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Psychometric properties of the error-related negativity in children and adolescents

Published on Jul 1, 2014in Psychophysiology3.378
· DOI :10.1111/psyp.12208
Alexandria Meyer16
Estimated H-index: 16
(SBU: Stony Brook University),
Jennifer N. Bress10
Estimated H-index: 10
(SBU: Stony Brook University),
Greg Hajcak Proudfit24
Estimated H-index: 24
(SBU: Stony Brook University)
Abstract
Error processing is frequently examined using the error-related negativity (ERN), a negative-going event-related potential occurring after the commission of an error at frontal-central sites, and has been suggested as a neural biomarker that may be useful in characterizing trajectories of risk for anxiety. While the ERN has been shown to have excellent psychometric properties in adults, few studies have examined psychometric properties of the ERN in children and adolescents. The current study examined the 2-year test-retest reliability of the ERN in a sample of children and adolescents, and the convergent validity of the ERN using a flanker and go/no-go task. Results suggest that the ERN is both reliable and stable across 2 years and across tasks. However, results also indicate that the internal consistency obtained using the flanker task is greater than the internal consistency obtained using the go/no-go task.
  • References (45)
  • Citations (41)
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References45
Newest
#1Jennifer N. Bress (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 10
#2Alexandria Meyer (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 16
Last. Greg Hajcak Proudfit (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 24
view all 3 authors...
Feedback negativity (FN) is an event-related potential elicited by monetary reward and loss; it is thought to relate to reward-related neural activity and has been linked to depression in children and adults. In the current study, we examined the stability of FN, and its relationship with depression in adolescents, over 2 years in 45 8- to 13-year-old children. From Time 1 to Time 2, FN in response to monetary loss and in response to monetary gain showed moderate to strong reliability ( r s = .6...
37 CitationsSource
#1Alexandria Meyer (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 16
#2Anja RieselH-Index: 15
Last. Greg Hajcak Proudfit (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 24
view all 3 authors...
Event-related potential (ERP) studies of error-processing have characterized the error-related negativity (ERN) as a negative deflection occurring after the commission of an error at frontocentral sites. The ERN has frequently been examined in the context of individual differences and has been proposed as a neurobehavioral risk marker. Given this, it is important to characterize the psychometric properties of the ERN across multiple tasks as a function of increasing trial numbers in order to est...
46 CitationsSource
#1Christian K. Tamnes (University of Oslo)H-Index: 34
#2Kristine B. Walhovd (University of Oslo)H-Index: 60
Last. Anders M. Fjell (University of Oslo)H-Index: 61
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Abstract To realize our goals we continuously adapt our behavior according to internal or external feedback. Errors provide an important source for such feedback and elicit a scalp electrical potential referred to as the error-related negativity (ERN), which is a useful marker for studying typical and atypical development of cognitive control mechanisms involved in performance monitoring. In this review, we survey the available studies on age-related differences in the ERN in children and adoles...
50 CitationsSource
#1Dana C. TorpeyH-Index: 11
#2Greg Hajcak (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 71
Last. Daniel N. Klein (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 77
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The anxiety disorders have the highest prevalence of any group of psychiatric disorders (Kessler et al., 2005). Considering the early onset, chronic course (Bittner et al., 2007; Yonkers, Bruce, Dyck, & Keller, 2003), associated functional impairment, and high economic costs of anxiety disorders (Kessler & Greenberg, 2002), there is a critical need to discover pathophysiological markers and identify persons at risk for these conditions. There is growing evidence that abnormal error-related brain...
36 CitationsSource
#1Anja Riesel (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 15
#2Anna Weinberg (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 29
Last. Greg Hajcak (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 71
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Abstract Error-processing is increasingly examined using the error-related negativity (ERN) and error positivity (Pe) – event-related potentials (ERPs) that demonstrate trait-like properties and excellent reliability. The current study focuses on construct validity by applying a multitrait–multimethod approach, treating error-related ERPs (i.e., ERN, Pe and the difference between error minus correct, referred to as ΔERN and ΔPe, respectively) as traits measured across multiple tasks (i.e., Flank...
87 CitationsSource
#1Alexandria Meyer (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 16
#2Greg Hajcak (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 71
Last. Daniel N. Klein (SBU: Stony Brook University)H-Index: 77
view all 8 authors...
