scinapse is loading now...

Evolution of the insects

Published on Jan 1, 2005
David A. Grimaldi40
Estimated H-index: 40
(Stockholm University),
Michael S. Engel36
Estimated H-index: 36
Section 1. Diversity and Evolution: Introduction Species: their nature and number How many species of insects? Reconstructing evolutionary history Section 2. Fossil Insects: Insect fossilization Dating and ages Major fossil Insect deposits Section 3. Arthropods and the Origin of Insects: Onychophora: the velvet-worms Tardigrada: the water-bears Arthropoda: the jointed animals Hexapoda: the six-legged arthropods Section 4. The insects: Morphology of insects Relationships among the insect orders Section 5. Earliest insects: Archaeognatha: the bristletails Zygentoma: the silverfish +Rhyniognatha Section 6. Insects Take to the Skies: Pterygota, Wings, and flight Ephemeroptera: the mayflies +Palaeodictyopterida: extinct beaked insects Odonatoptera: dragonflies and early relatives Neoptera Section 7. The Polyneopterous Orders: Plecopterida Orthopterida Plecoptera: the stoneflies Embiodea: the webspinners Zoraptera: the Zorapterans Orthoptera: the grasshoppers, crickets, and kin Phasmatodea: the stick- and leaf insects +Titanoptera: the titanic crawlers +Caloneurodea: the Caloneurodeans Dermaptera: the earwigs Grylloblattodea: the ice crawlers Mantophasmatodea: the African rock crawlers Dictyoptera Blattodea: the roaches Citizen roach: the termites Mantodea: the mantises Section 8. The Paraneopteran Orders: Psocoptera: the 'bark'lice Phthiraptera: the true lice Fringe wings: Thysanoptera (thrips) The sucking bugs: Hemiptera Section 9. The Holometabola: problematic fossil orders The origins of complete metamorphosis On wings of lace: Neuropterida Section 10. Coleoptera: early fossils and overview of past diversity Archostemata Adephaga Myxophaga Polyphaga Strepsiptera: the enigmatic order Section 11. Hymenoptera: Ants, Bees, and Other Wasps: The Euhymenoptera and parasitism Aculeata Evolution of insect sociality Section 12. Antliophora: Scorpionflies, Flies, and Fleas: Mecopterida: mecopterans and relatives Siphonaptera: the fleas Evolution of ectoparasites and blood-feeders Diptera: the true flies Section 13. Amphiesmenoptera: The Caddisflies and Lepidoptera: Trichoptera: the caddisflies Lepidoptera: the moths and butterflies Section 14. Insects Become Modern: Cretaceous and Tertiary Periods: The Cretaceous flowering of the world: the Angiosperm Radiations Plant sex and insects: insect pollination Radiations of Phytophagous insects Austral arthropods: remnants of Gondwana? Insects, mass extinctions, and the K/T boundary The tertiary Mammalian radiations Pleistocene dispersal and species lifespans Island faunas Section 15. Epilogue: Why so many insect species? The future Glossary References Index.
  • References (1)
  • Citations (2019)
Published on Dec 1, 2003in Systematic Biology 8.52
Brian M. Wiegmann31
Estimated H-index: 31
(North Carolina State University),
David K. Yeates28
Estimated H-index: 28
(Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation)
+ 1 AuthorsHirohisa Kishino40
Estimated H-index: 40
The insect order Diptera, the true flies, contains one of the four largest Mesozoic insect radiations within its suborder Brachycera. Estimates of phylogenetic relationships and divergence dates among the major brachyceran lineages have been problematic or vague because of a lack of consistent evidence and the rarity of well-preserved fossils. Here, we combine new evidence from nucleotide sequence data, morphological reinterpretations, and fossils to improve estimates of brachyceran evolutionary...
142 Citations Source Cite
Cited By2019
Published on Mar 20, 2019in Scientific Reports 4.12
Shûhei Yamamoto (Field Museum of Natural History)
Beetles (Coleoptera) comprise about one quarter of all described animal species. One of the main contributors to their evolutionary success is the elytra, or hardened forewings, which have protective functions while maintaining their ability to fly. Unlike other beetles, some ship-timber beetles (Lymexylidae) have extremely small elytra and largely exposed functional hindwings. There is little fossil evidence illuminating the evolutionary history of short elytra in lymexylids. Here, I report fiv...
