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The relationship of momentary anger and impulsivity to bulimic behavior
Abstract
Abstract Past research has suggested that negative affect may be a causal factor for eating disordered behaviors. More specifically, research has shown that anger appears to be one aspect of negative affect that is particularly relevant in bulimic patients. Previous studies have also shown that the relationship between negative affect and eating disordered behaviors may partially depend upon personality variables such as impulsivity. The present study examined whether the relationship between anger and eating disordered behaviors is moderated by impulsivity. Subjects completed an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) protocol for an average of 2 weeks. Findings revealed that overall antecedent anger level and the variability of antecedent anger predicted binge-eating episodes and that these relationships were moderated by participants’ level of impulsivity. These findings suggest that personality variables impact the way that anger and eating behaviors relate. They also suggest that the variability of antecedent anger may be a fruitful avenue for future research for those interested in causal variables associated with bulimia nervosa.
  • References (45)
  • Cited By (70)
Douglas M. McNair8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Maurice Lorr8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Leo F. Droppleman9
Estimated H-index: 9
Cited 2882 Source
Hans W. Hoek9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Janet Treasure10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Melanie A. Katzman9
Estimated H-index: 9
INTRODUCTION AND AETIOLOGY. Concepts of Eating Disorders: A Historical Reflection (R. Gordon). The Behavioural Disturbance, Psychopathology, and Phenomenology of Eating Disorders (P. Beumont). Psychological and Physical Assessment of Persons with Eating Disorders (J. Nathan & D. Allison). Epidemiology (D. van Hoeken, et al.). Etiology of Anorexia Nervosa (C. Gillberg & M. R?stam). Aetiology of Bulimia Nervosa (R. Palmer). NEUROBIOLOGY. Genetic Studies of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa (L. Lilenfel...
Cited 98 Source
David Watson9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of Notre Dame),
Lee Anna Clark8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Notre Dame)
Ref 36Cited 1488 Source
Cheong1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Congdon1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Raudenbush1
Estimated H-index: 1
Cited 2810 Source
Johan Vanderlinden8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Walter Vandereycken10
Estimated H-index: 10
Trauma history and dissociative experiences the link between trauma and dissociation impulse dyscontrol multidimensional assessment regaining self control using hypnotherapeutic techniques the place of the family risks, complications, and pitfalls. Appendix A: An outcome study. Appendix B: Dissociation questionnaire. Appendix C: Stealing behaviour. Appendix D: Self-injury questionnaire.
Cited 75 Source
1991 in american journal of psychiatry [IF: 14.18]
Rex W. Cowdry10
Estimated H-index: 10
(National Institutes of Health),
David L. Gardner10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Kathleen M. O'Leary6
Estimated H-index: 6
... more
Objective: The authors’ goal was to determine whether self-rated patterns ofmood regulation differed among patients with major depression, patients with borderline personality disorder, patients with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and normal subjects. Method: Fourteen days ofmorning and evening mood self-ratings on a visual analog scale were analyzed for 65 female subjects (1 0 with major depression, 1 6 with borderline personality disorder, 15 with PMS, and 24 without psychiatric diagnoses). For ...
Ref 20Cited 98 Source Cite this paper
Kyung Bong Koh7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Dong Kee Kim3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Shin Young Kim2
Estimated H-index: 2
... more
BACKGROUND: In previous studies, the relationship between either anger suppression and depression or anger suppression and somatic symptoms was examined. However, the relationship between anger expression, depression, and somatic symptoms was not examined in depressive disorders and somatoform disorders. METHOD: The DSM-IV-diagnosed subjects included 73 patients with depressive disorders and 47 patients with somatoform disorders. The Anger Expression Scale was used to assess the level of anger e...
Cited 33 Source Cite this paper
Howard Steiger10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Lise Gauvin8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Université de Montréal),
Sheila Jabalpurwala4
Estimated H-index: 4
... more
This study used a 6- to 22-day experience-sampling procedure to test for hypersensitivity to social interactions in bulimic individuals. Ratings on daily social interactions, self-concepts, moods, and eating behaviors from 55 actively bulimic, 18 formerly bulimic, and 31 noneating-disordered women were obtained. Hierarchical linear modeling analyses showed negative social interactions to be associated with significant increases in self-criticism (SC) and deteriorations in mood in all participant...
