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Low Muscle Fitness Is Associated with Metabolic Risk in Youth

Published on Jul 1, 2009in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 4.48
· DOI :10.1249/MSS.0b013e31819aaae5
Jostein Steene-Johannessen21
Estimated H-index: 21
,
Sigmund A. Anderssen48
Estimated H-index: 48
+ 1 AuthorsLars Bo Andersen62
Estimated H-index: 62
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Abstract
ABSTRACTSTEENE-JOHANNESSEN, J., S. A. ANDERSSEN, E. KOLLE, and L. B. ANDERSEN. Low Muscle Fitness Is Associated withMetabolic Risk in Youth. Med. Sci. Sports Exerc., Vol. 41, No. 7, pp. 1361–1367, 2009. Purpose: To examine the independentassociations of muscle fitness and cardiorespiratory fitness with clustered metabolic risk in youth. Methods: In 2005–2006, a cohort of9- and 15-yr-olds (N = 2818) was randomly selected from all regions of Norway. The participation rate was 89% and 74% amongthe 9- and 15-yr-olds, respectively. We assessed muscular strength by measuring explosive, isometric, and endurance strength.Cardiorespiratory fitness was measured directly as peak oxygen uptake during a cycle ergometry test. Risk factors included in thecomposite risk factor score (sum of z-scores) were systolic blood pressure, triglyceride, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, insulinresistance, and waist circumference. Results: Muscle fitness was negatively associated with clustered metabolic risk, independent ofcardiorespiratory fitness, and after adjustment for age, sex, and pubertal stage (A = j0.112, P G 0.001). Independent of muscle fitness,an inverse association was found between cardiorespiratory fitness and clustered metabolic risk (A = j0.337, P G 0.001). Moreover, theodds ratios for having clustered risk in the least fit quartile compared with the most fit quartile were 7.2 (95% confidence interval(CI) = 4.3–12.0) and 17.3 (95% CI = 9.2–32.7) for muscle fitness and cardiorespiratory fitness, respectively. Conclusions: Ourresults show that muscle fitness and cardiorespiratory fitness are independently associated with metabolic risk in youth.Key Words: CLUSTERED METABOLIC RISK, PHYSICAL FITNESS, CHILD, ADOLESCENT
  • References (41)
  • Citations (136)
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References41
Newest
Published on Aug 13, 2008in BMJ 27.60
Jonatan R. Ruiz65
Estimated H-index: 65
(UGR: University of Granada),
Xuemei Sui47
Estimated H-index: 47
(USC: University of South Carolina)
+ 4 AuthorsSteven N. Blair140
Estimated H-index: 140
(USC: University of South Carolina)
thirdsofmuscularstrengthforallcausemortalitywere1.0 (referent), 0.72 (95% confidence interval 0.58 to 0.90), and 0.77 (0.62 to 0.96); for death from cardiovascular disease were 1.0 (referent), 0.74 (0.50 to 1.10), and 0.71 (0.47 to 1.07); and for death from cancer were 1.0 (referent),0.72(0.51to1.00),and0.68(0.48to0.97).The patternoftheassociationbetweenmuscularstrengthand
430 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2008in Pediatric Obesity 3.71
Lars Bo Andersen62
Estimated H-index: 62
(Norwegian School of Sport Sciences),
Luís B. Sardinha53
Estimated H-index: 53
(Technical University of Lisbon)
+ 3 AuthorsSigmund A. Anderssen48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Norwegian School of Sport Sciences)
Background. Levels of overweight have increased and fitness has decreased in children. Potentially, these changes may be a threat to future health. Numerous studies have measured changes in body mass index (BMI), but few have assessed the independent effects of low fitness, overweight and physical inactivity on cardiovascular (CVD) risk factors. Methods. A cross-sectional multi-center study including 1 769 children from Denmark, Estonia and Portugal. The main outcome was clustering of CVD risk f...
170 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2007in Acta Paediatrica 2.27
Joey C. Eisenmann49
Estimated H-index: 49
(MSU: Michigan State University)
The paediatric obesity epidemic is well documented. Recently, there has also been the emergence of type 2 diabetes and the metabolic syndrome (MetS) among children and adolescents. Although it is well known that obesity is linked to the metabolic syndrome in youth, the role of physical activity and fitness on the metabolic syndrome is unclear. The purpose of this review was to examine the concepts of and associations between fitness, fatness and the MetS in children and adolescents. In general, ...
