Match!

Who’s Socialising Whom? Regional Organisations and Contested Norms in Central Asia

Published on Sep 1, 2012in Europe-Asia Studies
· DOI :10.1080/09668136.2012.701391
David Lewis3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Bradford)
Abstract
Abstract The Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) represent competing sets of international norms in Central Asia. The contestation between these sets of norms has not led to a complete polarisation between members of the two organisations, however. Instead, the OSCE has used a range of discursive tactics to reduce political contestation, downplaying some contested issues and seeking shared discourses on security threats. This article explores these tactics and suggests that these discursive shifts may eventually threaten the normative identity of the OSCE and lead to the acceptance of a more hybrid set of security-related norms in the region. I would like to thank the British Academy for a Small Research Grant, which supported research for this project in Beijing and Vienna.
  • References (37)
  • Citations (25)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
801 Citations
89 Citations
79 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References37
Newest
#1Connie de la VegaH-Index: 16
37 Citations
Security sector reform — including police reform — has been an important element in international programmes in many post-conflict and so-called 'fragile' states. In Central Asian states — mostly ruled by authoritarian regimes — the OSCE has been engaged in a variety of programmes to help reform the police, which have often been accused of abuses of human rights. There has been a significant police assistance programme in Kyrgyzstan, and smaller initiatives and activities have been implemented i...
5 CitationsSource
This article aims to show the theoretical added value of focussing on discourse to study identity in international relations (IR). I argue that the discourse approach offers a more theoretically parsimonious and empirically grounded way of studying identity than approaches developed in the wake of both constructivism and the broader ‘psychological turn’. My starting point is a critique of the discipline’s understanding of the ‘self’ uncritically borrowed from psychology. Jacques Lacan’s ‘speakin...
102 CitationsSource
Since the early 1990s, Tajikistan has become a key hub along international opiates-trafficking routes. Tajik security agencies lack the equipment and the skills to effectively counter drug-smuggling networks. Funding from external donors has partially contributed to the renovation and modernization of these agencies. Since the late 1990s both the United States and the European Union have been providing assistance to the Tajik government in the field of counter-narcotics. After 2001 the commitmen...
19 CitationsSource
In medieval times, traders carried jewels, spices, perfumes, and fabulous fabrics along the legendary Silk Route through Central Asia. Today, the goods are just as valuable, but infinitely more dangerous. Weapons and equipment for American troops in Afghan istan travel from west to east, along the vital lifeline of the Northern Supply Route. In the other direction, an unadvertised, but no less deadly product travels along the same roads, generating billions of dollars in illicit profits. As much...
17 CitationsSource
2 CitationsSource
The article makes two intertwining arguments about OSCE's work in Central Asia. The first is that the organization failed to engage the leaders of the region in a political dialogue, opting instead for a quasi-developmental approach centered on technical assistance projects, many of questionable provenance and of limited if not negative impact. The second is that the OSCE has failed to promote in the region its own comprehensive vision of security with the human dimension at its core, instead ac...
4 CitationsSource
The Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) is an established player in Southeast Asia, while the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation (SCO) is an emergent force in Central Asia. This article comparatively assesses ASEAN and SCO to investigate the nature of each organization's model of cooperation and their utility in the contemporary political landscape in Asia. It argues that SCO differs from ASEAN on a few significant points: its composition and level of institutionalization. At the same ...
14 CitationsSource
Although the engagement of the Organization for Security and Co-operation (OSCE) with Afghanistan, as an OSCE Asian Partner for Co-operation, is not a new effort, a more structured and focused approach was initiated by the participating States at the Madrid OSCE Ministerial Council in November 2007 and its Decision No. 4/07 (MC Decision No. 4/07). The Ministerial Council Decision identifies the need for OSCE support in three major areas: border security and management, and policing and combating...
1 CitationsSource
The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) has been a vocal critic of stalled and failing transitions to democracy in the former Soviet Union and Yugoslavia. Since the Paris Summit in 1990, the organization has been working towards developing a system of norms and institutions to help encourage democratization and civil society ‘east of Vienna’, such as the Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR). Arguably, some of the most important events for the OSCE w...
