• References (23)
  • Citations (3)
Published on May 4, 2014
Michael P. Levine30
Estimated H-index: 30
(Kenyon College),
Linda Smolak40
Estimated H-index: 40
(Kenyon College)
This article explores the clash between the biopsychiatric paradigm and the sociocultural paradigm. After considering their essential assumptions, it is argued that the biopsychiatric paradigm has a number of significant problems, including a misunderstanding and misrepresentation of the sociocultural perspective it purports to have minimised or circumscribed. An important aspect of this critique involves careful consideration of what is meant by ‘scientific’ and ‘evidence-based’ in relation to ...
Published on Dec 1, 2012in International Journal of Eating Disorders3.52
Jessica L. Suisman7
Estimated H-index: 7
(MSU: Michigan State University),
Shannon M. O'Connor4
Estimated H-index: 4
(MSU: Michigan State University)
+ 7 AuthorsKelly L. Klump53
Estimated H-index: 53
(MSU: Michigan State University)
Psychosocial perspectives on the development of eating disorders and disordered eating symptoms (e.g., body dissatisfaction, weight preoccupation) often center on sociocultural factors such as thin-ideal images that are perpetuated by the mass media within Western cultures1–3. Typically, these theories place an emphasis on thin-ideal internalization (i.e., the acceptance and adherence to sociocultural beauty standards of thinness), which is hypothesized to be a primary mechanism that links expos...
Published on May 1, 2012
Rick Fitzgibbons1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ave Maria School of Law),
Dale O'Leary1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Ave Maria School of Law)
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the American Psychological Association’s (APA) Task Force Report on the Sexualization of Girls (Report). The Report has four parts: evidence of the sexualization of girls; consequences of the sexualization of girls; positive alternatives; and recommendations. The Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls (TSG) presents ample evidence of the problems and consequences, as well as some positive alternatives and helpful recommendations. This paper will argue t...
Published on Apr 27, 2012in Annual Review of Clinical Psychology14.10
Allen Frances61
Estimated H-index: 61
(Duke University),
Thomas A. Widiger71
Estimated H-index: 71
(UK: University of Kentucky)
The American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders provides the authoritative list of what are considered to be mental disorders. This list has a tremendous impact on research, funding, and treatment, as well as a variety of civil and forensic decisions. The development of this diagnostic manual is an enormous responsibility. Provided herein are lessons learned during the course of the development of the fourth edition. Noted in particular is the importa...
Published on Mar 1, 2012in International Journal of Eating Disorders3.52
Michael Strober48
Estimated H-index: 48
(Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior),
Craig Johnson29
Estimated H-index: 29
(OU: University of Oklahoma)
Anorexia nervosa remains an enigma and its clinical challenge is intimidating. But the potential for new insights has been advancing, largely as a result of elegant research in the neurosciences that has modeled behavioral processes resembling key features of the illness. Unfortunately, many in the eating disorder field seem to know little of this work or the implication it holds for treatment philosophy. Instead, the knowledge void has been taken up recently by a host of misguided notions about...
Published on Jul 10, 2011
Kenneth Nunn4
Estimated H-index: 4
(UNSW: University of New South Wales),
Bryan Lask34
Estimated H-index: 34
(Oslo University Hospital),
Ian Frampton21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Exeter)
Dianne Neumark-Sztainer101
Estimated H-index: 101
Melanie M. Wall64
Estimated H-index: 64
(Columbia University)
+ 2 AuthorsKatie Loth23
Estimated H-index: 23
Abstract Background Disordered eating behaviors are prevalent in adolescence and can have harmful consequences. An important question is whether use of these behaviors in adolescence sets the pattern for continued use into young adulthood. Objective To examine the prevalence and tracking of dieting, unhealthy and extreme weight control behaviors, and binge eating from adolescence to young adulthood. Design Population-based, 10-year longitudinal study (Project EAT-III: Eating Among Teens and Youn...
Published on Nov 1, 2010in Sex Roles2.28
Jennifer A. Harriger4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Pepperdine University),
Rachel M. Calogero31
Estimated H-index: 31
(Virginia Wesleyan College)
+ 1 AuthorsJane Ellen Smith23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UNM: University of New Mexico)
Despite the multitude of negative outcomes associated with thin-ideal internalization for girls and women living in westernized societies, we know very little about how early in development thin-ideal internalization occurs or how it might manifest in very young children. This cross-sectional investigation assessed body size stereotyping and thin-ideal internalization in 55 preschool girls (ages 3–5 years) from the Southwestern U.S. using a new method of assessment that is more sensitive to the ...
Published on Apr 1, 2009in Journal of Clinical Investigation12.28
Thomas R. Insel97
Estimated H-index: 97
Mental disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar illness, and depression have become the predominant chronic diseases of young people, accounting for approximately 40% of the medical burden for people aged 15–44 in the United States and Canada. Research is transforming our understanding of these disorders, as exemplified in the articles in this Review Series. Important, “disruptive” insights into pathophysiology are emerging from studies addressing these illnesses as brain disorders, developmenta...
Cited By3
Published on Sep 1, 2017in Body Image3.12
Lily Robinson1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Flinders University),
Ivanka Prichard11
Estimated H-index: 11
(RMIT: RMIT University)
+ 3 AuthorsMarika Tiggemann74
Estimated H-index: 74
(Flinders University)
Abstract Recent studies have documented a shift in the cultural ideal of physical attractiveness, with women subscribing to a visibly toned ideal that emphasises health and fitness. The present study experimentally investigated the impact of athletic and muscular fitness-idealised images compared to traditional thin ideal images on women’s body dissatisfaction and exercise behaviour, under the framework of Social Comparison Theory. Participants were 106 female undergraduate students randomly ass...
Published on Jan 1, 2017in Psychological Bulletin16.41
Bryan T. Karazsia15
Estimated H-index: 15
(College of Wooster),
Sarah K. Murnen25
Estimated H-index: 25
(Kenyon College),
Tracy L. Tylka36
Estimated H-index: 36
(OSU: Ohio State University)
Published on Mar 1, 2016in Clinical Social Work Journal0.44
Kathryn J. Zerbe3
Estimated H-index: 3
(OHSU: Oregon Health & Science University)
Two clinical moments from patients in treatment for Binge Eating Disorder (DSM 5) are described where a manifest problem with body image difficulty was initially denied. Each patient entered treatment with the desire to lose weight as well as gain a fuller understanding of self and mastery over addictive eating patterns that caused considerable psychological anguish. An integrated treatment matrix of practical, contemporary psychodynamic interventions and more behavioral, experiential and suppor...