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References25
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Published on Jan 1, 1979in Linguistics and Philosophy 1.32
Martin D. S. Braine19
Estimated H-index: 19
(New York University)
The paper has sought to show two things. One is that the apparent variety of Stalnaker and Lewis's counterexamples is misleading. Several of their examples are quite unsatisfactory because they depend on unguarded language behavior. There is in fact only one type of counterexample that is worth serious discussion, and that has the form of Barense's.
9 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1978
Wilma Bucci1
Estimated H-index: 1
Highly opaque films which are opaque without the use of opacifying pigments are formed by applying to a substrate a coating composition of an oil-in-oil type comprising:
18 Citations
Published on Mar 1, 1977in Language 2.34
Ruth Kempson16
Estimated H-index: 16
The thesis is divided into three sections. In the first, I present the general theoretical framework within which the arguments of the thesis are considered. This framework contains an interpretive semantic component (in the sense of Katz 1966a, 1972, Bierwisch 1969, 1971) and the formalism assumed is that of Bierwisch. I argue however that this formalism in effect constitutes a statement of the necessary and sufficient truth conditions on the sentences of a language and that this is the correct...
201 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1977in Psychological Review 7.23
Richard E. Nisbett82
Estimated H-index: 82
(University of Michigan),
Timothy D. Wilson56
Estimated H-index: 56
(University of Michigan)
Evidence is reviewed which suggests that there may be little or no direct introspective access to higher order cognitive processes. Subjects are sometimes (a) unaware of the existence of a stimulus that importantly influenced a response, (b) unaware of the existence of the response, and (c) unaware that the stimulus has affected the response. It is proposed that when people attempt to report on their cognitive processes, that is, on the processes mediating the effects of a stimulus on a response...
7,388 Citations Source Cite
Martin D. S. Braine2
Estimated H-index: 2
BRAINE, MARTIN D. S. Children's First Word Combinations. With Commentary by MELISSA BOWERMAN. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development, 1976, 41(1, Serial No. 164). A descriptive analysis is presented of the syntactic patterns in 16 corpora of word combinations from 11 children learning either English (six children), Samoan, Finnish, Hebrew, or Swedish. The mean utterance lengths range up to about 1.7 morphemes. There are both reanalyses of corpora in the literature and new co...
333 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1974
Deirdre Wilson39
Estimated H-index: 39
Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Dept. of Foreign Literatures and Linguistics. Thesis. 1974. Ph.D.
166 Citations
Published on Jun 1, 1972
Allen Newell63
Estimated H-index: 63
(Carnegie Mellon University)
Abstract : The aim of the book is to advance the understanding of how humans think. It seeks to do so by putting forth a theory of human problem solving, along with a body of empirical evidence that permits assessment of the theory. (Author)
8,313 Citations
Published on Jan 1, 1972
P. C. Wason26
Estimated H-index: 26
(University College London),
Philip N. Johnson-Laird63
Estimated H-index: 63
'Is there any other point to which you would wish to draw my attention?' 'To the curious incident of the dog in the night-time.' 'The dog did nothing in the night-time.' 'That was the curious incident, ' remarked Sherlock Holmes. The quotation from A. Conan Doyle with which this book begins, is a delightfully appropriate summation of the authors' point of view garnered from their fifteen years of experiments on the psychology of reasoning. Dr. Wason and Dr. Johnson-Laird are intrigued by the ext...
856 Citations
John E. Taplin16
Estimated H-index: 16
(University of Adelaide)
The nature of the truth function when reasoning with conditional sentences was investigated through an analysis of the evaluations of the truth of four deductive arguments by 56 naive adult S s. This analysis suggested that only 44.7% of these S s consistently assessed the validity of these arguments in a truth-functional manner. Of these S s, the majority appeared to utilize a truth function which was the same as that for a biconditional in propositional calculus. Only two S s consistently prod...