13 CitationsSource
Cited By25
Newest
#1Karolina Kluczewska (St And: University of St Andrews)H-Index: 1
Last. Shairbek Dzhuraev (St And: University of St Andrews)H-Index: 1
view all 2 authors...
This chapter takes a critical look at the EU-Central Asia cooperation since the 1990s until now. It argues that although this partnership has always stood out as smooth and balanced, and thus less fraught with major political controversies and abrupt U-turns compared to other external partners of the Central Asian region, one sees important limitations that call for revisiting of institutional and ideational aspects of interaction. The chapter analyses three aspects which reflect the nature of t...
1 CitationsSource
#1Assylzat Karabayeva (International University of Japan)
This article considers how the ideas and worldviews of the first presidents of the post-Soviet Central Asian countries have shaped their states’ identities, and their domestic and foreign policies....
Source
#1Luba von Hauff (Bundeswehr University Munich)H-Index: 1
Against the background of ever stronger linkages between the EU and China as well as their emphatically voiced objective to jointly shape the increasingly multi-polar world, the article at hand endeavors to address the question how a liberally informed EU and a politically distinctly illiberal China may actually come to cooperate, that is, “work together for a common purpose”. To this end, this analysis reviews the past decade of EU-China normatively divergent, and even competitive encounters in...
1 CitationsSource
Taking Syria’s armed conflict as a case study to illustrate processes of normative contestation in international relations, this paper is interested in re-examining the typology of Russia as a ‘rising power’ to account for ‘rise’ in a non-material dimension. The article embeds the ‘rising power’ label in the literature on international norm dynamics to reflect on the rationale for Russia’s engagement in Syria despite adverse material preconditions. It will be argued that Russian norm divergence ...
1 CitationsSource
#1Alexander Cooley (Columbia University)H-Index: 14
This chapter examines the public cooperation and hidden rivalry that have characterized Russian and Chinese-led efforts to promote Eurasian economic and security integration. Though both Moscow and Beijing have shared similar concerns about the role and influence of the United States in Central Asia, they each have championed their own preferred regional organizations as instruments of regional cooperation and influence, including the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation and the Eurasian Economic U...
Source
#1Medet Tiulegenov (American University of Central Asia)H-Index: 1
This chapter discusses security-related political discourses in the post-Soviet Central Asia and compares official rhetoric of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan using content analysis of major presidential speeches. Analysis shows a significant variation in rhetorical prominence of different security issues and actors in the post-Soviet period. Relative insignificance of most security issues for Uzbekistan conformed to its overall isolationist policies, while the general modernization frame ...
Source
#1Rico Isaacs (Oxford Brookes University)H-Index: 10
AbstractNorm contestation by local actors has emerged in recent years as an explanation for the failure of norm diffusion. This article contributes to the literature on norm contestation by analysing how norms diffused by the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) pertaining to election observation and free and fair voting are re-constituted and contested by domestic actors in Kazakhstan. The study contributes to the idea of ‘constitutive localisation’ by emphasising a more f...
Source
#1Betcy Jose (University of Colorado Denver)H-Index: 3
This chapter demonstrates how a norm contestation framework can helpfullyexplain behavioral variation within norms. This approach explores how actors’ interpretations of a norm’s logic of appropriateness, as informed by the logic of practicality and the logic of contestedness, may impact intersubjective agreement between norm enforcers and norm users. In doing so, it elucidates aspects of norms not captured by useful explanations rooted in the norm diffusion process or materialist motivations. T...
Source
#1Karolina Kluczewska (St And: University of St Andrews)H-Index: 1
ABSTRACTSoon after the breakdown of the Soviet Union in 1991, a civil war started in Tajikistan (1992–97). This was also the period when a number of international organizations arrived in the country to distribute humanitarian assistance and assist in conflict resolution and stabilization. After the UN, the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) was the second key organization which appeared in the conflict-stricken country. Like other key international organizations in Taji...
1 CitationsSource
ABSTRACTSince the late 1990s, the post-communist states of Central Asia, as ‘participating States’ of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, have been regularly persuaded by the organization to invite its Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights to monitor their national parliamentary and presidential elections. The OSCE/ODIHR’s objectives have been to assist the Central Asian participating states in holding free and fair elections and aid in a presumed ongoing post-...
Source