Source Cite
Published on Mar 15, 2019in Nature Communications 12.35
Xiaodan Lin (Capital Normal University), Conrad C. Labandeira44
Estimated H-index: 44
(University of Maryland, College Park)
+ 2 AuthorsDong Ren25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Capital Normal University)
Long-proboscid scorpionflies are enigmatic, mid-Mesozoic insects associated with gymnosperm pollination. One major lineage, Aneuretopsychina, consists of four families plus two haustellate clades, Diptera and Siphonaptera. One clade, Pseudopolycentropodidae, from mid-Cretaceous Myanmar amber, contains Parapolycentropus. Here, we newly establish Dualula, assigned to Dualulidae, constituting the fifth lineage. Parapolycentropus and Dualula lineages are small, two-winged, with unique siphonate mout...
Source Cite
Published on Apr 2, 2019in Genome Biology 13.21
Kristen A. Panfilio14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Cologne),
Iris M. Vargas Jentzsch5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Cologne)
+ 80 AuthorsPanagiotis Ioannidis13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Geneva)
The Hemiptera (aphids, cicadas, and true bugs) are a key insect order, with high diversity for feeding ecology and excellent experimental tractability for molecular genetics. Building upon recent sequencing of hemipteran pests such as phloem-feeding aphids and blood-feeding bed bugs, we present the genome sequence and comparative analyses centered on the milkweed bug Oncopeltus fasciatus, a seed feeder of the family Lygaeidae. The 926-Mb Oncopeltus genome is well represented by the current assem...
10 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 9, 2019in BMC Evolutionary Biology 3.03
Malte Petersen11
Estimated H-index: 11
(University of Bonn),
David ArmisĂŠn1
Estimated H-index: 1
(École normale supérieure de Lyon)
+ 6 AuthorsBernhard Misof38
Estimated H-index: 38
Background Transposable elements (TEs) are a major component of metazoan genomes and are associated with a variety of mechanisms that shape genome architecture and evolution. Despite the ever-growing number of insect genomes sequenced to date, our understanding of the diversity and evolution of insect TEs remains poor.
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 5, 2019in Scientific Reports 4.12
Lauren A. Esposito6
Estimated H-index: 6
Lorenzo Prendini21
Estimated H-index: 21
(American Museum of Natural History)
Scorpions are an excellent system for understanding biogeographical patterns. Most major scorpion lineages predate modern landforms, making them suitable for testing hypotheses of vicariance and dispersal. The Caribbean islands are endowed with a rich and largely endemic scorpion fauna, the origins of which have not been previously investigated with modern biogeographical methods. Three sets of hypotheses have been proposed to explain present patterns of diversity in the Caribbean: (1) connectio...
Source Cite
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Cretaceous Research 1.93
Guangjin Wei (Linyi University), Chungkun Shih19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Capital Normal University)
+ 1 AuthorsYongjie Wang7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Capital Normal University)
Abstract A new fossil burmaeshnid, Proaeschna zhangi gen. et sp. nov., is described from the mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. Its well-preserved wing base structure allows us to illustrate the morphological details of wing base in the fossil Odonata for the first time. The proximal costal plate in the new species consists of the anterior and posterior parts which are fused together with a suture. The anterior proximal costal plate in P. zhangi and extant Odonata is homologized to the basalare of Pr...
Source Cite
Published on Jan 14, 2019in Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2.33
Mei Wang6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Capital Normal University),
Alexandr P. Rasnitsyn13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Russian Academy of Sciences)
+ 2 AuthorsDong Ren25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Capital Normal University)
Two new species, Daohugoa longa Wang, Rasnitsyn & Ren sp. nov. and D. bella Wang, Rasnitsyn & Ren sp. nov. are described from the latest Middle Jurassic Jiulongshan Formation in north-eastern China. The new fossil evidence indicates that Daohugoa retains numerous plesiomorphies of basal Hymenoptera: an enlarged first flagellomere, complete xyelid-like venation, detached and folded laterotergites, and a laterally flattened sword-like ovipositor. Based on the combination of fossil and extant taxa,...
Source Cite
Published on Jul 1, 2019in Cretaceous Research 1.93
He Tian1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Capital Normal University),
Jun-Jie Gu (Sichuan Agricultural University)+ 2 AuthorsDong Ren25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Capital Normal University)
Abstract Two adult females of Elcanidae (Orthoptera: Elcanoidea) from the Lower Cretaceous Yixian Formation of China are described as a new species, Probaisselcana euryptera sp. nov. The new materials have both wings and body structures well preserved. The new species differs from all other Elcaninae species in forewing venation and body features. The new specimens provide more morphological information of body structures of elcanids. The function of their flattened metatibial spurs is discussed...
Source Cite