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A review of the dragon millipede genus Desmoxytes Chamberlin, 1923 in China, with descriptions of four new species (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae).

Published on Oct 20, 2014in ZooKeys1.143
· DOI :10.3897/zookeys.448.8081
Weixin Liu5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Sergei I. Golovatch12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Mingyi Tian6
Estimated H-index: 6
Abstract
Four new species of Desmoxytes are described from southern China: Desmoxytes lingulata sp. n., Desmoxytes parvula sp. n., and Desmoxytes nodulosa sp. n., from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, and Desmoxytes getuhensis sp. n. from Guizhou Province. In addition, new records of Desmoxytes scutigeroides Golovatch, Geoffroy & Mauries, 2010 and Desmoxytes scolopendroides Golovatch, Geoffroy & Mauries, 2010 are provided, with a modified key to Desmoxytes species currently known to occur in China. Two of the new species, Desmoxytes nodulosa sp. n. and Desmoxytes getuhensis sp. n., seem to be troglobites.
  • References (4)
  • Citations (10)
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References4
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#1Anh D. Nguyen (VAST: Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology)H-Index: 4
#2Petra Sierwald (FMNH: Field Museum of Natural History)H-Index: 15
A catalog of the family Paradoxosomatidae (order Polydesmida) is presented here listing a total of 198 genera with 975 valid species. Of these, 190 genera containing 960 valid species are arranged in three subfamilies and 22 tribes following Jeekel’s 1968 classification (with one addition by Jeekel in 1983). In addition, eight genera with 15 species are currently of “uncertain tribal position.” Eighty-five of the 198 paradoxosomatid genera are monotypic. Currently, 40 trinom- inals and one varie...
27 CitationsSource
#1Sergei I. GolovatchH-Index: 12
#2Youbang. LiH-Index: 2
Last. Jean-Jacques GeoffroyH-Index: 8
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#1Sergei I. Golovatch (RAS: Russian Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 12
#2Jean-Jacques Geoffroy (CNRS: Centre national de la recherche scientifique)H-Index: 8
Last. Jean-Paul MaurièsH-Index: 6
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7 CitationsSource
#1Chong-Zhou ZhangH-Index: 1
The present paper represents some taxonomie notes on the genera Centrodesmus Po-cock 1894 and Pratinus Attems 1937. It is found that the two Chinese known species, C. longispinus Loksa 1960 and C. cornutus Zhang 1982, should be placed in the Pratinusand to it should be assigned also two new species which are described as follows.Pratinus minutuberosus, sp. nov. (figs. 1-7)Eolotype ♂ (810410-1), allotype ♂ (810410-2), paratypes 2♀♀ (810410-3, 4), from Tianlin County, (24° N,. 106° E),, Guanxi Zhu...
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Based on all available information, 339 species from 71 genera, 26 families, and eleven orders of Diplopoda have hitherto been recorded from mainland China, the fauna thus being very rich, albeit far from completely known, comprising various zoogeographic elements and populating very different environments. Diplopods mainly occur in various woodlands, in caves, and high in the mountains. Most species (> 90 %, usually highly localised, including 160 cavernicoles), 18 genera, and one family are st...
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Millipedes are some of the earliest examples of terrestrial animals, and fossils from the early Carboniferous Period indicate they were also some of the earliest prey. These fossils record ozopores, the openings of chemical defense glands, occurring along the length of the body. The secretions of these glands may consist of topical irritants, repellents, antifeedants, or, in the case of the large and widespread Order Polydesmida, hydrogen cyanide (HCN) gas that can be fatal to other arthropods o...
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The diversity of Diplopoda in caves of southern China is remarkably high, often 5–6 species per cave, consisting mostly of local endemics and presumed troglobionts. These are evidently biased to just a few lineages, mainly members of the orders Chordeumatida and Callipodida, the families Cambalopsidae (Spirostreptida) and Haplodesmidae (Polydesmida) or the genera Pacidesmus, Epanerchodus and Glenniea (all Polydesmida, Polydesmidae), Trichopeltis (Polydesmida, Cryptodesmidae), Dexmoxytes (Polydes...
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