Coconut (Cocos nucifera L.: Arecaceae): in health promotion and disease prevention.

Published on Mar 1, 2011in Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine1.772
· DOI :10.1016/S1995-7645(11)60078-3
Manisha DebMandal5
Estimated H-index: 5
(KPC Medical College and Hospital),
Shyamapada Mandal7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Gurudas College)
Abstract Coconut, Cocos nucifera L., is a tree that is cultivated for its multiple utilities, mainly for its nutritional and medicinal values. The various products of coconut include tender coconut water, copra, coconut oil, raw kernel, coconut cake, coconut toddy, coconut shell and wood based products, coconut leaves, coir pith etc . Its all parts are used in someway or another in the daily life of the people in the traditional coconut growing areas. It is the unique source of various natural products for the development of medicines against various diseases and also for the development of industrial products. The parts of its fruit like coconut kernel and tender coconut water have numerous medicinal properties such as antibacterial, antifungal, antiviral, antiparasitic, antidermatophytic, antioxidant, hypoglycemic, hepatoprotective, immunostimulant. Coconut water and coconut kernel contain microminerals and nutrients, which are essential to human health, and hence coconut is used as food by the peoples in the globe, mainly in the tropical countries. The coconut palm is, therefore, eulogised as ‘Kalpavriksha’ (the all giving tree) in Indian classics, and thus the current review describes the facts and phenomena related to its use in health and disease prevention.
Figures & Tables
  • References (41)
  • Citations (147)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
143 Citations
199 Citations
52 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
#1Z. RihakovaH-Index: 3
#2Vladimír FilipH-Index: 11
Last. R. CervenkovaH-Index: 2
view all 5 authors...
The objectives of the present study were to test the antifungal properties (inhibition of radial growth, inhibition of the mould spore germination) of lauroylglycerol and mixtures of monoacylglycerols synthesised from coconut oil (MIX-I and MIX-II) against Aspergillus niger DMF 0801. The content of monoacylglycerols in lauroylglycerol, MIX-I and MIX-II was 99.9% (w/w), 97.7% (w/w) and 75,1% (wlw), respectively. The content of 1-lauroylglycerol in MIX-I and MIX-II was calculated from the content ...
15 CitationsSource
#1Girish R. Bankar (Manipal University)H-Index: 3
#2Pawan G. Nayak (Manipal University)H-Index: 15
Last. Varadaraj G Bhat (Manipal University)H-Index: 4
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Ethnopharmacological relevance The fruits of Cocos nucifera Linn. (Arecaceae) have long been used in traditional medicine for the treatment of cardio-metabolic disorders. Aim of the study To evaluate the ethanolic extract of Cocos nucifera Linn. endocarp (CNE) for its vasorelaxant activity on isolated rat aortic rings and antihypertensive effects in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA) salt-induced hypertensive rats. Materials and methods Cocos nucifera Linn. endocarp was extracted with e...
46 CitationsSource
The emergence of novel H1N1 has posed a situation that warrants urgent global attention. Though antiviral drugs are available in mainstream medicine for treating symptoms of swine flu, currently there is no preventive medicine available. Even when available, they would be in short supply and ineffective in a pandemic situation, for treating the masses worldwide. Besides the development of drug resistance, emergence of mutant strains of the virus, emergence of a more virulent strain, prohibitive ...
22 CitationsSource
#1Gopalakrishnan Salil (UoK: University of Kerala)H-Index: 2
#2Kottayath Govindan Nevin (UoK: University of Kerala)H-Index: 2
Last. Thankappan Rajamohan (UoK: University of Kerala)H-Index: 10
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Diabetes mellitus is a syndrome characterized by the loss of glucose homeostasis due to several reasons. In spite of the presence of known anti-diabetic medicines in the pharmaceutical market, remedies from natural resources are used with success to treat this disease. The present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of coconut kernel protein (CKP) on alloxan induced diabetes in Sprague–Dawley rats. Diabetes was induced by injecting a single dose of alloxan (150 mg/kg body wei...
37 CitationsSource
#1Shyamapada Mandal (Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine)H-Index: 12
#2Manisha DebMandal (KPC Medical College and Hospital)H-Index: 5
Last. Krishnendu Saha (Calcutta School of Tropical Medicine)H-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
To evaluate the antibacterial activity of Emblica officinalis Gaertn (E. officinalis; Family: Euphorbiaceae) seed and Nymphae odorata Aiton (N. odorata; Family: Nymphaeaceae) stamen extracts, alone and in combination, and in combination with amoxicillin (Ax) against Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus). 1eiliods: Antibacterial activity of ethanolic extracts of amla, E. officinalis, seed (AMS; 500μg) and sapla, N. odorata, stamen (SAP; 500μg) for 12 methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolates wa...
37 CitationsSource
8 CitationsSource
The ameliorative potential of coconut water in chloramphenicol induced toxicity was evaluated using albino wistar rats. Thirty (30) male wistar rats weighing between 100g to 150g were uniformly assigned to 6 groups of 5 rats each. Group 1 was the control group (treated with distilled water), group 2 was treated with coconut water only (20ml/kg body weight), group 3 was treated with a normal dose of chloramphenicol only (50mg/kg), group 4 was treated with 50mg/kg body weight of chloramphenicol an...
8 Citations
Coconut oil obtained from the nuts of Cocos nucifera was form ulated into creams in order to standardize its use and present it in an elegant form. Using the fusion method, oil in water (o/w) creams were formulated in concentrations of 5 to 40% w/w of oil.The release of active ingre dients from creams was investigated using cream challenge and skin inoculation tests, whereby creams were exposed to various spots on skin inoculated with Ps. aeruginosa ATCC 7853, E. coli ATCC 9637, P. vulgaris (cli...
