A review of the dragon millipede genus Desmoxytes Chamberlin, 1923 in China, with descriptions of four new species (Diplopoda, Polydesmida, Paradoxosomatidae).
Four new species of Desmoxytes are described from southern China: Desmoxytes lingulata sp. n., Desmoxytes parvula sp. n., and Desmoxytes nodulosa sp. n., from Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, and Desmoxytes getuhensis sp. n. from Guizhou Province. In addition, new records of Desmoxytes scutigeroides Golovatch, Geoffroy & Mauries, 2010 and Desmoxytes scolopendroides Golovatch, Geoffroy & Mauries, 2010 are provided, with a modified key to Desmoxytes species currently known to occur in China. Two of the new species, Desmoxytes nodulosa sp. n. and Desmoxytes getuhensis sp. n., seem to be troglobites.