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The like it or not proposition: Implications of societal characteristics for the cultural expertise and personal values of organization members

Published on Nov 1, 2014in Journal of Organizational Behavior 5.00
· DOI :10.1002/job.1977
Mark F. Peterson30
Estimated H-index: 30
(UM: Maastricht University),
Tais Siqueira Barreto2
Estimated H-index: 2
(FAU: Florida Atlantic University)
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Abstract
Summary Extensive statistical discussion about societal and individual levels of analysis continues in international organizational behavior (IOB). This discussion can be improved by drawing from other social science fields, particularly anthropology, sociology, and experimental psychology. We use such literature to develop a cultural expertise and personal values or “like it or not” proposition about the implications that societal culture has for individuals. This proposition suggests that a society's culture strongly shapes its members' cognitive structures and moderately influences its members' support for the society's prevailing value orientation. We use the family of individualism and collectivism values to illustrate the differences and relationships between levels of analysis. We conclude by reconsidering how to study societal culture and psychological dimensions in IOB. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
  • References (72)
  • Citations (16)
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References72
Newest
Published on Feb 1, 2015in Personality and Social Psychology Review 9.90
Laura Parks-Leduc2
Estimated H-index: 2
(JMU: James Madison University),
Gilad Feldman6
Estimated H-index: 6
(HKUST: Hong Kong University of Science and Technology),
Anat Bardi20
Estimated H-index: 20
(RHUL: Royal Holloway, University of London)
Personality traits and personal values are important psychological characteristics, serving as important predictors of many outcomes. Yet, they are frequently studied separately, leaving the field with a limited understanding of their relationships. We review existing perspectives regarding the nature of the relationships between traits and values and provide a conceptual underpinning for understanding the strength of these relationships. Using 60 studies, we present a meta-analysis of the relat...
Published on Mar 1, 2013in Asian Journal of Social Psychology 1.07
Michael Harris Bond64
Estimated H-index: 64
(PolyU: Hong Kong Polytechnic University)
The purpose of this paper is to develop a model for individual social behavior, B, that incorporates the contributions of both the personality of the actor, P, and the relevant features of the situation, S, in which he or she is performing. In analyzing the original formula by Lewin, viz., B = f(P.S), the paper first considers the importance accorded the situation in previous theorizing about ‘Asianness’. It then analyzes the contributions of the actor's personality, noting in particular that ac...
Published on Jan 1, 2013in Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 1.42
Ellinor Owe6
Estimated H-index: 6
(University of Sussex),
Vivian L. Vignoles23
Estimated H-index: 23
(University of Sussex)
+ 76 AuthorsMirona Gheorghiu8
Estimated H-index: 8
('QUB': Queen's University Belfast)
Beliefs about personhood are understood to be a defining feature of individualism-collectivism (I-C), but they have been insufficiently explored, given the emphasis of research on values and self-construals. We propose the construct of contextualism, referring to beliefs about the importance of context in understanding people, as a facet of cultural collectivism. A brief measure was developed and refined across 19 nations (Study 1: N = 5,241), showing good psychometric properties for cross-cultu...
Published on Jun 1, 2012in Journal of International Business Studies 7.72
Mark F. Peterson30
Estimated H-index: 30
(UM: Maastricht University),
Jean-Luc Arregle9
Estimated H-index: 9
(EMLYON Business School),
Xavier Martin15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Tilburg University)
Multiple-level (or mixed linear) modeling (MLM) can simultaneously test hypotheses at several levels of analysis (usually two or three), or control for confounding effects at one level while testing hypotheses at others. Advances in multi-level modeling allow increased precision in quantitative international business (IB) research, and open up new methodological and conceptual possibilities. However, they create new challenges, and they are still not frequently used in IB research. In this edito...
Published on Nov 1, 2011in Organization Studies 3.54
M.F. Peterson1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
M. Soendergaard1
Estimated H-index: 1
Quantitative societal culture research (QSCR) in organization studies crystallizes a configuration of social science perspectives and methods that became prominent in the 1970s. We consider the qualities of and boundaries around cultural groups that this tradition emphasizes, and other characteristics of cultural groups that it does not emphasize. Current debates surrounding this tradition reflect both recent social science innovations and rediscoveries of early social science perspectives. Our ...
