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Abstract
Past research has suggested that negative affect may be a causal factor for eating disordered behaviors. More specifically, research has shown that anger appears to be one aspect of negative affect that is particularly relevant in bulimic patients. Previous studies have also shown that the relationship between negative affect and eating disordered behaviors may partially depend upon personality variables such as impulsivity. The present study examined whether the relationship between anger and eating disordered behaviors is moderated by impulsivity. Subjects completed an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) protocol for an average of 2 weeks. Findings revealed that overall antecedent anger level and the variability of antecedent anger predicted binge-eating episodes and that these relationships were moderated by participants’ level of impulsivity. These findings suggest that personality variables impact the way that anger and eating behaviors relate. They also suggest that the variability of antecedent anger may be a fruitful avenue for future research for those interested in causal variables associated with bulimia nervosa.
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References45
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Douglas M. McNair23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Boston University),
Maurice Lorr22
Estimated H-index: 22
(United States Department of Veterans Affairs),
Leo F. Droppleman8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Boston University)
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Neurobiology in the treatment of eating disorders
Hans W. Hoek55
Estimated H-index: 55
(Columbia University),
Janet Treasure85
Estimated H-index: 85
(Institute of Psychiatry),
Melanie Katzman18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Cornell University)
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The PANAS-X: Manual for the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule-Expanded Form
David Watson82
Estimated H-index: 82
(University of Notre Dame),
Lee Anna Clark63
Estimated H-index: 63
(University of Notre Dame)
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Trauma, dissociation, and impulse dyscontrol in eating disorders
Johan Vanderlinden25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven),
Walter Vandereycken41
Estimated H-index: 41
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
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Rex W. Cowdry24
Estimated H-index: 24
(National Institutes of Health),
David L. Gardner13
Estimated H-index: 13
(National Institutes of Health),
Kathleen M. O'Leary4
Estimated H-index: 4
(National Institutes of Health)
... (2 others)
Objective: The authors’ goal was to determine whether self-rated patterns ofmood regulation differed among patients with major depression, patients with borderline personality disorder, patients with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and normal subjects. Method: Fourteen days ofmorning and evening mood self-ratings on a visual analog scale were analyzed for 65 female subjects (1 0 with major depression...
Ref 20Cited 93 Source Cite this paper Add Collection
The relation between anger expression, depression, and somatic symptoms in depressive disorders and somatoform disorders.
Kyung Bong Koh11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Yonsei University),
Dong Kee Kim6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Yonsei University),
Shin Young Kim2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Yonsei University)
... (1 others)
BACKGROUND: In previous studies, the relationship between either anger suppression and depression or anger suppression and somatic symptoms was examined. However, the relationship between anger expression, depression, and somatic symptoms was not examined in depressive disorders and somatoform disorders. METHOD: The DSM-IV-diagnosed subjects included 73 patients with depressive disorders and 47 pa...
Cited 32 Source Cite this paper Add Collection
Hypersensitivity to social interactions in bulimic syndromes : Relationship to binge eating
Howard Steiger36
Estimated H-index: 36
(McGill University),
Lise Gauvin46
Estimated H-index: 46
(Université de Montréal),
Sheila Jabalpurwala4
Estimated H-index: 4
(McGill University)
... (2 others)
This study used a 6- to 22-day experience-sampling procedure to test for hypersensitivity to social interactions in bulimic individuals. Ratings on daily social interactions, self-concepts, moods, and eating behaviors from 55 actively bulimic, 18 formerly bulimic, and 31 noneating-disordered women were obtained. Hierarchical linear modeling analyses showed negative social interactions to be associ...
Ref 7Cited 107 Source Cite this paper Add Collection
Anger and bulimic psychopathology: Gender differences in a nonclinical group
Caroline Meyer31
Estimated H-index: 31
(University of Warwick),
Newman Leung16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Birmingham),
Glenn Waller49
Estimated H-index: 49
(St George's Hospital)
... (3 others)
Objective The current study addressed the link between anger and bulimic psychopathology between young adult men and women. Method Volunteers (125 males and 125 females) completed two self-report questionnaires measuring anger (State Trait Anger Inventory [STAXI]) and bulimic attitudes and behaviors (Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh [BITE]). Results Although overall levels of anger did not di...
Ref 13Cited 31 Source Cite this paper Add Collection
Cited by67
The convergence and divergence of impulsivity facets in daily life
2017 in Journal of Personality [IF: 3.59]
Sarah H. Sperry6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of North Carolina at Greensboro),
Donald R. Lynam61
Estimated H-index: 61
(Purdue University),
Thomas R. Kwapil38
Estimated H-index: 38
(University of North Carolina at Greensboro)
Objective Impulsivity appears to be best conceptualized as a multidimensional construct. For example, the UPPS-P model posits that there are five underlying facets of impulsivity. The present study examined the expression of the UPPS-P facets in daily life using experience sampling methodology. A specific goal of the study was to examine positive urgency, a facet added to the original UPPS model, ...
