Self-theories: Their Role in Motivation, Personality, and Development
Published on Jan 1, 1999
Preface. Introduction. What Promoted Adaptive Motivation? Four Beliefs and Four Truths About Ability, Success, Praise, and Confidence. When Failure Undermines and When Failure Motivates: Helpless and Master-Oriented Responses. Achievement Goals Looking Smart vs. Learning Learning. Is Intelligece Fixed or Changeable? Students' Theories About Their Intelligence Foster Their Achievement Goals. Theories of Intelligence Predict (and Create) Differences in Achievement. Theories of Intelligence Create Create High and Low Effort. Theories and Goals Predict Self-Esteem Loss and Depressice Reactions Why Confidence and Success are Not Enough. What is IQ and Does it Matter? Believing in Fixed Social Traits: Impact on Social Coping. Judging and Labelling Others: Another Effect of Implicit Theories. Belief in the Potential to Change. Holding and Forming Stereotypes. How Does it all Begin? Young Children's Theories about Goodness and Badness. Kinds of Praise and Criticism: The Origins of Vulnerability. Praising Kinds of Praise and Criticism: The Origins of Vulnerability. Praising Intelligence: More Praise that Backfires. Misconceptions about Self-Esteem and About How to Foster It. Persoanlity, Motivation, Development, and the Self: Theoretical Reflections. Final Thoughts on Controversial Issues.