Published on Aug 11, 2011in Review of Sociology
Michael Power32
Estimated H-index: 32
(LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science)
Michel Foucault was a gifted but elusive thinker with a wide and continuing impact across many academic fields. This article positions his work as a historical sociology of knowledge and evaluates its contribution. After reviewing Foucault’s central preoccupations as they emerge in his major works, the argument briefly considers their influence on accounting scholarship as an informative exemplar of a wider Foucault effect. Four key areas for the sociological reception of Foucault are then consi...
Published on May 27, 2011in Science 41.04
Michele J. Gelfand44
Estimated H-index: 44
(UMD: University of Maryland, College Park),
Jana L. Raver15
Estimated H-index: 15
(Queen's University)
+ 42 AuthorsJakobina Arnadottir1
Estimated H-index: 1
With data from 33 nations, we illustrate the differences between cultures that are tight (have many strong norms and a low tolerance of deviant behavior) versus loose (have weak social norms and a high tolerance of deviant behavior). Tightness-looseness is part of a complex, loosely integrated multilevel system that comprises distal ecological and historical threats (e.g., high population density, resource scarcity, a history of territorial conflict, and disease and environmental threats), broad...
Published on Jan 10, 2011in Annual Review of Psychology 19.75
Shinobu Kitayama56
Estimated H-index: 56
(UM: University of Michigan),
Ayse K. Uskul21
Estimated H-index: 21
(University of Essex)
Current research on culture focuses on independence and interdependence and documents numerous East-West psychological differences, with an increasing emphasis placed on cognitive mediating mechanisms. Lost in this literature is a time-honored idea of culture as a collective process composed of cross-generationally transmitted values and associated behavioral patterns (i.e., practices). A new model of neuro-culture interaction proposed here addresses this conceptual gap by hypothesizing that the...
Published on Jan 1, 2011in Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 5.92
Angela K.-Y. Leung18
Estimated H-index: 18
(Singapore Management University),
Dov Cohen28
Estimated H-index: 28
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)
The CuPS (Culture × Person × Situation) approach attempts to jointly consider culture and individual differences, without treating either as noise and without reducing one to the other. Culture is important because it helps define psychological situations and create meaningful clusters of behavior according to particular logics. Individual differences are important because individuals vary in the extent to which they endorse or reject a culture's ideals. Further, because different cultures are o...
Published on Mar 1, 2010in Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology 1.42
Rebecca A. Fischer38
Estimated H-index: 38
(Victoria University of Wellington),
Johnny Fontaine20
Estimated H-index: 20
(UGent: Ghent University),
Shalom H. Schwartz79
Estimated H-index: 79
(HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)
Hofstede identified four value dimensions at the country level but did not find matching dimensions at the individual level. Schwartz discriminated different sets of value constructs at individual and country-levels, based on separate analyses per level. In this article, the authors directly examine the degree of similarity or isomorphism between the structure of values in individual- and country-level analyses, using multidimensional scaling followed by generalized Procrustes analysis. Using da...
Cited By16
Newest
Jason Lortie1
Estimated H-index: 1
(FGCU: Florida Gulf Coast University),
Tais S Barreto1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NSU: Nova Southeastern University),
Kevin C. Cox3
Estimated H-index: 3
(FAU: Florida Atlantic University)
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to investigate the relationship between culture and entrepreneurial activity at both the national and regional levels of analyses. While there has been significant progress in investigating the effects of culture on entrepreneurial activity, most work overlooks the effects that time-orientation may have on national or regional entrepreneurial activity. Specifically, this study argues for the connection between long-term orientation (LTO) and subsequent levels...
Kevin C. Cox3
Estimated H-index: 3
(FAU: Florida Atlantic University),
Steve Stewart (GS: Georgia Southern University)+ 1 AuthorsTais S Barreto1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NSU: Nova Southeastern University)
Empirical evidence establishes that entrepreneurs pursue and achieve different goals and objectives with their ventures ranging from purely economic to purely social (e.g. non-profits) in nature. The reason that individual entrepreneurs choose to pursue such divergent paths is currently poorly understood, however. We employ a perspective integrating generational theory, goal-setting theory and the theory of planned behaviour to determine why entrepreneurs of different ages pursue social performa...
