Match!

Rapid responses of British butterflies to opposing forces of climate and habitat change

Published on Nov 1, 2001in Nature43.07
· DOI :10.1038/35102054
Martin Warren27
Estimated H-index: 27
(Butterfly Conservation),
Jane K. Hill54
Estimated H-index: 54
(Ebor: University of York)
+ 12 AuthorsChris D. Thomas84
Estimated H-index: 84
(University of Leeds)
Abstract
Habitat degradation and climate change are thought to be altering the distributions and abundances of animals and plants throughout the world, but their combined impacts have not been assessed for any species assemblage1,2,3,4. Here we evaluated changes in the distribution sizes and abundances of 46 species of butterflies that approach their northern climatic range margins in Britain—where changes in climate and habitat are opposing forces. These insects might be expected to have responded positively to climate warming over the past 30 years, yet three-quarters of them declined: negative responses to habitat loss have outweighed positive responses to climate warming. Half of the species that were mobile and habitat generalists increased their distribution sites over this period (consistent with a climate explanation), whereas the other generalists and 89% of the habitat specialists declined in distribution size (consistent with habitat limitation). Changes in population abundances closely matched changes in distributions. The dual forces of habitat modification and climate change are likely to cause specialists to decline, leaving biological communities with reduced numbers of species and dominated by mobile and widespread habitat generalists.
  • References (27)
  • Citations (914)
References27
Newest
#1Jane K. Hill (Durham University)H-Index: 54
#2Yvonne C. Collingham (Durham University)H-Index: 23
Last.Brian Huntley (Durham University)H-Index: 66
view all 7 authors...
#1Chris D. Thomas (University of Leeds)H-Index: 84
#2E.J. Bodsworth (University of Leeds)H-Index: 2
Last.Larissa Conradt (University of Leeds)H-Index: 28
view all 7 authors...
Cited By914
Newest
#1Jan Christian Habel (TUM: Technische Universität München)H-Index: 2
#2Andreas SegererH-Index: 1
Last.Thomas Schmitt (MLU: Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg)H-Index: 26
view all 4 authors...
#1Sergi Herrando (Catalan Ornithological Institute)H-Index: 19
#2Nicolas Titeux (Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research - UFZ)H-Index: 13
Last.Carlos Godinho (CSIC: Spanish National Research Council)H-Index: 5
view all 10 authors...
#1Luca Pietro Casacci (UNITO: University of Turin)H-Index: 9
#2Karsten SchönroggeH-Index: 32
Last.Francesca Barbero (UNITO: University of Turin)H-Index: 13
view all 6 authors...
#1Philip J. Platts (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 17
#2Suzanna C. Mason (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 1
Last.Chris D. Thomas (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 84
view all 0 authors...
#1Meichun Duan (SWU: Southwest University)H-Index: 4
#2Yunhui Liu (CAU: China Agricultural University)H-Index: 10
Last.Jacques Baudry (INRA: Institut national de la recherche agronomique)H-Index: 22
view all 9 authors...
#1Michael Kaspari (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 40
#2Jelena Bujan (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 4
Last.Michael D. Weiser (OU: University of Oklahoma)H-Index: 24
view all 5 authors...
View next paperThe millennium atlas of butterflies in Britain and Ireland.