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Preventing overtraining in athletes in high-intensity sports and stress/recovery monitoring.
Abstract
In sports, the importance of optimizing the recovery–stress state is critical. Effective recovery from intense training loads often faced by elite athletes can often determine sporting success or failure. In recent decades, athletes, coaches, and sport scientists have been keen to find creative, new methods for improving the quality and quantity of training for athletes. These efforts have consistently faced barriers, including overtraining, fatigue, injury, illness, and burnout. Physiological and psychological limits dictate a need for research that addresses the avoidance of overtraining, maximizes recovery, and successfully negotiates the fine line between high and excessive training loads. Monitoring instruments like the Recovery–Stress Questionnaire for Athletes can assist with this research by providing a tool to assess their perceived state of recovery. This article will highlight the importance of recovery for elite athletes and provide an overview of monitoring instruments.

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  • References (31)
  • Cited By (163)
  • References (31)
  • Cited By (163)
Jürgen M. Steinacker28
Estimated H-index: 28
,
Lormes W1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Michael Kellmann19
Estimated H-index: 19
... more
Background. Few data have been published on training of competitive athletes and about metabolic, hormonal and psychological reactions to overreaching (transient overtraining) and tapering in successful athletes. Methods. Training was recorded and effects on mood state and metabolic and hormonal responses were examined in 10 rowers and spares of the coxed eight during preparation for the World Championships 1995. Mood state was determined using the Recovery-Stress-Questionnaire for Athletes. Res...
79 Citations Source
Michael Kellmann19
Estimated H-index: 19
,
Anne-Marie Elbe1
Estimated H-index: 1
1 Citations Source
Juergen M. Steinacker3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of Ulm),
Michael Kellmann19
Estimated H-index: 19
(University of Potsdam),
B. O. Böhm1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Ulm)
... more
The evaluation of the clinical state of an athlete, e.g. of current trainability and of the diagnosis of overload and overtraining, is already one of the most complicated tasks in athletic medicine. Training is not only repetitive physical exercises, but also regular regeneration as an integral part of a successful training program. As already shown in several experimental studies, clinical, metabolic and hormonal findings, including the psychologically-related monitoring of stress and recovery,...
11 Citations Source Cite
Douglas M. McNair23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
Maurice Lorr23
Estimated H-index: 23
,
C. Droppleman1
Estimated H-index: 1
2,711 Citations
2006 in Journal of Sports Sciences [IF: 2.73]
M. Bouget3
Estimated H-index: 3
,
Mathieu Rouveix2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
Odile Michaux1
Estimated H-index: 1
... more
Abstract In this study, we examined the effect of rapidly increased training volume and intensity on hormonal responses (salivary cortisol [C] and urinary dehydroepiandrosterone sulphate [DHEA-S]) and recovery-stress state perceived by 12 female cyclists. Over the 4-day experimental period, there was an average increase in training load of approximately 122% compared with that during the previous 12 days. Scores on subscales of the Recovery Stress Questionnaire for Athletes increased for the som...
40 Citations Source Cite
William P. Morgan33
Estimated H-index: 33
ABSTRACT The perception of effort is multidimensional and it is governed by many physiological, psychological, and experiential factors. This paper deals with a discussion of selected psychological states and traits that are known to be correlated with the expression of effort sense. It has been shown that anxiety, somatic perception, depression, and neuroticism are associated with perceived exertion. Extroversion has been found to be inversely correlated with perceived exertion, and positively ...
110 Citations Source Cite
  • References (31)
  • Cited By (163)
To optimise design and prescription of resistance training for elite athletes it is desirable to quantify their external training load. Volume load (barbell mass x repetition count) is the most widely used method, and despite its practical feasibility, may not be appropriately related to underlying mechanical principles, and does not account for displacement of body mass. The aim of the study was to develop the scientific basis of commonly utilised resistance training quantification methods and ...
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Hynynen, Esa Heart rate variability in chronic and acute stress with special reference to nocturnal sleep and acute challenges after awakening Jyvaskyla: University of Jyvaskyla, 2011, 74 p. (Studies in Sport, Physical Education and Health, ISSN 0356-1070; 163) ISBN 978-951-39-4207-6 (PDF), 978-951-39-4194-9 (nid.) Finnish summary Diss. The present study was designed to investigate the association between chronic and acute forms of physical and psychological stress and cardiac autonomic modulati...
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K.-H. Schulz2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
A. Meyer2
Estimated H-index: 2
,
N. Langguth2
Estimated H-index: 2
Die Forschung zum Zusammenhang zwischen korperlicher Aktivitat und psychischer Gesundheit betrachtet die Auswirkungen korperlicher Aktivitat sowohl auf der emotionalen als auch auf der kognitiven Ebene. Korperliches Training kann bei Depressionen ahnlich wirksam sein wie eine medikamentose Therapie. Im vorliegenden Beitrag werden in diesem Zusammenhang diskutierte neurobiologische Mechanismen, die der Stimmungsverbesserung zugrunde liegen, sowie psychologische Selbstkonzept- und Selbstwirksamkei...
18 Citations Source Cite
Ce travail avait deux objectifs generaux qui consistaient a realiser le suivi de marqueurs biopsychologiques, tout d'abord a) au cours d'une saison chez des rugbymen professionnels, puis b) au cours de deux matchs d'une competition de basketball. Plus precisement, nous avons cherche, dans une premiere etude portant sur l’ensemble d’une saison de rugbymen, a evaluer si le statut de l'athlete en competition avait des repercussions sur les variations des marqueurs utilises. Nous retrouvons des dimi...
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Clint R. Bellenger5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of South Australia),
Rebecca L. Thomson13
Estimated H-index: 13
(University of South Australia),
Peter R. C. Howe49
Estimated H-index: 49
(University of Newcastle)
... more
Abstract Objectives Reductions in maximal rate of heart rate increase (rHRI) correlate with performance reductions when training load is increased. This study evaluated whether rHRI tracked performance changes across a range of training states. Design Prospective intervention. Methods rHRI was assessed during five min of cycling at 100 W (rHRI cyc ) and running at 8 km/h (rHRI run ) in 13 male triathletes following two weeks of light-training (LT), two weeks of heavy-training (HT) and a two-day ...
6 Citations Source Cite
M. D. Kennedy2
Estimated H-index: 2
(University of Alberta),
Warren J. Davidson5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Calgary),
L. E. Wong3
Estimated H-index: 3
(University of British Columbia)
... more
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a season of cross-country training and racing on airway inflammation, cough symptoms, and athlete quality of life in female skiers. Eighteen elite female skiers performed sputum induction and completed the Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ) and the Recovery-Stress Questionnaire (REST-Q) at three time points (T1 - May/Jun, T2 - Oct/Nov, T3 - Jan-Mar) during the year. No changes were observed between T1 and T2. However, an increase in sputum ...
3 Citations Source Cite

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