Match!

THE TIMING OF BIRDS‘ BREEDING SEASONS

Published on Apr 3, 2008in Ibis1.994
· DOI :10.1111/j.1474-919X.1970.tb00096.x
Christopher M. Perrins45
Estimated H-index: 45
Abstract
Summary Examination of survival rdtes of nestlings and fledglings of some species show that there is a strong tendency for those young which are hatched earliest in the season to have the greatest chance of surviving to breed. Since natural selection so strongly favours parents who leave many surviving young, the question arises as to why other birds breed later than the date at which they could most successfully raise their young. It is suggested that the food supply for the breeding females immediately prior to the breeding season may limit their ability to form eggs and the females may thus not be able to lay at the time which would result in young being in the nest at the best time for raising them, but as soon after this time as the female is able to produce her eggs. Not all species are likely to be prevented, by food shortage, from breeding at the best time for raising young and the groups of birds most likely to be affected are discussed.
  • References (32)
  • Citations (1166)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
1954
1 Author (David Lack)
2,809 Citations
736 Citations
198841.06Science
489 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References32
Newest
#1L. E. Richdale (University of Otago)H-Index: 1
On a small half-acre island at the southern end of New Zealand a study was made of a complete community of Sooty Shearwaters from the end of 1940 to the beginning of 1957. In the season 1953–54, when the greatest emphasis was put on an estimate of the population, 551 marked birds were known to have been alive. This indicated a population of around 600 adult birds. Up to the end of January or a little later, unemployed birds constituted some two-thirds of the community. There were about 300 burro...
108 CitationsSource
#1Peter Ward (NUS: National University of Singapore)H-Index: 5
This two-year study of the breeding and moulting cycles of a small bird, Pycnonotus goiavier, was made on Singapore Island, which is near the equator and has a very uniform climate. There are well-marked breeding and moulting seasons in the population, and it is suggested that these protein-demanding processes are timed to occur within the period of increased insect abundance in the first half of the year. Seasonal changes in the weight of the flight muscles indicate a cycle in the protein level...
123 CitationsSource
#1A. J. Marshall (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 23
#2D. L. ServentyH-Index: 1
SUMMARY 1 The Short-tailed Shearwater, Puffinus tenuirostris, migrates annually with remarkable constancy between its southern Australian breeding islands and the north Pacific and Arctic Oceans. The regularity of its southern landfall (in late September) and egg-laying (during the period November 19 to 21 and the following twelve days) facilitates its commercial exploitation in the Tasmanian “mutton-birding” industry. 2 The species is highly exceptional in that it breeds in the warmer of the tw...
70 CitationsSource
The size and shape of kittiwake eggs are influenced by several factors, in particular by the position of the egg in the laying sequence, the breeding experience of the female and a possible inherited effect which tends to make the same female lay similar eggs in successive years. The adult kittiwake becomes larger towards the north of its range (Bergman's Rule) and probably as a consequence of this, the eggs also tend to be larger towards the north. In general, as female kittiwakes become older,...
151 CitationsSource
#1Christopher M. Perrins (Edward Grey Institute of Field Ornithology)H-Index: 45
89 CitationsSource
#1J. B. Nelson (Aberd.: University of Aberdeen)H-Index: 4
SUMMARY The Bass colony is increasing—in 1962 there were 5,350–5,700 breeding pairs; 1,340–1,430 pairs of non-breeders with nests or sites (mainly pairs in their season before first breeding) and 2,000–2,500 “club” birds without nest or site. 15% of nests were occupied by both birds of a pair at the time of the count. Oldest males return to the colony in January, followed by experienced females, considerably later by young adult-plumaged birds, immature birds later still, and the few one year-ol...
104 CitationsSource
Summary. 1 The Wood Warbler in Britain normally has one brood, in the second half of May or June. The mean date varies somewhat in different years. 2 Breeding occurs earlier in South Devon than in the central midlands of England. 3 The average clutch-size is smaller in June than in May.
9 CitationsSource
#1D. W. Snow (Edward Grey Institute of Field Ornithology)H-Index: 4
Summary 1. Breeding statistics are given for a garden population of Blackbirds, and less complete data for a woodland population. Comparison is also made with data provided by the British Trust for Ornithology nest-record cards. 2. The breeding season lasts from March to June. Temperature influences the timing of the start of breeding, and rainfall probably influences the ending of breeding. Yearling females tend to begin to breed later than old females and to stop a little earlier. Old females ...
126 CitationsSource
#1John C. Coulson (Durham University)H-Index: 32
#2E. White (Durham University)H-Index: 2
Summary. 1 The history of Kittiwake colonics at Marsden, Co. Durham and North Shields, Northumberland is given. Since the original colonization of the area in 1930, nine colonies have been formed which, in 1954, ranged in size from 13 to 648 nests. 2 New colonies were formed by birds being present on the site a year before breeding commenced. Immigration continued for at least the first four years of a colony's existence. Colour-ringing showed that adult Kittiwakes exhibited both colony-and site...
