scinapse is loading now...

The relationship of momentary anger and impulsivity to bulimic behavior

Published on Mar 1, 2007in Behaviour Research and Therapy 4.13
· DOI :10.1016/j.brat.2006.03.014
Scott G. Engel37
Estimated H-index: 37
Justin J. Boseck2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 5 AuthorsHoward Steiger7
Estimated H-index: 7
(McGill University)
Abstract Past research has suggested that negative affect may be a causal factor for eating disordered behaviors. More specifically, research has shown that anger appears to be one aspect of negative affect that is particularly relevant in bulimic patients. Previous studies have also shown that the relationship between negative affect and eating disordered behaviors may partially depend upon personality variables such as impulsivity. The present study examined whether the relationship between anger and eating disordered behaviors is moderated by impulsivity. Subjects completed an ecological momentary assessment (EMA) protocol for an average of 2 weeks. Findings revealed that overall antecedent anger level and the variability of antecedent anger predicted binge-eating episodes and that these relationships were moderated by participants’ level of impulsivity. These findings suggest that personality variables impact the way that anger and eating behaviors relate. They also suggest that the variability of antecedent anger may be a fruitful avenue for future research for those interested in causal variables associated with bulimia nervosa.
  • References (45)
  • Citations (71)
Published on Jan 1, 1971
Douglas M. McNair24
Estimated H-index: 24
Maurice Lorr23
Estimated H-index: 23
Leo F. Droppleman8
Estimated H-index: 8
2,941 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 1998
Hans W. Hoek60
Estimated H-index: 60
Janet Treasure93
Estimated H-index: 93
Melanie A. Katzman18
Estimated H-index: 18
INTRODUCTION AND AETIOLOGY. Concepts of Eating Disorders: A Historical Reflection (R. Gordon). The Behavioural Disturbance, Psychopathology, and Phenomenology of Eating Disorders (P. Beumont). Psychological and Physical Assessment of Persons with Eating Disorders (J. Nathan & D. Allison). Epidemiology (D. van Hoeken, et al.). Etiology of Anorexia Nervosa (C. Gillberg & M. R?stam). Aetiology of Bulimia Nervosa (R. Palmer). NEUROBIOLOGY. Genetic Studies of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa (L. Lilenfel...
100 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 1999
David Watson84
Estimated H-index: 84
(University of Notre Dame),
Lee Anna Clark68
Estimated H-index: 68
(University of Notre Dame)
1,570 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 20, 2000
Estimated H-index: 1
Estimated H-index: 1
Estimated H-index: 1
475 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 1997
Joseph L. VanderLinden26
Estimated H-index: 26
Walter Vandereycken34
Estimated H-index: 34
Trauma history and dissociative experiences the link between trauma and dissociation impulse dyscontrol multidimensional assessment regaining self control using hypnotherapeutic techniques the place of the family risks, complications, and pitfalls. Appendix A: An outcome study. Appendix B: Dissociation questionnaire. Appendix C: Stealing behaviour. Appendix D: Self-injury questionnaire.
75 Citations
Published on Nov 1, 1991in American Journal of Psychiatry 13.40
Rex W. Cowdry25
Estimated H-index: 25
(National Institutes of Health),
David L. Gardner14
Estimated H-index: 14
+ 2 AuthorsDavid R. Rubinow69
Estimated H-index: 69
Objective: The authors’ goal was to determine whether self-rated patterns ofmood regulation differed among patients with major depression, patients with borderline personality disorder, patients with premenstrual syndrome (PMS), and normal subjects. Method: Fourteen days ofmorning and evening mood self-ratings on a visual analog scale were analyzed for 65 female subjects (1 0 with major depression, 1 6 with borderline personality disorder, 15 with PMS, and 24 without psychiatric diagnoses). For ...
104 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 15, 2005in The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 4.25
Kyung Bong Koh11
Estimated H-index: 11
Dong Kee Kim3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 1 AuthorsJoong Kyu Park5
Estimated H-index: 5
BACKGROUND: In previous studies, the relationship between either anger suppression and depression or anger suppression and somatic symptoms was examined. However, the relationship between anger expression, depression, and somatic symptoms was not examined in depressive disorders and somatoform disorders. METHOD: The DSM-IV-diagnosed subjects included 73 patients with depressive disorders and 47 patients with somatoform disorders. The Anger Expression Scale was used to assess the level of anger e...
36 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1999in Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 4.54
Howard Steiger34
Estimated H-index: 34
Lise Gauvin45
Estimated H-index: 45
(Université de Montréal)
+ 2 AuthorsStephen Stotland5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Montreal General Hospital)
This study used a 6- to 22-day experience-sampling procedure to test for hypersensitivity to social interactions in bulimic individuals. Ratings on daily social interactions, self-concepts, moods, and eating behaviors from 55 actively bulimic, 18 formerly bulimic, and 31 noneating-disordered women were obtained. Hierarchical linear modeling analyses showed negative social interactions to be associated with significant increases in self-criticism (SC) and deteriorations in mood in all participant...