17 Citations
#1Joanna Sosnowska (PAN: Polish Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 4
#2Henrik Balslev (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 43
Background Many recent papers have documented the phytochemical and pharmacological bases for the use of palms (Arecaceae) in ethnomedicine. Early publications were based almost entirely on interviews that solicited local knowledge. More recently, ethnobotanically guided searches for new medicinal plants have proven more successful than random sampling for identifying plants that contain biodynamic ingredients. However, limited laboratory time and the high cost of clinical trials make it difficu...
46 CitationsSource
#1Jean Wan Hong Yong (NIE: National Institute of Education)H-Index: 27
#2Liya GeH-Index: 22
Last. Swee Ngin TanH-Index: 35
view all 4 authors...
238 CitationsSource
Cited By147
#1Luana Rincon (College of Health Sciences, Bahrain)
#2Raquel Braz Assunção Botelho (College of Health Sciences, Bahrain)H-Index: 10
Last. Ernandes Rodrigues de Alencar (UnB: University of Brasília)H-Index: 7
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Lately, the demand for cow's milk substitutes has been growing. These substitutes are called plant-based milk, which are water-soluble extracts based on vegetables, legumes, cereals, pseudocereals, or nuts. Legumes are an attractive option in the development of new products since they are rich in proteins. Chickpea is one of them also rich in fibers, and minerals while coconut milk is plant-based, rich in lipids, and with good acceptance by consumers. Despite the use of coconut milk in ...
#1Mario González-Angulo (UBU: University of Burgos)
#2Charlien Clauwers (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 3
Last. Chris W. Michiels (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 36
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Bacterial spores survive high pressure processing (HPP). Group II Clostridium botulinum is an obligate anaerobe spore-forming pathogen that can produce the botulinum neurotoxin under refrigeration. This study assessed nontoxigenic type E C. botulinum and Group II Clostridium sp. growth in raw and HPP (550 MPa, 3 min, 10 °C) Thai coconut water (CCW; pH 5.2). No spore germination or growth occurred in HPP CCW inoculated with 105 CFU/ml after 61 days regardless of oxygen concentration (
#1Aline G. Cunha (UFC: Federal University of Ceará)H-Index: 1
#2Elenilson G. Alves Filho (UFC: Federal University of Ceará)H-Index: 1
Last. Maria Raquel Alcântara de Miranda (UFC: Federal University of Ceará)H-Index: 15
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Thermally-processed coconut water often develop a commercially-undesirable pink color, thus, NMR, UPLC-HRMS, GC-MS analyses combined with chemometrics approach were applied to evaluate chemical variations in comparison to tender water (control) that could explain such color change. Chemometrics on negative ionization mode dataset showed trimeric and A-type dimeric procyanidins, and caffeoylshikimic acid as main identified secondary metabolites induced by processing, while, control water...
#1Seifeddine Ben Taieb (University of Tsukuba)
#2Kiyokazu Ujiie (University of Tsukuba)H-Index: 4
#1Yuan Lin (SCAU: South China Agricultural University)
Last. Xueyi Le (SCAU: South China Agricultural University)
view all 4 authors...
Coconut palm (Cocos nucifera L.) is rich in protein and consumed worldwide, coconut protein as a plant protein contains many nutrients and is beneficial for human health, but its allergic components also need to be considered. Therefore, further research on coconut protein is of great significance. In this study, nine proteins were identified through matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization tandem time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF/TOF-MS). Three proteins, namely, (1) 63 kDa globulin...
#1Mayson H. Alkhatib (KAU: King Abdulaziz University)H-Index: 2
#2Shaza A. Alyamani (KAU: King Abdulaziz University)
Last. Faiza Abdu (KAU: King Abdulaziz University)H-Index: 1
view all 3 authors...
AbstractMethotrexate (MTX), a chemotherapeutic agent, has limited clinical applications due to its pulmonary and neurotoxicity. The antineoplastic activity of MTX-NE COCO, which is MTX formulated i...
#1S. E. V. Gomes (UFOP: Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto)
#2Bruna Vidal Dias (UFOP: Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto)
Last. Daniela Caldeira Costa (UFOP: Universidade Federal de Ouro Preto)H-Index: 12
view all 10 authors...
Abstract Our goal was to carry out a comparative study to evaluate the metabolic and inflammatory effects and the redox status of commercial vegetable oils supplementation [linseed (LO), coconut (VCO), and sunflower (SO)] in metabolically healthy rats. The results found in this study showed that the LO group decreased the HOMA-IR and hepatic cholesterol, and increased the serum levels of IL-6. Supplementation with VCO increased glucose and HOMA-IR, cholesterol concentration and serum triacylglyc...
#1Wenzhu Wang (Haida: Hainan University)H-Index: 1
#2Haiming Chen (Haida: Hainan University)H-Index: 3
Last. Yong-Huan Yun (Haida: Hainan University)H-Index: 18
view all 7 authors...
Abstract Sterilization is an important process in beverage production that not only guarantees the edible safety of beverage but also extends its shelf life. However, the quality changes in the coconut milk sterilization and storage has received scarce attention in regard to beverages. Therefore, this study was conducted to investigate the effect of sterilization (at 121 ℃ for 30 min.) and storage (from day 1 to day 19) on the quality of coconut milk. The volatile compounds present in coconut mi...
1 CitationsSource
#1Paola López-Colom (Autonomous University of Barcelona)H-Index: 1
#2L. Castillejos (Autonomous University of Barcelona)H-Index: 5
Last. Susana M. Martín-Orúe (Autonomous University of Barcelona)H-Index: 23
view all 6 authors...
Short and medium-chain fatty acids (SCFA and MCFA, respectively) are commonly used as feed additives in piglets to promote health and prevent post-weaning diarrhoea. Considering that the me...