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Indices of relative weight and obesity

Published on Jun 1, 2014in International Journal of Epidemiology7.34
· DOI :10.1093/ije/dyu058
Ancel Keys70
Estimated H-index: 70
(UMN: University of Minnesota),
Flaminio Fidanza39
Estimated H-index: 39
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
+ 2 AuthorsHenry Longstreet Taylor38
Estimated H-index: 38
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
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Abstract
[INTRODUCTION THE NEED for an index of relative body weight was recognized from the beginning of anthropometry, that is to say as soon as serious attention was given to the dimensions of the body and their biological and medical implications. Body weight in proportion to height or to some function of height is interesting because it should indicate something about ‘build’ or shape and about obesity or fatness. Various indices of relative weight have been espoused and applied for many years but as yet there is no agreement on any particular index. In part this reflects confusion -or at least lack of agreement-about what a relative weight index should represent and mean; in part the reason is a lack of “calibrating” data and of systematic examination of wide-ranging samples of data analyzed in parallel. The purpose of this paper is to provide a comparison of various indices of relative weight as applied to data on weight, height and body fatness of men in several countries in Europe, in Japan, men in South Africa, as well as of white men in the United States. In the present paper guidance in the analysis was provided by two assumptions. First, it is assumed that a major reason for the use of a relative weight index is to remove the dependency of weight on height. Second, it is assumed that in the selection of an index attention should be given to the degree to which the index may indicate relative obesity or body fatness.
  • References (25)
  • Citations (114)
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References25
Newest
#1Ancel Keys (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 70
#2Henry Longstreet Taylor (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 38
Last.Ernst Simonson (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 29
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#1John M. Chapman (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 11
#2Anne H. Coulson (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 38
Last.E.Raymond Borun (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)H-Index: 7
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Cited By114
Newest
#1Linda M O'Keeffe (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 4
#2Abigail Fraser (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 49
Last.Laura D Howe (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 24
view all 3 authors...
#1Lysleine Alves Deus (UCB: Universidade Católica de Brasília)H-Index: 1
#2Caio Victor Sousa (UCB: Universidade Católica de Brasília)H-Index: 4
Last.Herbert Gustavo Simões (UCB: Universidade Católica de Brasília)H-Index: 23
view all 9 authors...
#1M. Wilkes (Columbia University)
#2John Thornton (Mount Sinai St. Luke's and Mount Sinai Roosevelt)H-Index: 52
Last.Dympna Gallagher (Columbia University)
view all 10 authors...
#1W. Garvey (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham)H-Index: 54
#1Marn Joon Park (UOU: University of Ulsan)H-Index: 2
#2Ji Won Kim (IIT: Inha University)
Last.Soon Yuhl Nam (UOU: University of Ulsan)H-Index: 29
view all 8 authors...
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