Extent and sources of occupational stress in university staff

Caroline Biron7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Jean-Pierre Brun8
Estimated H-index: 8
(Laval University),
Hans Ivers35
Estimated H-index: 35
Abstract
Canadian higher education sector has undergone numerous changes during the past decades. Increased student enrolments, massive cuts in human resources and constant restructuring are changes likely to have had a considerable impact on all employees (e.g., administrative, trades, and faculty). While many studies conducted in different countries have shown that stress in universities is a problem of alarming proportions, to date, no study of the entire staff of a university has been carried out in Canada. This research uses an approach based on the prevention and management of the sources of occupational stress to study 1086 employees of a Quebec university. Data were collected by means of questionnaires and semi-structured interviews. It was found that the proportion of individuals who reported a high level of psychological distress was twice as high (40%) than that reported for a Quebec-wide sample (20%). Work overload, the relationship with one's superior and participation in decision making were systematically reported as high risks to employees' health. It was found that human resources management practices have not followed the rapid organizational changes which affected the university in the past years. The results are discussed in light of the risk management approach.
  • References (41)
  • Citations (36)
References41
Published on Jan 1, 1983
Barbara G. Tabachnick22
Estimated H-index: 22
,
Linda S. Fidell9
Estimated H-index: 9
In this Section: 1. Brief Table of Contents 2. Full Table of Contents 1. BRIEF TABLE OF CONTENTS Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 A Guide to Statistical Techniques: Using the Book Chapter 3 Review of Univariate and Bivariate Statistics Chapter 4 Cleaning Up Your Act: Screening Data Prior to Analysis Chapter 5 Multiple Regression Chapter 6 Analysis of Covariance Chapter 7 Multivariate Analysis of Variance and Covariance Chapter 8 Profile Analysis: The Multivariate Approach to Repeated Measures Ch...
41k Citations
Published on Jan 1, 1995
A. Ian Glendon1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Sharon Clarke18
Estimated H-index: 18
,
Eugene Mckenna2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of East London)
Introduction Establishing the Field Emerging Issues in OHS Research and Practice Risk models and risk management Introduction First-Order Concepts/Approaches to Risk Expanded/Developed Approaches to Risk Meta-Approaches to Risk Further Discussion From sensation and perception through motivation and behavior Introduction Sensation and the Human Senses Perceptual Organization and Interpretation Attention and Vigilance Causal Attribution Behavioral Approach to Motivation Motivating for Safety Concl...
220 Citations
Published on Mar 1, 2008in Criminal Justice Matters
Will McMahon1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Rebecca Roberts3
Estimated H-index: 3
1 Citations Source Cite
Published on Aug 31, 2001in Canadian Journal of Higher Education
Joan Mount7
Estimated H-index: 7
,
Charles H. Bélanger10
Estimated H-index: 10
With the erosion of public funding, Canadian universities have increasingly diversified their funding base. An upsurge of entrepreneurial initiatives has displayed significant earmarks of privatization which have alarmed some faculty and student stakeholders, drawing reactions partic- ularly from among those from the arts domains. They accuse senior uni- versity administrative officers of distorting academic values. This study is an attempt to capture and understand the views of presidents of Ca...
12 Citations
Published on Jun 1, 1990in Journal of Occupational Accidents
Gary Rowe1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract This paper examines the current practices employed in many parts of the world for managing risks and setting safety priorities and outlines the development of a model which will satisfy both the technical and sociological requirements for determining valid safety priorities. Various methods used for setting safety priorities were examined and broken down into the respective variables which form part of their assessment. It was observed that each documented method used different combinat...
4 Citations Source Cite
Published on Mar 1, 1976in Journal of occupational psychology
Cary L. Cooper81
Estimated H-index: 81
(University of Manchester),
Judi Marshall4
Estimated H-index: 4
(University of Manchester)
Felton & Cole (1963) estimate that all cardiovascular diseases accounted for 12 per cent of the time lost by the ‘working population’ in the US, for a total economic loss of about $4 billion in a single year. A report (1969) by the Department of Health and Social Security in the UK shows, as Aldridge (1970) indicates, that the sum of incapacity for men suffering from mental, psychoneurotic and personality disorders, nervousness, debility and migraine headache accounted for 22·8 million work days...
817 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jun 1, 1978in Archives of General Psychiatry
Frederic W. Ilfeld3
Estimated H-index: 3
• In a 1972 Chicago area survey of 2,299 adult community residents the prevalence of several psychologic measures were outlined along major demographic dimensions. Measures of psychologic status included a psychiatric symptom index, number of psychosomatic disorders, recent use of psychoactive drugs, and indexes of self-esteem and of self-efficacy. Results for psychiatric symptomatology showed it to be decidely higher among women, those in the lowest socioeconomic level, and those who are separa...
117 Citations Source Cite
Published on Apr 1, 2003in Quality in Higher Education
Gail Kinman20
Estimated H-index: 20
,
Fiona Jones27
Estimated H-index: 27
(University of Leeds)
Little research at a national level has examined stressors and strains in academics in the United Kingdom, although the sector has undergone widespread and rapid change during the past decade. This study suggests that job stress and demands have increased significantly in recent years, and job satisfaction and levels of support have declined. Several stressors were identified that are not only characteristics of the organisational climate, but also features of national educational policy. High l...