106 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 1, 2007in Pediatrics 5.40
Katrina D. DuBose21
Estimated H-index: 21
(ECU: East Carolina University),
Joey C. Eisenmann49
Estimated H-index: 49
(Iowa State University),
Joseph E. Donnelly EdD43
Estimated H-index: 43
(KU: University of Kansas)
OBJECTIVE.The purpose of this study was to examine the combined influence of aerobic fitness and BMI on the metabolic syndrome score in children. METHODS.A total of 375 children (193 girls and 182 boys) aged 7 to 9 years were categorized as being normal weight, at risk for overweight, and overweight on the basis of BMI and aerobic fitness (high or low based on median split) via a submaximal physical working capacity test. Participants were cross-tabulated into 6 BMI fitness categories. High-dens...
123 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 6, 2007in Diabetologia 7.11
Ulf Ekelund78
Estimated H-index: 78
,
Sigmund A. Anderssen48
Estimated H-index: 48
+ 3 AuthorsSoren Brage64
Estimated H-index: 64
Aims/hypothesis High levels of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and physical activity (PA) are associated with a favourable metabolic risk profile. However, there has been no thorough exploration of the independent contributions of cardiorespiratory fitness and subcomponents of activity (total PA, time spent sedentary, and time spent in light, moderate and vigorous intensity PA) to metabolic risk factors in children and the relative importance of these factors.
382 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2007in Diabetes Care 15.27
JanssenIan65
Estimated H-index: 65
,
Wendy Cramp1
Estimated H-index: 1
The metabolic syndrome is a predecessor of type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease (1). In adults, physical activity is important for both preventing and treating metabolic syndrome (2). A limited number of studies have examined the impact of physical activity on metabolic syndrome in youth (3–7). The results from the few existing studies are conflicting, reporting no associations, weak effects, and strong effects of physical activity (3–7). These inconsistencies may reflect that most of thes...
53 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 1, 2007in European Journal of Preventive Cardiology 5.64
Sigmund A. Anderssen48
Estimated H-index: 48
,
Ashley R Cooper45
Estimated H-index: 45
(UoB: University of Bristol)
+ 4 AuthorsLars Bo Andersen62
Estimated H-index: 62
Background and designFew studies have investigated the association between maximal cardiorespiratory capacity (fitness) and the clustered cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in children and youth from culturally diverse countries. This cross-sectional study examined the association between fitness and clustered CVD risk in children and adolescents from three European countries.MethodsParticipants were 2845 randomly selected school children aged 9 or 15 years from Portugal (n = 944), Denmark (n = 8...
230 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2007in The Lancet 59.10
Paul Zimmet108
Estimated H-index: 108
,
George Alberti17
Estimated H-index: 17
(Imperial College London)
+ 7 AuthorsSonia Caprio65
Estimated H-index: 65
(Yale University)
653 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2007in Revista Espanola De Cardiologia 5.13
Enrique García-Artero2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UGR: University of Granada),
Francisco B. Ortega64
Estimated H-index: 64
(UGR: University of Granada)
+ 7 AuthorsManuel J. Castillo37
Estimated H-index: 37
(UGR: University of Granada)
Introduccion y objetivos Estudiar si la actividad fisica realizada o el grado de condicion fisica (capacidad aerobica y fuerza) que poseen los adolescentes espanoles, estan asociados con su perfil lipidico-metabolico. Metodos Del total de 2.859 adolescentes espanoles (13-18,5 anos) evaluados en el estudio AVENA (Alimentacion y Valoracion del Estado Nutricional en Adolescentes), 460 (248 varones y 212 mujeres) fueron seleccionados aleatoriamente para un analisis sanguineo. Se evaluo el grado de a...
103 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2007in Current Opinion in Pediatrics 2.33
Jeffrey M. Saland17
Estimated H-index: 17
Purpose of reviewProvides an update on the metabolic syndrome in childhood.Recent findingsThe metabolic syndrome is increasingly recognized among children. It is nearly exclusively encountered in overweight and obese individuals and is associated with atherosclerosis. Development and clustering of c
109 Citations Source Cite
Cited By136
Newest
Published on Apr 5, 2019in Sports Medicine 7.58
Antonio García-Hermoso15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Usach: University of Santiago, Chile),
Rodrigo Ramírez-Campillo15
Estimated H-index: 15
+ 0 AuthorsMikel Izquierdo51
Estimated H-index: 51
(ISCIII: Instituto de Salud Carlos III)
Background No previous systematic review has quantitatively examined the association between muscular fitness during childhood and adolescence and health parameters later in life.
