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Hidden in Plain Sight: Locating, Validating, and Advocating the Stigma Experiences of Women of Color

Published on Nov 1, 2015in Sex Roles 2.28
· DOI :10.1007/s11199-015-0529-2
Adrienne R. Carter-Sowell9
Estimated H-index: 9
(A&M: Texas A&M University),
Carla A. Zimmerman2
Estimated H-index: 2
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
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Abstract
In this commentary, we reflect and expand on Remedios and Snyder’s (2015) target paper “How Women of Color Detect and Respond to Multiple Forms of Prejudice.” We, initially, address the perceived lack of available women of color participants for human behavior studies conducted in the United States. We offer remedies to this expectation of deficits in order for researchers to retool their recruitment plans for traditional undergraduate subjects. Specifically, we highlight the changing demographic profiles of U.S. undergraduate students and we draw attention to potentially overlooked campus-based sources of women of color participants. Next, we discuss validated measures for researchers interested in assessing individuals with multiply-stigmatized group identities. The individual difference measures (double consciousness and chronic ostracism experiences) as well as an explicit evaluation (Strong Black Woman schema) may inform pending research examining group processes, health-related indicators, and predicted behaviors. Moreover, we identify critical areas of psychological research that can inform administrators of public policies and enlighten stakeholders for institutional transformations. In particular, we focus on factors that affect representation and retention of women in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields in the Unites States. In sum, these suggestions have extensive implications for enhancing research on the stigma experiences and responses to prejudice for women of color, by providing U.S. researchers with practical solutions for recruiting women of color and measuring their experiences.
  • References (54)
  • Citations (8)
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References54
Newest
Published on Aug 1, 2016in Journal of Black Psychology 1.52
Faye Z. Belgrave24
Estimated H-index: 24
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University),
Jasmine A. Abrams6
Estimated H-index: 6
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)
+ 2 AuthorsAnh B. Nguyen5
Estimated H-index: 5
(FDA: Food and Drug Administration)
Gender role beliefs of African American women differ from those of women in other ethnic/racial groups and a culturally valid measure of their gender role beliefs is needed. Three studies were conducted to develop a preliminary measure. In Study 1, focus groups were conducted with a community and college sample of 44 African American women. Transcripts reviewed resulted in an initial pool of 40 items. These items were reviewed by an expert panel and 18 items were retained. In Study 2, an explora...
Published on Nov 1, 2015in Sex Roles 2.28
Jessica D. Remedios9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Tufts University),
Samantha H. Snyder3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Tufts University)
The processes by which women of color and White women living in the United States detect and respond to prejudice may differ because women of color experience racism, sexism and intersectional bias. This review builds on past research by articulating how existing process models of stigmatization, when applied to the stigmatization of women of color, leave important research questions unanswered. Stigmatized individuals’ interpretations of and responses to others’ behaviors are continuously shape...
Published on Jun 1, 2015in Organization Science 3.26
Jane O'Reilly5
Estimated H-index: 5
(U of O: University of Ottawa),
Sandra L. Robinson25
Estimated H-index: 25
(UBC: University of British Columbia)
+ 1 AuthorsSara Banki1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Sharif University of Technology)
Ostracism has been recognized as conceptually and empirically distinct from harassment. Drawing from theory and research that suggests that employees have a strong need to belong in their organizations, we examine the comparative frequency and impact of ostracism and harassment in organizations across three field studies. Study 1 finds that a wide range of employees perceive ostracism, compared with harassment, to be more socially acceptable, less psychologically harmful, and less likely to be p...
Published on Mar 15, 2015in Community Development
Semalegne Kendie Mengesha1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Gondar),
Jacquelyn C.A. Meshelemiah3
Estimated H-index: 3
(OSU: Ohio State University),
Kasaw Adane Chuffa1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Gondar)
This research was aimed at exploring asset-based community development (ABCD) practice of the Awramba community in Ethiopia, focusing on seven specific principles. A qualitative research design, including in-depth interviews, focus group discussions, observations, and document analysis, was used. The findings revealed that Awramba was practicing ABCD, albeit with some practical deviations. Genuine respect for human dignity has enabled its members to effectively implement most of the ABCD princip...
Published on Dec 1, 2014in Psychology of Women Quarterly 3.26
Jasmine A. Abrams6
Estimated H-index: 6
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University),
Morgan Maxwell4
Estimated H-index: 4
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)
+ 1 AuthorsFaye Z. Belgrave24
Estimated H-index: 24
(VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)
Across varied disciplines, attempts have been made to capture the multidimensionality of Black womanhood under a unifying framework illustrative of Black women’s perceived roles, responsibilities, and experiences of intersectional oppression. The result has been the emergence of a number of divergent but overlapping constructs (e.g., Superwoman Schema, Sojourner Truth Syndrome, Sisterella Complex, and Strong Black Woman [SBW] Schema). The goal of our study is to integrate overlapping attributes ...
Published on Sep 16, 2014in Nature 43.07
Richard B. Freeman105
Estimated H-index: 105
,
Wei Huang8
Estimated H-index: 8
Published on Jul 1, 2014in Basic and Applied Social Psychology 1.05
Paolo Riva14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Milano-Bicocca),
Eric D. Wesselmann17
Estimated H-index: 17
(ISU: Illinois State University)
+ 2 AuthorsKipling D. Williams K D55
Estimated H-index: 55
(Purdue University)
Researchers find that social and physical pain overlap in acute episodes. In this article, we hypothesize that social and physical pain overlap in chronic conditions as well. To support this hypothesis, we reviewed the literature and introduced the Integrated Chronic Pain Model (ICPM), which posits that chronic social and physical pain overlap in their psychological antecedents and consequences. Specifically, the ICPM proposes several common factors that play a role in the onset and maintenance ...