87 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 1986in Research in Higher Education 1.79
Walter H. Gmelch21
Estimated H-index: 21
(Washington State University),
Phyllis Kay Wilke2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Washington State University),
P Nicholas LovrichJr.2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Washington State University)
Previous studies on the role of the professor reflect the existence of a multifaceted complex of strains on faculty. This research study investigated identifiable patterns of faculty stress. From a sample of 80 doctorate-granting institutions, 1,920 professors were selected and stratified by academic rank and Biglan's academic discipline model. The response rate was 75.28%. The multidimensionality of the 45-item Faculty Stress Index, investigated through factor analysis, resulted in five distinc...
159 Citations Source Cite
Published on Dec 1, 2000in Educational Theory
Fazal Rizvi18
Estimated H-index: 18
(RMIT University),
Bob Lingard43
Estimated H-index: 43
(University of Queensland)
101 Citations Source Cite
  • References (41)
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Cited By36
Published on Feb 1, 2015in Stress and Health 1.66
Silvia Pignata5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of South Australia),
Anthony H. Winefield39
Estimated H-index: 39
(University of South Australia)
We examined the effects of awareness of stress-reduction interventions on employee well-being and work attitudes using a mixed methods design. Cross-sectional data are presented from 247 employees who completed questionnaires in 2004 at one Australian university. Analyses indicated that employees, who reported that interventions had been undertaken, scored higher on job satisfaction, affective organizational commitment, perceived procedural justice and trust in senior management than those who w...
15 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2011in Journal of Occupational Health 1.28
Wei Sun11
Estimated H-index: 11
(China Medical University (PRC)),
Hui Wu14
Estimated H-index: 14
(China Medical University (PRC)),
Lie Wang21
Estimated H-index: 21
(China Medical University (PRC))
Objectives: University teachers in China are expected to suffer serious occupational stress due to the expanding enrollment in universities without a proportional increase in teacher resources and the fact that all promotions for university teachers are determined based on not only teaching but also the outcome of scientific research. This study was designed to assess the occupational stress among university teachers in China and clarify its risk factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was per...
34 Citations Source Cite
Published on Oct 1, 2009in Asia-pacific Psychiatry 1.42
Anita Mei Yoke Goh1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Melbourne),
Edmond Chiu28
Estimated H-index: 28
(University of Melbourne)
Academic Unit for Psychiatry of Old Age, St Georges Hospital, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, AustraliaCorrespondenceAnita Mei Yoke Goh DPsych, Academic Unitfor Psychiatry of Old Age, The University ofMelbourne, St Georges Hospital, 283 CothamRoad, Kew, Vic. 3101, Australia.Tel: 161 3 9816 0513Fax: 161 3 9816 0403Email: goha@unimelb.edu.auDOI:10.1111/j.1758-5872.2009.00017.x
3 Citations Source Cite
Emmanuel Fort7
Estimated H-index: 7
(University of Lyon),
P. Lobies1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Bayer),
A. Bergeret6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Lyon)
Resume Objectif Les contraintes psychosociales entrainant une souffrance au travail sont devenues un enjeu de sante dans de nombreux pays developpes. Le stress au travail est le second probleme de sante au travail selon une enquete europeenne realisee, en 2000, sur les conditions de travail. L’objectif de ce travail est l’etude des phenomenes de rupture professionnelle associee aux contraintes psycho-organisationnelles chez une population venue consulter dans un service des maladies professionne...
2 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 1, 2014in Procedia. Economics and finance
Madhuree Modekurti-Mahato1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Pranab Kumar1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Birla Institute of Technology and Science),
Prageetha G. Raju1
Estimated H-index: 1
Abstract The present study examines the impact of emotional labour on role related outcomes viz., organizational role stress in the services sector in India. Review of literature reveals that emotional labour studies in India hardly have a presence and just about 1% of studies have been researched empirically. This study tries to corroborate the emotional labour and its consequential impact on employee related outcomes in the Indian context as confirmed by numerous studies in the western context...
1 Citations Source Cite
In today’s competitive environment, the development and retention of human capital has become a serious concern for organizations. This study aims to study the antecedents of employees’ turnover intentions in private educational institutions. A closed ended questionnaire was distributed among 200 employees of different educational institutions. One hundred and seventy eight of them responded with total response rate of 79%. Regression analyses were performed to test the hypotheses set forth. The...
Source Cite
Judith T. Bos3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre),
N.C.G.M. Donders5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre)
+ 1 AuthorsJoost van der Gulden13
Estimated H-index: 13
(Radboud University Nijmegen Medical Centre)
Purpose To investigate (a) differences in work characteristics and (b) determinants of job satisfaction among employees in different age groups.
41 Citations Source Cite
Published on Jan 25, 2010in Social Anthropology
Crispin Shore3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Auckland)
The restructuring of New Zealand's universities is often considered a paradigmatic case of neo-liberal reform and governance. While tertiary education is increasingly central to government's ideas about the future global knowledge economy, a new set of discourses has emerged around universities and their role that draws together different, often contradictory, agendas. This heralds not the death of the liberal idea of the university but a shift towards a new, multi-layered conception in which un...
124 Citations Source Cite
Published on Nov 30, 2010in Career Development International 1.73
Arnold B. Bakker93
Estimated H-index: 93
(Erasmus University Rotterdam),
Carolyn M. Boyd9
Estimated H-index: 9
(University of South Australia)
+ 3 AuthorsCon Stough47
Estimated H-index: 47
(Swinburne University of Technology)
Purpose ‐ The central aim of this study is to incorporate two core personality factors (neuroticism and extroversion) in the job demands-resources (JD-R) model. Design/methodology/approach ‐ It was hypothesized that neuroticism would be most strongly related to the health impairment process, and that extroversion would be most strongly related to the motivational process. The hypotheses were tested in a sample of 3,753 Australian academics, who filled out a questionnaire including job demands an...
49 Citations Source Cite