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Chemical Composition, Antioxidative and Anticancer Activities of the Essential Oil: Curcumae Rhizoma–Sparganii Rhizoma, a Traditional Herb Pair

Published on Aug 28, 2015in Molecules3.06
· DOI :10.3390/molecules200915781
Guan-Ling Xu3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Di Geng1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 9 AuthorsGaimei She8
Estimated H-index: 8
Sources
Abstract
As a classical herb pair in clinics of traditional Chinese medicine, Curcumae Rhizoma–Sparganii Rhizoma (HP CR–SR) is used for activating blood circulation to remove blood stasis. The essential components in HP CR–SR and its single herbs were comparatively analyzed using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry data. 66, 22, and 54 components in volatile oils of Curcumae Rhizoma, Sparganii Rhizoma, and HP CR–SR were identified, and total contents accounted for 75.416%, 91.857%, and 79.553% respectively. The thirty-eight components were found in HP CR–SR, and not detected in single herbs Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma. The highest radical trapping action was seen by an essential oil of HP CR–SR (IC50 = 0.59 ± 0.04 mg/mL). Furthermore, the HP CR–SR essential oil showed more remarkable cytotoxicity on tumor cell lines than that of the single herbs Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma in a dose-dependent manner: IC50 values showing 32.32 ± 5.31 μg/mL (HeLa), 34.76 ± 1.82 μg/mL (BGC823), 74.84 ± 1.66 μg/mL (MCF-7), 66.12 ± 11.23 μg/mL (SKOV3), and 708.24 ± 943.91 μg/mL (A549), respectively. In summary, the essential oil of HP CR–SR is different from any one of Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma, nor simply their superposition, and HP CR–SR oil presented more remarkable anticancer and antioxidant activities compared with Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma oils.
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  • Citations (11)
References39
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#1Lingrong Wen (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 14
#2Lijun You (SCUT: South China University of Technology)H-Index: 25
Last. Bao Yang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 45
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Abstract Litchi leaf is a good resource for phenolics, which are good candidates for medicines. In this work, three phenolics were isolated from litchi leaf by column chromatography. Their structures were identified by electrospray ionization–mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy as secoisolariciresinol 9′-O-β- D- xyloside (1), 4,7,7′,8′,9,9′-hexahydroxy-3,3′-dimethoxy-8,4′-oxyneolignan (2), and cinnamtannin B1 (3). Cinnamtannin B1 showed better extra- and ...
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#1Lin-Yan Wang (Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine)H-Index: 4
#2Yuping TangH-Index: 33
Last. Jin-ao DuanH-Index: 34
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The present study aimed at exploring different roles of the same compound in different environment, using preparative HPLC, and the significance to investigating bio-active constituents in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) on the basis of holism. In this study, the depletion of target component ferulic acid (FA) by using preparative HPLC followed by antioxidant activity testing was applied to investigate the roles of FA in Angelicae Sinensis Radix (DG), Chuanxiong Rhizoma (CX) and their combina...
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#1Shuai Song (Southern Medical University)H-Index: 3
#2Feilong Chen (Southern Medical University)H-Index: 5
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#1Guolong LiH-Index: 2
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The antioxidant activity of the essential oils obtained from Ononis Natrix L. and Ononis Sicula Guss were investigated by the DPPH and ATBS methods. The oils exhibited good to moderate antioxidant activity in a concentration-dependent manner. Essential oils of the two plants were analyzed by GC and GC- MS. Seventy-seven components (95.60 %) were characterized in the essential oil of O. Sicula. The oil was rich in oxygenated sesquiterpenes (66.29 %), sesquiterpene hydrocarbons (20.10 %) including...
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#1Mingfu Wang (University of Mississippi)H-Index: 43
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Commercial geranium oil samples, steam-distilled oils of authenticated plant samples, and a reference sample were investigated by GC/MS to determine the validity and applicability of a series of chemical and stereochemical tests that have been proposed in the literature to identify the country of origin, phytochemical identity or authenticity of geranium oils. The chemical tests evaluated include the ratio of the concentrations of geraniol to citronellol and the presence or absence of certain se...
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This paper describes the seasonal phytochemical variation and the antimicrobial potential of V. zizanioides roots collected in Brazil. Considering the high levels of chemical constituents and their biological activity in dichloromethane fraction, the plants were grown in different seasons and the respective dichloromethane fractions were analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The antimicrobial activity was evaluated against several pathogenic microorganisms by determining the minimum ...
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Highly pathogenic influenza viruses pose a serious public health threat to humans. Although vaccines are available, antivirals are needed to efficiently control disease progression and virus transmission due to the emergence of drug-resistant viral strains. In this study, germacrone, which is a major component of the essential oils extracted from Rhizoma Curcuma, was found to inhibit influenza virus replication. Germacrone showed antiviral activity against the H1N1 and H3N2 influenza A viruses a...
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#1Yunyi Liu (HUST: Huazhong University of Science and Technology)H-Index: 9
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Abstract Germacrone is one of the main bioactive components in the traditional Chinese medicine Rhizoma curcuma . In this study, the anti-proliferative effect of germacrone on the human hepatoma cell lines and the molecular mechanism underlying the cytotoxicity of germacrone were investigated. Treatment of human hepatoma cell lines HepG2 and Bel7402 with germacrone resulted in cell cycle arrest and apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner as measured by MTT assay, flow cytometric and fluorescent mic...
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Abstract Ethnopharmacological relevance Curcumae Rhizoma and Sparganii Rhizoma (CR-SR) are the classical herbal couple for activating blood circulation and treating tumor in clinics. Aim of the study To investigate the anti-tumor activity and to clarify the bioactive ingredients of herbal couple CR-SR and the single herbs Curcumae Rhizoma (CR) and Sparganii Rhizoma (SR). Materials and methods The active fractions of CR-SR decoction were fractioned by column chromatography. And isolated compounds...
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