Match!

Effects of interrupting cat mothers' lactation with bromocriptine on the subsequent play of their kittens

Published on Nov 1, 1981in Physiology & Behavior2.635
· DOI :10.1016/0031-9384(81)90051-2
Patrick Bateson52
Estimated H-index: 52
(University of Cambridge),
Paul Martin14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Cambridge),
Michelle Young3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Cambridge)
Abstract
Abstract This study examined the effects of simulating certain aspects of early weaning on the development of play in kittens. A single injection of bromocriptine was used to interrupt the lactation of cat mothers at the beginning of the sixth week after the birth of their kittens. The mothers continued to show appropriate maternal behaviour. In the eighth week after birth, early-weaned kittens showed significantly higher frequencies of object play than controls. These results are similar to those from a previous study, where separation from the mother was used to simulate early weaning, and suggest a causal link between weaning and the manner in which play develops in kittens.
  • References (10)
  • Citations (36)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
89 Citations
66 Citations
32 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References10
Newest
Field data on weaning behavior in bighorn sheep (Ovis canadensis) were collected from populations in British Columbia, southern California, and one transplanted from the original B.C. study site to eastern Oregon. These areas were designated mountain, desert, and transplant, respectively. Seasons that were energetically stressful to lactating ewes were predicted. Summers were implicated for desert ewes; winters for ewes in colder and more seasonal northern environments. Although the temporal dis...
102 CitationsSource
#1T.M. Caro (St And: University of St Andrews)H-Index: 2
Abstract Sixteen measures of social play between kittens were found to decrease significantly between 12 and 16 weeks of age. Behaviour was little influenced by the presence of the mother during this time. Although males' rates of behaviour did not differ from females' rates when the sexes were compared regardless of group composition, males from all-male groups played at higher rates than females from all-female groups. Females' rates of behaviour declined as the number of male companions decre...
26 CitationsSource
#1Patrick Bateson (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 52
#2Michelle Young (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 3
Abstract In seven litters of domestic cats, half of each litter of four were gradually separated from the rest of the family 31–39 days after birth. The separated kittens showed significantly higher frequencies of play on some measures. In part this was because they were more active, but when the play data were corrected for general activity differences, the separated kittens were still found to have played more. The influence of separation from the mother on play may be a facultative response b...
89 CitationsSource
9 Citations
#1Patrick Bateson (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 52
#2Michelle Young (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 3
In a study of domestic cats a sharp increase in playful contacts with objects occurred in most animals at around 50 days after birth. However, this change was not observed in litters that contained only females. Possibly the males by playing a lot had a short-term activating effect on their sisters. In order to examine whether males stimulated their female siblings in this way, the object play of male and female kittens was measured from 42 to 70 days after birth in the presence and absence of t...
25 CitationsSource
Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the development of friendly approach behavior in the cat. It mentions that the behavior of housecat kittens and the development of their behavior is organized by the manner in which the kitten obtain its food in the wild at various ages-first, by suckling only, then by snatching the single item of dead prey brought to the litter at a time by the mother against competition from littermates, and finally by capturing and killing live prey in the prey's own t...
23 CitationsSource
#1Patrick Bateson (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 52
#2Priscilla Barrett (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 1
The behaviour of 28 domestic cats from the 4th to the 12th weeks after birth was studied in the presence and absence of their mother. We obtained measures of distress, activity, timidity, distance between mother and kitten, and seven facets of play. The developmental trends in the various measures of play were different, some categories declining in frequency from the 4-7 week period to the 8-12 week period and others notably Object Contact, increasing markedly. These opposing trends and a marke...
100 CitationsSource
The social play of domestic cats in the laboratory and at home was examined. Categories and sequences of motor patterns were identified and analyzed. The developmental period during which social play was most frequent was established to be from 4 weeks to 4 months. The results suggest that social play functions to provide specific forms of exercise and as a means of developing and maintaining social relations among littermates. The decline in social play appears to be related to dispersal of the...
96 CitationsSource
36 CitationsSource
#1John J. Herbst (Stanford University)H-Index: 9
#2Philip Sunshine (Stanford University)H-Index: 30
Extract: At 15 days after birth, the small intestine of the rat showed a striking increase in relative weight, an increased depth of intestinal crypts, an elevation of the mitotic and the labeling index of crypt cells, and a decrease in the ratio of height of the villi to depth of the crypts. Metabolically, the biological half-life of 14C phenylalanine incorporated into protein was decreased in the intestine of 21-day-old rats compared with that of the 32-day-old rat. With autoradiography, a dec...
120 CitationsSource
Cited By36
Newest
#1Kevin N. Laland (St And: University of St Andrews)H-Index: 77
#2Steven P. R. Rose (OU: Open University)H-Index: 55
Patrick Bateson made outstanding contributions to the study of animal behaviour over a 50-year period, a field in which he was regarded as a world leader. His research involved analyses of the deve...