117 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2005in International Journal of Eating Disorders 3.90
Caroline Meyer32
Estimated H-index: 32
(University of Warwick),
Newman Leung16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Birmingham)
+ 3 AuthorsJanie Mitchell1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Warwick)
Objective The current study addressed the link between anger and bulimic psychopathology between young adult men and women. Method Volunteers (125 males and 125 females) completed two self-report questionnaires measuring anger (State Trait Anger Inventory [STAXI]) and bulimic attitudes and behaviors (Bulimic Investigatory Test, Edinburgh [BITE]). Results Although overall levels of anger did not differ broadly across genders, bulimic attitudes were associated with state anger in men but with ange...
34 Citations Source Cite
Cited By71
Published on Jan 1, 2012
Alissa Anne Haedt Matt1
Estimated H-index: 1
Purging Disorder (PD) is characterized by purging after normal or small amounts of food among individuals who are not underweight. Several studies indicate that PD is associated with distress and impairment, underscoring the need for intervention. However, little is known about factors that trigger and maintain purging in PD. This study examined antecedents and consequences of purging using Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA), a design that involved repeated assessments of current psychologica...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2007in The Canadian Journal of Psychiatry
Howard Steiger7
Estimated H-index: 7
Kenneth R. Bruce22
Estimated H-index: 22
Objectives:To review the main phenomenological variants observed among bulimia spectrum syndromes and the factors believed to act etiologically for them and also to generate an etiologic model that accommodates known heterogeneities within the population suffering bulimic syndromes.Method:Defining bulimic syndromes broadly, we address threshold and subthreshold forms of bulimia nervosa (BN) and also the provisional or newly proposed diagnoses of binge eating disorder (BED) and purging disorder (...
73 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2011
Hiroe Kikuchi9
Estimated H-index: 9
Kazuhiro Yoshiuchi25
Estimated H-index: 25
+ 4 AuthorsYoshiharu Yamamoto38
Estimated H-index: 38
(University of Tokyo)
Heart rate variability (HRV) refers to variations of heartbeat intervals of sinus rhythm and is used for the noninvasive investigation of cardiac autonomic functions and as a prognostic factor in life-threatening cardiac diseases. To date, HRV at two extreme ends of the spectrum of food intake, obesity, and anorexia nervosa (AN) has been investigated. It has been reported that the parasympathetic function indexed by the power of the high frequency component of HRV is decreased in obese subjects ...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2009
A fire fighting trainer for use in training fire fighters is provided. The fire fighting trainer includes a structure having one or more chambers having concrete or grating floors. Each chamber contains one or a series of real or simulated items such as furniture and fixtures and equipment. The trainer has a smoke generating system with an outlet for each chamber. The trainer also includes a propane gas flame generating system. The trainer has a main control panel for regulating the flame genera...
Published on Aug 1, 2015in Clinical Psychology Review 9.58
Jason M. Lavender23
Estimated H-index: 23
(University of North Dakota),
Stephen A. Wonderlich57
Estimated H-index: 57
(University of North Dakota)
+ 3 AuthorsJames E. Mitchell83
Estimated H-index: 83
(University of North Dakota)
Abstract Several existing conceptual models and psychological interventions address or emphasize the role of emotion dysregulation in eating disorders. The current article uses Gratz and Roemer's (2004) multidimensional model of emotion regulation and dysregulation as a clinically relevant framework to review the extant literature on emotion dysregulation in anorexia nervosa (AN) and bulimia nervosa (BN). Specifically, the dimensions reviewed include: (1) the flexible use of adaptive and situati...
103 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2015
Emily E. Prather2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Southern Mississippi)
Published on Dec 1, 2010in American Journal on Addictions 2.13
Helen C. Fox23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Yale University),
Keri L. Bergquist13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Yale University)
+ 2 AuthorsRajita Sinha67
Estimated H-index: 67
(Yale University)
Emotional Intelligence (EI) comprises the ability to perceive, use, understand, and regulate emotions and may potentially contribute to variability in risk-related factors such as stress perception and impulse control in cocaine dependent individuals. The main objective of the current study is to better define EI in cocaine dependent individuals compared with healthy controls, using the Mayer, Salovey, and Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT). Secondary analysis investigates the associati...
27 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2013in British Journal of Pharmacology 6.81
Maria Scherma18
Estimated H-index: 18
(University of Cagliari),
Liana Fattore39
Estimated H-index: 39
(National Research Council)
+ 6 AuthorsPaola Fadda31
Estimated H-index: 31
(University of Cagliari)
Background and Purpose Binge eating disorder (BED) is characterized by excessive food intake during short periods of time. Recent evidence suggests that alterations in the endocannabinoid signalling could be involved in the pathophysiology of BED. In this study, we investigated whether pharmacological manipulation of endocannabinoid transmission may be effective in modulating the aberrant eating behaviour present in a validated rat model of BED. Experimental Approach Binge-type eating was induce...
21 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 3, 2012
John R. E. Fox14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Manchester),
Anita Federici5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Credit Valley Hospital),
Mick Power30
Estimated H-index: 30
(University of Edinburgh)
7 Citations Source Cite