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The relationship of momentary anger and impulsivity to bulimic behavior
Abstract
Abstract Past research has suggested that negative affect may be a causal factor for eating disordered behaviors. More specifically, research has shown that anger appears to be one aspect of negative affect that is particularly relevant in bulimic patients. Previous studies have also shown that the relationship between negative affect and eating disordered behaviors may partially depend upon personality variables such as impulsivity. The present study examined whether the relationship between anger and eating disordered behaviors is moderated by impulsivity. Subjects completed an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) protocol for an average of 2 weeks. Findings revealed that overall antecedent anger level and the variability of antecedent anger predicted binge-eating episodes and that these relationships were moderated by participants’ level of impulsivity. These findings suggest that personality variables impact the way that anger and eating behaviors relate. They also suggest that the variability of antecedent anger may be a fruitful avenue for future research for those interested in causal variables associated with bulimia nervosa.

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  • References (45)
  • Cited By (70)
  • References (45)
  • Cited By (70)
Douglas M. McNair23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Maurice Lorr23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Leo F. Droppleman8
Estimated H-index: 8
2,902 Citations
Hans Wijbrand Hoek2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Janet Treasure90
Estimated H-index: 90
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Melanie A. Katzman18
Estimated H-index: 18
INTRODUCTION AND AETIOLOGY. Concepts of Eating Disorders: A Historical Reflection (R. Gordon). The Behavioural Disturbance, Psychopathology, and Phenomenology of Eating Disorders (P. Beumont). Psychological and Physical Assessment of Persons with Eating Disorders (J. Nathan & D. Allison). Epidemiology (D. van Hoeken, et al.). Etiology of Anorexia Nervosa (C. Gillberg & M. R?stam). Aetiology of Bulimia Nervosa (R. Palmer). NEUROBIOLOGY. Genetic Studies of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa (L. Lilenfel...
99 Citations Source
David Watson83
Estimated H-index: 83
(University of Notre Dame),
Lee Anna Clark66
Estimated H-index: 66
(University of Notre Dame)
1,512 Citations Source
Yuk Fai Cheong12
Estimated H-index: 12
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Stephen W. Raudenbush67
Estimated H-index: 67
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Anthony S. Bryk39
Estimated H-index: 39
3,295 Citations Source
Johan Vanderlinden25
Estimated H-index: 25
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Walter Vandereycken42
Estimated H-index: 42
Trauma history and dissociative experiences the link between trauma and dissociation impulse dyscontrol multidimensional assessment regaining self control using hypnotherapeutic techniques the place of the family risks, complications, and pitfalls. Appendix A: An outcome study. Appendix B: Dissociation questionnaire. Appendix C: Stealing behaviour. Appendix D: Self-injury questionnaire.
75 Citations Source
1991 in American Journal of Psychiatry [IF: 13.40]
Rex W. Cowdry22
Estimated H-index: 22
(National Institutes of Health),
David L. Gardner13
Estimated H-index: 13
,
Kathleen M. O'Leary5
Estimated H-index: 5
... more
Objective: The authors’ goal was to determine whether self-rated patterns ofmood regulation differed among patients with major depression, patients with borderline personality disorder, patients with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and normal subjects. Method: Fourteen days ofmorning and evening mood self-ratings on a visual analog scale were analyzed for 65 female subjects (1 0 with major depression, 1 6 with borderline personality disorder, 15 with PMS, and 24 without psychiatric diagnoses). For ...
100 Citations Source Cite
Kyung Bong Koh11
Estimated H-index: 11
,
Dong Kee Kim3
Estimated H-index: 3
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Shin Young Kim2
Estimated H-index: 2
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BACKGROUND: In previous studies, the relationship between either anger suppression and depression or anger suppression and somatic symptoms was examined. However, the relationship between anger expression, depression, and somatic symptoms was not examined in depressive disorders and somatoform disorders. METHOD: The DSM-IV-diagnosed subjects included 73 patients with depressive disorders and 47 patients with somatoform disorders. The Anger Expression Scale was used to assess the level of anger e...
35 Citations Source Cite
Howard Steiger37
Estimated H-index: 37
,
Lise Gauvin45
Estimated H-index: 45
(Université de Montréal),
Sheila Jabalpurwala4
Estimated H-index: 4
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This study used a 6- to 22-day experience-sampling procedure to test for hypersensitivity to social interactions in bulimic individuals. Ratings on daily social interactions, self-concepts, moods, and eating behaviors from 55 actively bulimic, 18 formerly bulimic, and 31 noneating-disordered women were obtained. Hierarchical linear modeling analyses showed negative social interactions to be associated with significant increases in self-criticism (SC) and deteriorations in mood in all participant...
