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Methods and models in process safety and risk management: Past, present and future

Published on Nov 1, 2015in Process Safety and Environmental Protection4.38
· DOI :10.1016/j.psep.2015.07.005
Faisal Khan49
Estimated H-index: 49
(St. John's University),
Samith Rathnayaka7
Estimated H-index: 7
(St. John's University),
Salim Ahmed11
Estimated H-index: 11
(St. John's University)
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Abstract
The paper reviews past progress in the development of methods and models for process safety and risk management and highlights the present research trends; also it outlines the opinions of the authors regarding the future research direction in the field. Based on the open literature published in the leading journals in the field of safety, risk and reliability, the review covers the evolution of the methods and models developed for process safety and risk management. The methods and models are categorized as qualitative, semi-quantitative, quantitative and hybrid. The progress in the last few decades is discussed in the context of the past. Developments in the current decade formulate the basis of the present trends; future directions for research in these fields are also outlined. The aim of the article is to provide a historical development in this field with respect to the driving forces behind the development. It is expected that it will help researchers and industrial practitioners to gain a better understanding of the existing concepts. At the same time the aim is to provide direction to bridge the existing gaps through research and developments.
  • References (330)
  • Citations (76)
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References330
Newest
Published on Dec 23, 2016
Ccps1
Estimated H-index: 1
Eulàlia Planas Cuchi15
Estimated H-index: 15
(UPC: Polytechnic University of Catalonia),
Josep Arnaldos20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UPC: Polytechnic University of Catalonia)
+ 3 AuthorsJ.A. Vílchez8
Estimated H-index: 8
This paper aims at presenting the evolution of process safety in Spain from various points of view. In first place, a study of the accidents occurred in this country in the process industry and in the transportation of chemical substances is presented. After this, the starting point of the process safety research in Spain and its evolution during the years are explained. The importance of this topic has also been reflected in the chemical engineering studies in some Spanish universities. Therefo...
Published on Dec 1, 2013in Safety Science3.62
Chong-guang Wu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Huada: Beijing University of Chemical Technology),
Xin Xu1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Huada: Beijing University of Chemical Technology)
+ 1 AuthorsYuong-liang Na1
Estimated H-index: 1
Among the scenario-based hazard evaluation procedures, Hazard and Operability Analysis (HAZOP) is a structured and systematic technique for process hazard examination and risk management widely used around the world. Information used and produced during HAZOP studies is recorded in the form of textual natural language documents. Consequently, reusing this knowledge is limited by the difficulties in finding, retrieving, auditing, sharing, and analyzing HAZOP-related information. Other limitations...
Published on Dec 1, 2013in Process Safety Progress0.89
Raymond “Randy” Freeman4
Estimated H-index: 4
Layer of protection analysis (LOPA) is a semiquantitative risk evaluation tool. The methodology is widely used in setting safety integrity level targets for safety instrumented systems. The methodology is often used to evaluate the adequacy of existing protective systems against corporate risk targets. The LOPA method is based on the use of conservative estimates of the failure probability of protective systems. Freeman previously presented a method for the quantification of uncertainty in a LOP...
Published on Dec 1, 2013in Process Safety Progress0.89
Omid Zadakbar4
Estimated H-index: 4
(MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland),
Syed Imtiaz8
Estimated H-index: 8
(MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland),
Faisal Khan49
Estimated H-index: 49
(MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland)
In the context of process safety, significant improvements are needed in fault detection methods, especially, in the areas of early detection and warning. In this article, a multivariate risk-based fault detection and diagnosis technique is proposed. The key elements of this technique are to eliminate faults that are not serious and to provide a dynamic process risk indication at each sampling instant. A multivariable residual generation process based on the Kalman filter has been combined with ...
Byung Kyu Kim3
Estimated H-index: 3
(A&M: Texas A&M University),
Dedy Ng13
Estimated H-index: 13
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
+ 1 AuthorsM. Sam Mannan29
Estimated H-index: 29
(A&M: Texas A&M University)
Abstract Concerns over public safety and security of a potential liquefied natural gas (LNG) spill have promoted the need for continued improvement of safety measures for LNG facilities. The mitigation techniques have been recognized as one of the areas that require further investigation to determine the public safety impact of an LNG spill. Forced mitigation of LNG vapors using a water curtain system has been proven to be effective in reducing the vapor concentration by enhancing the dispersion...
Chun-Yu Chen5
Estimated H-index: 5
(VNU: Vanung University),
Kuo-Chi Chang3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Gwo-Bin Wang2
Estimated H-index: 2
(CGU: Chang Gung University)
Abstract High-tech industries, such as those producing semiconductor and TFT-LCD (Thin Film Transistor Liquid Crystal Display), have recently become the most important economic activities in Taiwan. Each of these industries has a complete chain of supply from raw material production, production pre-processing, product manufacturing, to waste handling. Any company in the chain is a critical component, since any accidents of fire, explosion, gas leakage, or power outage would cut off the supply ch...