76 CitationsSource
#1R. G. B. Brown (CWS: Canadian Wildlife Service)H-Index: 3
Summary This paper describes the results of investigations into the factors affecting breeding success of the Herring and Lesser Black-backed Gulls Larus argentatus and L. fuscus, in the large colony on Walney Island, northwest Lancashire, between 1962 and 1965. These investigations were concerned with the incubation period, and the first ten days after hatching. The survival of chicks to ten days is 67% in Herring Gulls, and 56% in Lesser Black-backs. Most of these losses occur in the period ju...
103 CitationsSource
Cited By1166
Newest
The alteration and loss of habitats are two of the main threats that biodiversity conservation is currently facing up to. The present study describes the effects of a perturbation and restoration in a reedbed habitat on a bird assemblage. We studied the bird community of a wetland of central Spain between 1995 and 2009, during which time an anthropic perturbation altered the original structure of the habitat; subsequently, as a result of restoration works, the habitat returned to its original st...
Source
#1Romain PigeaultH-Index: 6
Last. Philippe ChristeH-Index: 33
view all 4 authors...
Source
For many migratory species, migration can represent a significant part of the annual cycle and the strategies used to move between the breeding and non-breeding areas vary considerably. Weather conditions are important during migration, particularly wind and temperature, and can play a crucial role in the timing of events during the annual cycle of migratory birds. When timing of specific events is important, for example spring arrival and laying dates, the effects of weather on the previous mig...
Source
#1Thomas G. Hadjikyriakou (UCY: University of Cyprus)H-Index: 2
Last. Alexander N. G. Kirschel (UCY: University of Cyprus)H-Index: 10
view all 5 authors...
The global breeding population of Eleonora9s falcon is distributed from the Canary Islands in the west, across the Mediterranean Sea, to Cyprus in the east. The remoteness of nesting colonies, which are predominantly located on sea cliffs and islets, renders breeding success estimation a challenging task, requiring a composite approach to assess each of the breeding stages. Early estimates of the breeding success of Eleonora9s falcon suggested that Akrotiri colony in Cyprus had the lowest breedi...
Source
#1Shane G. DuBay (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 7
#2Yongjie Wu (Sichuan University)H-Index: 7
Last. Dylan Meyer (U of C: University of Chicago)
view all 15 authors...
1. Functional traits are the essential phenotypes that underlie an organism's life history and ecology. Although biologists have long recognized that intraspecific variation is consequential to an animals' ecology, studies of functional variation are often restricted to species-level comparisons, ignoring critical variation within species. In birds, interspecific comparisons have been foundational in connecting flight muscle phenotypes to species-level ecology, but intraspecific variation has re...
Source
#1Xianghuang Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
#2Xin Wang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 10
Last. Anthony D. Fox (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 29
view all 10 authors...
: Twenty Far East Greylag Geese Anser anser rubrirostris were captured and fitted with GPS/GSM loggers to identify breeding and wintering areas, migration routes and stopover sites. Telemetry data for the first time showed linkages between their Yangtze River wintering areas, stopover sites in northeastern China and breeding/molting grounds in eastern Mongolia and northeast China. Ten of the twenty tagged individuals that provided sufficient data stopped on migration at the Yellow River Estuary,...
Source
#1J. Marcelino (Instituto Superior de Agronomia)
#2José Pedro Silva (Instituto Superior de Agronomia)H-Index: 12
Last. Inês Catry (Instituto Superior de Agronomia)H-Index: 13
view all 7 authors...
Climate change is predicted to severely impact interactions between prey, predators and habitats. In Southern Europe, within the Mediterranean climate, herbaceous vegetation achieves its maximum growth in middle spring followed by a three-month dry summer, limiting prey availability for insectivorous birds. Lesser kestrels (Falco naumanni) breed in a time-window that matches the nestling-rearing period with the peak abundance of grasshoppers and forecasted climate change may impact reproductive ...
Source
#1Anna Drake (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 4
#2Kathy Martin (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 44
Source
#1Cynthia Reséndiz‐Infante (Laval University)
#2Gilles Gauthier (Laval University)H-Index: 45
Last. Guillaume SouchayH-Index: 5
view all 3 authors...
Source
#1Hongbin Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
#2Lei Fang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Last. Anthony D. Fox (AU: Aarhus University)H-Index: 29
view all 6 authors...
Telemetry data from sympatric Eastern Tundra Bean Geese Anser serrirostris captured on their winter quarters in the Yangtze River Floodplain, China, tracked to two discrete breeding areas (the Anadyr Region (AR) at 65°N and Central Russian Arctic (CRA) at 75°N) showed that, despite longer migration distance (6300 vs. 5300 km), AR geese reached their destination 23 days earlier than CRA geese as a result of increasingly delayed date of 50% snow cover along the route of CRA geese (based on satelli...
Source