117 Citations Source Cite
Caroline Meyer32
Estimated H-index: 32
(University of Warwick),
Newman Leung14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Birmingham),
Glenn Waller49
Estimated H-index: 49
(St George's Hospital)
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Objective The current study addressed the link between anger and bulimic psychopathology between young adult men and women. Method Volunteers (125 males and 125 females) completed two self-report questionnaires measuring anger (State Trait Anger Inventory [STAXI]) and bulimic attitudes and behaviors (Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh [BITE]). Results Although overall levels of anger did not differ broadly across genders, bulimic attitudes were associated with state anger in men but with ange...
32 Citations Source Cite
  • References (45)
  • Cited By (70)
Alissa Anne Haedt Matt1
Estimated H-index: 1
Purging Disorder (PD) is characterized by purging after normal or small amounts of food among individuals who are not underweight. Several studies indicate that PD is associated with distress and impairment, underscoring the need for intervention. However, little is known about factors that trigger and maintain purging in PD. This study examined antecedents and consequences of purging using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA), a design that involved repeated assessments of current psychologica...
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Howard Steiger37
Estimated H-index: 37
,
Kenneth R. Bruce22
Estimated H-index: 22
Objectives:To review the main phenomenological variants observed among bulimia spectrum syndromes and the factors believed to act etiologically for them and also to generate an etiologic model that accommodates known heterogeneities within the population suffering bulimic syndromes.Method:Defining bulimic syndromes broadly, we address threshold and subthreshold forms of bulimia nervosa (BN) and also the provisional or newly proposed diagnoses of binge eating disorder (BED) and purging disorder (...
72 Citations Source Cite
2015 in Clinical Psychology Review [IF: 9.58]
Jason M. Lavender21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of North Dakota),
Stephen A. Wonderlich53
Estimated H-index: 53
(University of North Dakota),
Scott G. Engel36
Estimated H-index: 36
(University of North Dakota)
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Abstract Several existing conceptual models and psychological interventions address or emphasize the role of emotion dysregulation in eating disorders. The current article uses Gratz and Roemer's (2004) multidimensional model of emotion regulation and dysregulation as a clinically relevant framework to review the extant literature on emotion dysregulation in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Specifically, the dimensions reviewed include: (1) the flexible use of adaptive and situati...
88 Citations Download PDF Cite
Emily E. Prather2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Southern Mississippi)
Source
Helen C. Fox23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Yale University),
Keri L. Bergquist13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Yale University),
James Casey19
Estimated H-index: 19
(University of California, Berkeley)
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Emotional Intelligence (EI) comprises the ability to perceive, use, understand, and regulate emotions and may potentially contribute to variability in risk-related factors such as stress perception and impulse control in cocaine dependent individuals. The main objective of the current study is to better define EI in cocaine dependent individuals compared with healthy controls, using the Mayer, Salovey, and Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). Secondary analysis investigates the associati...
26 Citations Source Cite
Maria Scherma17
Estimated H-index: 17
(University of Cagliari),
Liana Fattore38
Estimated H-index: 38
(National Research Council),
Valentina Satta3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Cagliari)
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Background and Purpose Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by excessive food intake during short periods of time. Recent evidence suggests that alterations in the endocannabinoid signalling could be involved in the pathophysiology of BED. In this study, we investigated whether pharmacological manipulation of endocannabinoid transmission may be effective in modulating the aberrant eating behaviour present in a validated rat model of BED. Experimental Approach Binge-type eating was induce...
21 Citations Source Cite
John R. E. Fox14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Manchester),
Anita Federici5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Credit Valley Hospital),
Mick Power31
Estimated H-index: 31
(University of Edinburgh)
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Mihaela-Luminiţa Staicu1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Mihaela Cuţov1
Estimated H-index: 1
The present paper makes a research about negative effects of anger and hostile conduct on peoples' health status. We have studied scientific articles published between 2000 and 2010, that did not contradict our initial assumption. The literature demonstrates that anger, wheatear suppressed or expressed, can determine various diseases, it can influence the conduct of people suffering from bulimia nervosa or it can be the cause of the growing number of car accidents. In order to avoid these risks,...
10 Citations Source

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