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 18, 2019in Journal of Sports Sciences 2.81
Ignacio Merino-De Haro (UGR: University of Granada), Jose Mora-Gonzalez9
Estimated H-index: 9
(UGR: University of Granada)
+ 12 AuthorsAlejandro Sánchez-Delgado (UCA: University of Cádiz)
ABSTRACTThis study aimed to analyse the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and fatness and fitness in preschoolers. 2,638 preschoolers (3–5 years old; 47.2% girls) participated. SES was estimated from the parental educational and occupational levels, and the marital status. Fatness was assessed by body mass index (BMI), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR). Physical fitness components were assessed using the PREFIT battery. Preschoolers whose parents had higher ...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 2019in Sports Medicine 7.58
Jordan J. Smith15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Newcastle),
Narelle Eather12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Newcastle)
+ 3 AuthorsDavid R. Lubans43
Estimated H-index: 43
(University of Newcastle)
Background Muscular fitness (MF) is considered a powerful marker of health, but the extent to which common health behaviors are associated with MF during childhood and adolescence is currently unclear.
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on May 4, 2019in Physical Education & Sport Pedagogy 2.04
Sarah G. Kennedy5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Newcastle),
Louisa R. Peralta9
Estimated H-index: 9
(USYD: University of Sydney)
+ 2 AuthorsJordan J. Smith15
Estimated H-index: 15
(University of Newcastle)
ABSTRACTIntroduction: Secondary schools have the potential to promote health-related fitness (HRF) and physical activity within and outside school hours. As such, schools are often chosen as the setting to implement child and adolescent physical activity programs. School-based programs often utilise teachers as delivery agents, but few studies examine effects on teacher-level outcomes.Purpose: The primary aim of this study was to determine the impact of teacher training embedded within a physica...
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Published on May 1, 2019in Behavior Genetics 2.31
Sara Pereira12
Estimated H-index: 12
(University of Porto),
Peter T. Katzmarzyk81
Estimated H-index: 81
(LSU: Louisiana State University)
+ 4 AuthorsJosé Maia30
Estimated H-index: 30
(University of Porto)
This study aims to estimate sibling resemblance in metabolic syndrome (MS) markers, and to investigate the associations of biological and behavioral characteristics with MS. The sample comprises 679 biological siblings (363 females; 316 males) aged 9–20 years. MS markers included waist circumference (WC), high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), triglycerides (TRI), fasting glucose (GLU) and systolic blood pressure (SBP). Body mass index (BMI), biological maturation, muscular, and cardiores...
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Published on Apr 18, 2019in Journal of Sports Sciences 2.81
Pablo Molina‐García1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UGR: University of Granada),
Jairo H. Migueles4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UGR: University of Granada)
+ 9 AuthorsEva D’Hondt16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
ABSTRACTThis study aimed to investigate the independent and combined associations between several fatness indicators and fitness components with functional movement quality in overweight/obese children. A total of 56 children (33 girls, aged 8–12) classified as overweight/obese according to the World Obesity Federation standard cut points, participated in this study. Participants underwent assessments of fatness [body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and bioelectrical impedance measures], ...
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2019in Nutrition 3.59
Antonio García-Hermoso15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Usach: University of Santiago, Chile),
Eddie Daniel Vegas-Heredia1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Usach: University of Santiago, Chile)
+ 4 AuthorsRobinson Ramírez-Vélez19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Del Rosario University)
Abstract Objective The aim of the study was to examine the combined associations between handgrip strength (HGS) and adherence to a Mediterranean diet with blood pressure (BP) in Chilean children. Methods This cross-sectional study enrolled 1140 children (794 boys and 346 girls) 8 to 12 y of age. HGS was measured using a hand dynamometer with an adjustable grip. Adherence to a Mediterranean diet was assessed with the Kidmed score. Resting BP was measured by an automated monitor using an appropri...
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Published on Mar 1, 2019in The Journal of Pediatrics 3.74
José Castro-Piñero20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UCA: University of Cádiz),
Alejandro Pérez-Bey2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UCA: University of Cádiz)
+ 43 AuthorsL. E. Díaz9
Estimated H-index: 9
(CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)
Objectives To study the cross-sectional and longitudinal (2-year follow-up) association between muscle fitness and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in youth; whether there are muscle fitness cut points associated with CVD risk (cross-sectional); and whether the health-related muscle fitness cut points identified at baseline are associated with CVD risk 2 years later. Study design In total, 237 children (110 girls) aged 6-10 years and 274 adolescents (131 girls) aged 12-16 years with com...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2019in Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle 10.75
Junting Liu7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Yinkun Yan11
Estimated H-index: 11
(Capital Medical University)
+ 2 AuthorsJie Mi (Capital Medical University)
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