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The European Grassland Butterfly Indicator: 1990–2011

Published on Jan 1, 2013
· DOI :10.2800/89760
Chris van Swaay23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Arco J. van Strien22
Estimated H-index: 22
+ 25 AuthorsMartin Warren27
Estimated H-index: 27
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Abstract
This report presents the European Grassland Butterfly Indicator, based on national Butterfly Monitoring Schemes (BMS) in 19 countries across Europe, most of them in the European Union. The indicator shows that since 1990 till 2011 butterfly populations have declined by almost 50 %, indicating a dramatic loss of grassland biodiversity. This also means the situation has not improved since the first version of the indicator published in 2005. Of the 17 species, 8 have declined in Europe, 2 have remained stable and 1 increased. For six species the trend is uncertain. The main driver behind the decline of grassland butterflies is the change in rural land use: agricultural intensification where the land is relatively flat and easy to cultivate, and abandonment in mountains and wet areas, mainly in eastern and southern Europe. Agricultural intensification leads to uniform, almost sterile grasslands for biodiversity. Grassland butterflies thus mainly survive in traditionally farmed low‑input systems (High Nature Value (HNV) Farmland) as well as nature reserves, and on marginal land such as road verges and amenity areas. (Less)
  • References (13)
  • Citations (26)
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References13
Newest
Published on Jan 1, 2010
C Vanswaay8
Estimated H-index: 8
,
Strien van A. J9
Estimated H-index: 9
+ 23 AuthorsEugenie C. Regan13
Estimated H-index: 13
Published on Dec 1, 2008in Biodiversity and Conservation3.14
Chris van Swaay23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Butterfly Conservation),
Piotr NowickiVladimir20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Jagiellonian University)
+ 1 AuthorsArco J. van Strien22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Statistics Netherlands)
Since the first Butterfly Monitoring Scheme in the UK started in the mid-1970s, butterfly monitoring in Europe has developed in more than ten European countries. These schemes are aimed to assess regional and national trends in butterfly abundance per species. We discuss strengths and weaknesses of methods used in these schemes and give examples of applications of the data. A new development is to establish supra-national trends per species and multispecies indicators. Such indicators enable to ...
Published on Jan 1, 2008
Chris van Swaay23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Arco J. van Strien22
Estimated H-index: 22
+ 5 AuthorsJosef Settele53
Estimated H-index: 53
Summary 3 Chapter 1 / Introduction 4 Chapter 2 / Butterflies and Climate Change 6 Expected future changes 8 Chapter 3 / Constructing a Butterfly Climate Change Indicator 10 Methods tested 10 Method 1: Climate positive and negative species 10 Method 2: Shift of species over their European Range 11 Method 3: Changes in Community Temperature Index per country..11 Method 4: Supra-national changes in Community Temperature Index 12 Chapter 4 / First results 13 Method 1: Climate positive and negative s...
Published on Sep 1, 2006in Global Change Biology8.88
Michiel F. WallisDeVries24
Estimated H-index: 24
(Butterfly Conservation),
Chris van Swaay23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Butterfly Conservation)
Global warming may explain the current poleward shift of species distributions. However, paradoxically, climatic warming can lead to microclimatic cooling in spring by advancing plant growth, an effect worsened by excess nitrogen. We suggest that spring-developing but thermophilous organisms, such as butterflies hibernating as egg or larva, are particularly sensitive to the cooling of microclimates. Using published data on butterfly trends in distribution, we report a comparatively greater decli...
Published on Jun 1, 2006in Journal of Insect Conservation1.33
Chris van Swaay23
Estimated H-index: 23
(Butterfly Conservation),
Martin Warren27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Butterfly Conservation),
Grégoire Loïs1
Estimated H-index: 1
Europe has undergone substantial biotope loss and change over the last century and data are needed urgently on the rate of decline in different wildlife groups in order to identify and target conservation measures. However, pan-European data are available for very few taxonomic groups, notably birds. We present here the first overview of trends for an insect group within different biotopes across Europe, based on data from the Red Data Book of European Butterflies. The most important biotopes fo...
Published on Feb 28, 2005in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B6.14
Richard D. Gregory39
Estimated H-index: 39
(RSPB: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds),
Arco J. van Strien22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Statistics Netherlands)
+ 4 AuthorsDavid W. Gibbons23
Estimated H-index: 23
(RSPB: Royal Society for the Protection of Birds)
The global pledge to deliver ‘a significant reduction in the current rate of biodiversity loss by 2010’ is echoed in a number of regional and national level targets. There is broad consensus, however, that in the absence of conservation action, biodiversity will continue to be lost at a rate unprecedented in the recent era. Remarkably, we lack a basic system to measure progress towards these targets and, in particular, we lack standard measures of biodiversity and procedures to construct and ass...
Published on Feb 28, 2005in Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B6.14
Jeremy A. Thomas36
Estimated H-index: 36
Conservative estimates suggest that 50–90% of the existing insect species on Earth have still to be discovered, yet the named insects alone comprise more than half of all known species of organism. With such poor baseline knowledge, monitoring change in insect diversity poses a formidable challenge to scientists and most attempts to generalize involve large extrapolations from a few well-studied taxa. Butterflies are often the only group for which accurate measures of change can be obtained. Fou...
Published on Jan 1, 2001in The American Naturalist3.85
I. Wynhoff1
Estimated H-index: 1
Maculinea butterflies live as obligate parasites of specific Myrmica host ants in meadow and heathland habitat maintained by low intensity landuse. Changes in agriculture caused the decline and extinction of many populations. In The Netherlands, Maculinea nausithous and M. teleius disappeared in the 1970s. In 1990, they were reintroduced following the recommendations of the IUCN. This study focuses on the evaluation of this reintroduction into the nature reserve Moerputten in the province of Nor...
