Match!

Parental beliefs about the fixedness of ability

Published on Nov 1, 2015in Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology
· DOI :10.1016/j.appdev.2015.08.002
Katherine Muenks8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park),
David B. Miele10
Estimated H-index: 10
(BC: Boston College)
+ 2 AuthorsMeredith L. Rowe28
Estimated H-index: 28
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)
Abstract
Abstract The present studies examined whether parents' beliefs about the fixedness of ability predict their self-reported interactions with their children. Parents' fixedness beliefs were measured at two levels of specificity: their general beliefs about intelligence and their beliefs about their children's math and verbal abilities. Study 1, conducted with an online sample of 300 parents, showed that the more parents believed that abilities were fixed, the more likely they were to endorse controlling and performance-oriented behaviors and the less likely they were to endorse autonomy-supportive and mastery-oriented behaviors. Study 2, conducted with 86 parents from a university database, partially replicated the results of Study 1 and also showed that parents' beliefs predicted the self-reported frequency with which they engaged in math- and reading-related activities with their children at home. Specifically, the more parents believed that abilities were fixed, the less frequently they reported engaging in math- and reading-related activities.
  • References (43)
  • Citations (11)
📖 Papers frequently viewed together
14 Citations
134 Citations
39 Citations
78% of Scinapse members use related papers. After signing in, all features are FREE.
References43
Newest
#1Corwin SenkoH-Index: 14
23 CitationsSource
#1Jason A. Chen (W&M: College of William & Mary)H-Index: 11
#2Shari Metcalf (Harvard University)H-Index: 10
Last. M. Shane Tutwiler (Harvard University)H-Index: 8
view all 3 authors...
We explored Grade 6 students’ (n = 202) self-efficacy, epistemic beliefs, and science interest over a 10-day virtual ecology curriculum. Pre- and post-surveys were administered, and analyses revealed that (1) students became more self-efficacious about inquiring scientifically after participating in the activity; (2) students on average evinced a shift toward more constructivist views about the role of authority in justifying scientific claims; (3) students who identified more strongly with bein...
21 CitationsSource
#1Eva Marie Pomerantz (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 37
#2Sara G. KempnerH-Index: 1
This research examined if mothers' day-to-day praise of children's success in school plays a role in children's theory of intelligence and motivation. Participants were 120 children (mean age = 10.23 years) and their mothers who took part in a 2-wave study spanning 6 months. During the first wave, mothers completed a 10-day daily interview in which they reported on their use of person (e.g., "You are smart") and process (e.g., "You tried hard") praise. Children's entity theory of intelligence an...
52 CitationsSource
#1Elizabeth A. Gunderson (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 15
#2Sarah J. Gripshover (Stanford University)H-Index: 3
Last. Susan C. Levine (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 46
view all 6 authors...
134 CitationsSource
#1Andrew F. Hayes (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 41
Part I: Fundamental Concepts. Introduction. A Scientist in Training. Questions of Whether, If, How, and When. Conditional Process Analysis. Correlation, Causality, and Statistical Modeling. Statistical Software. Overview of this Book. Chapter Summary. Simple Linear Regression. Correlation and Prediction. The Simple Linear Regression Equation. Statistical Inference. Assumptions for Interpretation and Statistical Inference. Chapter Summary. Multiple Linear Regression. The Multiple Linear Regressio...
10.2k Citations
#1Jason A. Chen (W&M: College of William & Mary)H-Index: 11
Abstract The purpose of this study was to explore (a) the individual belief profiles that naturally arise among middle and high school science students (n = 1225); (b) the relationships between these profiles to science achievement and other prominent motivation variables; and (c) the demographic and developmental differences among the belief profiles. Results revealed that a four-class solution fit the data the best. These profiles were differentially related to achievement goal orientations, s...
46 CitationsSource
#1Paul E. Jose (Victoria University of Wellington)H-Index: 28
#2Marisa A. Bellamy (Victoria University of Wellington)H-Index: 1
The present study employed the learned helplessness paradigm to explore the possibility that culturally based parent beliefs influence the way in which young children approach academic tasks. Children, aged between 7 and 8 years, from New Zealand, the United States of America, China, and Japan participated in three different school-related tasks. Each of the tasks contained three levels, varying from easy to hard. Success was prevented for the medium and hard levels, allowing for exploration of ...
22 CitationsSource
Combining evolutionary models with behavioral experiments can generate powerful insights into the evolution of human behavior. The emergence of online labor markets such as Amazon Mechanical Turk (AMT) allows theorists to conduct behavioral experiments very quickly and cheaply. The process occurs entirely over the computer, and the experience is quite similar to performing a set of computer simulations. Thus AMT opens the world of experimentation to evolutionary theorists. In this paper, I revie...