Anxiety disorders are the most frequently diagnosed form of psychopathology in children and often result in chronic impairment that persists into adulthood. Identifying neurobehavioral correlates of anxiety that appear relatively early in life would inform etiological models of development and allow intervention and prevention strategies to be implemented more effectively. The error-related negativity (ERN), a negative deflection in the event-related potential at fronto-central sites approximate...
42 CitationsSource
#1Dan FotiH-Index: 28
#2Roman KotovH-Index: 41
Last. Greg HajcakH-Index: 71
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Psychotic disorders are characterized by profoundly blunted neural responses to errors, as indicated by reductions in two event-related potential (ERP) components: the error-related negativity (ERN) and error positivity (Pe). The potential utility of the ERN and Pe as biomarkers for psychotic disorders is currently limited, however, by an incomplete understanding of their psychometric properties. To address this gap in the literature, we considered the reliability and validity of these measures ...
32 CitationsSource
#1Melisa Carrasco (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 16
#2Shannon M. Harbin (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 3
Last. Gregory L. Hanna (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 39
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Background The pathophysiology of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) involves increased activity in cortico-striatal circuits connecting the anterior cingulate cortex (ACC) with other brain regions. The error-related negativity (ERN) is a negative deflection in the event-related potential following an erroneous response and is thought to reflect ACC activity. This study was done to assess the ERN as a biomarker for OCD by comparing ERN amplitudes in pediatric OCD patients, unaffected siblings o...
75 CitationsSource
#1Anna WeinbergH-Index: 29
#2Daniel N. KleinH-Index: 77
Last. Greg HajcakH-Index: 71
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Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD) are so frequently comorbid that some have suggested that the 2 should be collapsed into a single overarching “distress” disorder. Yet there is also increasing evidence that the 2 categories are not redundant. Neurobehavioral markers that differentiate GAD and MDD would be helpful in ongoing efforts to refine classification schemes based on neurobiological measures. The error-related negativity (ERN) may be one such marker. Th...
102 CitationsSource
#1Gregory L. Hanna (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 39
#2Melisa Carrasco (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 16
Last. William J. Gehring (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 31
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Objective: The error-related negativity (ERN) is a negative deflection in the event-related potential after an incorrect response, which is often increased in patients with obsessivecompulsive disorder (OCD). However, the relation of the ERN to comorbid tic disorders has not been examined in patients with OCD. This study compared ERN amplitudes in patients with tic-related OCD, patients with non‐tic-related OCD, and healthy controls. Method: The ERN, correct response negativity, and error number...
47 CitationsSource
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Anxiety disorders are often preceded by interpersonal stress; however, most individuals who experience stress do not develop anxiety, making it difficult to predict who is most susceptible to stress. One proposed trans-diagnostic neural risk marker for anxiety is the error-related negativity (ERN), a negative deflection in the event-related potential waveform occurring within 100ms of error commission. The present study sought to investigate whether interpersonal stress experienced over the cour...
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#1Peter E. Clayson (USF: University of South Florida)H-Index: 1
To ensure adequate reliability (i.e., internal consistency), it is common in studies using event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to exclude participants for having too few trials. This practice is particularly relevant for error-related ERPs, such as error-related negativity (ERN), where the number of recorded ERN trials is not entirely under the researcher's control. Furthermore, there is a widespread practice of inferring reliability based on published psychometric research, which assumes that...
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Abstract This study demonstrates the utility of combining principles of connectionist theory with a sophisticated statistical approach, structural equation modeling (SEM), to better understand brain-behavior relationships in studies using event-related potentials (ERPs). The models show how sequential phases of neural processing measured by averaged ERP waveform components can successfully predict task behavior (response time; RT) while accounting for individual differences in maturation and sex...
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Anxiety disorders often begin early in life and there is substantial interest in identifying neural markers that characterize developmental trajectories that result in anxiety. The error-related negativity (ERN) is elicited when people make errors on lab-based reaction-time tasks, is increased in anxious children, and can predict the onset of anxiety across development. In light of this, there is an increasing interest in identifying environmental factors that may shape the ERN in children. Prev...
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ABSTRACTDespite growing evidence that an elevated error-related negativity (ERN) is a risk marker for anxiety, it is unclear what psychological construct underlies this association. To address this gap, we devised a 9-item self-report scale for assessing error sensitivity (i.e. the fear of making mistakes) in children. The Child Error Sensitivity Index was administered to 97 children ages 5–7 years old and demonstrated good internal reliability and convergent validity. The Child Error Sensitivit...
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