Published on Jan 1, 1999
Chris van Swaay23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Martin Warren27
Estimated H-index: 27
Cited By26
Newest
Published on 2019in Land Use Policy3.57
Riccardo Simoncini1
Estimated H-index: 1
(IUCN: International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources),
Irene Ring18
Estimated H-index: 18
(TUD: Dresden University of Technology)
+ 3 AuthorsRaphaël Arlettaz41
Estimated H-index: 41
(University of Bern)
Abstract The European Union’s Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), being one of the strongest drivers of agricultural land-use practices, has a substantial impact on biodiversity and ecosystem services in the Member States. The initial focus of the CAP to increase and intensify agricultural production affected water and land qualities and contributed to the degradation of traditional agricultural landscapes, cultural identities, and erosion of typical farmland biodiversity. Recent CAP reforms have ...
Published on Feb 1, 2019in Ecology and Evolution2.42
Philip Francis Thomsen18
Estimated H-index: 18
(AU: Aarhus University),
Eva Egelyng Sigsgaard5
Estimated H-index: 5
(AU: Aarhus University)
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Landscape Ecology4.35
Karl-Olof Bergman18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Linköping University),
Juliana Dániel-Ferreira (Linköping University)+ 2 AuthorsLars Westerberg18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Linköping University)
Context Loss and fragmentation of semi-natural grasslands has critically affected many butterfly species in Europe. Habitat area and isolation can have strong effects on the local biodiversity but species may also be strongly affected by the surrounding matrix.
Published on Oct 18, 2017in PLOS ONE2.78
Caspar A. Hallmann7
Estimated H-index: 7
(Radboud University Nijmegen),
Martin Sorg1
Estimated H-index: 1
+ 9 AuthorsThomas Hörren1
Estimated H-index: 1
Global declines in insects have sparked wide interest among scientists, politicians, and the general public. Loss of insect diversity and abundance is expected to provoke cascading effects on food webs and to jeopardize ecosystem services. Our understanding of the extent and underlying causes of this decline is based on the abundance of single species or taxonomic groups only, rather than changes in insect biomass which is more relevant for ecological functioning. Here, we used a standardized pr...
Published on Oct 1, 2017in Ecological Indicators4.49
Leo Soldaat6
Estimated H-index: 6
(Statistics Netherlands),
Jeroen Pannekoek10
Estimated H-index: 10
(Statistics Netherlands)
+ 2 AuthorsArco J. van Strien22
Estimated H-index: 22
(Statistics Netherlands)
Abstract The usefulness of biodiversity indicators strongly increases if accompanied by measures of uncertainty. In the case of indicators that combine population indices of species, however, the inclusion of the uncertainty of the species indices has shown to be hard to realize, usually due to imperfections in monitoring programmes. Missing values and time series of different lengths preclude the use of analytical approaches, whereas bootstrapping across sites requires the raw abundance data on...
Published on Aug 28, 2017in Nature and Conservation1.22
Alessandro Campanaro10
Estimated H-index: 10
,
Sã¶nke Hardersen2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 10 AuthorsMarco Alberto Bologna20
Estimated H-index: 20
Published on Sep 1, 2016in Landscape Ecology4.35
Anne Villemey5
Estimated H-index: 5
,
William E. Peterman18
Estimated H-index: 18
(OSU: Ohio State University)
+ 6 AuthorsFrédéric Archaux15
Estimated H-index: 15
Context Anthropogenic activities readily result in the fragmentation of habitats such that species persistence increasingly depends on their ability to disperse. However, landscape features that enhance or limit individual dispersal are often poorly understood. Landscape genetics has recently provided innovative solutions to evaluate landscape resistance to dispersal.
Published on May 1, 2016in Landscape Ecology4.35
Théophile Olivier1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Reto Schmucki9
Estimated H-index: 9
+ 2 AuthorsFrédéric Archaux15
Estimated H-index: 15
Context Understanding the factors contributing to maintaining biodiversity is crucial to mitigate the impact of anthropogenic disturbances. Representing large proportions of green area in highly modified landscapes, residential gardens are often seen as local habitats that can contribute to larger networks of suitable environments at the landscape scale.
Published on Mar 21, 2016in PLOS ONE2.78
Jana Slancarova4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Sewanee: The University of the South),
Alena Bartonova4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Sewanee: The University of the South)
+ 5 AuthorsMartin Konvicka32
Estimated H-index: 32
(Sewanee: The University of the South)
The biodiversity of the Southern Balkans, part of the Mediterranean global biodiversity hot-spot, is threatened by land use intensification and abandonment, the latter causing forest encroachment of formerly open habitats. We investigated the impact of forest encroachment on butterfly species richness, community species composition and the representation of life history traits by repeated seasonal visits of 150 one-hectare sites in five separate regions in three countries—Greece, Bulgaria, and t...
Published on Feb 1, 2016in Oecologia2.92
Julie Lebeau3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UCL: Université catholique de Louvain),
Renate A. Wesselingh18
Estimated H-index: 18
(UCL: Université catholique de Louvain),
Hans Van Dyck36
Estimated H-index: 36
(UCL: Université catholique de Louvain)
Agricultural intensification has a strong negative impact on farmland biodiversity (including flower-visiting insects), but understanding the mechanisms involved in this requires experimental work. We document the impact of nectar limitation on the performance of a flower-visiting insect, the meadow brown butterfly Maniola jurtina. We conducted two types of experiments: a field experiment in agricultural landscapes with grasslands of different management intensity and an experiment in outdoor fl...
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