78 Citations Source Cite
Cited By467
Newest
Paul Warren3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Open University),
Paul Mulholland18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Open University)
+ 1 AuthorsEnrico Motta52
Estimated H-index: 52
(Open University)
Abstract Knowledge representation languages are frequently difficult to understand, particularly for those not trained in formal logic. This is the case for Description Logics, which have been adopted for knowledge representation on the Web and in a number of application areas. This work looks at the difficulties experienced with Description Logics; and in particular with the widely-used Manchester OWL Syntax, which employs natural language keywords. The work comprises three studies. The first t...
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Published on Jan 2, 2019in Thinking & Reasoning 2.37
Henry Markovits27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Université du Québec à Montréal),
Pier-Luc de Chantal4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Université du Québec à Montréal),
Janie Brisson5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Université du Québec à Montréal)
ABSTRACTStudies examining the interpretation that is given to if–then statementstypically use what are referred to as basic conditionals, which give contextless relations between two unrelated concrete terms (If the ball is blue, then the shape is square). However, there is some evidence that basic conditionals require a more abstract form of representation. In order to examine this, we presented participants with truth-table tasks involving either basic conditionals or conditionals referring to...
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Published on Jan 1, 2019
Igor Douven18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Paris-Sorbonne University),
Karolina Krzyżanowska3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)
Linguists and philosophers commonly distinguish between semantics and pragmatics, where the former concerns the truth or falsity of linguistic items and the latter concerns aspects of the use of such items that may make them unassertable even when true. Common though the distinction is, there is an ongoing controversy about where exactly the line between semantics and pragmatics is to drawn. We report two experiments meant to investigate empirically whether there is any pre-theoretic distinction...
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Published on Nov 1, 2018in Mind & Language 1.60
Nick Chater60
Estimated H-index: 60
(University of Warwick),
Mike Oaksford35
Estimated H-index: 35
(Birkbeck, University of London)
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Published on Jul 1, 2018in Memory & Cognition 1.91
Janie Brisson5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Université du Québec à Montréal),
Henry Markovits27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Université du Québec à Montréal)
+ 1 AuthorsWalter Schaeken4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)
In the present studies, we investigated inferences from an incompatibility statement. Starting with two propositions that cannot be true at the same time, these inferences consist of deducing the falsity of one from the truth of the other or deducing the truth of one from the falsity of the other. Inferences of this latter form are relevant to human reasoning since they are the formal equivalent of a discourse manipulation called the false dilemma fallacy, often used in politics and advertising ...
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Published on Mar 1, 2018in Cognitive Psychology 3.10
Igor Douven1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Paris),
Shira Elqayam11
Estimated H-index: 11
(De Montfort University)
+ 1 AuthorsJanneke van Wijnbergen-Huitink2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Radboud University Nijmegen)
Abstract Intuition suggests that for a conditional to be evaluated as true, there must be some kind of connection between its component clauses. In this paper, we formulate and test a new psychological theory to account for this intuition. We combined previous semantic and psychological theorizing to propose that the key to the intuition is a relevance-driven, satisficing-bounded inferential connection between antecedent and consequent. To test our theory, we created a novel experimental paradig...
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Feb 1, 2018in Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 3.09
Falk Lieder10
Estimated H-index: 10
(École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne),
Thomas L. Griffiths61
Estimated H-index: 61
(University of California)
+ 1 AuthorsNoah D. Goodman34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Stanford University)
Cognitive biases, such as the anchoring bias, pose a serious challenge to rational accounts of human cognition. We investigate whether rational theories can meet this challenge by taking into account the mind’s bounded cognitive resources. We asked what reasoning under uncertainty would look like if people made rational use of their finite time and limited cognitive resources. To answer this question, we applied a mathematical theory of bounded rationality to the problem of numerical estimation....
18 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 2, 2018in Brain Sciences
Ivo Vlaev17
Estimated H-index: 17
Rational explanation is ubiquitous in psychology and social sciences, ranging from rational analysis, expectancy-value theories, ideal observer models, mental logic to probabilistic frameworks, rational choice theory, and informal “folk psychological” explanation. However, rational explanation appears to be challenged by apparently systematic irrationality observed in psychological experiments, especially in the field of judgement and decision-making (JDM). Here, it is proposed that the experime...
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