Source
#1Mikel M. Delgado (UC Davis: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 5
#2Julie Hecht (Hunter College)
Abstract Although attention to domestic cat (Felis silvestris catus) behavior and cognition has increased in recent years, numerous questions remain regarding their play. Few studies have included play as a variable of interest, and to the best of our knowledge no behavioral studies focusing on cat play have been published in the last 15 years, and there is no recent review of our current understanding of its development, behavioral components, function, or outstanding research questions. This i...
Source
#1Jamie Ahloy-Dallaire (Stanford University)H-Index: 3
#2Julia Espinosa (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 2
Last. Georgia Mason (U of G: University of Guelph)H-Index: 37
view all 3 authors...
Abstract Play is commonly used to assess affective states in both humans and non-human animals. Play appears to be most common when animals are well-fed and not under any direct threats to fitness. Could play and playfulness therefore indicate pre-existing positive emotions, and thence optimal animal welfare? We examine this question by surveying the internal and external conditions that promote or suppress play in a variety of species, starting with humans. We find that negative affective state...
19 CitationsSource
#1Sarah Brown (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 5
Last. Alistair Lawrence (Edin.: University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 47
view all 4 authors...
The aim of this study was to analyse spontaneous play behaviour in litters of domestic pigs (Sus scrofa) for sources of variation at individual and litter levels and to relate variation in play to measures of pre and postnatal development. Seven litters of commercially bred piglets (n = 70) were born (farrowed) within a penning system (PigSAFE) that provided opportunities for the performance of spontaneous play behaviours. Individual behaviour was scored based on an established play ethogram for...
17 CitationsSource
#1Becca Franks (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 13
#2Frances A. Champagne (Columbia University)H-Index: 52
Last. James P. Curley (Columbia University)H-Index: 29
view all 3 authors...
Maternal care experienced during postnatal development predicts long-term neurobiological and behavioral outcomes. However, the cascade of behavioral changes that emerge in response to maternal care has not been elucidated. In the current study, we examine naturally occurring variation in postnatal licking/grooming (LG) in C57BL/6J mice to determine its impact on preweaning maternal and pup behavior, the weaning process, the pace of developmental change, the emergence of social behavior, and ind...
7 CitationsSource
#1Anneleen Bulens (Thomas More College)H-Index: 2
#2Lotte Renders (Thomas More College)H-Index: 1
Last. B. Driessen (Thomas More College)H-Index: 3
view all 5 authors...
Abstract The effect of a straw dispenser in farrowing crates was investigated to determine the extent to which the provision of small quantities of straw has an influence on both sows and piglets. Sows and suckling piglets are often housed in barren environments with limited opportunities to show behavior they are highly motivated to perform. Enriching the environment might be a solution; for example, by providing materials that can be manipulated. In this study, 20 sows received a straw dispens...
7 CitationsSource
#1K CarnageyH-Index: 1
#2Jason BrewerH-Index: 1
Last. Anna K. ShovellerH-Index: 13
view all 5 authors...
L-carnitine (LC) has been included in feline diets to enhance weight loss and reduce risk of hepatic lipidosis. However, many overweight cats are fed maintenance diets
2 Citations
#1Patrick Bateson (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 52
Preface Acknowledgements 1. Introduction 2. The biology of play 3. The functions of play 4. Evolution and play 5. Creativity in humans 6. Animals finding novel solutions 7. People and organisations 8. Childhood play and creativity 9. Humour and playfulness 10. Dreams, drugs and creativity 11. Pulling the threads together Endnotes References Index.
78 Citations
#1Martine Hausberger (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 34
#2Carole Fureix (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 12
Last. Marie-Annick Richard-Yris (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 25
view all 5 authors...
Play remains a mystery and adult play even more so. More typical of young stages in healthy individuals, it occurs rarely at adult stages but then more often in captive/domestic animals, which can imply spatial, social and/or feeding deprivations or restrictions that are challenging to welfare, than in animals living in natural conditions. Here, we tested the hypothesis that adult play may reflect altered welfare states and chronic stress in horses, in which, as in several species, play rarely o...
21 CitationsSource
#1Suzanne D E Held (UoB: University of Bristol)H-Index: 13
#2Marek ŠpinkaH-Index: 24
Play has long been identified as a potential welfare indicator because it often disappears when animals are under fitness challenge and because it is thought to be accompanied by a pleasurable emotional experience. But animal play is a vexing behavioural phenomenon, characteristically flexible and variable within and between species, with its proximate mechanisms and ultimate functions still not fully understood. Its relationship to animal welfare is therefore complex and merits a focused theore...
186 CitationsSource