398 CitationsSource
#1Winter Mason (Yahoo!)H-Index: 17
#2Siddharth Suri (Yahoo!)H-Index: 24
Amazon’s Mechanical Turk is an online labor market where requesters post jobs and workers choose which jobs to do for pay. The central purpose of this article is to demonstrate how to use this Web site for conducting behavioral research and to lower the barrier to entry for researchers who could benefit from this platform. We describe general techniques that apply to a variety of types of research and experiments across disciplines. We begin by discussing some of the advantages of doing experime...
1,833 CitationsSource
This study set out to examine parents' perceptions of the malleability of their child's academic competencies. A total of 97 mothers and fathers were asked to rate their child's potential for improving her/his competencies in mathematics and Finnish, using both intrapersonal and interpersonal criteria in their ratings. These two criteria were found to correlate closely with each other, suggesting that parents resorted to the school's normative frame in their interpretations of the malleability o...
6 CitationsSource
Cited By11
Newest
#1Anke HeyderH-Index: 5
#2Anne F. WeidingerH-Index: 5
Last. Ricarda SteinmayrH-Index: 21
view all 4 authors...
Abstract Many students find math difficult, but those who are intrinsically motivated learn and do well even when they face obstacles. Here, we examine an environmental factor that might affect students' intrinsic motivation in math: namely, teachers' beliefs about success in math. Do teachers perceive elementary school math as a domain that requires an innate ability, and does this belief relate to students' intrinsic motivation in math? Our study explored these questions in a sample of 830 Ger...
1 CitationsSource
#1Meredith L. Rowe (Harvard University)H-Index: 28
#2Kathryn A. Leech (Harvard University)H-Index: 7
2 CitationsSource
#1Patrick Raymund James M. Garcia (Macquarie University)H-Index: 12
#2Simon Lloyd D. Restubog (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 30
Last. Robert L. Tang (La Salle University)H-Index: 14
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Drawing from Career Construction Theory (Savickas, 2013) and Social Cognitive Theory (Bandura, 1986), we examine role modeling as a socialization mechanism that facilitates the transmission of career adaptability across generations. The proposed serial mediation model was tested using 187 grandparent-parent-grandchild triads. Results showed that role modeling mediated the relationships between grandparents', parents', and grandchildren's career adaptability. Furthermore, we found suppor...
4 CitationsSource
Source
#1Marina Vasilyeva (MSU: Moscow State University)H-Index: 22
#2Elida V. Laski (BC: Boston College)H-Index: 8
Last. Daria Bukhalenkova (MSU: Moscow State University)H-Index: 1
view all 5 authors...
ABSTRACTIt is imperative to identify contextual factors contributing to the development of early math skills, considering their role in later academic achievement. To pursue this goal, the present ...
2 CitationsSource
#1Katherine Muenks (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 8
#2Allan Wigfield (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 62
Last. Jacquelynne S. Eccles (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 112
view all 3 authors...
Abstract We review work on the development of children and adolescents’ expectancy and competence beliefs for academic achievement domains across the elementary and secondary school years, and how they become calibrated to children’s performance. The work reviewed stems from prominent achievement motivation theories: expectancy-value theory, social cognitive theory, self-worth theory, and self-determination theory. Broadly, research on the development of children’s expectancy and competence beli...
11 CitationsSource
12 CitationsSource
Abstract Relational reasoning (RR) and divergent thinking (DT) are two critical antecedents of creative problem solving, but the relation between them is not currently well understood psychologically, limiting efforts to support these constructs through education. The threshold hypothesis (TH) is currently the dominant explanation for the relation between RR and DT, and posits that RR fundamentally supports DT, but only up to a point. In this study, quantile regression was used to test the TH am...
3 CitationsSource
#1Kyla Haimovitz (Stanford University)H-Index: 3
#2Carol S. Dweck (Stanford University)H-Index: 80
Children's mindsets about intelligence (as a quality they can grow vs. a trait they cannot change) robustly influence their motivation and achievement. How do adults foster “growth mindsets” in children? One might assume that adults act in ways that communicate their own mindsets to children. However, new research shows that many parents and teachers with growth mindsets are not passing them on. This article presents a new perspective on why this is the case, and reviews research on adult practi...
32 CitationsSource
#1Elizabeth A. Gunderson (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 15
#2Noora Hamdan (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 2
Last. Alexander P. D'Esterre (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 3
view all 4 authors...
6 CitationsSource