Published on Mar 21, 2019in Baltic Journal of Management 1.47
Mark F. Peterson3
Estimated H-index: 3
(UCPH: University of Copenhagen),
Aycan Kara3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Indiana University Southeast)
+ 1 AuthorsPeter B. Smith41
Estimated H-index: 41
(University of Sussex)
Purpose The present study consists of managers and professionals in 26 countries including seven from Central and Eastern Europe. The purpose of this paper is to investigate whether culture dimensions predict country differences in the relationship between gender and organizational commitment. The study integrated theories of social learning, role adjustment and exchange that link commitment to organizational roles to explain such differences in gender effects. Findings indicate that an alternat...
Published on May 17, 2019in Journal of International Business Studies 7.72
Logan L. Watts (The Graduate Center, CUNY), Logan L. Watts (The Graduate Center, CUNY)+ 0 AuthorsDeanne N. Den Hartog44
Estimated H-index: 44
(UvA: University of Amsterdam)
Transformational leadership is commonly assumed to facilitate employee innovation in all cultures. Drawing upon field studies from 17 countries, this meta-analysis revealed that supervisor transformational leadership is positively related to individual- and team-level innovation regardless of national boundaries. However, the relationship trended somewhat more strongly in countries with higher levels of uncertainty avoidance. These findings suggest that employee innovation in most countries can ...
Published on Mar 7, 2019in Journal of Organizational Behavior 5.00
Hoda Vaziri1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Purdue University),
George S. Benson14
Estimated H-index: 14
(UTA: University of Texas at Arlington),
Maritza Salazar Campo (UCI: University of California, Irvine)
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Cross-Cultural Research 1.32
Kamal Fatehi5
Estimated H-index: 5
(KSU: Kennesaw State University),
Jennifer L. Priestley9
Estimated H-index: 9
(KSU: Kennesaw State University)
Most cross-cultural studies unintentionally give the impression that there is intracultural homogeneity. This research is among a few that suggests otherwise, that there is intracultural and transcultural individual heterogeneity in thinking and logic, or “Mindscape.” It is a replication and an expansion of the earlier study. It intends to verify the existence of intracultural heterogeneity in support of mindscape theory. In doing so, it employs a unique way of data collection and analysis. The ...
Published on Dec 1, 2018in Journal of International Business Studies 7.72
Mark F. Peterson30
Estimated H-index: 30
(AU: Aarhus University),
Tais S Barreto1
Estimated H-index: 1
(NSU: Nova Southeastern University)
Abstract Societal cultural value dimension scholarship can both learn from and inform the family of interrelated approaches to culture research in IB that appear in recent commentaries. It can exchange insights about societal values and meaning systems with neo-institutional and institutional logics research. It can also exchange insights with dual-processing cognition theories that are used to understand individuals in an international context by treating societal culture values and institution...
Published on Oct 1, 2018in Journal of International Business Studies 7.72
Mark F. Peterson30
Estimated H-index: 30
(UM: Maastricht University),
Mikael Søndergaard6
Estimated H-index: 6
(AU: Aarhus University),
Aycan Kara3
Estimated H-index: 3
(Indiana University Southeast)
Abstract International business (IB) scholars continue to struggle to theorize the relationship between country and cultural group boundaries. To progress, we first consider functional, institutional, and critical event explanations for cultural characteristics and boundaries. Second, we contrast theories of explicit global structure based on countries with theories based on implicit cultural groups. Third, we consider the implications of explicit country-based and implicit culture group-based t...
Published on May 1, 2018in Journal of Organizational Behavior 5.00
Seulki Jang2
Estimated H-index: 2
(USF: University of South Florida),
Winny Shen13
Estimated H-index: 13
(UW: University of Waterloo)
+ 1 AuthorsHaiyan Zhang1
Estimated H-index: 1
(IBM)