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Occupational health services in selected International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH) member countries

Published on Mar 1, 2013in Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health 3.49
· DOI :10.5271/sjweh.3317
Jorma Rantanen14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
Suvi Lehtinen5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Sergio Iavicoli23
Estimated H-index: 23
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Abstract
Objectives International organizations have encouraged countries to organize occupational health services (OHS) for all working people. This study surveyed how that objective has been achieved in a sample of International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH) member countries from all continents. Method A structured questionnaire was sent to ICOH national secretaries in 61 countries. The survey focused on (i) policies and strategies; (ii) systems, institutions, and infrastructures; (iii) contents and activities; (iv) human and other resources; (v) financing; and (v) future priorities in the development of national OHS systems. Results Of 47 respondents, 70% had drawn up a policy and strategy for OHS and 79% had a national institute of occupational health or safety. The calculated coverage of workers was 19% among the respondent countries. Sixty percent of respondent countries used multiple channels for service provision and 70% provided mixed contents of OHS with preventive and curative services. Almost all (94%) reported availability of multidisciplinary experts, but not in sufficient numbers. OHS is financed through combined employer plus insurance financing in 62% of respondents and through employer financing only in 38%. The countries identified well the needs for future development of OHS. Conclusions In spite of documented policies for OHS, only slightly over one third of the surveyed countries had organized OHS for more than 50% of workers. The vast majority of workers of the world are underserved due to four gaps in OHS: implementation, coverage, content, and capacity.
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Published in Safety Science 3.62
Wendy Jones4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Lboro: Loughborough University),
Alistair G.F. Gibb31
Estimated H-index: 31
(Lboro: Loughborough University)
+ -3 AuthorsAndrew R.J. Dainty45
Estimated H-index: 45
(Lboro: Loughborough University)
Abstract Work-related ill-health in construction is a major concern worldwide, presenting significant risk management challenges. This three-year research project studied a multi-million pound regional construction project and a multi-billion pound infrastructure megaproject in the UK. It used interviews (n = 237) and meeting observations (n = 120) to examine contemporary approaches to managing occupational health in the industry and their limitations. It was found that the conceptualisation of ...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Globalization and Health 2.55
Sibel Kiran4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Hacettepe University),
Alp Ergör7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Dokuz Eylül University)
+ 3 AuthorsYücel Demiral13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Dokuz Eylül University)
Although various organizations working in developed countries established the standards and approaches used in occupational hygiene, occupational hygiene professional interests and needs continue to develop in a global context. There is thus an urgent need for expanded occupational hygiene models. For successful field implementation, these models should be based on several sets of criteria, including those related to international standards, various national requirements, and multidisciplinary a...
Published on Dec 26, 2018in PLOS ONE 2.78
SangJune Kim , Jee Hey Song + 1 AuthorsSangMinPark27
Estimated H-index: 27
Objectives This study aims to investigate the differences in the utilisation of preventive health services among standard, nonstandard workers, the self-employed, and unpaid family workers. Methods We used the 4th and 5th Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, a nationwide survey conducted from the year 2007 to 2012. Economically active workers between the ages of 25 and 64 were grouped into standard, nonstandard, the self-employed, and the unpaid family workers (N = 16,964). Ou...
Published on Jul 1, 2018in Applied Ergonomics 2.61
Lena Nord Nilsson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(KTH: Royal Institute of Technology),
Annika Vänje3
Estimated H-index: 3
(KTH: Royal Institute of Technology)
Abstract Sector specific skills in occupational safety and health (OS&H) are crucial for being able to contribute to good work environment and decrease today's high levels of sick absences. Large manufacturing companies are due to tradition good at OS&H and can serve as an interesting context for investigating the knowledge level in the area today, and needs for the future. For this purpose a case study was performed in this sector as a co-operative inquiry, including 10 OS&H professionals (engi...
Published on May 1, 2018in Occupational and Environmental Medicine 3.56
A. Descatha6
Estimated H-index: 6
(French Institute of Health and Medical Research),
Yves Roquelaure27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Angers)
Many countries have increased the legal retirement age due to economic constraints and ageing populations.1 One important obstacle to raising retirement age is premature ageing caused by difficult and arduous working conditions.2 3 Nevertheless, even for some countries with retirement ages that may vary according to working conditions, it is particularly challenging to define an optimal retirement age that consistently and fairly determines which workers may be granted earlier retirement due to ...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in BMC Public Health 2.57
Jorma Rantanen2
Estimated H-index: 2
(UH: University of Helsinki),
Suvi Lehtinen5
Estimated H-index: 5
+ 1 AuthorsSergio Iavicoli23
Estimated H-index: 23
Background The United Nations General Assembly (UNGA), the International Labour Organization (ILO), the World Health Organization (WHO), the International Commission on Occupational Health (ICOH), and the European Union (EU) have encouraged countries to organize occupational health services (OHS) for all working people irrespective of the sector of economy, size of enterprise or mode of employment of the worker. The objective of this study was to survey the status of OHS in a sample of countries...
Published on Dec 1, 2017in Asia Pacific Family Medicine
Frank van Dijk (VUmc: VU University Medical Center), P.C. Buijs8
Estimated H-index: 8
Objective To discuss a new book from India intended to inform and educate primary health care professionals on workers’ health problems, with the aim to encourage new initiatives.
Published on Oct 1, 2017in Occupational Medicine 1.22
Claudio Colosio25
Estimated H-index: 25
(University of Milan),
S. Mandic-Rajcevic6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Milan)
+ 3 AuthorsF.S. Van Dijk4
Estimated H-index: 4
(VUmc: VU University Medical Center)
Background: European Union (EU) Directive 89/391 addressed occupational health surveillance, which recommends to provide workers with 'access to health surveillance at regular intervals', aiming to prevent work-related and occupational diseases.Aims: To investigate how EU countries adopted this Directive.Methods: We invited one selected representative per member state to complete a questionnaire.Results: All 28 EU countries implemented the Directive in some form. Workers' health surveillance (WH...
Published on Jan 1, 2017
Leslie London29
Estimated H-index: 29
(UCT: University of Cape Town)
Despite availability of methods to control workplace hazards, billions of working people worldwide lack access to a safe working environment. Global trade and economic policies shape the determinants of and the institutional and human resources to deal with workplace hazards. In addition to gender and migrancy, new vulnerabilities related to casualization have been generated under globalization. Occupational health services, regulatory standard setting, human resource capacity development, surve...
Kassu Jilcha3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Daniel Kitaw5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Birhanu Beshah4
Estimated H-index: 4