Ref 38 Source Cite this paper Add Collection
Psychomotor therapy and aggression regulation in eating disorders
Cees Boerhout4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University Medical Center Groningen),
Jooske T. van Busschbach14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Windesheim University of Applied Sciences),
Durk Wiersma3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University Medical Center Groningen)
... (1 others)
Eating disorder behaviours can be seen as self-destructive behaviours to a great extent related to inhibited anger expression. However, a treatment protocol targeted at anger and aggression in these disorders is lacking. This paper describes a psychomotor therapy (PMT) model as a body-oriented method to help patients with eating disorders to cope with anger and aggression. They learn to see aggres...
Ref 32Cited 4 Download Pdf Cite this paper Add Collection
Investigating the Effects of Anger and Guilt on Unethical Behavior: A Dual-Process Approach
2016 in Journal of Business Ethics [IF: 2.35]
Daphna Motro3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Arizona),
Lisa D. Ordóñez18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Arizona),
Andrea Pittarello4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Groningen)
... (1 others)
Although emotion has become one of the most popular research areas within organizational scholarship, few studies have considered its connection with unethical behavior. Using dual-process theory, we expand on the rationalist perspective within the field of behavioral ethics by considering the process through which two discrete emotions, anger and guilt, influence unethical behavior. Across two st...
Ref 146Cited 2 Download Pdf Cite this paper Add Collection
Another look at impulsivity: A meta-analytic review comparing specific dispositions to rash action in their relationship to bulimic symptoms☆
2008 in Clinical Psychology Review [IF: 8.90]
Solomon Fischer9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Georgia),
Gregory T. Smith53
Estimated H-index: 53
(University of Kentucky),
Melissa A. Cyders26
Estimated H-index: 26
(University of Kentucky)
Recent advances in personality theory indicate that there are distinct constructs that dispose individuals to rash action and risky behavior, as opposed to one broad trait of impulsivity. Two are emotion based, two represent deficits in conscientiousness, and one is sensation seeking. Previous studies of impulsivity and its relationship to bulimia nervosa have yielded mixed findings. The authors a...
Ref 124Cited 148 Source Cite this paper Add Collection
eating disorders and multi-level models of emotion: an integrated model
John R. E. Fox4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Edinburgh),
Michael J. Power12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Edinburgh)
This paper examines the relationship between emotions, depression and eating disorders. Initially, a review is undertaken of the current state of the research and clinical literature with regard to emotional factors in eating disorders. This literature is then integrated within a version of the multi-level model of emotion proposed by Power and Dalgleish. The aim of this paper is to incorporate a ...
Ref 145Cited 83 Source Cite this paper Add Collection
Examining the multidimensional structure of impulsivity in daily life
Sarah H. Sperry6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of North Carolina at Greensboro),
Donald R. Lynam61
Estimated H-index: 61
(Purdue University),
Molly A. Walsh7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Stanford University)
... (2 others)
Abstract Impulsivity is a key personality and psychopathology construct that is best conceptualized as multidimensional. The UPPS model is a comprehensive multidimensional framework which defines four impulsivity facets: negative urgency, lack of premeditation, lack of perseverance, and sensation seeking. Although these facets have unique predictive value in laboratory based correlational studies,...
Ref 29Cited 4 Source Cite this paper Add Collection
Schema modes in eating disorders compared to a community sample.
Daniel Talbot1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Sydney),
Evelyn Smith12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Sydney),
Alethea Tomkins1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Sydney)
... (2 others)
Background The aim of this study was to examine the association between eating disorders (ED) and schema modes, and identify which specific schema modes are associated with particular eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN) and other specified feeding or eating disorder (OSFED).
Ref 21Cited 3 Download Pdf Cite this paper Add Collection
The role of negative urgency and expectancies in problem drinking and disordered eating: testing a model of comorbidity in pathological and at-risk samples.
Sarah Fischer20
Estimated H-index: 20
(University of Georgia),
Regan Fried Settles4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Kentucky),
Brittany Collins4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Georgia)
... (2 others)
The co-occurrence of eating disorders and substance abuse is well documented. Individuals with symptoms of binge eating and purging often have higher rates of substance abuse and dependence than individuals without eating disorders (Bulik et al., 2004). Additionally, women with alcohol use disorders often have higher rates of eating disorders than are found in the general population (Sinha, Robins...
Ref 69Cited 47 Source Cite this paper Add Collection
The Relation Between Short-Term Emotion Dynamics and Psychological Well-Being: A Meta-Analysis
2015 in Psychological Bulletin [IF: 16.79]
Marlies Houben5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven),
Wim Van Den Noortgate26
Estimated H-index: 26
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven),
Peter Kuppens35
Estimated H-index: 35
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
Not only how good or bad people feel on average, but also how their feelings fluctuate across time is crucial for psychological health. The last 2 decades have witnessed a surge in research linking various patterns of short-term emotional change to adaptive or maladaptive psychological functioning, often with conflicting results. A meta-analysis was performed to identify consistent relationships b...
Ref 129Cited 68 Download Pdf Cite this paper Add Collection