Biao Sun5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
Kaihua Guo5
Estimated H-index: 5
Abstract The evaluation of exclusion (hazard) zones around the LNG stations is essential for risk assessment in LNG industry. In this study, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulations have been conducted for the two potential hazards, LNG flammable vapor dispersion and LNG pool fire radiation, respectively, to evaluate the exclusion zones. The spatial and temporal distribution of hazard in complex spill scenario has been taken into account in the CFD model. Experimental data from Falcon and ...
Lei Ni5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Nanjing University of Technology),
Juncheng Jiang12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Nanjing University of Technology),
Yong Pan6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Nanjing University of Technology)
Abstract An improved and integrated approach of support vector machine and particle swarm optimization theory (PSO-SVM) is first used to detect the leak location of pipelines and overcome the problem of multiple leaks. The calibration and predictive ability of improved PSO-SVM is investigated and compared with that of other common method, back-propagation neural network (BPNN). Two conditions are evaluated. One with a leak involves a set of 20 samples, while another with two leaks has 127 sample...
Published on Nov 1, 2013in Process Safety and Environmental Protection4.38
Farid Kadri7
Estimated H-index: 7
(university of lille),
Eric Châtelet13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of Technology of Troyes),
Guangpu Chen1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Technology of Troyes)
Abstract Accidents caused by the domino effect are the most destructive accidents related to industrial sites. The most typical primary incidents for a domino effect sequence are explosions (57%), followed by fires (43%) ( Abdolhamidzadeh et al., 2010 ). These former can generate three escalation vectors (heat load, overpressure, and fragments), and may affect the surrounding equipments and/or facilities. If the affected targets are damaged, they may also explode and generate other threats to ot...
Cited By76
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2020in Journal of Petroleum Science and Engineering2.89
Mamudu Abbas (MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland), Faisal Khan49
Estimated H-index: 49
(MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland)
+ 1 AuthorsSunday A. Adedigba4
Estimated H-index: 4
(MUN: Memorial University of Newfoundland)
Abstract Oil and gas companies use the reservoir simulation approach to history match and forecast reservoir production. While this strategy is easy and often effective, it has inherent setbacks, including a limited ability to capture temporal and spatial variability of the data, uncertainty in the data and reservoir models, and most importantly, impacts of these factors/parameters on the overall production risk profile. This paper presents a hybrid method to forecast the production rate and ris...
Amine Dakkoune2
Estimated H-index: 2
(INSA: Intelligence and National Security Alliance),
Lamiae Vernières-Hassimi5
Estimated H-index: 5
(INSA: Intelligence and National Security Alliance)
+ 2 AuthorsLionel Estel17
Estimated H-index: 17
(INSA: Intelligence and National Security Alliance)
A. Pahlevan (IAU: Islamic Azad University), S. M. R. Miri Lavasani (IAU: Islamic Azad University)+ 1 AuthorsReza Arjmandi10
Estimated H-index: 10
(IAU: Islamic Azad University)
Risk assessment of offshore gas pipelines is a challenging task due to uncertain and vague data on failure mechanisms and the effects of events. The goal of this paper is to develop a systematic approach to overcome this uncertainty. The likelihood of a failure event is obtained via fault tree analysis, and the associated failure consequences are obtained via event tree analysis. To cope with uncertainties, the fuzzy set theory has been combined with the fault tree analysis and event tree analys...
Published on Oct 1, 2019in Journal of Cleaner Production6.39
Muhammad Athar1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Azmi Mohd Shariff14
Estimated H-index: 14
,
Azizul Buang5
Estimated H-index: 5
Chemical process manufacturing is associated with risks, which cannot be eliminated. Anyhow, controlling or minimizing of risks is possible up to a certain extent through various process safety strategies. Among these strategies, the inherent approach offers a sustainable process design. This review aims to offer an extensive survey regarding the bibliometrics and the features of the state-of-the-art inherent assessment methods. For the bibliometric part, numerous trends like publication trend, ...
Published on Jun 17, 2019
Hamad Alawad1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Sakdirat Kaewunruen1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
M An
In light of the increasing demand and capacity in the railway industry, it is imperative to maintain safety in relation to the complexities of the substantial railway stations. Thus, it is important to take note of the time where investments in new technologies directed at the safety of the railway enable safety and protection in this area. Novel technological techniques such as big data analysis (BDA), data mining or machine learning (ML) have been developed and applied in many areas such as sa...
Published on Sep 1, 2019in Materials Science Forum
Yuliya V. Anishchenko (Tomsk Polytechnic University), Anna N. Vtorushina (Tomsk Polytechnic University), Vasilisa Gorshkova (Tomsk Polytechnic University)
Published on Jan 1, 2019
Yi Hong1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Deying Li1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 1 AuthorsHua Xu1
Estimated H-index: 1
Published on Jan 1, 2020
Sari Tappura3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Sanna Nenonen6
Estimated H-index: 6
+ 1 AuthorsJouni Kivistö-Rahnasto4
Estimated H-index: 4
View next paperTowards dynamic risk analysis: A review of the risk assessment approach and its limitations in the chemical process industry