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A Theory of Cognitive Dissonance

Published on Jan 1, 1957
Leon Festinger43
Estimated H-index: 43
Abstract
Cognitive dissonance theory links actions and attitudes. It holds that dissonance is experienced whenever one cognition that a person holds follows from the opposite of at least one other cognition that the person holds. The magnitude of dissonance is directly proportional to the number of discrepant cognitions and inversely proportional to the number of consonant cognitions that a person has. The relative weight of any discrepant or consonant element is a function of its Importance.
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Published in Tourism Management 6.01
Fangxuan (Sam) Li (AUT: Auckland University of Technology), Chris Ryan48
Estimated H-index: 48
(University of Waikato)
Abstract As little is known about guest experiences when considering tourism in countries such as North Korea where there is tight governmental control of tourist activities, this paper examines guests' perceptions of a North Korean hotel. It suggests that the usual criteria of hotel evaluations do not apply due to a restricted choice set, and hence guests are more tolerant of limited choices and re-value the limitations as part of an experience creation. The paper draws on the classical economi...
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Current opinion in psychology
Nathanael J. Fast11
Estimated H-index: 11
(SC: University of Southern California),
Arthur S Jago (SC: University of Southern California)
Products and services built around artificially intelligent algorithms offer a host of benefits to users but they require vast amounts of personal data in return. As a result, privacy is perhaps more vulnerable today than ever before. We posit that this vulnerability is not only technical, but psychological. Whereas people have historically cared about and fought for the right to privacy, the diffusion and conveniences of algorithms could be systematically eroding people’s capacity and psycholog...
Published on Jan 1, 2020
Ibha Suhani (BHU: Banaras Hindu University), Monika (BHU: Banaras Hindu University)+ 2 AuthorsRajeev Pratap19
Estimated H-index: 19
(BHU: Banaras Hindu University)
In the current scenario, the world is facing various water-related issues, for instance, water shortage, degradation of water resources, pollution of aquatic systems, and proliferation of waterborne diseases. Moreover, the condition is getting worse in the developing economies because of the integrated effect of anthropogenic activities, escalating demand of resources, and the population explosion. In various developed countries, traditional centralized sewage treatment systems were used for com...
Published on Jan 1, 2020
Sergio Martini (UNISI: University of Siena), Mario Quaranta (University of Trento)
A comprehensive study of political support should consider individual-level factors. Democratic satisfaction and political trust are often considered the result of a rational assessment based on expectations and utility perceived from the working of the system and its representative institutions. However, such economic rationality is not sustained by the evidence. On the contrary, to reduce the cost of seeking and processing information people use heuristics based on their social and political e...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Evolution: Education and Outreach
Thomas R. Beatman (University of Akron), R. Joel Duff14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Akron)
A number of processes that involve large numbers are critical to civic scientific literacy, including many biological topics. Understanding the basic causes of such large-scale processes, such as population growth, speciation, and extinction, are key to engaging evolution and ecology learning. Here we present a teaching module which uses manipulatives to addresses one such topic, population growth, utilizing charismatic organisms, mammoths. The module involves an engaging hypothetical scenario, ...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Psicologia-reflexao E Critica
Ana Carolina Soares Amaral8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Eric Stice93
Estimated H-index: 93
(Oregon Research Institute),
Maria Elisa Caputo Ferreira12
Estimated H-index: 12
Background Given that most young women with eating disorders do not receive treatment, implementing effective prevention programs is a public health priority. The Body Project is a group-based eating disorder prevention program with evidence of both efficacy and effectiveness. This trial evaluated the efficacy of this prevention program with Brazilian girls, as no published study has tested whether this intervention is culturally sensitive and efficacious with Latin-American adolescents.
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Journal of Vocational Behavior 3.39
Carl P. Maertz (University of Louisville), Scott L. Boya (UAB: University of Alabama at Birmingham), Patrick W. Maloney4
Estimated H-index: 4
(SLU: Saint Louis University)
Abstract To clarify how work and non-work role conflicts are processed and produce psychological change, we propose an integrative theory of work-family conflict (WFC) episode processing. We clarify ambiguities around the meaning of WFC, overcome questionable research assumptions, make testable counter-normative predictions, reconcile “levels” and “episodes” WFC conceptions, and explain how WFC can even have a net positive effect for the person. In the model, a trigger event causes a perceived W...
Published on Dec 1, 2019in Tourism Management 6.01
Walanchalee Wattanacharoensil5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Mahidol University International College),
Dolchai La-ornual1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Mahidol University International College)
Abstract This study examines articles related to tourist decision making, especially with respect to cognitive biases, published in the Journal of Travel Research , Annals of Tourism Research , and Tourism Management over the past 10 years (from January 2008 to September 2018). Tourists do not always make rational choices due to the influence of behavioral factors, such as dispositions and emotions. According to the study of judgment and decision making, cognitive biases are the main underlying ...
Published on Feb 15, 2019in Scientific Reports 4.01
Prachi Mistry1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UCI: University of California, Irvine),
Mimi Liljeholm14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UCI: University of California, Irvine)
Consensus seeking – abandoning one’s own judgment to align with a group majority – is a fundamental feature of human social interaction. Notably, such striving for majority affiliation often occurs in the absence of any apparent economic or social gain, suggesting that achieving consensus might have intrinsic value. Here, using a simple gambling task, in which the decisions of ostensible previous gamblers were indicated below available options on each trial, we examined the affective properties ...
Published on Mar 17, 2019in Implementation Science 4.53
Benjamin Brown9
Estimated H-index: 9
,
Wouter T. Gude5
Estimated H-index: 5
(UvA: University of Amsterdam)
+ 7 AuthorsGavin Daker-White14
Estimated H-index: 14
Background Providing health professionals with quantitative summaries of their clinical performance when treating specific groups of patients (“feedback”) is a widely used quality improvement strategy, yet systematic reviews show it has varying success. Theory could help explain what factors influence feedback success, and guide approaches to enhance effectiveness. However, existing theories lack comprehensiveness and specificity to health care. To address this problem, we conducted the first sy...