Ref 7Cited 116 Source Cite this paper
Caroline Meyer10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Warwick),
Newman Leung10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Birmingham),
Glenn Waller9
Estimated H-index: 9
(St George's Hospital)
... more
Objective The current study addressed the link between anger and bulimic psychopathology between young adult men and women. Method Volunteers (125 males and 125 females) completed two self-report questionnaires measuring anger (State Trait Anger Inventory [STAXI]) and bulimic attitudes and behaviors (Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh [BITE]). Results Although overall levels of anger did not differ broadly across genders, bulimic attitudes were associated with state anger in men but with ange...
Ref 13Cited 32 Source Cite this paper
  • References (45)
  • Cited By (70)
Alissa Anne Haedt Matt1
Estimated H-index: 1
Purging Disorder (PD) is characterized by purging after normal or small amounts of food among individuals who are not underweight. Several studies indicate that PD is associated with distress and impairment, underscoring the need for intervention. However, little is known about factors that trigger and maintain purging in PD. This study examined antecedents and consequences of purging using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA), a design that involved repeated assessments of current psychologica...
Ref 114Cited 1 Source
Howard Steiger10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Kenneth R. Bruce8
Estimated H-index: 8
Objectives: To review the main phenomenological variants observed among bulimia spectrum syndromes and the factors believed to act etiologically for them and also to generate an etiologic model that accommodates known heterogeneities within the population suffering bulimic syndromes. Method: Defining bulimic syndromes broadly, we address threshold and subthreshold forms of bulimia nervosa (BN) and also the provisional or newly proposed diagnoses of binge eating disorder (BED) and purging disorde...
Ref 69Cited 72 Source Cite this paper
Jason M. Lavender9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of North Dakota),
Stephen A. Wonderlich10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of North Dakota),
Scott G. Engel8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of North Dakota)
... more
Abstract Several existing conceptual models and psychological interventions address or emphasize the role of emotion dysregulation in eating disorders. The current article uses Gratz and Roemer's (2004) multidimensional model of emotion regulation and dysregulation as a clinically relevant framework to review the extant literature on emotion dysregulation in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Specifically, the dimensions reviewed include: (1) the flexible use of adaptive and situati...
Ref 136Cited 84 Download Pdf Cite this paper
Emily E. Prather2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Southern Mississippi)
Ref 61 Source
Helen C. Fox9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Yale University),
Keri Bergquist10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Yale University),
James Casey6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of California, Berkeley)
... more
Emotional Intelligence (EI) comprises the ability to perceive, use, understand, and regulate emotions and may potentially contribute to variability in risk-related factors such as stress perception and impulse control in cocaine dependent individuals. The main objective of the current study is to better define EI in cocaine dependent individuals compared with healthy controls, using the Mayer, Salovey, and Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). Secondary analysis investigates the associati...
Ref 26Cited 28 Source Cite this paper
Maria Scherma10
Estimated H-index: 10
(University of Cagliari),
Liana Fattore10
Estimated H-index: 10
(National Research Council),
Satta1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Cagliari)
... more
Background and Purpose Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by excessive food intake during short periods of time. Recent evidence suggests that alterations in the endocannabinoid signalling could be involved in the pathophysiology of BED. In this study, we investigated whether pharmacological manipulation of endocannabinoid transmission may be effective in modulating the aberrant eating behaviour present in a validated rat model of BED. Experimental Approach Binge-type eating was induce...
Ref 94Cited 19 Download Pdf Cite this paper
John R. E. Fox7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Manchester),
Anita Federici6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Credit Valley Hospital),
Mick Power7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Edinburgh)
Ref 57Cited 7 Source Cite this paper
Mihaela-Luminiţa Staicu1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Mihaela Cuţov1
Estimated H-index: 1
The present paper makes a research about negative effects of anger and hostile conduct on peoples' health status. We have studied scientific articles published between 2000 and 2010, that did not contradict our initial assumption. The literature demonstrates that anger, wheatear suppressed or expressed, can determine various diseases, it can influence the conduct of people suffering from bulimia nervosa or it can be the cause of the growing number of car accidents. In order to avoid these risks,...
Ref 11Cited 10 Download Pdf