Published on Dec 3, 2013in PLOS ONE 2.78
Christopher T. Campbell12
Estimated H-index: 12
,
Sean R. Llewellyn2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 3 AuthorsJeffrey C. Gildersleeve20
Estimated H-index: 20
The name of the third author was spelled incorrectly. The correct name is: Thorsten Demberg. The correct Citation is: Campbell CT, Llewellyn SR, Demberg T, Morgan IL, Robert-Guroff M, et al. (2013) High-Throughput Profiling of Anti-Glycan Humoral Responses to SIV Vaccination and Challenge. PLoS ONE 8(9): e75302. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0075302.
Published on Oct 30, 2013in PLOS ONE 2.78
Lesley G. Campbell14
Estimated H-index: 14
(RyeU: Ryerson University),
Siya Mehtani2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Rice University)
+ 1 AuthorsJanice Rinehart1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NSF: National Science Foundation)
Here we present the first empirical evidence to support the hypothesis that a gender-heterogeneous problem-solving team generally produced journal articles perceived to be higher quality by peers than a team comprised of highly-performing individuals of the same gender. Although women were historically underrepresented as principal investigators of working groups, their frequency as PIs at the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis is now comparable to the national frequencies in ...
Published on Jun 1, 2013in International Journal of Hospitality Management 4.46
Hongdan Zhao2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Tongji University),
Zhenglong Peng3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Tongji University),
Geoff Sheard3
Estimated H-index: 3
Abstract This study seeks to examine the effect of workplace ostracism on hospitality employees’ counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs). The study specifically focuses on the joint moderating roles of proactive personality and political skill. Using a time-lagged research design, we collected data from 239 supervisor–subordinate dyads in 21 Chinese hotels. As predicted, we found that workplace ostracism was positively related to hospitality employees’ CWBs, specifically organizational counterpr...
Cited By8
Newest
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Advances in Physiology Education 2.29
Kathryn M.S. Johnson5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Beloit College),
Amy G. Briggs1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Beloit College)
+ 2 AuthorsBrett C Woods (High Point University)
Adrienne R. Carter-Sowell9
Estimated H-index: 9
(A&M: Texas A&M University),
Jyotsna Vaid26
Estimated H-index: 26
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
+ 2 AuthorsJericka S. Battle1
Estimated H-index: 1
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to describe a mentoring program developed at a large predominantly white research university that was aimed at retaining and advancing women faculty of color. The ADVANCE Scholar Program pairs each scholar for two years with a senior faculty member at the university who serves as an internal advocate, and with an eminent scholar outside the university who helps the scholar gain prominence in their discipline. Design/methodology/approach This paper offers a ca...
Published on Feb 1, 2019in Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 2.60
Ethan Dahl2
Estimated H-index: 2
(TTU: Texas Tech University),
Elizabeth M. Niedbala2
Estimated H-index: 2
(TTU: Texas Tech University),
Zachary P. Hohman11
Estimated H-index: 11
(TTU: Texas Tech University)
Ostracism is an aversive situation that occurs frequently in everyday life; however, few empirical studies have investigated multiple experiences of inclusion or ostracism from the same group. The ...
Published on Jan 1, 2018
Valerie Gray Hardcastle8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Stacie Furst-Holloway3
Estimated H-index: 3
+ 1 AuthorsFarrah Jacquez16
Estimated H-index: 16
Abstract Despite significant investments in efforts to broaden participation, the number of women in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields who leave the academy is disheartening. Some reports suggest half of women STEM faculty will leave tenure track positions within 10 years after hire (Kaminski & Geisler, 2012). For women of color, the data are equally bleak (Ginther & Kahn, 2012) and affirm the need for continuously evolving practices and policies to retain underrepr...
Jane Edwards15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Deakin University)
AbstractIncreasingly, the third-level sector across the world has acknowledged a hopeless track record of promoting and retaining competent women in leadership roles. However, change, in terms of women’s contribution and participation, has been minimal at least, or gradual at the most optimistic. In this paper, a woman with more than two decades experience as a full-time academic in the field of higher education relates her sense of loss and purposelessness when attempts to reach for a higher le...
Published on May 30, 2016in Frontiers in Psychology 2.13
Carla A. Zimmerman2
Estimated H-index: 2
(A&M: Texas A&M University),
Adrienne R. Carter-Sowell9
Estimated H-index: 9
(A&M: Texas A&M University),
Xiaohong Xu6
Estimated H-index: 6
(BGSU: Bowling Green State University)
Research on the retention of women in academia has focused on challenges, including a “chilly climate,” devaluation, and incivility. The unique consequences of workplace ostracism – being ignored and excluded by others in an organizational setting – require focus on this experience as another interpersonal challenge for women in academia. The purpose of this study is to examine differences in the faculty experiences and outcomes of workplace ostracism, and to determine if these experiences are a...
Published on Nov 1, 2015in Sex Roles 2.28
Jessica D. Remedios9
Estimated H-index: 9
(Tufts University),
Samantha H. Snyder3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Tufts University)
In the present response to commentaries on Remedios and Snyder (2015), we consider how to develop more inclusive intersectional theories of how women of color experience race and gender stigmatization. As the commentaries highlight, an intersectional literature of multiple stigmatization will benefit from inclusive approaches that consider multiple identity dimensions (beyond race and gender; Carter-Sowell and Zimmerman 2015; Williams and Fredrick 2015), and diversity within social groups (such ...