: 46
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Abstract
The authors review lessons learned from several recent public health emergencies and argue that we must conduct research during emergencies to improve our capacity to prevent illness and injury. They propose policies to facilitate timely research.
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Published on Dec 1, 2019in BMC Medical Ethics2.51
Abha Saxena5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Geneva),
Peter Horby37
Estimated H-index: 37
(University of Oxford)
+ 6 AuthorsRaffaella Ravinetto12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Institute of Tropical Medicine Antwerp)
Background Ensuring that countries have adequate research capacities is essential for an effective and efficient response to infectious disease outbreaks. The need for ethical principles and values embodied in international research ethics guidelines to be upheld during public health emergencies is widely recognized. Public health officials, researchers and other concerned stakeholders also have to carefully balance time and resources allocated to immediate treatment and control activities, with...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Environmental Health4.43
Nicole A. Errett1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UW: University of Washington),
Erin N. Haynes (UK: University of Kentucky)+ 3 AuthorsEdith A. Parker36
Estimated H-index: 36
(UI: University of Iowa)
Introduction Disaster research response (DR2) is necessary to answer scientific questions about the environmental health impacts of disasters and the effectiveness of response and recovery strategies. This research explores the preparedness and capacity of National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) P30 Core Centers (CCs) to conduct DR2 and engage with communities in the context of disasters.
Richard K. Kwok14
Estimated H-index: 14
(NIH: National Institutes of Health),
Aubrey Miller6
Estimated H-index: 6
(NIH: National Institutes of Health)
+ 5 AuthorsDale P. Sandler63
Estimated H-index: 63
(NIH: National Institutes of Health)
Research conducted in the wake of a disaster can provide information to help mitigate health consequences, support future recovery efforts, and improve resilience. However, a number of barriers have prevented time-sensitive research responses following previous disasters. Furthermore, large-scale disasters present their own special challenges due to the number of people exposed to disaster conditions, the number of groups engaged in disaster response, and the logistical challenges of rapidly pla...
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Lancet Infectious Diseases27.52
Colin R Simpson30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Victoria University of Wellington),
Daniel Beever4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Sheffield)
+ 8 AuthorsMalcolm G. Semple17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Liverpool)
Summary The 2009 influenza A H1N1 pandemic was responsible for considerable global morbidity and mortality. In 2009, several research studies in the UK were rapidly funded and activated for clinical and public health actions. However, some studies were too late for their results to have an early and substantial effect on clinical care, because of the time required to call for research proposals, assess, fund, and set up the projects. In recognition of these inherent delays, a portfolio of projec...
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Lancet Infectious Diseases27.52
Summary The Coalition for Epidemic Preparedness Innovations (CEPI) was created as a result of an emerging global consensus that a coordinated, international, and intergovernmental effort was needed to develop and deploy new vaccines to prevent future epidemics. Although some disease outbreaks can be relatively brief, early outbreak response activities can provide important opportunities to make progress on vaccine development. CEPI has identified six such areas and is prepared to work with other...